Reading Summaries Skidmore/Smith p. 22-41



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Reading Summaries

  1. Skidmore/Smith p. 22-41

→ Summary of Spanish and Portuguese colonization, changes in ethnic/racial composition throughout colonization, Bourbon Reforms, American response to Napoleonic wars, Argentine independence movement, Venezuelan independence movement, Mexican independence movement, Bolívar, Hidalgo, Morelos, Iturbide, Brazilian independence movement, economic fallout of wars of independence, changes to social/class structure

→ Use for questions 1, 2, 4, 5



  1. Burns

→ Enlightenment ideals in Americas, influence of European economy and liberalism on Americas, Brazilian intellectuals, Spanish wars in Europe, Bourbon Reforms, Venezuelan economic grievances, popular uprisings in Venezuela and Colombia, Tupac Amaru II, Creole resentment of Peninsulares, American nativism, Haitian independence movement, Toussaint + Dessalines, Paraguay’s autonomous revolution, Mexico’s popular revolution, Hidalgo, Morelos, elitist revolts, independence movements in Venezuela and Argentina, social and economic consequences of wars of independence

→ Use for questions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5



  1. Chasteen

→ Revolution and war in Europe, Napoleonic wars, Brazilian independence, Creoles versus Peninsulares, Hidalgo, nativism, Morelos, Peruvian independence movement, Venezuelan and Argentine independence movements, llaneros, the Brazilian party, Iturbide, Guerrero, Bólivar, Americanist movement, lack of social change

→ Use for questions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5



  1. The Cry from Dolores

→ Hidalgo, Morelos, Iturbide

→ Use for questions 1, 2, 3



  1. Skidmore/Smith Haiti( p. 296-301)

Toussaint, postwar Haiti, lingering racism and colorism in Haiti, U.S. occupations, Francois Duvalier (Papa Doc), Tontons Macoutes, Baby Doc, George Bush and Bill Clinton, current Haitian economy

→ Use for question 2, 5



  1. IB Haiti Reading

→ French revolution, Haitian revolution, Toussaint, Napoleon, Dessalines, Haitian independence, influence of US and French revolutions on Spanish America, Spanish America’s response to Napoleon’s rule

→ Use for questions 2, 3, 4, 5



  1. Haiti: A Long Descent into Hell by Jon Henley

→ 18th century Haiti (“Pearl of the Antilles), French colonization + occupation, French revolution, Haitian revolution, Papa Doc + Baby Doc

→ Use for questions 3, 4, 5



  1. To Heal Haiti by Michael Danner

→ Dessalines + Haitian Revolution, racism + colorism in Haiti, Haitian elite and class conflict, U.S. embargoes and reparations, U.S. occupations

→ Use for questions 2, 3, 4



  1. IB Independence Overview

→ Habsburg monarchy, early Iberian empires, Spanish vs. Portuguese bureaucracies, mercantilism, British navigation acts and salutary neglect, monopoly ports, Creoles vs. Peninsulares, feudalism in British North America, role of religion in British vs. Spanish America, origins of revolution in British vs. Spanish North America, influence of the Enlightenment in the colonies, Bourbon reforms, American Revolution (+ foreign influence), Haitian revolution, Toussaint, Mexican independence movement, Venezuelan independence movement, foreign intervention in Spanish America, Bolívar, San Martín, O’Higgins, Brazilian independence

→ Use for questions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5



  1. Black in Latin America (documentary video)

→ Haitian revolution, Dessalines, U.S. intervention/involvement, Dessalines

→ Use for 2, 5



  1. Zinn Ch. 5: A Kind of Revolution

→ American ruling elites, nativism and nationalism, class conflict in the colonies, suppressed mutinies, George Washington, Continental Congress (dominated by ruling class/elites), slave revolts, conflict with Native Americans, expansion of slavery, Constitution (not representative), Shays’ rebellion, Riot Act, Federalist Papers, Alien and Sedition Acts

→ Use for questions 1, 2, 5


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