Q this is a small gray or brown animal. It has a long, thick tail and small, pointed ears. They live in trees and eat nuts



Download 1.48 Mb.
Page13/18
Date conversion15.05.2016
Size1.48 Mb.
1   ...   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18

 He was a superstar of silent comedies and one of the great icons of 20th-century film. He had a rotten childhood and an early start on stage, performing even as a child in vaudeville. He went to Hollywood in 1914 and began acting in silent comedies for Mack Sennett. By 1915 he controlled most aspects of his films, in which he usually appeared as a character called simply "The Little Tramp": a lovably shabby dreamer with a brushy moustache, bowler hat and cane. He was one of the founders of United Artists Studios and was one of the first movie makers to have complete control over his features. His best-known films include The Gold Rush (1925), City Lights (1931), and Modern Times (1936). 정답: SIR CHARLES CHAPLIN

He spent the 1970s as a law professor and then Attorney General of Arkansas, and most of the 1980s as Governor of Arkansas. A moderate Democrat, in 1992 he defeated the incumbent George Bush for the U. S. presidency. His first term was characterized by a strong economic recovery, and in 1996 he was re-elected. His second term was dominated by scandal: accusations of corruption and investigations into rumors of his marital infidelity. On December 19, 1998 the U.S. House of Representatives voted (along party lines) in favor of two articles of impeachment. He was accused of committing perjury and obstruction of justice in his attempt to cover up an extra-marital affair with a White House intern, Monica Lewinsky. In 2000 his wife was elected as a U.S. Senator from New York, the first time a First Lady had ever been elected to public office.



정답: BILL CLINTON

 He also known as: Kong Fu-Zi He was a teacher, scholar and minor political figure, whose commentary on Chinese literary classics developed into a pragmatic philosophy for daily life. Not strictly religious, his teachings were a utilitarian approach to social harmony and the moral obligations between individuals and social systems.  Birth: 551 B.C. Birthplace: Lu, China (now Shandong province)   Death: 479 B.C. He is be best known as Chinese sage 정답: CONFUCIUS

  He was born into a well-to-do family. He went to university in Krakow and spent a decade in Italy, studying law and mathematics. A canon of the cathedral at Frombork, he carried out administrative duties and, from his house, observed the stars and planets. For years he worked on his theory that the planets in our solar system revolved around the sun. Hesitant to publish his work for fear of being charged with heresy, he summarized it in 1530 and circulated it among Europe's scholars, where it was greeted with enthusiasm. His work, titled De revolutionibus orbium coelestium was finally published in 1543, apparently just a few weeks before he died. 정답: NICOLAS COPERNICUS

He was the official naturalist aboard the H.M.S. Beagle during its world voyage of 1831-36. His observations during the journey led to the development of his theory of evolution. In 1858 he published his ideas of natural selection, and a year later he defined his theories in his Origin of the Species. Darwin's theories started a controversy that continues to this day. Although he was a religious man himself and once considered a career in the church, his theory of evolution is considered by some to be contrary to biblical teachings and therefore destructive to religion. 정답: CHARLES DARWIN

  He is best remembered as the painter of the Mona Lisa (1504?) and The Last Supper (1495). But he's almost equally famous for his astonishing multiplicity of talents: he dabbled in architecture, sculpture, engineering, geology, hydraulics and the military arts, all with success, and in his spare time doodled parachutes and flying machines that resembled inventions of the 19th and 20th centuries. He made detailed drawings of human anatomy which are still highly regarded today. He was also quirky enough to write notebook entries in mirror (backwards) script, a trick which kept many of his observations from being widely known until decades after his death. 정답: LEONARDO DAVINCI

 He was the genius inventor of the electrical age, a man whose hundreds of inventions made him a public giant in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among his most famous inventions are the light bulb, the phonograph and the stock ticker; he also helped refine and develop other inventions like motion pictures and the typewriter. By the end of his life he had registered 1093 patents and had made millions from his inventions and the businesses he built on them. He is especially known for his work with electricity, and the story of his struggles to find the right filament for the first working lightbulb are legendary. He is also famous for being a dogged worker: he often slept no more than four hours per night and made the famous statement, "Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration." 정답: THOMAS EDISON

Thanks to his theory of relativity, he became the most famous scientist of the 20th century. In 1905, while working in a Swiss patent office, he published a paper proposing a "special theory of relativity," a groundbreaking notion which laid the foundation for much of modern physics theory. (The theory included his famous equation e=mc².) His work had a profound impact on everything from quantum theory to nuclear power and the atom bomb. He continued to develop and refine his early ideas, and in 1915 published what is known as his general theory of relativity. By 1920 he was internationally renowned; he won the Nobel Prize in 1921, not for relativity but for his 1905 work on the photoelectric effect. In 1935 he moved to the United States, where he worked at Princeton University until the end of his life. 정답: ALBERT EINSTEIN

  She has been the United Kingdom's reigning monarch since 1952. She was proclaimed queen on 6 February 1952 following the death of her father, George VI; she was formally crowned the next year, on 2 June 1953. Her husband, Prince Philip, comes from the royal family of Greece and was created Duke of Edinburgh prior to their wedding on 20 November 1947. She had four children: Charles (1948), Anne (1950), Andrew (1960) and Edward (1964); as the eldest, Prince Charles is heir to the throne. She is the sister of the late Princess Margaret, daughter of the late Queen Mother, mother-in-law to the late Princess Diana, and grandmother to the princes William and Harry. In 2002 the queen celebrated her Golden Jubilee, marking 50 years on the throne.  정답: QUEEN ELIZABETH II

According to the Bible, she was the Earth's first woman and the mate of Adam in the Garden of Eden. In Genesis 2:21, God takes a rib from Adam and uses it to create her. She is tempted by Satan (in the form of a serpent), who encourages her to disobey God by eating the fruit of the tree of knowledge. She does so and then gives the fruit to Adam. When God discovers they have disobeyed him, he expels them from the Garden of Eden (Genesis 3:23). In Christian tradition, She is honored as the first woman and the mother of humankind, but also condemned for convincing Adam to eat from the tree of knowledge and thereby ruining paradise. 정답: EVE

  He created the first inexpensive mass-produced automobile - the Model T and revolutionized American industry by developing and refining assembly line manufacturing. He began his working life as a machinist, then became an engineer with the Edison Illuminating Company.(He and Thomas Edison remained close friends for decades.) In his spare time he tinkered with creating a motorized vehicle, and in 1896 introduced the Quadricycle, a four-wheeled cart with a gasoline engine. In 1903 the his Motor Company was founded, and in 1908 he introduced the Model T. By 1924 10 million Model T cars had been sold and Detroit had become the auto-making capital of America. He remained one of the country's most famous and influential businessmen until his death in 1947. 정답: HENRY FORD

 He grew up in Vienna, Austria and became a doctor of psychiatry. Early in his career he was interested in hypnosis as a cure for hysteria, believing that the symptoms were directly related to repressed psychological trauma. He started the practice of "free association," an effort to reveal unconscious emotions, and increasingly emphasized sexual development as the basis for psychological tension. He worked briefly with Carl Jung, was a professor in Vienna and co-founded the Vienna Psychoanalytical Society and the International Psychoanalytic Association. In 1938 he left Austria for England to escape Hitler's government. 정답:  SIGMUND FREUD

  His achievements include: demonstrating that the velocities of falling bodies are not proportional to their weights; showing that the path of a projectile is a parabola; building the first astronomical telescope; coming up with the ideas behind Newton's laws of motion; and confirming the Copernican theory of the solar system. He was denounced for heretical views by the church in Rome, tried by the Inquisition, and forced to renounce his belief that the planets revolved around the sun. 정답: GALILEO GALILEI

 She was the prime minister of India from 1966-77 and 1980-84 and one of the most famous women in 20th century politics. Her father was Jawaharlal Nehru, independent India's first prime minister (1947-64). In 1959 she was elected to the presidency of the Indian National Congress, and in 1964 she was elected to the parliament.  She was elected to the office in 1967 and advanced an ambitious program of modernization. In 1975 she was convicted of violations stemming from the 1971 election and the High Court ordered her to resign. She lost the election of 1977 and was out of office until a comeback in 1980, when she was again elected to be prime minister. In 1984 she used the military to suppress Sikh rebels and ordered an attack on a Sikh shrine in Amritsar; a few months later, Gandhi was assassinated by Sikh conspirators. 정답:  INDIRA GANDHI

  He is the head of the software company Microsoft and one of the world's wealthiest men. He and Paul Allen founded Microsoft in the 1970s, though Allen left the company in 1983. He oversaw the invention and marketing of the MS-DOS operating system, Windows, the Internet Explorer browser, and a multitude of other popular computer products. Along the way he gained a reputation for fierce competitiveness and aggressive business savvy. During the 1990s rising Microsoft stock prices made him the world's wealthiest man; his wealth has at times exceeded $75 billion, making him a popular symbol of the ascendant computer geek of the late 20th century. 정답: BILL GATES

 He is considered the world's foremost theoretical physicist, an expert on black holes whose intention is to unify quantum mechanics with Einstein's general theory of relativity, forming a single theory to explain the origin (and end) of the universe. He, a professor of mathematics at Cambridge University, is the author of the best-selling book A Brief History of Time and something of a celebrity: he has made guest appearances on the TV shows Star Trek and The Simpsons. He has suffered from ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also called Lou Gehrig's disease) since he was a young man and is confined to a wheelchair. 정답: STEPHEN HAWKING

  He is one of the 20th century's most famous American writers. His books include The Sun Also Rises (1926), A Farewell to Arms (1929), and For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940). His plainspoken no-frills writing style became so famous that it was (and is) frequently parodied. His dashing machismo was almost as famous as his writing: he lived in Paris, Cuba and Key West, fancied bullfighting and big game hunting, and served as a war correspondent in World War II and the Spanish Civil War. His 1961 suicide sealed his notoriety. 정답: ERNEST HEMINGWAY

 Famed for his mighty muscles, he was the son of the mortal woman Alcmene and the god Zeus. He performed many legendary feats of strength, the first of which came as an infant: when Zeus's wife Hera placed two serpents in his crib, he quickly strangled them. After he had grown to manhood Hera got revenge by driving Hercules briefly mad, causing him to slay his own wife and children. As penance he performed his famous 12 labors (or tasks), which included killing the Hydra, capturing Cerberus the dog, and cleaning the stables of Augeas. He appears in many ancient Greek stories and is one of mythology's best-known heroes.

정답:  HERCULES

   He is perhaps history's most famous physician. By rejecting superstition in favor of scientific observation, by classifying diseases, and by creating a set of moral and professional standards for physicians, he earned the title of 'Father of Medicine.' He also gave the world the His Oath, a code of ethics for physicians which is still taken by graduates at many modern medical schools. Other famous physicians include mineral expert Paracelsus, miler Roger Bannister, baby specialist Benjamin Spock and 'mesmerizer' Franz Anton Mesmer.



정답: HIPPOCRATES

 His dictatorial rule of Germany, which led to the deaths of millions in World War II, has placed him among history's most-hated villains.  He joined the German Workers' Party in 1919, later renaming it the National Socialist German Workers Party (shortened to Nazi). By 1921 he was the leader of the group. Made chancellor in 1933, he suspended the constitution, forcibly suppressed all political opposition and brought the Nazis to power. He enforced policies with a brutal secret police (the Gestapo) and formed concentration camps for the organized murder of Jews, Gypsies and political opponents. Hitler's aggressive foreign policy precipitated World War II in 1939. Although he had remarkable early success in the war, by 1942 the tide had turned. Hitler apparently committed suicide in an air-raid shelter in Berlin in 1945, after the Allied forces had invaded Germany. 정답: ADOLF HITLER

  He is the fictional creation of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, who wrote about the detective in a series of 60 stories published between 1887 and 1927. He was famous for his extra-keen powers of observation, which he used to solve perplexing crimes and mysteries. He operated from his flat at 221b Baker Street in London, assisted by his friend Dr. Watson. He was an immediate hit and remains so popular that he is sometimes mistaken for a real historical figure. Among the most famous his stories are The Hound of the Baskervilles and A Study in Scarlet. He was played by actor Basil Rathbone in a popular series of movies from 1939-46. In the 1980s and 1990s he was portrayed on television by Jeremy Brett. 정답: SHERLOCK HOLMES

 He is the man who, according to legend, wrote the two great epics of Greek history: the Iliad (the tale of the Trojan War) and the Odyssey (about the travels of Odysseus). Both books are considered landmarks in human literature and he is therefore often cited as the starting point of Western literary and historical tradition. The details of his life are a mystery; some scholars believe that no such man ever existed, and that the works credited to him were actually told and gathered by many people over many centuries. Other stories give various birthplaces and ages for him and suggest he was a wandering poet or minstrel. He is usually said to have been blind, a point on which nearly all the legends agree. 정답:  HOMER

 He was a dictator of Iraq from 1979 until 2003. He had joined the revolutionary Baath party while he was a university student. He launched his political career in 1958 by assassinating a supporter of Iraqi ruler Abdul-Karim Qassim. He rose in the ranks after a Baath coup, and by 1979 he was Iraq's president and de facto dictator. He led Iraq through a decade-long war with Iran. A U.S.-led alliance organized by George Bush ran his forces out of Kuwait in the Gulf War, which ended in February of 1991 with him still in power. In 2002 he came under renewed pressure from George W. Bush, the son of George Bush. In March of 2003, the U.S. invaded Iraq and overthrew his regime. To date, he has not been found; whether he was killed or escaped from invading forces is not publicly known. 정답: SADDAM HUSSEIN

He has been a singing superstar since he was eleven years old, when he had four consecutive no.1 hits with his brothers. On his own throughout most of the 1970s, he had numerous hit singles, and after 1982's Thriller, an album that yielded seven top ten hits, he was dubbed "The King of Pop." Then his eccentric lifestyle began to overwhelm his recording career, and he became a favorite of the gossip sheets. In 1994 he married Lisa Marie Presley, the daughter of Elvis, but they divorced in 1996. In spite of his music and millions of fans, Jackson's celebrity in the 1990s was due to series of cosmetic surgeries, rumors of exotic pets and peccadilloes at Jackson's estate (which he dubbed "Neverland"), followed by accusations of child molestation and another brief marriage. 정답: MICHAEL JACKSON

He is the central figure of the Christian religion, a savior believed to be both God incarnate and a human being. Most of the details of his life are unclear, and much of what is known about his life comes from the four Gospels of the Bible; some believe him to be an entirely fictional figure. The date of his birth is celebrated as Christmas and was used as the base year for the modern Christian calendar. The Gospels tell the story of his birth in a stable in Bethlehem, and then of his life as an adult, a teacher with miraculous powers who foretold his own death to his closest followers, called apostles. He was crucified by the Romans, and his resurrection three days after his death was taken as proof of his divination. 정답: JESUS CHRIST

 He is the best-known player in the history of professional basketball. He won the NBA's Most Valuable Player award five times, and six times led the Chicago Bulls to the league championship. In October of 1993 he retired from basketball and began a professional baseball career, saying that playing baseball had been an early dream of him. He played the 1994 baseball season for the minor league Birmingham Barons. In March of 1995 he ended his baseball career and returned to the Bulls. With him, the Bulls won championships in 1996, 1997 and 1998. He retired from basketball in 1999. In the year 2000 he became a part owner and executive for the NBA's Washington Wizards. In 2001 he began considering another comeback as an NBA player, and that fall, at age 38, he returned once again to play for the Wizards. He played for two more full seasons, retiring again in April of 2003. 정답: MICHAEL JORDAN

 She was, for a time, the most famous handicapped person in the world. A severe fever at age 19 months left her blind and deaf and barely able to communicate. At age six she met Anne Sullivan the tutor who taught her the alphabet and thereby opened up the world to her. She became an excellent student and eventually attended Radcliffe College, where she graduated with honors in 1904. While at Radcliffe she wrote an autobiography, The Story of My Life (1902), which made her famous. (Her many later books included The World I Live In (1908), Out of the Dark (1913)) In later life she became an activist and lecturer, sometimes in support of the blind and deaf, and sometimes for causes including Socialism and women's rights. She also founded and promoted the American Federation for the Blind. During her lifetime she was regarded as one of America's most inspirational figures. 정답: Helen Keller

 His assassination was one of the most shocking public events of the 20th century. He served in the U.S. Navy during World War II. A Democrat, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts' 11th district in 1946. In 1952 he moved up to the U.S. Senate. He married Jacqueline Bouvier on 12 September 1953; they had two children. He was elected to replace President Dwight Eisenhower in 1960; he swept into office with a reputation for youthful charm, impatience, wit and vigor. His term was sometimes called the New Frontier, a phrase he coined in his acceptance speech at the 1960 Democratic convention. He was shot to death by sniper Lee Harvey Oswald during an open-car motorcade in Dallas, Texas on 22 November 1963; two days later, Harvey was shot and killed by another man, Jack Ruby. Kennedy was succeeded by Lyndon Johnson. 정답: JOHN F. KENNEDY

 He was a Christian clergyman who advocated social change through non-violent means. His writings and public appearances shaped the American civil rights movement of the 1950s and '60s. In 1963 (the 100th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation), he organized a march on Washington, D.C. that drew 200,000 people demanding equal rights for minorities. In 1964 he won the Nobel Peace Prize, becoming at the time the youngest recipient ever. He was shot to death by James Earl Ray in 1968 while visiting Memphis, Tennessee. 정답: MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR

 The stories really are true: he grew up on the American frontier, educated himself by reading borrowed books, and worked as a general store clerk long before he became the 16th president of the United States. His claims to fame are too numerous to list here; he is most often remembered for leading the Union through the Civil War and freeing Confederate slaves with the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation; for delivering the Gettysburg Address, the most famous oration in American history; and for his tragic assassination by John Wilkes Booth. Upon Lincoln's death, Andrew Johnson assumed the presidency.



정답:  ABRAHAM LINCOLN

 He was the first black president of South Africa and a legendary figure of the African National Congress, or ANC. From 1964 to 1990, he was imprisoned for opposing South Africa's white minority government and its policy of racial separation, known as apartheid. Instead of disappearing from view, he became a martyr and worldwide symbol of resistance to racism. In 1993 Mandela and the president who released him, F.W. de Klerk, shared the Nobel Peace Prize. He was elected the country's president in 1994. He served until 1999, when he was succeeded by his deputy Thabo Mbeki. 정답: NELSON MANDELA

 Perhaps the greatest influence on western art in the last five centuries, he was an Italian painter, sculptor, architect and poet in the period known as the High Renaissance. His great works were almost entirely in the service of the Catholic Church, and include a huge statue of David (over 14 feet tall) in Florence, sculpted between 1501 and 1504, and the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome, painted between 1508 and 1512. After 1519 he was increasingly active in architecture; he designed the dome St. Peter's Basilica, completed after his death. Along with Leonardo Da Vinci, he is considered one of the greatest masters in the history of art.  정답: MICHELANGELO

 He studied law and philosophy, and was initially influenced by the works of G. W. F. Hegel. He rejected the idealism of Hegel and developed a more materialistic theory of history as science, ultimately predicting that the triumph of the working class was inevitable. With his collaborator Friedrich Engels, he published the Communist Manifesto in 1848. Exiled from Europe, he lived in London, England and earned money through contributions to various newspapers, including the New York Tribune. He devoted the last decades of his life to working on Das Kapital, and was active in early communist organizations. His work greatly influenced modern socialism, and he is considered one of the founders of economic history and sociology.정답: KARL MARX

1   ...   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page