|APAH Reading Guide Name: ___________________________
Directions: After reading pages 60-88, explain the significance of the following terms.
1. Cotton Mather -
2. George Whitefield –
3. Great Awakening –
4. Indentured Servitude –
5. Indigo –
6. Jeremiad –
7. John & Charles Wesley –
8. John Peter Zenger –
9. Jonathan Edwards –
10. Middle Passage –
11. Primogeniture –
12. Slave Codes –
13. Stono Rebellion –
14. Triangular Trade –
15. The Enlightenment –
Directions: Read pages 60 – 88 and answer the following questions using many details and examples from the text.
1. Explain the system of indentured servitude that developed in the American colonies.
2. What impact did freed indentures have on colonial sociopolitical development?
3. What factors contributed to the rapid increase in colonial population during the last half of the seventeenth century?
4. How did the importance of reproduction in the labor-scare society of colonial America affect the status and lifecycle of women?
5. How and why did the status of women in colonial America differ from region to region?
6. Describe the steps that led to the establishment of black slavery in the English American colonies.
7. Why is 1697 considered a “turning point in the history of the black population in America”? What had this change resulted in by 1760?
8. What were the general characteristics of the colonial population in the first half of the eighteenth century – its rate of growth, cultural composition, and settlement patterns?
9. Describe the economy of the Chesapeake region, and explain why it developed as it did.
10. How did the economies of South Carolina and Georgia differ from that of the Chesapeake? How were they similar?
11. Why did the northern colonies turn to economic pursuits other than agriculture? What obstacles did these new pursuits have to overcome?
12. What factors gave rise to colonial commercial enterprises? What obstacles did these enterprises have to overcome and what effect did their success have on the colonial economy?
13. What was the “triangular trade,” and what does it reveal about colonial economics?
14. How did the increasing division of American societies by class spur the growth of eighteenth-century consumerism?
15. How did the plantation system in the American South illustrate both the differences between the colonial and English class systems and the way in which colonial communities evolved in response to local conditions?
16. What were the characteristics of plantation slavery?
17. What were the characteristics of communities that emerged in Puritan New England?
18. How was the family central to the Puritan community?
19. How did the experience of America affect the patriarchal family?
20. What caused the witchcraft hysteria of the 1680s and the 1690s, and what did these incidences reveal
about the nature of Massachusetts society?
21. What forces gave rise to colonial “cities”?
22. Describe urban life in colonial America.
23. What were the major religious groups in the colonies, what elements formed them, and where were they located?
24. What was the Great Awakening? Who brought it about, and what groups supported or opposed it?
25. What were the effects of the Great Awakening?
26. What colonial colleges were in operation by 1763? Why was each founded, and what subjects were studied in the mid-eighteenth century?
27. Explain why science and technology were so important in colonial America.
28. Explain the working of the law in colonial America, the concepts on which it was based, and the way it functioned.
29. Historical Argumentation: As colonial America grew, did cultures begin to “meet” or “collide”? Provide evidence to support your answer.
30. Interpretation: Read the selection on pages 66-67 “Debating the Past: The Origins of Slavery.” Using the chart below, explain the disagreement among historians about the origins of slavery.
31. Justify why each argument is correct:
Economic needs shaped the nature of slavery
White racism shaped the nature of slavery
32. Which particular viewpoint is most persuasive? Why?