Questions: Why did they call for ending slavery?



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Abolition/Women’s Rights 14.4

Questions:



  • Why did they call for ending slavery?

  • Who are the eyewitnesses of slavery?

  • What is the Underground Railroad?

  • Who is Harriet Tubman?

  • What barriers?

  • What is the Seneca Falls Convention?

  • What called for women’s rights? Abolitionists Call for Ending Slavery

  • Abolition is the movement to end slavery

  • David Walker, printed a pamphlet called Appeal, urging slaves to revolt

  • White people tried to abolish slavery too, William Lloyd Garrison published a abolitionist newspaper

  • Sarah and Angelina Grimke believed that slavery was morally wrong and moved north to join an antislavery society

  • John Quincy Adams tried to abolish slavery, but congressman tried to stop him, but Adams saved some African Americans Eyewitnesses to Slavery

  • Frederick Douglass and Sojourner Truth spoke from their own experience of slavery

  • Douglass published an autobiography of his slave experiences, he also began to publish an antislavery newspaper

  • Sojourner Truth had fled her owners and went to live with Quakers, who then set her free. They also helped her win a court battle to recover her young son and speaking for abolition, she drew huge crowds in the North The Underground Railroad

  • Abolitionists created the Underground railroad, which was an above ground series of escape routes from South to North

  • Some enslaved people would find unusual routes to freedom, like Henry Brown, who hid in a box

  • The runaways traveled by night, and hid by day in places called stations

Harriet Tubman

  • Harriet Tubman was one of the most famous conductors for the Underground Railroad, she had fainting spells

  • Tubman had escaped and then made 19 journeys to free enslaved people; she carried a pistol and medicine. She had saved her parents

Women Reformers Face Barriers

  • Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton were part of an American delegation that attended the World Anti-Slavery Convention. Men claimed that it was not a women’s place to speak in public

  • William Lloyd Garrison joined them

  • Stanton applauded him for giving up his chance to speak on abolition, the cause for which he fought so long

  • Women in the 1800s enjoyed few legal or political rights

  • Stanton and Mott held a convention for women’s rights

The Seneca Falls Convention

  • This convention attracted between 100 and 00 women and men

  • During the convention on women read the Declaration of Independence, which inspired the planners to write a document modeled on it

  • Every resolution won unanimous approval from the group except suffrage, or the right to vote

  • In 1852, the New York Herald poked fun at women who wanted “to vote, and to hustle with the rowdies at the polls”

Continued Calls for Women’s Rights

  • In the mid 1800s, three women lent powerful voices to the growing women’s movement

  • Because Sojourner Truth supported controversial cause of abolition, the convention for women’s rights feared her appearance would make their own cause less popular

  • Maria Mitchell fought for women’s equality by helping found the Association for the Advancement of women, she was also an astronomer

  • Susan B. Anthony was a skilled organizer who built the women’s movement into a national organization, supported laws that would give married women rights of theirs to own property and wages

  • Women suffrage stayed out of reach until the 1900s and the U.S. government did not abolish slavery until 1865


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