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Industry and data scope

This section summarises the scope of the Agriculture industry, as defined by the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) and by key sources.

The Agriculture industry is broadly comprised of the arboriculture, landscape, nursery, parks and gardens and turf sectors. As such, it does not have one specific ANZSIC industry classification, but cuts across a number of ANZSIC industry groups and classes, including:

ANZSIC industry


Mushroom and Vegetable Growing

Mushroom Growing

Vegetable Growing (Under Cover) Vegetable Growing (Outdoors)

Fruit and Tree Nut Growing

Grape Growing Kiwifruit Growing Berry Fruit Growing

Apple and Pear Growing Stone Fruit Growing Citrus Fruit Growing Olive Growing

Other Fruit and Tree Nut Growing

Sheep, Beef Cattle and Grain Farming

Sheep Farming (Specialised) Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised) Beef Cattle Feedlots (Specialised) Sheep-Beef Cattle Farming

Grain-Sheep or Grain-Beef Cattle Farming Rice Growing

Other Grain Growing

Other Crop Growing

Sugar Cane Growing Cotton Growing

Other Crop Growing n.e.c.

Dairy Cattle Farming

Dairy Cattle Farming

ANZSIC industry

Poultry Farming

Poultry Farming (Meat) Poultry Farming (Eggs)

Deer Farming

Deer Farming

Other Livestock Farming

Horse Farming Pig Farming Beekeeping

Other Livestock Farming n.e.c.


Offshore Longline and Rack Aquaculture Offshore Caged Aquaculture

Onshore Aquaculture

Fishing, Hunting and Trapping


Rock Lobster and Crab Potting Prawn Fishing

Line Fishing

Fish Trawling, Seining and Netting Other Fishing

Hunting and Trapping

Hunting and Trapping

Agriculture and Fishing Support Services

Cotton Ginning Shearing Services

Other Agriculture and Fishing Support Services

For the purposes of representing the industry’s trends, issues, economic contribution and employer profile, the above definitions have been used, as far as possible (depending on data availability).
For the purposes of representing the industry’s employment levels, workforce characteristics, occupations in demand, job vacancies and vocational training activity, the above definitions have been used as far as possible (depending on data availability).


The source of data on vocational training activities presented in Section 4 is the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development, Higher Education and Skills Group, Skills Victoria Training System (SVTS) – Government subsidised enrolments, accredited (state or national) qualifications only (excludes foundation training).

The report presents findings for the time period from 2008 to 2012, with an analysis of developments and patterns through to the 2012 calendar year. All enrolments referred to in the report are government subsidised only, except for one inclusion of summary TAFE fee-for-service activity. Fee-for- service activity is currently only available for the TAFEs and not for private training organisations or Adult and Community Education (ACE) providers.
All other data sources are referenced as appropriate within the report.

Industry trends and issues

This section focuses on the industry trends and outlook for the Agriculture sector; the economic contribution the industry makes to the overall Victorian economy and the number of businesses operating across the sector.

Summary points

    • The sector currently contributes around $7.8 billion to the State economy - 3 per cent of total industry output across the State; 83 per cent of this comes from Regional Victoria

    • It is estimated that there are currently around 41,800 businesses operating in the sector across Victoria, of which a higher proportion than average (70 per cent) are sole traders and over half are involved in Sheep, Beef Cattle and Grain Farming. 84 per cent of establishments in the industry (including Forestry) are located in regional Victoria, and Dairy Cattle and Poultry Farming businesses are far more likely than average to have a turnover in excess of $200,000 per year

    • 2011-12 employment estimates of the size of the Agriculture sector suggest a workforce of around 77,100 people across Victoria, representing 3 per cent of the Victorian workforce

    • Major industry drivers affecting the sector include climate change and sustainable management issues related to the use of natural resources such as water, soil and Australia’s oceans. The sector is one of Australia’s major exporters and is therefore affected by the high Australian dollar. However, significant opportunities are arising from the growth of the Asian middle classes; while domestic demand continues to be driven by the supermarket duopoly’s product-specific policies

    • The White Paper - Australia in the Asian Century outlines the intention for Australia’s agriculture and food production system to be globally competitive, with the National Food Plan setting the direction in the context of this. Free Trade Agreement negotiations, including agreements with Japan and Korea are of critical importance to the agrifood sectors. A number of other plans and strategies steer activity in the industry, with the Blueprint for Australian Agriculture, the first sector-wide effort to set out a strong and sustainable future path for Australian agriculture and its supply chain

    • Labour market drivers and challenges facing the sector include an ageing workforce, attracting young people to the sector, competition for labour in regional areas and the speed at which innovation and new practices and knowledge from research and trials is adopted commercially

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