|PROPOSITIONS OF FACT, VALUE & POLICY
Proposition of Fact Is/Is not
Proposes whether something is or is not, true or false. Frequently verifiable, and often takes a more objective approach. Draws on logical inferences.
Converting to solar energy can save homeowners money.
The government is withholding information on UFO’s.
Neil Armstrong was the first man to step foot on the moon.
Death is inevitable.
Obesity causes health problems.
Little green Martians exist on this planet.
Proposition of Value Good/Bad
Takes a more evaluative position. Judges whether something is good/bad, right/wrong, just/unjust, ethical/non-ethical, etc. We judge the worth of something.
It is wrong to avoid jury duty.
The United States is the greatest nation on earth.
Democrats are bad.
Republicans are stupid.
The Viet Nam war was immoral.
Harrison Ford is the greatest actor ever.
Gay marriage is moral.
Gay marriage is immoral.
Laws and public policy originate from propositions of value.
Proposition of Policy Should/should not
Advocates a specific course of action.
You should vote for John McCain.
You should send your children to private schools.
In this class, propositions will include empowered agencies (any group that has power to make policy), and needs to include the words “should/should not”.
The federal government should legalize medicinal marijuana.
The Boy Scouts should not have to include gay scout leaders.
The city of Morgan Hill should adopt a recycling program.
SJSU should provide more parking spaces.