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Employer Profile

In June 2012, there were around 41,100 businesses operating in the Agriculture sector; of which there were 12,500 businesses employing staff and 28,600 sole traders.2 A higher proportion than average of sole traders is operating in the Other Livestock Farming, Sheep, Beef Cattle and Grain Farming and Other Crop Growing sectors.



Table 2.1: Number of Agriculture businesses by employment, 2012






Non employing


1 to 19

20 to 199

200+

Total

Mushroom and Vegetable Growing


637

484

97

3

1,221

Fruit and Tree Nut Growing

2,716

1,186

270

12

4,184

Sheep, Beef Cattle and Grain Farming

16,154

6,217

127

3

22,501

Other Crop Growing

420

126

9

-

555

Dairy Cattle Farming

5,024

2,191

50

3

7,268

Poultry Farming

239

183

17

3

442

Deer Farming

58

6

-

-

64

Other Livestock Farming

1,395

376

31

3

1,805

Aquaculture

62

38

6

-

106

Fishing

268

164

4

-

436

Hunting and Trapping

35

11

-

-

46

Agriculture and Fishing Support Services

1,626

779

112

6

2,523

Agriculture total

28,634

11,761

723

33

41,151

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Count of Australian Businesses, including entries and exits, June 2012. Employment of those firms operating at the end of the 2011 12 financial year.

2 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Count of Australian Businesses, June 2012

Thirty-three per cent of firms in the Agriculture sector reported a turnover of between $200,000 and $2 million in 2011-12, compared to 31 per cent of businesses across all industry sectors in Victoria, while 35 per cent had turnover less than $50,000, compared to 28 per cent across all industry sectors. This reflects the higher proportion of self-employed and seasonal workers within the sector.



Figure 2.5: Proportion of businesses by turnover, by selected Agriculture sub-sectors, June 2012



100% 4 2 3 3

9
23 29 23

80%

38 53



60% 25 27

31
40% 24


26

49 47

20% 38

29

18


Mushroom and Vegetable Growing


Fruit and Nut Growing


Sheep, Beef Cattle and Grain Farming


Other Crop Growing


Dairy Cattle Farming


Poultry Farming


Other Livestock Farming


Agriculture


All industries

0%
8 3 3 6

21

33 31


50

27
29

35
22

49

35



20 28



$2m or more

$200k to less than $2m

$50k to less than $2m

Zero to less than $50k




Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Count of Australian Businesses, including entries and exits, June 2012. Turnover of those firms operating at the end of the 2011-12 financial year.

In terms of business location, 84 per cent of establishments in the industry (including Forestry) are located in Regional Victoria with relatively high concentrations in the Sunraysia district surrounding Mildura, western Victoria around Horsham and Edenhope, the south west coast near Terang, the Shepparton (Goulburn Valley) area and Gippsland.
In Metropolitan Melbourne, Agriculture establishments are largely based in Werribee, Coldstream and Launching Place in the Yarra Valley, areas around Cranbourne and Koo Wee Rup in Gippsland, as well as along the Mornington Peninsula.


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