Reading Guide European Middle Ages Standard 9A



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Ancient Civilizations Ms. Cave

Chapter Thirteen Reading Guide

European Middle Ages



Standard 9A

Essential Understandings

Essential Questions

Essential Knowledge

The Roman Catholic Church grew in importance after Roman authority declined. It became the unifying force in western Europe.

During the Middle Ages, the Pope anointed the Emperors, missionaries carried Christianity to the Germanic tribes, and the Church served the social, political, and religious needs of the people.





How and Why did the Church grow in importance during the Middle Ages?



Foundations of early medieval society

Classical Heritage of Rome

Christian Belief

Customs of Germanic Peoples

Influence of Roman Catholic Church

Secular authority declined, while church authority grew.

Monasteries preserved Greco-Roman cultural achievements

Missionaries carried Christianity and Latin alphabet to Germanic tribes.

Pope anointed Charlemagne Emperor in 800 CE

Parish priests served religious and social needs of the people.


Standard 9B

Essential Understandings

Essential Questions

Essential Knowledge

The decline of Roman influence in West Europe left people with little protection against invasion, so they entered into feudal agreements with land-holding lords who promised them protections.

How did feudal society develop in Europe during the Middle Ages?
How did the medieval manor function as a social and economic system?

Invasions shattered Roman protection over the Empire

Feudal society during the Middle Ages

  • Fief

  • Vassals

  • Serfs

  • Feudal obligations

Manorial system during the Middle Ages

Standard 9C

Essential Understandings

Essential Questions

Essential Knowledge

Frankish kings used military for








Section 1: 350-357 Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms
I. Vocabulary: For each term, write the definition and be sure to include the SIGNIFICANCE of the term.


Middle Ages



Franks

Monasteries

Secular



Charles Martel (The Hammer)

Battle of Tours

Carolingian Dynasty



Charlemagne

Treaty of Verdun


II. Answer:

Setting the Stage:

  1. What were the three roots of medieval culture in western Europe?



]


  1. Identify and explain at least three ways that civilization in western Europe declined after the Roman Empire fell?


  1. How was the relationship between a Frankish king and the Pope beneficial to both? What did each provide to the other?



  1. What was Charlemagne’s greatest achievement? Give reasons for your answer.



Essential Understandings

Essential Questions

Essential Knowledge

The decline of Roman influence in Western Europe left people with little protection against invasion, so they entered into feudal agreements with land-holding lords for protection.

How did a feudal society develop in Europe during the Middle Ages?
How did the medieval manor function as a social and economic system?

Invasions shattered Roman protection over the Empire.

Feudal society during the Middle Ages



  • Fief

  • Vassals

  • Serfs

  • Feudal obligations

Manorial system during the Middle Ages


Section 2: pp. 358-363 Feudalism in Europe
I. Vocabulary: For each term, write the definition in your own words and include the SIGNIFICANCE of the term.

Lord


Fief

Vassal

Knight

Serf

Manor


Social Structure of Feudalism

1. Explain the mutual obligations of the feudal system.

2. Explain why the feudal system often resulted in complicated alliances?






Economic Structures of Feudalism

4. Explain the mutual obligations between lords and serfs under the manor system.



5. Explain why the serfs rarely had to leave their manor.



6. Explain why the serfs accepted their economic hardships.





Section 3: pp. 364-369 The Age of Chivalry
I. Vocabulary: For each term, write the definition and be sure to include the SIGNIFICANCE of the term. You may include a drawing, symbol, sentence or example.


chivalry

tournament

troubadour

Epic Poetry

Song of Roland

Eleanor of Aquitaine


II. Chart: As you read about knighthood and chivalry, take notes to fill in the web diagram below.


1. Education


2. Weapons and equipment




3. War Games



Knight in Feudal Society






4. Code of Chivalry

5. Castle life


6. Romantic love


III. Answer:

  1. What were two inventions from Asia that changed the technology of warfare in western Europe?



  1. What were some of the themes of medieval literature?

Section 4: pp. 370-373 The Power of the Church
I. Vocabulary: For each term, write the definition and be sure to include the SIGNIFICANCE of the term. You may include a drawing, symbol, sentence or example.


Clergy


sacraments

Canon Law

excommunication



interdict

Holy Roman Empire

Lay investiture

Concordat of Worms







Chart: Analyzing Causes and Recognizing Effects: As you read about the development of Japanese civilization take notes to answer the questions and fill out the charts.


Causes

Actions

Outcomes


1. Otto invades Italy on pope’s behalf.






2. Pope Gregory bans lay investiture.





3. Henry IV travels to Canossa.





4. Representatives of Church and emperor meet in Worms.





5. Lombard League fights Battle of Legnano.





III. Answer:

  1. What was the role of the church during the feudal period?



  1. What were some of the matters covered by canon law?


  1. How did Otto the Great make the crown stronger than the German nobles?



  1. Was the Concordant of Worms a fair compromise for both the emperor and the Church? Why or why not?


IV. Thesis: Write a thesis statement answering ONE of the following: Identify the one you are answering.

  1. What factors led to the development of feudalism in western Europe?

  2. Compare and contrast the role of the European knight with that of the samurai. Be sure to include both similarities and differences.

  3. Compare and contrast the lives of noblewoman and peasant women. Be sure to include both similarities and differences.








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