Reading Guide 4 Name Vocab: Define each of the following terms

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Unit 3- Reading Guide 4 Name_________________________
Vocab: Define each of the following terms

Ellis Island

Angel Island

Melting Pot


Chinese Exclusion Act

Gentlemen’s Agreement


Americanization movement


Mass Transit

Great Chicago Fire

Social Gospel Movement

Settlement houses

Jane Addams

Booker T. Washington

Tuskegee Normal & Industrial Inst.

W.E.B. Du Bois

Niagara Movement

“Talented Tenth”

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

De jure segregation

De facto segregation

Guided Reading Questions: Provide comprehensive answers, in complete sentences, to each of the following questions.

  1. For what reasons did millions of immigrants come to the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries? Geographically, how did the pattern of immigration change after 1890 (Hint: know before and after!)?

  1. What events affected increased Chinese and Japanese immigration?

  1. Describe the factors that influence immigration from the following regions: The West Indies, Mexico, Asia. Be sure to include numbers of immigrants from each region.

  1. Describe the difficult journey to America for most immigrants. Where did they enter the country? What was it like at these immigration centers?

  1. What challenges did immigrants face when they got to America? How did they survive in America?

  1. What phrases of the John Steinbeck poem show that he’s talking about the term “melting pot?”

  1. Not all Americans favored the increased immigration in the Gilded Age. What factors influenced the rise of nativism in America?

  1. What factors contributed to Anti-Chinese and Anti-Japanese immigration restrictions? Note the excerpt from Congress’ 1892 extension of the Chinese Exclusion Act.

  1. Why did most immigrants settle in cities? In what ways did the Americanization movement help immigrants?

  1. What factors led to migration from the rural to urban areas? Describe the movement of African Americans during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Why did they move?

  1. Be sure you know the urban problems and solutions, especially the housing, sanitation, and fire issues.

  1. How did concerned reformers during this time period react to conditions of urban life? How did settlement houses help? Be sure you know Jane Addams, her settlement house, and how she was recognized for her work.

  1. Describe the state of education for African Americans in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, at all levels of education.

  1. Explain Booker T. Washington’s beliefs about racial issues? What types of education did Washington promote? What were his expectations on the timeframe for equality for black Americans?

  1. Describe W.E.B. Du Bois’ background and his ideas about segregation and disenfranchisement for blacks.

  1. What civil rights organization did Du Bois and others form in New York in 1909? Why did Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois become rivals?

  1. Describe turn of the century race relations. How were relations between whites and blacks regulated?

  1. What was the significance of the Supreme Court’s decision in the case Plessy v. Fergusson?

  1. Describe the contrast between the treatment of African Americans living in the South and those living in the North after the Civil War?

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