Reading Guide the big idea: Trade routes led to the exchange of new products and ideas among China, Rome, and other peoples



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Social Studies Reading Guide

THE BIG IDEA: Trade routes led to the exchange of new products and ideas among China, Rome, and other peoples.

  • MAIN IDEA #1

Farming and manufacturing grew during the Han dynasty.

  • MAIN IDEA #2

Trade routes linked China with the Middle East and Rome.

  • MAIN IDEA #3

Buddhism came to China from India and gained many followers.



Key Terms and People

  • silk



  • Silk Road




  • diffusion




  • sundial



  • seismograph

  • acupuncture


  • Great Wall









Main Idea #1: Farming and manufacturing grew during the Han dynasty.


  1. What were two inventions that helped farmers?



  1. How did the wheelbarrow aid farmers?



  1. How was silk made in ancient China?

4. Why do you think the Chinese were so determined to keep how they produced silk a secret?
Main Idea #2: Trade routes linked China with the Middle East and Rome.


  1. For what items did the Chinese trade?


  1. Where did the Silk Road begin and end?



  1. What were some of the difficulties traders on the Silk Road faced?


Main Idea #3: Buddhism came to China from India and gained many followers.


  1. From what country did Buddhism come to China?



  1. What Buddhist beliefs appealed to millions of Chinese peasants?



  1. How did the political environment in China lead to the acceptance of Buddhism?


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