Reading Guide Pages 68-73 Islam Islam means to the will of (God)



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Islam Reading Guide
Pages 68-73

Islam


  1. Islam means _____________ to the will of ________________ (God).

  2. Muslims believe that God's word was revealed to a man called ______________ in the early ______________ century CE. In time, Muhammad became known as the ______________________ of God, or the __________________. Currently, there are about _________________ Muslims in the world, mainly in the Middle East, _______________, and parts of _____________________



Muhammad's early


  1. Muhammad was born in _____________ , in what is now Saudi Arabia. Brought up by a generous uncle, he became a camel-driver, ______________, husband, and ________________________. Within his community, Muhammad was known as ______________________________.

  2. Muhammad disapproved of the _____________________ of his fellow people and their belief in many _________________

  3. The belief in one God, as upheld by _____________________, had spread to _____________________ but had since been all but lost.

God speaks


  1. Muhammad use to go into the mountains to _____________________ and ___________________________. Around his ___________ birthday, while he was in a cave on _______________ , near Makkah, God spoke to Muhammad for the first time through the angel _________________ (Gabriel).

  2. Jibril said that _____________ must tell the people of Makkah to _______________ from their gods, and worship _________________, the one true god. The messages of Jibril were later written down as the Muslim _________________

The migration


  1. Muhammad began to preach in Makkah with the central message that " _________________". As Muhammad's popularity grew, _____________________ leaders began to __________________ against him. In 622, Muhammad and his followers fled to the city now called ______________, City of the _______________________

  2. Pictures and illustrations on page 69-. How did Muhammad and his friend, Abu Bakr, escape being captured by the soldiers that were sent by the political leaders?
    _________________________________________________________________________
    _________________________________________________________________________
    _________________________________________________________________________

  3. The journey to Madinah is known as the _____________, or migration. This is also known as "The Nights Journey".

  4. In _____________________ , the Muslims were able to conquer ________________, and Muhammad was finally accepted as the ______________________ of God.

Muhammad's death


  1. After the death of Muhammad in ______________, Abu Bakr made this announcement. "Those of you who ________________ Muhammad must accept that Muhammad is ____________________. As for those of you who worship _______________, Allah is living and will ________________________________.

  2. Muslims do not _____________ Muhammad but, as Allah's ________________, he is regarded with the greatest __________________. When Muslims say or write Muhammad's name, they also add the words "_____________________".

Islamic sayings


  1. In the space provided, copy one of the Islamic saying on page 70 and explain its meaning. Saying: ________________________________________________________________
    ______________________________________________________________________
    Meaning: ______________________________________________________________
    ______________________________________________________________________
    ______________________________________________________________________

Sacred writings


  1. The _______________ is the Islamic __________________ and is believed to be the word of as it was revealed to Muhammad during the last _________________ years of his life.

  2. At first, the words of Allah were _________________ and passed down by __________________________. The ________________ were not collected into a ______________________________ until after the prophet's ____________________.

  3. Most Muslims try to learn to read the Qur'an in its original _______________, even if this is not their own ______________ . Muslims also ___________ as a sign of before touching the Qur'an. The collective name for Muhammad's ________________________ and ______________ is the Sunnah.

Muslim beliefs


  1. List the seven Islamic beliefs:

1. _________________________________________

2. _________________________________________

3. _________________________________________

4. _________________________________________

5. _________________________________________

6. _________________________________________



7. _________________________________________

The prophets and books


  1. Muslims believe in the _______________ of the _______________ and _______________, such as Adam, _________________ ( Abraham), ______________ (Moses), and ____________________ (David). They also recognize Isa ( ______________ ) as in important prophet, but not as the of God.

  2. Muslims regard Muhammad as the last of the ________________, who received the ________________________ and _________________ message from God.

  3. Muslims refer to Jews and Christians as " ______________ " out of respect for the __________________ and ______________________

The Day of Judgment


  1. After death, Muslims believe that the ___________________ of every person will be __________________. People whose ________________ deeds outweigh their _______________________ deeds, will be able to _______________ a narrow pathway across ___________________________ and safely reach _______________________.

The will of Allah


  1. The Qur'an teaches that God is in _________________ of _________________that happens. Muslims try to do the ________________ of Allah rather than following an __________________ path through life.

The Five Pillars of Islam


  1. Fill in the Five Pillars of Islam.

  • The _______________________ : Declaration of Faith. “There is no God but __________________ and Muhammad is the __________________________.

  • __________________: Muslims pray five times a day facing Makkah. List the names of the day that Muslims pray. 1._________________, 2._________________, 3._________________, 4._________________, and 5._________________.

  • _____________________: Muslims who can afford it, should give at least ___________% of their savings and other _______________________ every year to the ______________________.

  • _________________: Fasting during the ninth Islamic month, _________________. Muslims ________________ and __________________ nothing during ________________ hours. Ramadan is a time for studying the Qur’an showing ______________________, and caring for others.

  • ____________________: A pilgrimage to __________________ which involves visiting the _____________________. The Ka’bah is thought to have been built by _______________ and one of his sons, Isma’il.




  1. Nobody is allowed to go to _________________ without making sure that their family is provided for while they are away. Men wear _______________ garments to enter Makkah at Hajj, as a sign that all are ____________________.

The Spread of Islam


  1. After Muhammad’s ________________, the Muslims were ____________________ by a series of leaders called ______________________ (which means “ __________________”). The first caliph was Muhammad’s friend, __________________________.

  2. The Muslim capital moved from Makkah to ______________________ and then to ____________________ Iraq, where is was to remain for the next _____________ years.

  3. The Muslims ______________________ and controlled Spain and __________________ up until the ____________________ century, when the ________________________ of Spain and Portugal joined forces to __________________ them.

Muslim Scholarship

  1. Mathematics, _______________________, medicine, and art all flourished ub Muslim world, especially between about ______________________ and __________________. They replaced the clumsy Roman numeral system with ____________________ numerals. They also established the _________________ system with of writing in tens, ________________, thousands, etc.

  2. Write the Arabic numeral seven: ____________ Write the Roman numeral 7 _____________

Later Islamic empires


  1. What were the names of the three empires that were at their height in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries?

1.___________________

2. ___________________



3. ___________________

  1. By the fifteenth century, Muslims had _______________ most of the Christian _____________ world including Constantinople, which they renamed _____________________.

Sunni and Shi'ah Islam


  1. The two branches of Islam that were formed after Muhammad's death are _____________ and _________________ Islam.

  2. Who did the Sunnis believe to be the rightful successor? ____________________-

  3. Who did the Shi'ites believe to be the first true heir? _____________________

  4. About _____% of the world's Muslims are _______________________.

  5. Shi'ites ands Sunnis share views on the Qur'an, God and worship, but differ slightly in the ways they _______________

Sufism


  1. A small branch of Islam known as _________________ tries to seek a close ________________ relationship with __________ and gain inner ___________ directly from him. Sufi worship includes music __________ dancing, and _________________

Places of worship


  1. Muslims go to mosques to _______________ together and ___________ other Muslims. The Arabic meaning for mosque is " __________ ". Besides having a main _____________ room, there might be rooms for ________________ and a courtyard for ritual __________________.

  2. Some mosques may have a __________ and _______________on them. These symbols have no ________________ significance but came to be associated with the ___________ calendar and because the _________________ speaks of stars as being one of the signs of _______________

  3. Almost all mosques have at least one tower, called a _______________ _____________times a day, the mosque relays the Arabic call to ______________, often by ______________, from a minaret. The call to prayer is called the Adhan, and the person who ___________ is called the mu' adhin.

  4. The wall that faces ________________ has a small ______________ in it called a mihrab. This draws people's ______________ in the direction of the __________________.

Worship


  1. All ______________ Muslims are _____________ to attend mosque on _____________for prayers at _____________. Women who attend must _____________ their heads and sit __________________ in a screened-off area. As a sign of _____________ for Allah, all Muslims must wash their hands, _____________, face, and _____________before entering the Mosque. This ritual is called ____________________.

  2. 4When entering the prayer hall, Muslims must ______________ their shoes and since there are no _____________, they must sit or ______________on the ______________. Muslims kneel on a prayer ______________ for cleanliness.

  3. When ________________, Muslims must face in the direction of the Ka'bah in _________________

  4. Worship in a mosque is led by an imam, or " ________________ ". The prayers are in _________________ and are followed by _______________ called rakahs. Each rakah involves the body, as a sign of being totally _____________ before God.

  5. Why do Muslims use prayer beads when praying? ______________________________________________________________________

  6. How many beads are there on a prayer string and what do they represent? _______________________________________________________________________

Islamic art


  1. The Qur' an forbids ______________ of any kind to be made of _______________ or ______________________

What are two of the reasons your book provides for not allowing these images?
1.______________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________

  1. The art of ________________ is also called _________________. Muslim calligraphers create beautiful _________________, using texts from the _________________, prayers, and -names of ______________________________

Islam in everyday life


  1. The religious ______________ of Islam come from the Qur' an and are called _______________ which means the "clear, ________________ path". They are ___________on matters ranging from a person's ______________ to affairs of the _____________ In some Muslim countries, there is very little _______________ between ______________ laws and the laws of the _____________.

  2. To help prevent _______________ outside of marriage, Muslim men and women are expected to ________________ and __________________ modestly.

  3. Many Muslim women ____________________ themselves from ____________________to ____________________. The reasoning is that it them from unwanted attention and allows them to be respected for _______________, not _______________________

Food laws


  1. In Islam, meat must be ________________ in a certain way in order for it to be permitted. The name of _______________ is said as the animal is being __________________, and its _________________ is always drained. Muslims are also forbidden to eat _______________ meat or drink _______________________.

The Jihad


  1. The inner ______________ a person has to live a good _________________ is called the It also includes trying to ____________________ others over to _______________by setting a good example.

Birth customs


  1. What ritual must a father perform in order for his new born child to be called a Muslim? ____________________________________________________________________

  2. Seven days after _________________, the baby has a _________________ceremony. Babies are usually named after _______________ or a member of his ________________. The baby's hair is ________________off and __________________. Traditionally its weight is given in ______________to the poor, but now __________________ is often given instead.

  3. Although circumcision is not required by the ________________, Muslim boys are still circumcised. What is the custom behind this ritual? ____________________________________________________________________

A Muslim upbringing


  1. What important ceremonies happen at the ages listed below:

Four years old ______________________________________________________

Early teenager ______________________________________________________


Marriage ceremonies


  1. In some Muslim families, _______________choose a ___________________ partner for their son or daughter, although either partner can _____________ the marriage. The formal marriage and its ______________ have to be witnessed by at least ___________ people.

Death rites


  1. After death, the body is ritually ______________ by members of the same _____________ and then wrapped in a _____________ sheet to stress _________________

  2. Muslims are never _________________ and are buried so that the person faces ______________.

Islamic calendar


  1. The Islamic ________________ is dated from the Hijrah, Muhammad's journey to ______________. In the year 2000CE, Muslims witnessed the start of the year_______________ AH. AH stands for _____________________.

  2. The Islamic calendar is about _____________ days shorter than the ________________ (Western) calendar. This means that festivals fall on a different ______________each year.

  3. For Muslims, a month begins at ___________________ on the day when the ______________ moon is first seen.

New Year festival


  1. Shi'ite Muslims celebrate the beginning of the with a ten-day festival called ______________. On this date, Shi'ite Muslims also mourn the deaths of the caliphs

Two main festivals


  1. The two main festivals during the Islamic year are _____________ and ________________. Eid is the Arabic word for " __________________ ". During the festival, Muslims get up early, put on perfume and go to _________________. After attending mosque, they visit ________________ and ________________ and exchange presents and ___________________.

Breaking the fast (Eid ul-Fitr)


  1. Eid ul-Fitr means " _____________" and celebrates the end of the ____________month, Ramadan.

In your own words, explain what happens during Ramadan. (Use the cartoons on page 79)

1. ______________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________

2. ______________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________

3. ______________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________

Festival of Sacrifice (Eid ul-Adha)


  1. Eid ul-Adha means " ______________ " and is the most ______________ event in the Islamic calendar. It also marks the end of the religious ______________, the Hajj.

  2. The sacrifice comes from a _____________ that is told in the ________________ and slightly different ________________ in the ________________ and the Old Testament. Ibrahim was asked by God to _____________________ his son __________________ to show his __________________ In the last moment, God provided a ______________to take Isma'il place.

Muhammad's birthday


  1. The celebration of the _______________ of Muhammad is called Milad-an-Nabi and falls on ____________________________ the __________________ month. During the celebration, stories of Muhammad's __________________________ may be told to ________________ people to think about his _________________ and ______________. Some people hold ________________ at which _______________ foods are served.




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