Reading Guide The Age of Religious Wars This chapter is a "continuation"



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Chapter 12 Reading Guide

The Age of Religious Wars
This chapter is a “continuation” of the Reformation… different religions developing all across Europe, there will be war to claim the state.
Counter Reformation Art: Baroque.

What is it? What does it look like?

Reformation Politiques… Who are these people? What makes them different?

The French Wars of Religion (1562-1598)

The French Catholics v. French Calvinists

Who are the Huguenots? How did they get their name? What did they want?


Why were Calvinists a threat to the French Monarchy?

Sum up the events that led to the weakening of the French Monarchy… pg 354


What was the Appeal of Calvinism?
Who is Catherine de Medicis and what power did she have over the French Monarchy?

The first French war of religion was extremely brutal. Ultimately what was the outcome?

What were the terms of the “peace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye”?

What happened on August 24, 1572?

How did Pope Gregory XIII and Phillip II (King of Spain) mark this event?
How did Protestants across Europe respond to the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre?

Catholic French Henry III v. Protestant French Henry IV of Navarre

Who won the fight for the throne? What did the Pope and Spain do?

The Edict of Nantes… What was it? Did it last?

Imperial Spain and Phillip II

Define the Spanish Kingdom:



New World Riches:

Increased Population:

Where did these people come from? Why? Was Spain the largest in Europe?



Efficient Bureaucracy and Military:

What set Phillip II apart from other rulers?


Supremacy in the Mediterranean:

Was the Spanish Armada truly that powerful?


The Revolt in the Netherlands:
How were the Calvinists involved in this Revolt?

Who was Cardinal Granvelle and what was his involvement in the Netherlands?

Who was William of Orange? What did he do?

Who was the Duke of Alba? What did he do to the people of the Netherlands?

What is the Union of Utrecht?

What did this mean for the Netherlands?


England and Spain
Mary I (the protestant) How was her reign remembered?

Elizabeth I

What was the Act of Supremacy she had parliament pass?

What did the Thirty-Nine Articles mean for the protestants and Catholics in England?

How did Elizabeth handle the Protestant v. Catholic feud in England?

What did the Puritans want from Elizabeth?

Who are the Presbyterians and which religious movement did they follow closely?

What was the Conventicle Act? What did that mean for the English people?
What was Elizabeth’s (England) role in the Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre?


Mary, Queen of the Scotts

This French Catholic Queen hated Elizabeth… What did she do to demonstrate her hate?



The Thirty Years War:

Pages 369-371 give the “preconditions” of the war… if you know the above information, and the glance at the map on page 371, you can see that with different religions in close proximity and the knowledge that Religion and Monarchies constantly struggle for power, war is inevitable.


This War can be broken down into four Phases:

The Bohemian Period…

Where is “Bohemia”?

Who is involved?

What happened?







The Danish Period…

Where does this take place?

Who is involved?

What happened?







The Swedish Period…

Where does this take place?

Who is involved?

What happened?







The Swedish-French Period…

Where does this take place?

Who is involved?

What happened?






Explain the Treaty of Westphalia…


FRQ’s:
The Reformation and wars of religion that wracked Europe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries began a process of conflict and negotiation that ultimately resulted in the institutionalization of religious toleration in some European societies. Describe specific instances that point toward a developing notion of religious toleration.

In the last third of the sixteenth century and early seventeenth centuries, European diplomacy revolved around the situation in the Low Countries. Why? What was the impact of the revolt of the Netherlands on the Low Countries, Spain, and England? How did the Dutch revolt affect European politics in general?



The Thirty Year’s War marked a major turning point in European history. What were the political, social, economic, and religious consequences of the conflict?


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