| Questions from Previous Editions
The following questions were removed from the 13 chapter files because the information is no longer directly covered in the ninth edition. Many instructors may still be teaching some of this information from previous editions and thus, we felt it was useful to maintain these questions in the computerized test bank.
1. A special type of map that is transformed to show countries in population space is a:
*A. cartogram B. Mercator projection C. ethno-map
D. CBD E. none of the above
2. Urbanization has been proceeding at the fastest rate in:
A. the developed world *B. the less developed world
C. Antarctica D. Finland E. the United States
3. The least urbanized area of the world is:
A. Latin America *B. Africa C. Europe
D. North America E. Former Soviet Union
4. Which of the following is exhibited by less developed countries?
A. underpopulated rural areas
*B. a high number of persons per available doctor
C. high per capita consumption of energy
D. very low illiteracy rates
E. all of the above
5. Transpiration occurs over both oceans and land areas. (F)
6. Evapotranspiration is a process combining evaporation and transpiration, the “perspiration” of plants. (T)
7. A cartogram is a specially transformed map. (T)
8. Occupational structure of the labor force is one measure of the level of economic development of a country. (T)
Chapter 1 - Europe
9. Which of the following groups did not invade lowland England?
A. Angles B. Saxons C. Celts
D. Vikings *E. Finns
10. Which European country receives more acid rain than it produces via sulfur emissions into the atmosphere?
A. France *B. Norway C. England
D. West Germany E. Australia
11. The Russian port of St. Petersburg can be closed off to international trade by the juxtaposition of which two countries?
A. Estonia and Sweden *B. Estonia and Finland C. Latvia and Finland
D. Finland and Sweden E. Norway and England
12. The large Spanish farms run by absentee landlords were called:
A. meseta B. Pyrenees C. catalonians
D. plantaciones *E. latifundias
13. Spain’s northeastern province, centered on Barcelona, is called:
*A. Catolonia B. Bilbao C. Iberia
D. Florida E. none of the above
14. The Baltic Republic with the smallest Russian minority is:
A. Latvia *B. Lithuania C. Estonia
D. Belarus E. Riga
15. Most Eastern European boundaries are a result of:
A. World War II *B. World War I C. changes made by the U.S.S.R.
D. the Warsaw Pact E. the Ottoman Empire
16. The Eastern European country that underwent significant border changes after World War II was:
A. Austria B. Italy C. Slovakia
*D. Poland E. former Yugoslavia
17. This former Soviet Republic led the Baltic Republics in moving toward independence. Only about 9 percent of the population is Russian.
*A. Lithuania B. Moldova C. Georgia
D. Estonia E. Kirghizia
18. Which of the following countries was permitted by the former Soviet Union to follow a combined communist/capitalist course?
A. Moldova B. Poland *C. Hungary
D. Latvia E. Estonia
19. Additional countries will be added to NATO in the:
*A. east B. west C. north
D. south E. NATO is not accepting new members
20. NATO was established:
*A. to promote economic integration in Western Europe
B. by the Soviet Union as a reaction to U.S. troops in Turkey
C. as a collective defense against the Soviet Union
D. as a fishing treaty among the western powers
E. as an organization dedicated to the political union of Western Europe
21. The Warsaw Pact was established:
A. to promote economic integration in Western Europe
*B. by the Soviet Union as a reaction to NATO
C. as a collective defense against the Soviet Union
D. as a fishing treaty among the western powers
E. as an organization dedicated to the political union of Western Europe
22. At the beginning of this decade, which two Yugoslavian Republics were locked in a deadly civil war?
*A. Serbia and Croatia B. Serbia and Slovenia C. Serbia and Kosovo
D. Macedonia and Slovakia E. Moldova and Belarus
23. Moldova is most likely to seek unification with which of the following countries?
A. Bulgaria B. Moldavia *C. Romania
D. Ukraine E. Belarus
24. The largest and most populous of the Eastern European nations is:
A. Poland B. Belarus C. Romania
D. Hungary *E. Ukraine
25. The former Soviet Republic that contributed one-half of Soviet farm output by value and one-third of all manufactures was:
A. Moldova B. Belarus C. Estonia
D. Latvia *E. Ukraine
26. The rock type associated most with volcanism is:
*A. igneous B. sedimentary C. tectonic
D. metamorphic E. gradational
27. Geomorphology studies the evolution of:
A. climates B. supranationalism C. morphos
D. metamorphic rocks *E. landscapes
28. The rock type that has been altered by heat and pressure is:
*A. metamorphic B. sedimentary C. tectonic
D. igneous E. gradational
29. Agents of erosion include:
A. streams B. glaciers C. winds
D. waves *E. all of the above
30. Eire is one of Europe’s youngest independent states. (T)
31. Mediterranean Europe has made much more effective use of its natural resources than Scandinavian Europe. (F)
32. The nearest approach to an indigenous empire in Eastern Europe was the Austro-Hungarian Empire. (T)
33. The physical geography of Eastern Europe contributes to the region’s divisiveness. (T)
34. Europe’s suburban “new towns” are a major outcome of the urban and regional planning movement that spread across the continent after 1900. (T)
35. Metamorphic rocks, the most widespread rock type on earth, are formed by the deposition of eroded materials and their very rapid compaction into stone. (F)
36. The type of rock associated with volcanic activity, which forms through the cooling of molten magma or lava, is known as ___________. (igneous)
Chapter 2 - Russia
37. High speed tube-like rivers of air high above the ground are known as:
A. gyres B. cyclones *C. jet streams D. westerlies E. trades
38. In the Earth’s great ocean basins, water circulates in giant cells called:
*A. gyres B. cyclones C. jet streams D. westerlies E. trades
39. The _________ lost more than half of its surface due to streams being diverted for irrigation.
A. Black Sea B. Caspian Sea C. Sea of Azov
*D. Aral Sea E. Russian Sea
40. 45% of the former Soviet Union’s agricultural output came from:
A. Belarus B. Eastern Russia *C. the Ukraine
D. Areas of C Climate E. The Far East
41. Strategic fortified way stations established by the Russians were known as:
A. Slavics *B. Ostrogs C. Russes
D. Hanseatics E. Novos
42. Russians now call the former republics of the Soviet Union the:
A. Former colonies B. SSRs C. ASSRs
D. CIS provinces *E. Near Abroad
43. The Qaraghandy Area:
A. is part of Kazakstan
B. possesses a variety of industries including iron, steel and chemicals
C. cannot compare with the Ukraine in terms of resources, urban centers, or transport networks
D. lies in the path of the Soviet economy’s eastward march
*E. is characterized accurately by all of the above
44. The Qaraghandy-Akmola region is today located in _________ in spite of its large Russian population.
*A. Kazakstan B. Uzbekistan C. Turkmenistan
D. Azerbaijan E. Kirghizstan
45. Varangians are fortified trading towns established by the gorods, a people who entered Russia from Scandinavia. (F)
46. Gorods were fortified trading towns that played an important role in early Russia. (T)
47. Perestroika means restructuring. (T)
48. The former republics of the USSR are referred to by the Russians as the Near-Abroad. (T)
49. Qaraghandy-Akmola is an area with almost no industry. (F)
50. Ostrogs were fortified stations along the Siberian railroad, which helped the Russians consolidate their control east of the Urals. (F)
51. Most of Russia has a humid temperate climate. (F)
52. Upper atmosphere winds are called jet streams. (T)
Chapter 3 - North America
53. Which of the following is an issue in intraurban geography?
A. the location of Pittsburgh with respect to Detroit
B. the establishment of a rail line from New York to Boston
C. the Borchert Mode
E. the population size of world cities
54. The three models of intraurban structure are:
*A. concentric zone, sector, and multiple nuclei
B. concentric zone, realm, and sail wagon
C. sector, multiple nuclei, and time-space convergence
D. urban realms, suburban downtowns, and historical inertia
E. none of the above
55. The largest Hispanic population is found in which of the following “Nation” of North America?
*A. Mex-America B. The Foundry C. Quebec
D. Empty Quarter E. Hispania
56. The greatest amount of industry is found in which of the following “Nation” of North America?
A. New England *B. The Foundry C. Dixie
D. Empty Quarter E. Canadian-America
57. The major U.S. government agency that worries about the environment is the Pollution Control Bureau or PCB. (F)
58. Smokestack industry went from 20 percent of the labor force in 1980 to only 8 percent in 1995. (T)
59. The United States uses more robots in its industry than do the Japanese. (F)
60. The Sunbelt includes:
*A. San Francisco’s Silicon Valley
B. portions of the rustbelt south of the Mississippi
C. all of the post-industrial society
D. parts of New York State, but only near the Atlantic Ocean
E. none of the above
61. A chinook is a:
*A. type of tornado B. Pacific hurricane C. rain shadow effect
D. type of weather inversion E. warm dry wind
62. The concept of the hollow frontier is that:
*A. Los Angeles was settled before the Great Plains
B. Los Angeles was settled before San Francisco
C. the urban areas of the country were settled before the rural areas
D. the frontier was settled first by immigrants from China
E. agriculture preceded industrial development
63. Which of the following is false?
A. The U.S. microprocessor industry is concentrated in Silicon Valley.
B. 90 percent of Americans reside within a two hour drive of a metropolitan area.
C. Suburban downtowns have formed in the suburbs of many American cities.
*D. Downtowns are still the place where most employment is found in the American city.
E. Gentrification involves the redevelopment of downtown neighborhoods.
64. Which of the following is a leading area in the production of strip-mined coal?
A. Alaska's North Slope B. Southern California *C. Wyoming
D. The seabed just offshore from the Texas and Louisiana Gulf Coast
E. South Florida
65. Employment in traditional smokestack industries is:
A. increasing B. decreasing, but only in the rustbelt
C. remaining the same D. increasing, but only in the Sunbelt *E. decreasing
66. Gentrification involves the settlement of urban types of people in rural areas. (F)
67. Time-space convergence refers to the timing of our exploration of the planets. (F)
68. Winds are named for the direction from which they come. (T)
69. As early as 1973, the suburbs surpassed the central cities in total employment. (T)
70. At a meeting in Toronto in 1987, all of the prime ministers of Canada’s provinces disapproved the idea of giving Quebec the status of a distinct society. (F)
71. Wheat farming has become more intensive in North America with the introduction of center pivot irrigation. (T)
Chapter 4 - Middle America
72. Which of the following was not found in the zone around the city of Tenochtitlàn?
*A. an area of cacao-bean tropical agriculture
B. a well-developed water transport system
C. the ceremonial centers of the Valley of Mexico
D. a cool and fairly dry climate
E. a tierra templada setting
73. The “rifles-and-beans” policy is associated with:
A. Trinidad B. Cuba C. Mexico
D. Puerto Rico *E. Guatemala
74. The country with the elite group of 14 families that has controlled the coffee industry is:
A. Cuba B. Guatemala C. Mexico
*D. El Salvador E. Yucatan
75. During the 1980s, Nicaragua’s strongest Western Hemisphere ally was:
A. the United States *B. Cuba C. Chile
D. El Salvador E. Panama
76. The ruler of Panama who the United States removed from power in 1989 was:
A. Samoza *B. Noriega C. Ortega
D. Hussein E. Castro
77. The major competitor for the Aztec State, prior to the coming of the Europeans, was the Toltec State. (F)
78. Puerto Rico is a United States’ state. (F)
79. Puerto Rico’s residents possess United States’ citizenship. (T)
80. In contrast to neighboring Hispañiola and Jamaica, Puerto Rico has remained dependent on a single-crop economy. (F)
81. Although serious social problems persist, insurgency movements in El Salvador have been nearly nonexistent. (F)
82. Belize may become the Falkland Islands of Middle America. (T)
Chapter 5 - South America
83. The economy of Brazil took off in the late 1960s and early 1970s. What put an end to this economic advancement?
A. a fall in the price of coffee B. staggering foreign debt
*C. imported fuel bills
D. the fall of a democratic government E. all of the above contributed
84. The “Brazilian Model” of economic development:
*A. involves the government in shared participation with private enterprise
B. calls for development in harmony with the environment
C. is based upon borrowing large sums of money from foreign banks
D. calls for development around Rio de Janeiro to receive highest priority
E. none of the above
85. Which of the following is false?
A. 35 percent of Brazil’s population is under age 15.
B. The wealthiest 2 percent of Brazil’s population control 70 percent of the land.
C. Half of all Brazilians suffer from chronic malnutrition.
D. Favelas are mushrooming around Brazilian cities.
*E. Brazil, unlike other Latin American countries, has no significant foreign debt.
86. At its present rate of growth, the population of Brazil will exceed that of the United States within our lifetimes. (F)
87. The “Brazilian Model” of economic development is based on a partnership between the government and the private sector. (T)
88. Imported fuel bills slowed Brazilian development in the early 1970s. (T)
89. Brazil has an enormous foreign debt. (T)
90. 35 percent of Brazilians are under age 15. (T)
91. Civilian governments in Brazil have been reluctant to take action against the richest parts of society. (T)
92. Although it is the giant of South America, Brazil’s relationships with its neighbors remain comparatively distant. (T)
93. Brazil has never welcomed foreign investment. (F)
Chapter 6 - North Africa/Southwest Asia
94. The impact of the oil industry has been greatest:
A. in the countries with the largest supplies
*B. in the countries with large supplies and small populations
C. in places like Egypt and Libya
D. only where democratic governments exist
E. in countries with small populations and other important minerals which are necessary to properly use the oil in developing an industrial base
95. Oil has had the greatest impact in:
A. Iraq B. Iran C. Turkey
D. Syria *E. United Arab Emirates
96. When Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990:
A. Kuwait had only minor oil supplies remaining
B. it was the first time that foreign troops were needed in this area of the world
C. the Kuwaitis gave their oil fields to Iraqi control to take advantage of economies of scale
*D. only 42 percent of the country’s population was Kuwaiti
E. none of the above
97. Which country fought a bloody civil war for its independence?
A. Morocco B. Tunisia C. Egypt
*D. Algeria E. Mali
98. A region of recent famine is the:
A. Fellaheen *B. Sahel C. Sunni
D. Shi’ite E. Maghreb
99. With which bordering country has Iraq had the least adversarial relationship?
*A. Jordan B. Kuwait C. Iran
D. Saudi Arabia E. Turkey
100. Egypt is enclosed by:
A. anthropogeographic boundaries
B. physiographic-political boundaries *C. geometric boundaries
D. subsequent boundaries E. pluralistic boundaries
101. Which country is not in the Horn of Africa?
A. Ethiopia B. Somalia C. Eritrea
D. Addis Ababa *E. Chad
102. Which of the following is not a stated reason for Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait?
*A. Kuwait’s banking practices
B. OPEC quota violations
C. desire for a Persian Gulf coastline
D. claims of Kuwait drilling Iraqi oil from a border oil field
E. Kuwait is rightfully part of Iraq
103. About ___ percent of Syria’s population lives in urban areas.
A. 90 *B. 50 C. 10
D. 98 E. 60
104. As a result of the 1948 Israeli war for independence:
A. Israel gained additional territories B. Jordan gained the West Bank
C. about 600,000 Palestinians became refugees D. Jerusalem was divided
*E. all of the above
105. Computer controlled irrigation developed in Israel is known as:
A. basin irrigation *B. fertigation C. qanats
D. hydrocomp E. none of the above
106. Israel today gets its oil from:
A. Iran B. Kuwait *C. Egypt
D. Libya E. the Haifa area
107. Which of the following is not an important component of the Israeli economy?
A. diamond cutting *B. coal mining C. chemicals
D. agriculture E. all of the above are important
108. The Arab state with which Israel has a formal peace treaty is:
A. Saudi Arabia B. Palestine *C. Egypt
D. Syria E. Iran
109. The term enosis:
*A. means union with Greece B. is another name for Zionism
C. is found in bidonvilles D. is a type of barrier to diffusion
E. is a disease common to the Fertile Crescent
110. Which of the following countries gave shelter to Armenians escaping across the Caspian Sea?
A. Uzbekistan B. Kazakhstan *C. Turkmenistan
D. Azerbaijan E. Iran
111. The population of Libya has felt the impact of oil far more strongly than Algeria’s people. (T)
112. Only 20 percent of Kuwait’s population was Kuwaiti when Iraq invaded. (F)
113. The region of Upper Egypt is centered on Cairo and the Nile Delta in the country’s north. (F)
114. Morocco fought a long and bloody war for independence from Spain. (F)
115. The French controlled large parts of what is today the African Transition Zone. (T)
116. The Sahara Desert grew by 500,000 square miles in the early 1980s. (T)
117. Israel, in terms of raw materials, is among the three richest states in the Middle East. (F)
118. Israel has little in the way of natural resources. (T)
119. A division in the Israeli population exists between Sephardim and Ashkenazim. (T)
120. Only 50 percent of Syrians live in cities. (T)
121. Israel has coal, oil and natural gas reserves in the northern part of the country. (F)
122. Jubail is a burgeoning urban center located within the Saudi Arabian oil-producing area that borders the Persian Gulf. (T)
123. The Ottoman Empire was the last empire to emerge with its base in Southwest Asia. (T)
124. Turkey is one of the largest countries in the North Africa/Southwest Asia area in terms of population. (T)
125. None of the five nations of Turkestan joined the Commonwealth of Independent States. (F)
Chapter 7 - Subsaharan Africa
126. Among the statements below characterizing the spatial imprints of Europe’s colonial powers in Africa, identify the least acceptable one.
A. Belgian colonial policy, a “paternalism” in practice, divided the Congo (now Zaïre) into six provinces.
B. France’s huge mainland Subsaharan African domain was divided into two units, French West Africa and French Equatorial Africa.
C. Germany's colonial objectives in Africa were as much to obstruct the designs of its rivals as to acquire territory.
*D. Portugal acquired Angola and Moçambique and at the Berlin Conference secured a corridor to connect the two territories.
E. French West Africa centered on the colonial headquarters of Dakar.
127. The current name of former Upper Volta is:
A. Benin B. Ghana C. Togo
*D. Burkina Faso E. Myanmar
128. Which of the following is not an area into which large numbers of Africans have migrated?
A. Copperbelt of Zambia B. Great Dyke of Zimbabwe
C. Coastal area of Ghana *D. Southern Sudan E. the north coast of Lake Victoria
129. A country in which a white minority government hoped to take over from British rule is:
A. Botswana B. Nigeria C. Chad
*D. Zimbabwe E. Malagasy Republic
130. Which of the following is not a physical feature of South Africa?
A. Orange River *B. Veld River C. highveld
D. middleveld E. Vaal River
131. Which of the following is likeliest to be observed at Africa’s Great Escarpment?
A. high mountain ranges perpendicular to rift valleys
B. plain lands bordering deserts
C. the culture hearth of Wa-Benzi civilization
*D. steep slopes associated with the edge of a plateau
E. swampy interior lakebeds
132. The Prime Minister elected in 1948 whose political platform was based on the strict separation of racial groups in South Africa was:
A. Soweto B. Mandela C. Player
*D. Malan E. Botha
133. The animal identified by your textbook as one which is an asset to the individual owner, but a serious liability to the state is the:
A. cow B. sheep *C. goat
D. chicken E. camel
134. Which of the following statements is false?
*A. Liberia, because of significant American help, has shown no ethnic strife.
B. In Rwanda and Burundi, major ethnic problems have occurred between the Hutus and the Tutsis.
C. In Sudan, the southern provinces have been fighting against the Islamic north.
D. Cuban troops were sent to Angola.
E. All of the above are true.
135. The first homeland in South Africa was:
A. Cape Town B. Soweto *C. Transkei
D. Kwazulu E. Bophuthatswana
136. Togo was once a colony of Germany. (T)
137. Portuguese colonial policy in Africa became known as “paternalism.” (F)
138. Tanzania’s capital today is Dodoma, a new interior urban center that succeeded an older seaport whose architecture and street pattern were designed by the Germans. (T)
139. South Africa’s agricultural potential is greater than anywhere else in Africa. (T)
140. In South Africa, the creation of Kwazulu as a national homeland has faced strong opposition from the Zulu people. (T)
141. The program for relocating industry from the core areas to the borderlands surrounding the Bantustans has proved very successful. (F)
142. French colonialism has been identified as the process of ______. (acculturation)
143. Administrative capital (A)
144. Infamous capital of a “homeland” (B)
145. Orange-Vaal confluence focus (C)
146. Stronghold of South Asian population (D)
147. First white settlement (E)
B. Sun City
E. Cape Town
Chapter 8 - South Asia
148. Which of the following is not included in the region of Hindustan?
*A. Bombay B. Calcutta C. Delhi
D. Ganges Delta E. Varanasi
149. The British bequeathed India with a single-gauge, unified railroad network that has the
sixth longest total mileage among the world’s countries. (F)
150. India adds nearly _____ million persons per year to its population
*A. 20 B. 100 C. 2
D. 5 E. 150
Chapter 9 - East Asia
151. Which of the following is not part of the Four Modernizations program?
*A. demilitarization as part of a new defense pact with the United States against Russia
B. the rapid mechanization of agriculture
C. the accelerated development of Chinese technology including the use of foreign scientists
D. capitalist-type incentives to modernize and expand existing industry
E. all are part of the four modernizations
152. Today, Shanghai:
*A. is growing five times faster than China as a whole
B. is a declining city economically C. is located in the North China Plain
D. is the forward capital of China E. none of the above
153. The 1958 program that attempted to collectivize agriculture in a very short time was the:
*A. Great Leap Forward B. Sepoy Rebellion
C. Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution D. Extraterritoriality Debate
E. none of the above
154. Which of the following is not found in Beijing?
A. Tiananmen Square B. Forbidden City C. Gate of Heavenly Peace
D. the capital of China *E. all of the above are in Beijing
155. After the Korean War, the peninsula was divided between:
A. A Soviet dominated North and an American south
B. A Japanese south and a Chinese north C. at the 38th parallel
*D. A and C above E. A and B above
156. Nationalist China is located on the island that used to be called:
*A. Formosa B. Forlessa C. Bali
D. Gondwana E. Borneo
157. China first surpassed the population total of 1 billion residents in:
A. 200 A.D. B. 1875 C. 1949
*D. 1980 E. China will surpass this number in the year 2050
A. was the leading Chinese philosopher of his time
B. developed a school of thought which replaced the older Taoist philosophies
C. advanced the belief that China’s aristocratic rulers had divine ancestors
*D. was credited with producing the Confucian Classics although they were written by others after his time
E. inspired the writings embodied in Mao’s “Red Book”
159. The British left Hong Kong in
*A. 1997 B. They left in 1947 C. 2010
D. 2005 E. They will remain forever under a treaty with the Chinese
160. ________ concluded that the rimland of the Eurasian continent would ultimately prove to be the greater power.
A. Mackinder *B. Spykman C. Huntington
D. de Blij E. Muller
161. ______ percent of China’s population live in urban areas.
*A. 28 B. 75 C. 14
D. 90 E. 51
162. China’s urban population is growing _________ than the national average.
*A. faster B. slower C. at the same rate
163. South China is dominated by:
A. Himalayas B. Yellow River *C. Hills and Basins
D. Ordos Desert E. Gobi
164. Hundreds of thousands of people have lost their lives in earthquakes on the Loess Plateau. (T)
165. Much of South China is an area of hills and basins. (T)
166. South China is also known as monsoon China. (T)
167. The major physical feature in southwestern China is the Qinghai-Xizang plateau. (T)
168. After a few years, Mao gave up the idea of collectivizing agriculture. (F)
169. Tiananmen Square and the Gate of Heavenly Peace are two Chinese landmarks that are both
located in Beijing. (F)
170. China is well endowed with coalfields. (T)
171. South China’s milder subtropical climate permits the double cropping of rice in the lower
172. The Great Leap Forward is the name of the newest development program introduced by
Mao’s successors in 1982. (F)
173. Mao Zedong was the architect of the Four Modernizations Program, but did not live long
enough to see it carried out. (F)
174. China first surpassed 1 billion population in the early 19th century. (F)
175. Only along the Chang River is there evidence of megapolitan development. (T)
176. As many as 30 million Chinese live in Southeast Asia. (T)
177. In general, Chinese who have settled overseas have not fared well
, and China is currently
providing aid to these people. (F)
178. Most of China’s overseas population came from the Nei Mongol Autonomous Region. (F)
179. China had signed an agreement with the former Soviet Union making it a food exporter. (T)
180. The British recently democratized Hong Kong. (T)
181. The Eastern Lowland still remains China’s leading population agglomeration. (T)
182. Shanghai is the world’s fifth largest urban concentration and China’s leading port. (T)
183. Shanghai rose to prominence as a result of its selection as a treaty port by the British. (T)
184. The name “Kyoto” means “eastern capital” in Japanese. (F)
185. Japan has the most homogenous population for a country of its size in the world. (T)
186. Japan’s overall population density is about three times higher than its physiologic density. (F)
187. A country’s physiologic population density relates the population to the area of actual cultivable land. (T)
188. The island nation of Taiwan was formerly called Formosa. (T)
189. Most of China’s exports derive from coastal provinces. (T)
190. Spykman predicted that the rimland would one day be the most powerful region. (T)
191. China’s economy grew at 9 percent per year during most of the 1990s. (T)
192. During the Manchu dynasty, China’s population grew from 150 million to 450 million. (T)
193. The Mongols adopted Chinese civilization after conquering China. (T)
Chapter 10 - Southeast Asia
194. In the allocation of Southeast Asia’s seas to national states in accordance with the
200-mile “exclusive zone,” which country acquired the largest expanse of waters?
A. Philippines B. Malaysia C. Thailand
*D. Indonesia E. Vietnam
195. Which of the following is not a member of the South Pacific Forum?
A. Australia B. Papua New Guinea *C. United States
D. New Zealand E. Fiji
196. Which country is the world’s leading rice exporter?
A. Vietnam *B. Thailand C. Laos
D. Brunei E. Indonesia
197. Which is not a characteristic of Southeast Asian cities?
A. They are growing rapidly.
*B. Foreign influence is insignificant compared to the colonial days of 30 years ago.
C. Large coastal cities have intensified their already prominent positions in national urban hierarchies.
D. These cities share a similar internal land use.
E. All are characteristic of Southeast Asian cities.
198. The attraction of population to the west coast of the Malay Peninsula is based upon:
A. tea production *B. rubber plantations C. diamonds
D. excellent port facilities E. closeness to India
199. The two major islands in the Philippines are Luzon and Mindanao. (T)
200. In Southeast Asian cities, the alien commercial zones are inhabited by Chinese. (T)
201. In Southeast Asian cities, new suburbs are intermixed with squatter areas. (T)
Chapter 11 - Australia
202. Early white Australians were deported from England as a penalty for some offense, a
practice known as “transportation.” (T)
203. Australia’s original function in the British Empire was that of a:
A. source of slaves
*B. prison colony for British criminals
C. plantation crop producing area
D. source of immigrants for underpopulated, industrial Britain
E. mother country
204. Australia’s original function in the British Empire was to serve as a __________. (prison colony)
205. The population of Albania is growing at 2.0 percent annually. At this rate, the
population will double in how many years?
*A. 35 B. 25 C. 20
D. 15 E. 90
206. The demographic transition model:
A. shows birth rates over time B. shows death rates over time
C. shows death, birth, and population growth rates
D. is based upon the European experience *E. all of the above
207. India’s population is growing exponentially, which means that it is growing at a steady, constant rate. (F)
The Migration Process
208. The principle of intervening opportunity characterized migration to Australia in
which one of the following ways?
A. Australia’s population surpassed that of the United States before 1900.
B. Information about Australia flowing back to Britain was blocked by the Pacific Ocean.
C. It prevented European cultural influences from reaching Australia.
*D. Many potential European migrants settled in colonies closer to England, rather than travel all the way to Australia.
E. Australia’s population surpassed that of the United States after 1990.
209. The movement of blacks from Africa to the Caribbean was a:
*A. forced migration B. voluntary migration C. internal migration
D. push-pull migration E. a migration for purely economic reasons
210. A push factor is:
A. one that causes a migrant to enter an area
*B. one that causes a migrant to leave an area
C. one that only operates in a centrally planned economy
D. A and C above
E. B and C above
211. Pull factors in the migration process may include:
*A. a piece of land, better climate, improved economic opportunity at the destination
B. an aggressive political regime at home
C. religious persecution in the home country
D. conditions in overcrowded urban areas
E. the threat of famine and disease
212. Voluntary migration is induced solely by “push” factors. (F)
213. The geographic concept associated with the successive cultural imprints left on a
region’s landscape over time is:
A. underdevelopment B. contagious diffusion *C. sequent occupance
D. acculturation E. culture realm
214. The concept of sequent occupance involves the imprints on the cultural landscape left by
a succession of settlers in a certain area. (T)
215. The geographic concept relating the successive cultural imprints left by the various
inhabitants of a region over time, is called ____________. (sequent occupance)
216. Geographers in the past subscribed to a concept known as environmental
determinism which held that:
A. people’s behavior is strictly unrelated to their physical environment
*B. people’s activities are to a large extent dictated by the environment
C. people create (i.e., “determine”) an environment conducive to the furthering of their aims
D. people's behavior is controlled by the location of the world’s natural resources
E. humanity was destined to have evolved and first succeeded in tropical areas
217. The geographer Ellsworth Huntington believed that the progress of a civilization
was largely a response to:
*A. climate B. chance breakthroughs C. transculturation
D. irredentism E. overall accessibility of the area
218. Environmental determinists held that climatic conditions played a paramount role in
dictating human endeavor and achievement. (T)
219. The school of thought which argued that the natural environment dictated the course of
civilization was known as __________. (environmental determinism)
220. Expansion diffusion involves:
A. the diffusion of an innovation by a migrating people
*B. the diffusion of an idea through a fixed population, such as happened in the case of the spread of Islam
C. the diffusion process that occurs when an innovation wave meets an absorbing barrier
D. the use of innovation waves in controlling the movement of refugees
E. the development of cultural hearths
221. About _______ percent of the Earth’s crust is under water.
A. 10 B. 30 *C. 70 D. 90 E. 5
222. Toponymy is the study of:
A. intraurban transportation *B. place names C. low and high order goods D. types of rainfall E. local topography
223. Which of the following is not a renewable resource?
*A. coal B. forest C. soil
D. rivers E. people
224. Resources are natural substances, but do not become resources until they are utilized. (T)