Q this is a small gray or brown animal. It has a long, thick tail and small, pointed ears. They live in trees and eat nuts

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Answer : The Hundred Years War

a place or country where immigrants from many different countries are assimilated  For a very long time the United States was regarded as “this.” This meant all the diverse elements with their varied backgrounds would be “melted down” into a new entity, which would be “100 percent American.” In other words, immigrants were to shed their old ways and become Americans as fast as they could. If they did not or could not make the change, they were often ridiculed and were looked upon as strange and even undesirable. Answer : A Melting Pot

 What was the name of the ship which sailed from England to America?  In 1620, a ship sailed from Plymouth in England bound for North America. They landed near Cape Cod and founded a small settlement. The Pilgrims, the settlers from this ship, landed in America in November. Establishing settlements meant land had to be cleared four building, even in the bitter cold. The first settlers knew nothing about living in this new wilderness. Food ran short and many died from disease and exposure. Nearly half of them died  that winter and only 54 were still alive by the following spring. Answer : The Mayflower

 What was the war which name was derived from the insignias of the two renowned families in England?

  This War is the name given to the struggle between two branches of the Plantagenet family for the English throne. Called the House of York and the House of Lancaster, both were descended from Edward Ⅲ. Trouble began in 1453 when King Henry Ⅵ, of the House of Lancaster, went mad. His distant cousin, Richard, Duke of York, became Lord Protector (regent) and ruled for him. When Henry suddenly recovered, war broke out between Richard of York and his supporters and the Lancastrian advisers to Henry Ⅵ. Although Richard was killed, the Yorkists triumphed and in 1461 Ruchard`s son became Edward Ⅳ. Henry Ⅵ was later murdered. Answer : The Wars of the Roses

Where did Martin Luther King deliver the speech“I Have a Dream”?  Arguments over ownership of one of the most celebrated speeches of the 20th century were heard Tuesday in a federal appeals courtroom in Atlanta. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his“I Have a Dream”speech during a huge civil rights rally at the Lincoln Memorial in this place on August 28. 1963. This is a speech given during historic march in this place.“It has played a pivotal role in the history of the civil rights movement and it is the single speech that Dr. King is most remembered for,”said Ken Paulson, executive director of the First Amendment Center at Vanderbilt University. Answer : (The Lincoln Memorial in) Washington D.C.

 What`s the title of this building which was established in 1931?  The first building boom for skyscrapers came in the late 1920s. These ones were done in art deco style: They were highly decorated and elaborate. This was somewhat ironic, since when they opened, it was the Great Depression; the country`s economy had collapsed.  The most beautiful and famous of the art deco skyscrapers are the Chrysler Building and This Building. You can`t go to the top of the Chrysler Building, but you can admire it from many different points in the city. You can, however, go to the top of this building, the third tallest building in the world. Answer : The Empire State Building

 Where did the Puritans to settle North America come from?  Where did the Puritans land?  In 1620, a ship called the Mayflower sailed from Plymouth in England bound for North America. Its 102 passengers were Puritans. English laws did not allow them to follow their religion freely, so they decided to risk the perilous journey to find a new land where they could worship in peace. They landed near Cape Cod and founded a small settlement there which they named this. This was the first successful settlement in New England and it became the origin of the United States Answer : England / Plymouth

What is the first city of the colonial era in North America?  For a century after Columbus arrived in 1492, the peoples of Europe regarded North America merely as an obstacle that prevented ships from sailing westwards to trade with countries of the East. Not until the early 17th century did Europeans begin to realize that new lands might be valuable in themselves.  The first successful English colony in North America was established at this city, Virginia, in 1607. Disease, hunger and battles with the Native Americans almost wiped out the settlement but it survived under the leadership of Captain John Smith. Answer : Jamestown

Who was the Lord Protector of England during English Commonwealth?  Charles Ⅰ, who was a king of England, was imprisoned on the Isle of Wight where he plotted to begin the war again with Scottish help. A second civil war broke out but was swiftly crushed. In 1649 Charles was tried by Parliament and executed for treason.  After Charles`execution England became this. Parliament governed but it quarrelled with the army, and its members fell out among themselves. In 1653 this person emerged as a strong leader and ruled the country as Lord Protector. This period is known as the Protectorate. Answer : Oliver Cromwell

What does this event indicate? William landed in England with an army in November 1688. James` fighting force quickly melted away and by Christmas he had fled abroad to France, The following year, Parliament passed th Bill of Rights which formally offered the English throne to William and Mary. It also stated that future rulers should not be, or marry, Roman Catholics. So William and Mary became rulers of England in transfer of power that was accomplished with no bloodshed. It was later called this event Answer : The Glorious Revolution

What does the following article account for?  James Ⅰ drew the first Union flag in 1606. It combined the blue and white cross of Scotland`s St. Andrew with the red and white cross of England`s St. George. It became into use after the Act of Union in 1707. The red and white cross of Ireland`s St. Patrick was added in 1800, creating the present day flag.  It displayed the red cross of England superimposed on the white cross of Scotland, with the blue field of the latter. Because in heraldry a red on blue is not considered permissible, the red cross had to be bordered with white, its own correct field. Answer : The Union Jack

 What territory is the origin of the early USA? In 1630 a group of about a thousand settlers landed in Massachusetts Bay and founded the city of Boston. Within 20 years of the first Puritans arriving in America there were 20,000 English people living in Massachusetts. Some of these colonists moved to Rhode Island and Connecticut. In 1681 the English king gave Pennsylvania to a group of Quakers led by William Penn. Penn helped poor people to settle in this new colony and many English, Scottish, Irish, and German settlers quickly moved there. These northern colonies were called this name. Answer : New England

What does the following article account for? It began in Britain in the cotton industry, changed all that. Machines that  speeded up spinning and weaving needed power to drive them, and this was provided by rivers and waterwheels. The machines were installed in large mills, or factories, and people went to work in them instead of working in their own homes or villages. now towns, with cheap housing, sprang up around the mills. Soon steam engines were developed, providing more power for driving machines. Abraham Darby devised a way of smelting iron by using coke. Answer : The Industrial Revolution

 What group did the murder of the Black American lives plot after the American civil war? After the American Civil War, arguments raged over how the South should be reconstructed. This included the opening of schools and the building of railways. Abraham Lincoln`s successor, Andrew Johnson, a Democrat, wanted better conditions for Black Americans. The Republicans wanted a harsher policy, and it was they who won the argument in the end. The People of the South resisted most aspects of Reconstruction. Many ex-slaves who had fought on the Union side came back expecting more freedom in the South. Answer : The Ku Klux Klan

  What did colonial leaders signed on for their liberation from the U.K.? After the victory of the Seven Years War, Britain had consolidated the foundation in North America. And then the British lands in America were divided into 113 colonies. The local colonial assemblies argued that it was unfair for Britain to tax the American colonies, since they had no say at all in how the British government was run. They said ‘taxation without representation is tyranny’. The colonies reacted to the British taxes by banning all British imports. In 1776 colonial leaders signed on this written form, claiming the right to rule themselves. Answer : The Declaration of Independence

When and where did President Lincoln deliver this address?  President Abraham Lincoln made a speech at this place. The following article is the portion of his address.  … It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us, that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion; that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not died in vain; that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. Answer : November 19, 1863 / The Gettysburg Address

Who is he, as the most valuable person rather than India in the U.K.?  He is the one of the most famous Elizabethans was the playwright and poet. He was born in the market town of Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564, the son of a rich tradesman. He married Anne Hathaway in 1582 and they had three children. After becoming an actor in London, he wrote his first four plays between 1589 and 1592. These were Richard Ⅲ and the three parts of Henry Ⅵ. Between 1693 and 1600 he wrote comedies, including A Midsummer Night`s Dream and The Taming of the Shrew. By 1599 he held shares in the Globe Theater at Southwark in London. He then started to write tragedies, including Hamlet and Macbeth. Answer : William Shakespeare

 Who are the native Australian? White people of Australia had expanded from small settlements of convicts into colonies of free settlers, administered from Great Britain. By the way, explorers gradually opened up the interior, closely followed by pioneers looking for new grazing land for their sheep. As the wool industry grew, so did the demand for land. Many drove their sheep beyond the official settlement limits, earning the name squatters. Though later granted grazing rights, the name stuck. They gradually spread into the interior, acquiring land as they went. As the squatters moved across the country, they came into conflict with this people Answer : The Aborigines

 What does this name refer to? This name is the historic event of the USA.  Settlers flocked to the United States after independence was declared in 1776. They came from all over Europe, hoping to make a new life in what they called‘the land of the free’. The American population was around four million in 1803, but by 1861 it had increased to 31 million. The first arrivals settled in the north-eastern states, but as their numbers grew, they moved further south and west. These lands were already occupied by native North Americans. The government forced them to leave their homes. Many died in the long March westwards, called the‘this name’. Answer : The Trail of Tears

What does the result of the following event cause?  The Chinese had almost no contact with the rest of the world for many years. The Chinese government only allowed trading to take place at one port, Guangzhou(Canton). To get round this problem, foreign merchants began to smuggle this drug into the country so that the Chinese were forced into trading with them. The Chinese government tried to stop this, and in 1839 Chinese officials went to the British warehouses in Guangzhou where they seized and burned 20,000 chests of this drug. In response, the British sent warships which threatened the Chinese and besieged the port. Answer : The Opium Wars

Who are the native people of New Zealand? By the 1830s the growing number of European settlers in New Zealand`s North Island was beginning to cause problems. The settlers had no proper laws or government, and disputes broke out over land rights. The settlers needed large areas of land for sheep pasture. The local people of the islands welcomed trade but they did not want the Europeans to settle. Their numbers had been reduced by the diseases which the Europeans accidently introduced. By the 1830s, the settlers and the native people of the islands wanted the British to provide strong laws. In 1840 some of the native chiefs signed the treaty of Waitangi with the British Answer : The Maoris

What did the localized war break out in Korea, in the year 1950 - 1953? It was one of the first episodes of the Cold War and involved many of the great personalities of the era: Truman, MacArthur, Mao, and Stalin. It began in the early hours of June 25, 1950, when North Korean troops crossed the 38th parallel and invaded South Korea. The war featured some of the most intense fighting ever experienced by American soldiers and some of the worst conditions. Nearly 37,000 American servicemen lost their lives in three years, the majority of losses concentrated in the first year. This is a significantly higher figure per year than the 58,000 American casualties spread over ten years in Vietnam Answer : The Korean War

 Who is the monarch? She was leading the golden age of the U.K. in the 19th century. When William Ⅳ died in 1837, the English crown passed to his niece, who was just 18 years old. Her first prime minister, Lord Melbourne advised her on politics and government. Last prime ministers advised her throughout her long reign. Her husband, Prince Albert, also helped her in her royal duties. India came under the control of the British government in 1858, and she was made empress of India in 1876. Canada, Australia and many parts of Africa were part of massive British empire. The colonies provided Britain with raw materials for its factories, and the colonies the markets for British manufactured goods. Answer : Queen Victoria

 What event did the withdrawal of the South break out in the US history? Abraham Lincoln was elected president in1860. He belonged to the Republican Party, which opposed slavery, Although Abraham Lincoln was not an abolitionist. Many Southern states refused to live under such a government, and they announced that they were seceding(leaving) from the Union. The government declared that they had no right to do this. The North was made up of 23 states. They had more men, more money and more industry than the South. The North also controlled the navy and started a naval blockade which stopped the South receiving help or supplies from abroad. The 11 states of the South were much weaker, but they had good generals and great skills. Answer : The American Civil War

What does this refer to? This indicates a kind of transportation. This first showed their value during the American Civil War. They could carry large numbers of troops and guns swiftly from one place to another. To carry this system across valleys timber trestle bridges were built. They could be assembled quickly from narrow pieces of timber. And then this made settlement of the west relatively rapid. The Union Pacific Railroad which was finished in 1869, joining America from coast to coast. Other lines soon spread out across the plains. As well as carrying  passengers, and transporting goods to the farmers, this carried cattle and crops from farms to towns. Answer : Railways

What is called as the early form of the computer? The world's first electronic digital computer was developed by Army Ordnance to compute World War II ballistic firing tables. In 1943 the first completely electronic computer was used in Britain for code-breaking. As the work was secrete the early American computer, completed in1946, is better known. Early computers were enormous. This early computer needed 18,000 radio valves and large amounts of electricity to handle a very small amount of data. However, it could do 5000 calculations a second. Th development of transistors led to smaller and more powerful computers being built after 1948. Answer : ENIAC

What was the social phenomenon for the extraction of this mineral? During the 1820s this mineral was discovered in Georgia in the United States. People came from around the world hoping to make their fortune. This was the first of this. After the find in Georgia large amounts of this metal were found elsewhere in the United States. Discoveries were also made in Canada, Australia and South Africa. Populations increased and cities grew up in areas where this mineral was found. One of the most famous occurrences about this was to California. This mineral was unearthed near the sawmill of a Swiss settler, John Sutter in 1848. Answer : Gold Rushes

Who was he? He had invented many kinds of electric products. He was both a scientist and an inventor. Born in 1847, He would see tremendous change take place in his lifetime. He was also to be responsible for making many of those changes occur. When He was born, society still thought of electricity as a novelty, a fad. By the time he died, entire cities were lit by electricity. He was also a pioneer of the electric bulb. In 1880 his system was first used to light a steamship. But when electric light was installed in public buildings, people were afraid that light would damage their eyes. By 1900, a few homes had electric lights. They were fitted to brackets were attached to the wall. Answer : Thomas Edison

What was the war without weapons between the USA and the USSR? The USSR and USA fought together as allies in World War Ⅱ, but in 1945 these two superpowers became enemies. This division became known as this - a war without fighting. The USA and USSR‘fought’by making threats and by strengthening their armed forces. They stockpiled nuclear weapons. Peaceful, friendly contacts between their peoples ceased. The USSR became shut off from the rest of the world by Soviet troops. The British statesman Winston Churchill described the frontier between East and West as the‘iron curtain’Answer : The Cold War

What important war did American Settlers and Canadians fought against Native North Americans?   American Settlers and Canadians both fought against Native North Americans, whom they accused of helping the other side. Americans also claimed that British traders were selling arms to the North American Indians, to help them keep newcomers out of their lands. This war was fought to settle quarrels between Britain and the United States of America, particularly the questions of the Canadian border. For the North American Indians it offered the chance to fight against Americans who were stealing their land. The great Shawnee leader, Tecumseh, became an officer in the British Army. He died in battle in 1813.

Answer : The War of 1812

What does this state refer to? Mexicans gained its independence from Spain in 1821. At that time its borders stretched much further north and covered many areas now in the southern United States of America. Many United States Citizens settled in this state, which belonged to Mexico, and in 1835 the state declared its independence. The people of the state appointed Sam Houston as their military commander. He captured the town of San Antonio. His opponent, the Mexican general Santa Anna, then led a large Mexican army into the state to crush the rebellion. He laid siege to the Alamo, a mission in the center of San Antonio. Answer : Texas

 What was the world economic crisis including the USA during the 1920s and 1930s? In the late 1920s the price of shares in the USA had been forced up beyond their real value by reckless speculators. Then in October 1929 people started to sell shares rapidly. People began to panic. On a single day 13 million shares were sold on the New York Stock Exchange. This started an economic crisis which soon affected the whole world. Many people lost all their money Banks and businesses closed and unemployment began to increase. By 1932 there were 12 million people unemployed in the USA alone. The situation was made worse by a drought in the agricultural center of the country. Answer : The Great Depression

What was the US national policy to overcome the world economic crisis? The Wall Street Crash led to the collapse of the system of international loans which had been set up to handle reparations. This affected Europe and North America directly. Other parts of the world, especially the colonies were also badly hit as much of their trade and business relied on selling food and raw materials to Europe and North America. As these overseas markets collapsed, many people around the world also lost their jobs. As a result, unrest increased, and nationalism grew in many countries. So, In 1933, the new US President, Franklin D. Roosevelt promised a new policy. Answer : New Deal

 What was the beautiful harbor of the Hawaiian Islands which was made surprise attack by bombing of the Japanese Air Forces? The main Axis powers were Germany, Italy and Japan. They all wanted more territory. In 1940, Japan joined the Axis Powers and invaded his neighboring countries. World War Ⅱ in the Pacific really began on 7 December 1941 when the Japanese carried out an unprovoked attack on the US naval base at this place, Hawaii. The Japanese bombed the US naval base at this place without any warning. Four battleships were lost. Many other ships were damaged and 3,300 people were killed. So, the USA declared war on the Axis Powers. Answer : The Pearl Harbor

What was the nuclear weapon which ended the world war Ⅱ? This bomb totally destroyed about 12 square kilometers of the city of Hiroshima. Between 70,000 and 100,000 people died in the explosion and thousands more died later from injuries and radiation sickness. The bomb dropped on Nagasaki had similar effects. The development of the bomb had been kept secret, and many people all over the world were shocked when they saw pictures of the ruined cities, and learned what had happened to the people. On 6 August 1945 the USA dropped the first one and on 9 August the second one. Answer : The Atomic Bomb

What was the title of this organization for the triangular position of the international order during the world war Ⅱ? This term was first used on 1 January 1942 to describe the main group of countries fighting against the Axis powers. On that date they signed the Atlantic Charter which Roosevelt and Churchill had drafted in 1941. In the Charter they agreed to fight the Axis countries and not to make any separate peace agreements. As well as the USA, Britain, the USSR and China, the Charter was signed by Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, South Africa, eight European countries, and nine South American republics. On 25 April 1945 this international organization was set up formally at a conference in San Francisco. Answer : The United Nations

 What was the association of former British colonies which made British Queen as their chief? The relationship between Britain and parts of its empire had started to change by the beginning of the 20th century. Some countries were given a form of independence as British dominions. They looked after their own internal affairs, but their defence and foreign policy were still mainly controlled by Britain. By the time the Imperial Conference met in London in 1926, however, the dominions wanted to control their own external affairs too. They also asked for a clear definition of their relationship with Britain. Answer : The British Commonwealth

 It is the world's biggest river. Guess what it is. - It flows into the Atlantic Ocean. - It is in South America. 정답: the Amazon

It is the highest mountain in Africa. Guess what it is. - It is in northern Tanzania. - Its snow-covered peak is 5,895 meters high. 정답:  Mt. Kilimanjaro

It is a huge body of water. Guess what it is. - It is the largest and deepest ocean in the world. - It is surrounded by Asia, Oceania and the Americas. 정답: The Pacific Ocean

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