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Training providers

Overall across the Agriculture sector, TAFEs accounted for 65.1 per cent of enrolments in 2012, private provision – 33.8 per cent, and ACE (Adult and Community Education) – 1 per cent. These proportions have changed over the past five years, with TAFEs losing some market share to private provision.


In 2008, there were 32 providers delivering 1 or more enrolments in Agriculture courses and 27 delivering 10 or more enrolments. By 2012, there were 38 providers, of which 29 were delivering 10 or more enrolments.

Table 4.3: Enrolments by training provider type, 2008 to 2012









2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

TAFE

% of all enrolments


81.5

73.5

69.7

69.7

65.1

Enrolments

5,030

4,420

4,560

5,840

5,700

Private

% of all enrolments


16.0

24.0

29.1

29.0

33.8

Enrolments

990

1,450

1,900

2,430

2,960

ACE

% of all enrolments


2.5

2.4

1.3

1.3

1.1

Enrolments

150

150

80

110

100

Total

Enrolments


6,180

6,020

6,540

8,390

8,760



Funding patterns

As part of the Refocusing Vocational Training reforms which were introduced in July 2012, higher hourly subsidy rates have been attributed to foundation and apprenticeship qualifications, and lower rates to diplomas and above (where there is higher private benefit and income contingent student loans available) and to lower-level certificates where direct vocational benefit is lower.


The subsidy for each course reflects an assessment of its current ‘public value’– with courses of greatest public value receiving the highest level of subsidy (Band A), and courses of lowest public value – the least (Band E). For example, the highest subsidy bands (Bands A and B) include all apprenticeships, all foundation courses and many courses relating to skills shortage and specialised occupations.

Figure 4.3: Agriculture enrolments by subsidy band, 2011 and 2012


2012
2011

0.4% 87.7% 11.9%


0.4% 84.2% 15.4%

0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%





Apprentice Band A / Band A

Band B


Band C

2011 information is shown for comparison purposes only. Course funding bands were introduced from July 2012 onwards.


Figure 4.3 highlights the current number of enrolments by subsidy band for 2012 across the Agriculture sector, with figures for 2011 shown for comparison purposes only. In 2012:




  • 0.4 per cent of all course enrolments attracted the highest subsidy band - Apprentice Band A/Band A. All of these enrolments are aligned to one course – the Certificate III in Farriery, almost all of which is undertaken as an Apprenticeship

  • 87.7 per cent of enrolments were in Band B

  • 11.9 per cent in Band C, and

  • No enrolments were in Bands D or E.





Regional training activity

Table 4.4 shows where enrolments in Agriculture aligned courses have taken place over the last five years across Victoria’s regions.



Table 4.4: Number of Agriculture enrolments by region, 2008 to 2012






2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

% growth 2011 - 2012

Barwon South West


1,560

1,440

1,950

3,490

3,130

-10.3

Eastern Metropolitan


130

110

110

150

100

-30.4

Gippsland


1,020

730

770

650

620

-4.6

Grampians


590

790

750

720

650

-9.8

Hume

1,040

1,600

1,550

1,710

1,860

8.9

Loddon Mallee

600

690

780

980

1,990

103.5

Inner Melbourne


0

20



<10

90

100

21.2

Northern Metropolitan

530

380

420

450

220

-51.2

Southern Metropolitan


140

150

80

50



<10

-92.9

Western Metropolitan

460

80

30

50

70

34.6

Non-region specific e.g. on-line


210

110

120

100

40

-58.6




Regional Victoria total


4,810

5,250

5,810

7,550

8,250

9.3

Regional Victoria %


79.3

87.7

89.9

90.7

94.3







Metropolitan Melbourne total


1,260

740

650

780

490

-36.5

Metropolitan Melbourne %


20.7

12.3

10.1

9.3

5.7






Figure 4.4: Agriculture enrolments and numbers of training providers delivering 10 or more enrolments in 2012

Student characteristics

Over time there has been a gradual increase in enrolments in the older age bands, and a correspondingly small decrease in the 15-24 age bands. Given the challenges facing the sector with regards to an ageing workforce, with 36 per cent of the workforce aged 55 or above, enrolments in the older age groups may need to increase, alongside an increased supply of younger students.



Figure 4.5: Age profile of student enrolments in Agriculture courses, 2008 to 2012



100%
2.4

7.3
2.2

7.5
2.2

8.8
2.3


8.9
3.0
10.9


80%
60%

16.1

18.8


15.3

19.5


15.5

18.4
18.3


18.9

19.4
18.4





40%
20.4

19.1

18.9
18.0



18.2



20%
35.0
36.3
36.2
33.6

30.2


0%

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012





Other

55 to 64


45 to 54

35 to 44


25 to 34 15 to 24


In 2008, 67.8 per cent of all enrolments in Agriculture courses were by students stating that they were employed. By 2012, this proportion had increased to 89.9 per cent, meaning that the majority of enrolments are by existing workers in the industry.


With only 6 per cent of enrolments by unemployed students in 2012, a figure that has remained broadly static over the past five years; enrolments in courses in support of the industry have followed a very different trajectory to those across all industries, where enrolments by unemployed students have risen significantly in recent years (to 22 per cent of all enrolments in 2012).

Figure 4.6: Proportion of enrolments by student employment status, 2008 to 2012



100%
80%
6.7

18.7

6.8
7.0
7.5
7.9
6.5

3.2
8.8


6.0

1.1


7.7
6.0

0.8


3.3


60%


40%


77.6
81.5
85.2

89.9


67.8

20%
0%

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012





Unemployed

Not stated

Not in labour force

Employed



In 2012, there were 100 enrolments (1.2 per cent) in Agriculture courses by Indigenous students in Victoria, double the number in 2008. In comparison, the average across all industries for 2012 was 1.1 per cent.


In 2012, the top two courses attracting enrolments from Indigenous students were Certificate III in Agriculture (30 enrolments) and Certificate III in Production Horticulture (20 enrolments).

Table 4.5: Proportion of Agriculture enrolments in Victoria by selected student characteristics, 2012









2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Male

Agriculture


72.7

75.1

73.5

76.0

77.1

All industries

55.7

55.0

54.6

53.2

52.1

Female

Agriculture


27.3

24.9

26.5

24.0

22.9

All industries

44.3

45.0

45.4

46.8

47.9

Disability

Agriculture


5.9

5.7

5.1

4.1

4.2

All industries

7.1

6.8

6.7

6.8

6.4

CALD

Agriculture


3.8

4.3

4.4

5.0

7.8

All industries

17.8

18.6

18.6

20.6

22.9

Indigenous

Agriculture


0.8

1.1

1.2

1.2

1.2

All industries

1.7

1.6

1.5

1.3

1.1



Note: Table and text exclude the small proportion of ‘unknowns’ across each student characteristic.
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