Quebec part 1 The Duplessis Era in Quebec 1936-1939, 1944-1959



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Quebec – French English Relations 1945-1970

QUEBEC PART 1 The Duplessis Era in Quebec 1936-1939, 1944-1959

Brainstorm Images – Critical Thinking

Observations / Conclusions

Questions











  • Quebec Premier 1936-1939, 1944-1959 when he died (____________________)




  • Wanted ____________________________________________

    • back to the farm and simple country life.




  • Kept federal ___________________________________________________




  • Refused _________________________________________________________




  • Delayed needed ______________________ (modernization / industrialization)




  • Controlled ___________ and kept ________ and ____________ low for workers




  • Encouraged ______________ and ___________________ in Quebec factories, businesses and natural resource.

How did Duplessis stay in power?


  • ______________________________




  • Was supported by the _____________________________________




  • Was a _________________________ – Convinced Quebecers that he was the _____________________________________




  • _____________________________ were rewarded with new roads, hospitals and other services if they supported him




  • ______________________were squashed – believed to be communistic inspired




  • _________________________ (English Canadian and American) supported him in return for business opportunities in _____________________.



R



  • French Canadians did ____________________ ______________________________________ in the post-war era




  • ____________________ belonged to ______________speaking Canadians







  • ____________________________________ ____________________________________




esults - Outcomes


QUEBEC PART 2 Jean Lesage and the Quiet Revolution 1959









  • Lesage promises: (Liberal)

(Quiet Revolution Goals)

    • improve _____________________________

    • improve _____________________________

    • Win ________________________________




  • Slogan “Maitres chez nous / masters in our own house

The Quiet Revolution


  1. Education:

    • give control to ___________ rather than _____________

    • Curriculum focus on __________________________________________ – tools to function in the industrial world

2. Social Programs:



    • Shift from _____________ to ______________

3. Economic Standards:



    • P

      rivate Hydro-electric companies (in foreign hands) were brought by the ___________ and became Hydro Quebec – symbol of economic liberation




  1. Language:

    • made working language ___________________ not English




  1. Culture:

    1. _______________ political themes and messages emerged in new freedoms of expression – books, film, art, music….


Outcome of the Quiet Revolution


  • French Canadians realized the extent of the ___________________________they had injured.

    • ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




  • French Canadian and English Canadian relations ____________________




  • Rise of ____________________________ FLQ bombings 1960s






Expo 67


  • Canada (Montreal) hosts the ________________________




  • Celebrates our ________________________(100 years)




  • 50 million visitors from 60 countries visited




  • French President Charles DeGaulle delivers a speech to a roaring enthusiastic crowd “vive le Quebec libre”

    • _________________________________________________________

Prime Minister Pearson’s Federal Response:
Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism


  • Purpose: To examine the state ________________________________ in Canada and make _____________________________

Findings:

  1. _______________________________________________________________

  2. _______________________________________________________________

  3. _______________________________________________________________

Recommendations

    • Canada should be a __________________________________

    • Eng & Fr. __________________________________________

    • ____________________________ should all be offered _______________________ anywhere in Canada




  • All 3 recommendations carried out in the ____________________________ 1969 By the ______________________Government. Known as ________________



  • Still not enough





  • FLQ October Crisis 1970

Constitution Debate 1982




Referendums

Charlottetown Accord

Meech Lack Accord

Referendum 1995







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