R. Gerald Hughes Unfinished Business from Potsdam: Britain, West Germany, and the Oder-Neisse Line, 1945-1962



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Cmnd. 6739, Policy of His Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom in Regard to Czechoslovakia, (HMSO, 1942). For the effects of Eden’s announcement of 5 August 1942 see Hermann Raschhofer & Otto Kimminich, Die Sudetenfrage: Ihre völkerrechtliche Entwicklung vom Ersten Weltkreig bis zur Gegenwart, (München, 1988), pp. 248-52. TJO delete after checking whether you need the details

171 Callaghan, report of visit to Czechoslovakia, 9-12 October 1960, LPA, Int/1960-61/3.

172 Konrad Adenauer, Erinnerungen 1955-1959, (Stuttgart, 1967), pp. 476-9.

173 Brief for Lloyd, 12-14 April 1960, FO 371/177943, WG 1081/9/1960.

th Macmillan to Home, 15 April 1962, PREM 11/3778.

174 Chancery, Warsaw, to Northern Department, 19 Oct. 1960, FO 371/154047, WG 10335/10.

175 Allen, The Oder-Neisse Line, p. 226; for a British reaction see Nixon speech, Buffalo, 17 Oct. 1960, FO 371/154098, WG 1081/39.

176 Minute, Cartledge, 31 October 1960, FO 371/154047, WG 10335/10.

177 Killick to Schuckburgh, 23 Jan. 1961, FO 371/161134, WG 1081/1.

178 Minute, Schuckburgh, 23 Jan. 1961, FO 371/161134, WG 1081/1.

179 E. Berthoud, ambassador in Warsaw, to E. E. Tomkins (Head of the Western Department), 29 December 1959, FO 371/154095, WG 1081/1. Berthoud was reporting on his discussion with the French Ambassador to Poland, Burin des Roziers, regarding the recent Adenauer-de Gaulle talks in Paris (1-2 December 1959).

180 Macmillan to Home, 15 April 1962, PREM 11/ 3778.

181 Department of State circular, no. 1896, 4 May 1962, JFKL, NSF Box 175.

182 See R. Morgan, ‘Kennedy and Adenauer’ in D. Brinkley and R. T. Griffiths (eds.), John F. Kennedy and Europe, (Louisiana, 1999), pp. 16-31. On the desire of the United States to use European integration as a method of controlling West German power see Klaus Schwabe, ‘The Cold War and European Integration’, Diplomacy and Statecraft, 12/ 4, 2002, pp. 18-34. On the German policy of the United States in the 1960s see A. W. Schetrz, Die Deutschlandpolitik Kennedys und Johnsons, (Köln, 1992). TJO delete after checking

183 JFKL, O[ral] H[istory] P[rogram], Grewe, interview with O’ Connor, 2 November 1966, pp. 2-3.

184 Meeting between Truman, Byrnes and Molotov, 29 July 1945, FRUS, 1945, ii, 472.

185 McGhee, memo for Rostow, 1 June 1961, JFKL, NSF Box 74.

186 Shuckburgh to Caccia, 26 July 1961, FO 371/160480, CG 1018/42; F. A. Mayer, Adenauer and Kennedy: A Study in German-American Relations, 1961-1963, (London, 1996), pp. 36, 41.

187 JFKL, OHP, Douglas-Home, interview with Nunnerly, 16 June 1974, p. 2; CAB 129/106, C(61)116, ‘Berlin’, memo., Home, 26 July 1961.

188 See R. G. Hughes, ‘’We are not seeking strength for its Own Sake’: The British Labour Party and the Cold War, 1951-1964’, Cold War History, iii (2002), 79-84.

189 Bennett to Buxton, 18 Aug. 1961, FO 371/160505, CG 1019/15.

190 CAB 128/35, CC(61)49(3), 5 Sept. 1961.

191 Macmillan Diaries, 9 November 1961.

192 CAB 128/35, CC(61)6(3), 23 Nov.1961; CAB 129/107, C(61)184, ‘Berlin’, memo, Home, 21 Nov. 1961, Annex A, ‘Paper on the Western Ambassadorial Meeting in Washington’, 14 Nov. 1961; CAB 128/ 35, CC(61)65(3), 23 Nov. 1961.

193 D. R. Thorpe, Alec Douglas-Home, (London, 1996), p. 228.

194 Cold War International History Project: Rough notes from a conversation (Gromyko, Khrushchev and Gomułka) on the international situation, n.d. - Oct. 1961. URL:http//:www.cwihp.si.edu.

195 Meeting between Gromyko and Home, 21 March 1962, PREM 11/3805, IAD 410/614

196 Memo., Tomkins, ‘Germany’s Eastern Frontiers’, 15 December 1961, FO 371/160571, CG 1081/17.

197 Clutton to Mason, 27 Jan. 1962, FO 371/166119, NP1051/2.

198 Clutton to Wilson, 14 Feb. 1962, FO 371/163594, CG 1081/2.

199 Anders to Macmillan, 23 Feb. 1962, PREM 11/3921; Anders to Kennedy, 23 Feb. 1962, JFKL, NSF Box 170.

200 De Zuleta to Samuel, 19 Oct. 1961, PREM 11/3921; Wright to Macmillan, 12 March 1962, PREM 11/3921.

201 Note from Mr. Lottiniere, Canada House, to FO, 21 March 1962, FO 371/163594, CG 1081/10.

202 Bundy to Anders, 24 Feb. 1962, JFKL, NSF Box 170; Macmillan to Anders, 15 March 1962, PREM 11/3291.

203 FO confidential memo., ‘British attitude towards the Oder-Neisse line’, 12 March 1962, PREM 11/ 3921.

204 Wright, interview with author, 29 June 2000.

205 Wright to Macmillan, 12 March 1962, PREM 11/3921.

206 Clutton to Mason, 12 April 1962, FO 371/163594, CG 1081/9.

207 Brzezinski to Kennedy, 12 April 1963, JFKL, NSF Box 106.

208 Meeting between Stewart and Rapacki, 17 Sept. 1965, PREM 13/1699; FO 371/182671, NP 1053/48, FO minute, 16 September 1965.

209 Hansard, HC Deb, Series 5c, Volume 727, col. 1227.

210 German Embassy, Paris to for. min., 3 May 1965, APBD, 1965, II (Munich, 1996), no. 342; H. Osterheld, Außenpolitik unter Bundeskanzler Ludwig Erhard, 1963-1966, (Düsseldorf), p. 234.

211 Lord Curzon, ‘Frontiers’, 1907 Romanes lecture. International Boundaries Research Unit, University of Durham, URL: http://www-ibru.dur.ac.uk/docs/curzon.pdf.

212 Henry Kissinger, The White House Years, (London, 1979), p. 421.



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