Project Brief Identifiers

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A. The local investment fund (LIF) under the IDA funded CBRDP baseline Project

The local investment fund under the base project has two windows: one for financing village and inter-village sub-project (US$ 30,000 -
Village and inter-village investment window

Village or Inter-Village Committees for Community Land Management (CVGT or CIVGT) are organized. Following a participatory diagnosis, they develop multi-year community-based development plans covering a variety of sectors. Based on the available budgetary envelope, the required counterpart contributions, and other conditions laid out in the operational manual, the CVGT/CIVGT identify an Annual Investment Plan (AIP) that prioritizes these local investments. Safeguards, recommended by a Social Assessment carried out during project preparation, are introduced to make sure that all social groups are involved in the process of village needs assessment and project identification. The M&E system allows for verification. Following a simple review by the CCTP for procedural regularity and conformity with sectoral policies (school and health maps, for example), and the deposit of the required beneficiary contribution, a contract for the AIP is signed between the Project and the CVGT (or CIVGT) and the funds are transferred into a local financial institution account opened in the name of the CVGT (or CIVGT).

The financial envelope provided is calculated on the basis of a per-capita amount of some US$ 3-5 per year. This amount may vary on the basis of the capacity of CVGT/CIVGT to make effective use of the resources provided to them. Villages are encouraged to collaborate on the basis of common goals and in order to make more effective use of the pooled resources. This extremely flexible approach, allows villages to learn on their own, and first hand, about municipal management procedures and to experiment with them without the constraint of overriding alliances and commitments. The process of decentralization and of forming rural municipalities is expected to emerge stronger because it will be firmly rooted in participation and consensus.
The CVGTs and the CIVGTs are responsible for executing the sub-projects and may recruit contractors and workers for this purpose. The base project provides contract management support through service providers contracted for this purpose, and through the provincial technical services of Government, with whom protocols are signed. The beneficiaries are also able to recruit additional and independent outside technical expertise for supervising the sub-projects (execution and acceptance). The funds to pay for such services (up to 10 percent of the total investment cost) are included in the investment budget covered by the LIF. Transparency in the selection of priority investments, the award of contracts and the management of funds and works sites are assured by greater community control (availability of information, contributions by beneficiaries, and CVGT and CAS supervision) and by ex-post supervision organized by the national program coordinator.
Eligible investments: The base project provides support, on a matching grant basis, for socio-economic and productive investments. The Project does not, however, provide direct financing for activities of a private or commercial nature. Any project that is not included on the negative list and

that meets the eligibility criteria set out in the procedures manual may be financed. The principal categories of eligible village and inter-village sub-projects are as follows:

a. Soil and water conservation;

b. Reforestation and forest management;

c. Structural support for improving animal husbandry;

d. Structural support for improving agricultural production

e. Water supply infrastructure;

f. Feeder road improvement/infrastructure;

g. Social and economic infrastructure;

h. Renewable energy;

i. Nutrition and health education

j. AIDS/HIV prevention and mitigation activities

k. Support for expanding the network of decentralized financial institutions;

l. Training and action research.

Provincial window

This window funds infrastructure projects that encompass a larger area and often several "terroirs". It is available for sub-projects whose feasibility has been demonstrated and for which adequate arrangements to ensure operation and maintenance have been worked out. Eligible subprojects are no larger than US$ 150,000, and could fall in the following broad categories: forest management; pastoral management; and socio-economic infrastructure. Arbitration among potential projects is conducted by the CCTP, which includes representatives of beneficiary groups. Execution of these larger sub-projects is handled by the project’s provincial operational teams which procure the required construction and technical services.

B. The GEF-funded SILEM support to the local investment fund (40% of total GEF funds)
Support by SILEM to the Local Investment Fund will be limited to the villages and provinces located in the prioritized lowland ecosystems, estimated to amount to a number of about 100 villages over the first phase, covering about 5 % of the 2000 villages targeted by CBRDP. The SILEM villages will benefit from both SILEM and CBRDP/PNDRD funds. SILEM will provide incremental support to both investment windows of CBRDP
Village and inter-village investment window

In addition to the CBRDP envelope of $3-5 per capita and per year, SILEM will provide earmarked funds ($2-4 per capita and per year) for the testing, demonstration and dissemination of innovative IEM technologies and enterprises. Eligible activities will include

Eligible SILEM supplemental investments

  1. zero-tillage and conservation agriculture in lowlands and adjacent uplands (micro-basins);

  2. testing and dissemination of innovative agro-forestry for land rehabilitation

  3. agro-bio-diversity seeds production and research-development (on farm tests);

  4. crop-livestock-fishing integration techniques and enterprises

  5. testing and dissemination of innovative agro-sylvo-pastoralism

  6. support to bio-diversity promoting commercial enterprises (such as medicinal plants production, lowland aqua-culture; conservation of rare or threatened animals and plants

  7. production and marketing of agro-minerals for soil fertility improvement

  8. production and marketing of organic fertilizers

Provincial window

SILEM will supplement the provincial window of CBRDP with an earmarked fund to finance large scale Env studies at and above the provincial level. The Project will thereby fund applied studies with significant local and global environment benefits, such as ecosystems explorations, surveys and inventories of species. Large scale sociological studies, such as migration studies, pastoral studies, etc., that can help facilitate access of all users to the lowland natural resources and help maintain social peace, will be also included. Only those of such studies that cannot be funded by CBRDP because of envelope limitations, ineligibility or other reasons will be funded by SILEM. Only proposal submitted or endorsed by regional or local governments, or by communities will be funded. The cost of each study will not exceed $100,000.

The same LIF procedures of CBRDP will apply to SILEM
Component III. Institutional Capacity Building
A. Institutional capacity building under the IDA–funded CBRDP baseline project
This component provides institutional capacity at the local, provincial and national levels. It includes the cost of training, equipping, and operating the field teams (largely on contract basis) and other service providers with whom the project has signed agreements. It also includes the cost of PNDRD activities in support of decentralization at all levels.
B. Institutional capacity building under the GEF-funded SILEM support (18% of GEF funds)
SILEM will contribute by supporting institutional capacity building for the creation of an adequate Env policy environment. The Project SILEM will support civil society groups (NGOs, associations, etc.) and decentralized government institutions that can contribute to policy and institutional dialogues and reforms that will provide needed incentives for adoption and utilization of optimal integrated ecosystem management practices. The Project will also build at the local and national levels institutional capacity or competences for high quality and fruitful participation of Burkina Faso in global environmental conventions and negotiations. The Project will provide related organizations and institutions with institutional capacity, including training (information, negotiation and conflict resolution skills in particular), equipping, operating costs. The main national institution to receive such support will be CONAGESE. Others will be local governments, producers organizations, private sector associations, and NGOs.
With respect to policy dialogue capacity, the Project SILEM will support every two- to three years at the national or regional level (depending on issues raised by communities) a Env policy forum for policy dialogue between representatives of IEM stakeholders, including Government representatives, NGOs, producers organizations, CVGTs, CIVGTs, CBOs or CASs, the CCTPs, private sector, etc. The forum will identify IEM policy constraints and propose necessary policy reforms. Policy action plans will be issued each year or every two-year and their implementation will be monitored by elected policy task forces or by specific civil society pressure groups. Policy issues to be addressed by the forum could include:(i) Land tenure security in lowlands;, (ii) Improved access to fertilizers and crop-livestock integration (iii) Incentives for time-lagged IEM benefits

Component IV. Land Tenure Security Pilot
A. Land tenure security under the IDA-funded CBRDP baseline project
The objective of this component in CBRDP is to improve land tenure security and access for all users. It is expected to (i) foster equity and social peace, (ii) encourage investment and agricultural productivity, (iii) enhance the preservation and rehabilitation of natural resources, it will define and propose on the basis of field experiences an institutional, legal, technical and methodological framework for stable and equitable land tenure in rural areas. The pilot will be carried out in six test sites representative of land use and ownership problems associated with them. It will experiment with methodologies for recording and securing user rights, initiating the formalization of customary systems, resolving conflicts and demarcating land units. The process is expected to be demand-driven and participatory.
B. Land tenure security under the GEF-funded SILEM support (4% of total GEF funds)
The Project SILEM will not undertake any specific land tenure security pilot by itself. However, it will advise and support communities of SILEM villages in their voluntary efforts to resolve land tenure issues or conflicts by providing them with facilitators, other resources, encourage full participation of all stakeholders or social groups in the consultation processes, so as to efficiently improve and implement the endogenous conflict resolution mechanisms.

Component V. Program Coordination, Administration and Monitoring/Evaluation
A. Coordination, Administration and M&E under the IDA funded CBRDP baseline project
This component includes three sub-components: (i) support for the coordination office/forum of the overall PNDRD and (ii) support for the coordination and management of the IDA-supported Project; and (iii) support for program and project monitoring and evaluation.
(i) Overall Program (PNDRD) Coordination: The base project is designed as part of the Program National de Développement Rural Décentralisé (PNDRD), a national program involving a decentralized and participatory approach to community-based land management and local development. The PNDRD serves as a frame of reference for the various projects fostering local development in rural communities. One of its central objectives is to help harmonize the approaches of these different programs and projects so as to make more efficient use of available resources and to achieve swifter and more effective national coverage. A National Forum will be established to facilitate this process.
(ii) Project (CBRDP) Coordination: The national project coordination unit (PCU) will be responsible for coordinating all activities under the Project, in particular for providing funding to beneficiaries within the established deadlines, monitoring and evaluating the program at the national level, managing studies and the provision of services, and drawing lessons from the various national experiments in decentralized and participatory rural development.
(iii) Program and Project Monitoring and Evaluation: This will include setting up an integrated system of management and monitoring for both the overall PNDRD and the IDA-supported Project. The system will include: (i) real-time monitoring of physical and financial execution of the Project; (ii) technical and financial audits of the Project; and (iii) monitoring and evaluating the economic, environmental and institutional impact of the Program and the Project. These systems are detailed in the Project Implementation Manual.
B. The GEF-funded SILEM support to Coordination, Administration and M&E (7% of total GEF funds)
The Project will partly support the administrative cost of the CBRDP/SILEM Program Coordination Unit (PCU), in particular the equipment and travel expenses of the Coordinator of GEF activities (SILEM) within the PCU and other expenses directly related to the GEF window. All other administrative costs will be covered by the Government (basic salaries) and by the base project (CBRDP).
The Project will develop and implement jointly with CBRDP a detailed and comprehensive Monitoring and Evaluation system to assess its level of implementation as well as its effect and impact on local and global environment or natural resources. In particular the Project will have:
An internal Monitoring and Evaluation system to assess implementation progress for both capacity building and local investment activities. The M&E system developed for the base project (CBRDP) will be used for the purpose. In addition, the project will have the following supplemental M&E systems or contribute to the strengthening of the base project M&E system in the following areas:

An local IEM-M&E system, based on locally established IEM indicators for assessment of implementation progress and the integrated local development plans, for assessment of project effects and impact by the rural communities themselves (Beneficiaries' assessment)
A scientific monitoring and evaluation system with sustainable process indicators for assessing changes in ecosystem management patterns on a local and national level for land restoration, biodiversity, carbon sequestration and protection of international waters. Other indicators for assessing or estimating scientifically the physical effects and impact of the changes in IEM on land quality (soil fertility), biodiversity, carbon sequestration and protection of international waters will be developed and measured periodically with the assistance of technical and scientific service providers (research centers, universities, laboratories). Linkages with other data systems at national level will be ensured.
An External Monitoring and Evaluation system to be used every two to three years by a team of national and international experts under the supervision of CONAGESE to assess the achievements of the project and provide necessary guidance.
In collaboration with CONAGESE, the CBRDP monitoring and evaluation unit and the technical and scientific service providers, the Project will develop the additional effects and impact indicators needed to justify progress in achieving the development and environmental objectives of the Project. The indicators of effects and impact will reflect the changes of global importance in ecosystems over a long-term time span (up to 10 to 15 years), including quantitative and qualitative expected changes in ecosystem management patterns ex-ante and ex-post.
A baseline study has already begun during the preparatory phase with the census and characterization of lowlands. It provides a GIS database for all lowland ecosystems across the country, and other potential intervention zones. The information in the database will be further improved during the first year of implementation to insure that it contains all necessary information needed to undertake adequately the monitoring and evaluation of the project as described above.
Specific benchmarks and milestones will be set to guide the M&E exercise.
M&E Information System
An M&E information system will also be set up to systematically store in a data base and review experiences gained by cooperating with ongoing research programs (such as the UNDP's Desert Margins Program and other IEM research activities) to verify the operational feasibility and viability of the integrated ecosystem management approaches and technologies being promoted at the Project intervention sites.
Pilot National Natural Resources Accounting System
The Project will also support on a pilot basis, within the M&E office of the PCU, the development of a national natural resources account by supporting the design of such accounting system within the PCU, with necessary technical assistance and in collaboration with the national statistical departments of the ministries of planning, agriculture and environment.





% of





% of




financing (US$M)

% of



1. Local Capacity building







2. Local Investment Fund (LIF)







3. Institutional Capacity Bldg)







4. Land Tenure Security Pilot







5. Project Coordination, Administration, M&E







6. Physical contingencies







7. Price contingencies







Total Project Costs













Total Financing Required







FN: The indicative costs as well as Bank financing in the table above are based on the available associate funding for 2000 villages.

The SILEM project costs for 100 village sites amount to US$M 25.37 and include US$M 10.80 WB; US$M 7.52 Other international; US$M 2.20 local communities (total of co-financing SILEM of US$M 20.52).

2. Key policy and institutional reforms to be sought:

The Project will support along with CBRDP the administrative decentralization reform process with a particular emphasis on aspects that delegate IEM property rights or decision making to the local rural communities. The Project will consequently support institutional reforms that will be proposed by the Land Tenure Security Pilot of CBRDP and which would improve the land tenure security of the poor.

The Project will also support selected agricultural inputs market reforms designed to eliminate market distortions and to introduce more competitiveness and transparency into the fertilizers market (both organic and inorganic fertilizers) as a means for improving access to fertilizers and to land restoration inputs in general for the poor.

Policies that provide incentives for increased production and utilization of organic fertilizers, for increased use of leguminous crops for nitrogen fixation, for increased use of bio-pesticides and local agro-minerals most accessible to the poor, etc. will be encouraged and supported by the Project

Policies that can encourage the adoption of IEM technologies with time-lagged benefits such as agro-forestry techniques will also be encouraged.
3. Benefits and target population:

Impact on living conditions
Crops and livestock yields are expected to increase by 20% to 50% with equivalent reductions in inter-seasonal yield variations through the adoption of sustainable soil and water management practices, as well as through the cultivation or husbandry of more diversified and risk-reducing mixes of crops, crop varieties and livestock species and through the implementation of adequate common property management regimes. As a result of this program, land and labor productivities are expected to increase over the Program implementation period 2002- 2016 by at least 25 %, with an equivalent reduction in livelihood vulnerability for the rural communities.
Impact on lowland ecosystems and the environment in general
The Program will result in removing threats and barriers to integrated lowland ecosystem management as identified in table 1, p. 71 “Linkages between the environmental situation (threats and root causes) in Burkina Faso, global environmental issues, and GEF-supported activities under SILEM”.
Reduction in land degradation together with desertification mitigation benefits are expected to arise from improvement in soil and water management/conservation practices and infrastructure that will stop or reverse land degradation and increase vegetative mass production in lowlands by at least 100% in 15 years. About 40% to 50% of degraded lands (on uplands and lowlands) in the project areas could be recovered in 15 years. Combinations of conservation tillage, rock bonds, zai, half moon, mulching, cover crops, agro-forestry, organic and mineral manures, etc. have proved to be cost-effective land recuperation techniques and will be used in the process. The improvement of soil and water management practices and infrastructures, and the resulting increase in land productivity on both uplands and lowlands will lead to a more intensive and more permanent use of household labor on limited amounts of land. This implies a reduction in shifting cultivation practices on bush fallow fields and thereby a reduction in bush fire practices as well as a reduction in encroachments of crop fields over forests and other natural habitats, all of which are expected to save a substantial amount of natural resources from destruction.
Moreover, the Program will also result in removing threats and barriers to conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity in natural habitats. This will apply to lowland gallery forests and forest relics which are generally sacred forests, reservoirs of medicinal plants, of various types of woods, birds, small animals and microorganisms. This will also apply to wild grass vegetation which will be controlled and managed either in the form of pastures (agrostology) or as weeds in cultivated lands.

Other biodiversity benefits of the program will arise from an increased agro-biodiversity (biological diversification of crops and livestock varieties/ecotypes) with increased adoption and cultivation of photosensitive long- and medium-cycle crop varieties in lowlands, along with short cycle varieties, as soon as more adequate and improved lowland soil and water management infrastructures and practices are implemented by the rural communities. The program will collect (from germplasm banks) and disseminate the seeds of threatened native crop species (e.g. semi-arid land varieties of cassava restored by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture in northern Nigeria), multiply them and promote them into the lowland cropping systems thereby expanding their cultivation and conserving, restoring agro-biodiversity in the Sahelian and other semi-arid zones of Burkina Faso. The Program by assisting women garden farmers of lowlands with seeds multiplication and dissemination of threatened vegetable crops and varieties will also revive Sahelian lowland vegetable gardens and help maintain the biodiversity of vegetables across the country.

Lowland soil micro-biological activity and micro-biodiversity is expected to also be significantly increased under the program by an improvement of soil water management, including improved drainage, soil de-compaction, and an improved management of animal manures to fertilize the soil. This will provide microorganisms with greater quantities of carbon (energy source) and nitrogen (protein source) to increase their biological activities thereby maintaining or increasing their number of species.
In addition, the program will promote win-win options like small-scale aquaculture techniques in lowlands, combinations of cropping and fishing/aquaculture activities on the same plots, in order to enhance flooded surfaces in lowlands where biodiversity is significant. Such an activity will maintain or increase the number of fish species and of other aquatic animal species. About 10 percent increase in aquatic biodiversity is expected over the fifteen years of program implementation.

Carbon sequestration benefits from above and under the ground will arise from the increased storage capacity in gallery and sacred forests, crop surfaces and biomass, as well as through the increase in the organic matter content of soils (from 0.60% to 1.5% on average). Crop intensification on limited amounts of land (house lands, village lands and lowlands) as a result of improved soil fertility management techniques will result in a decline in the intensity of bushland (or fallow land) use, thereby in longer fallow periods and forest life, and consequently into greater carbon sequestration. The recycling of crop residues into the soil through manures and increased soil micro-organisms activity will also lead to increased carbon sequestration into the soils with a substantial increase in the organic matter content of the soils. The carbon sequestration capacity of the lowland ecosystem is expected to increase by 20 to 30 percent after 15 years of program implementation.

International waters protection benefits are also expected from the program wherever the Volta and Niger rivers and their effluents (tributaries) are present across the country. About three to five hundreds kilometers of degraded banks of the Volta and Niger rivers and their effluents, as a result of erosion and encroachment of fields on the river banks, are expected to be restored as a result of the Program.
Impact on local IEM capacity and enabling environment
The Project will contribute, although marginally, to the creation of the decentralized administrative, political and economic structures that will govern the lives of rural communities in Burkina Faso as a result of the implementation of the PNDRD. The main expected benefit would be the right of communities to manage themselves their natural resources or to at least participate in the IEM decision-making process
The provision to local communities and to local governments of GIS tools for IEM land use planning and the related training of individuals and institutions to use such tools will result in optimum land use allocations. This is expected to result in better integrated ecosystems management with consequent declines of negative land use externalities, greater land use cost effectiveness (at least a 50 percent improvement), greater economic, social and environmental benefits of land use at the program intervention sites.
The creation by the rural communities of extra-ordinary IEM governance bodies at the local and regional levels is expected to be a significant and long-lasting capacity building benefit of this program. At least one extra-ordinary local IEM committee is expected to emerge or to be strengthened inside each rural community under the Project. The Project is expected to assist during the first phase at least one hundred (100) of such committees, with a least an equivalent number of committee members trained to manage and strengthen such a capacity. A large number of decision makers and farmers will under the Project acquire information and knowledge on integrated ecosystem management that will help them to better manage natural resources and the environment in general.
The acquisition by rural communities of a sustainable IEM financing capacity through partnerships with the international public and private development communities or through various financial schemes is also a major expected benefit of this project.
The production of tools under the project to improve land tenure security and the improvement of inputs policies to improve access of the poor to agricultural inputs, particularly land restoration inputs, are also major enabling environment benefits of the project in combination with CBRDP.

Project/Program Intervention Zone
In the first phase, the Program will primarily support an integrated approach towards the rehabilitation of degraded lowland ecosystems for Burkina Faso Sahel desert margin northern provinces Soum, Oudalan, Seno, Yatenga, Loroum and Bam covering 36 829 sq km (13,4% of the country) and 662,129 inhabitants. The following two phases will be used to scale up and replicate activities in other provinces of Burkina Faso in the neighborhoods of natural habitats of global importance (see list and maps in Annex 1).
An inventory of major lowlands across the Sahel and across the rest of the country has been carried out during project preparation. A GIS data base is being developed using the result of the inventory and of field surveys carried out to assess the ecological and economic characteristics and potentials of the lowlands. Six hundreds (600) lowland village sites with greatest potential local and global benefits will be selected as intervention sites of the Program for fifteen years of implementation. 100 sites will be covered during the first phase, followed by 200 sites during the second phase and 300 sites during the third phase.
The Program will give priority to lowlands and related micro-basins and watersheds of rural communities living inside or around natural habitats of global importance, in particular those living within or around officially protected habitats such as the Northern Sahel sylvo-pastoral and wildlife reserve, the protected natural habitats on the central Mossi plateau, in the Eastern, Southern and Western provinces of the country. Protected habitats of interest are mainly those located in the following provinces: Soum, Seno, Oudalan, Mohoun, Sanmatenga, Passoré, Ganzourgou, Oubritenga, Boulgou, Bougouriba, Comoé, Houet, and Poni. SILEM will seek synergies with activities of the PAGEN project to support communities living around protected wildlife reserves such as the wildlife reserves of Arly, Madjoari, Singou, Bontioli, Kourtiagou, Pama, and Nabéré in the provinces of Tapoa (including the W park), Gourma and Bougouriba. The list of the natural habitats and their geographical locations are shown in Annex 1 (p……).
4. Institutional and implementation arrangements:

Implementation Period
The Program will be implemented over a fifteen-year period, from the year 2002 to the year 2017. It will coincide in most part with the implementation phases of CBRDP. The first four-year phase will last from 2002 to 2006 and will be within Phase 1 of CBRDP while the second phase from 2007 to 2011 will coincide with Phase 2 of CBRDP. The third six-year phase from 2012 to 2017 will also coincide with Phase 3 of CBRDP and extend beyond it by one year. However, such periods, in conformity with the adaptability character of APLs may vary slightly depending on compliance with effectiveness conditions and with progress in achieving project development objectives, milestones and the inter-phase triggers.
Program Coordination and Monitoring
At the national level, this program will support CBRDP, which in turn supports the PNDRD, which implements the Government’s decentralized rural development strategy. Consequently this program will also support PNDRD with respect to decentralized integrated ecosystem management capacity building. The PNDRP is coordinated by the national forum put in place to evaluate and harmonize experiences and approaches to decentralized rural development in Burkina Faso (the Cadre National de Coordination et de Concertation du Développement Rural Décentralisé). The ultimate objective of such coordination being the identification of best practices in decentralized rural development and their harmonization, adoption and implementation nationwide by all donors under a common national program or framework. This Project will together with CBRDP provide some operating support to the national forum to help achieve such a goal with respect to IEM.
At the regional level, there will be gradual transfer of PNDRP coordination responsibilities from the national forum to the regional directorates for studies and planning (DREP). The program will along with CBRDP support such regional institutions with respect to studies, planning as well as with identification and implementation of IEM best practices, and their harmonization across various donors programs.
At the provincial level, the donors coordination and best practices gathering responsibilities will be carried out by the provincial PNDRD coordination entities entitled: Cadre de Concertation Technique Provincial (CCTP) which will receive operating support from CBRDP. This program will also provide some incremental support if needed with respect to IEM.
Project Management, Administration and Monitoring
Because this program is designed to provide incremental support to CBRDP with blended IDA and GEF local investment funds, there will practically be little or no difference between the management, administration and the Monitoring-Evaluation of both programs, so as to facilitate the overall implementation of both joint programs.
Project Oversight
A project Steering Committee has been established to guide the implementation of CBRDP, to review and approve its annual work program and budget. The same Steering Committee will also guide the implementation of this project. The national environment protection agency (CONAGESE) will be represented within the Steering Committee. The work programs, budgets and procurement plans of both projects will be blended and submitted to IDA after approval by the Steering Committee.
Project Management.
Day-to-day management of CBRDP will rest with (i) a national coordination unit and (ii) operational units at the provincial level. This Project will be managed by the same coordination units at the national and provincial levels. The main responsibilities of the national project coordination unit (Coordination Nationale du Projet, PCU) will be as in the case of CBRDP:
manage the work program at the national level

ensure that funds from Government and donors contributions are made available to the beneficiaries in a timely manner and in accordance with the signed agreements with each donor, including GEF, national and international private sector, northern hemisphere communities, etc;

provide technical support to the provincial operational units during the start-up phase of the Project;

organize workshops at the national and regional levels in support of the PNDRD, and

monitor and evaluate the implementation of the work program and its impact, and report results to various stakeholders;

undertake or contract out environmental and social impact assessment of sub-projects

There will be 19 provincial units (Equipes Operationnelles) of CBRDP to cover the 26 provinces of direct intervention. The same provincial units will supervise the implementation of this Project at the provincial level.

The responsibilities of the provincial EOs in implementing both CBRDP and this project will be to (i) assist the CCTP in the coordination of the Program at the provincial level; (ii) provide support to the CCTP in its review of village/inter-village or terroir level development plans; (iii) enter into contracts with and supervise the service providers hired by the Project to execute specific activities (e.g. training of beneficiaries, participatory needs assessments, project proposals formulation, execution of the annual investment plan); and (iv) implement the monitoring and evaluation system at the provincial level.

Project Monitoring:
The Project will be subject to an internal Monitoring-Evaluation as well as to an external Monitoring-Evaluation. In conformity with CBRDP, data on project execution, output, outcome, effect and impact will be mostly collected at the community level by the beneficiaries themselves. Additional scientific data on Project environmental effects and impact will be collected and analyzed by qualified technical and scientific service providers. The communities will be trained to use both indigenous and exogenous indicators by the Project. The data collected by the beneficiaries are computerized, aggregated and analyzed by the EOs, Such data as well as the data and analyses from the scientific environment M&E service providers are made available to the CCTP and the DREP. At this level the information is used to review the work program (supervision, approval of new investment budgets, etc.), improve coordination between development projects, NGOs and public agencies, and monitor development and environmental impact. The results will be provided to the beneficiaries for information and feedback. After initial compilation and analysis by he EOs, the data is forwarded to the monitoring and evaluation staff at the PCU to be further aggregated and analyzed at the national level. The findings will be used in the progress reports and the national and regional workshops. The data collected, in particular all IEM related data will be made available to the national environment management agency (CONAGESE) who will have the responsibility of putting together a team of national and international experts to carrying out once every two to three years an external evaluation of the IEM/environmental aspects of the combined Project (CBRDP-SILEM) and report to all Project stakeholders, in particular to the Steering Committee, which will use the information to guide the implementation of the combined project.
Co-financing Agreements
CBRDP is co-financed by IDA, IFAD and bilateral donors , such as the Governments of Denmark and the Government of the Netherlands who provide financing to support specific components of CBRDP (M&E and the traditional energy components, respectively). While this Project focuses on integrated ecosystems management via all focal points of GEF in all areas where communities interact with natural resources in lowlands across the Sahel and other agro-ecological zones of Burkina Faso, PAGEN focuses on wildlife biodiversity conservation inside specific and officially protected natural habitats across the country.
There will be no distinction between GEF and IDA funds at the community level. For accounting purpose at the PCU level, operational manuals will provide detailed instructions regarding the incremental IEM activities eligible for GEF funding, and what percentages of the costs of each activity will be covered by GEF and/or by IDA.
Operational Manuals
Manuals of procedure will guide day-to-day project implementation. Basically the Project will be implemented following the manuals prepared for CBRDP: (i) the administrative and Financial manual of Procedure, (ii) The Technical Manuals of Procedures; (iii) The Monitoring and Evaluation Manual of Procedure. An addendum will be produced as needed for each manual of procedure to provide specific instructions for implementation of incremental GEF-funded IEM activities, cost allocation between GEF, IDA and other donors, GEF-related administrative and financial disbursement procedures, etc.
D. Project Rationale

1. Project alternatives considered and reasons for rejection:

Regional program
Originally, the program was conceived to be a regional program covering Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal. However, initial difficulties in obtaining promptly the GEF focal points endorsement letters from all four countries suggested that a regional program is likely to face serious implementation difficulties, as governments are likely to respond differently with different speeds and complexities to specific requests and implementation issues. To avoid having administrative inefficiencies or delays in one country constraining program implementation in another country, it was decided to develop national programs, with the possibility of getting sub-regional organizations such as CILLS, UEMOA, or IUCN involved in regional coordination among national programs if necessary.
Independent Program
It was also considered to have one stand-alone GEF OP12 program. However, given the similarity in the CDD approach that the Program is planning to use with the CDD approach of CBRDP, it became clear that both programs complement each other, and that given the small amount of financial resources available to the Program, it will achieve much greater local and global environmental impact by building up on CBRDP, and providing mainly globally motivated incremental supports to CBRDP baseline IEM activities.
Combined SILEM-PAGEN Program
The possibility of combining this program with the Burkina Faso National Partnership for Ecosystem Management Program (PAGEN) was also considered. This would have led to a GEF project focusing on both the interior of officially protected natural habitats, as in PAGEN, and the exterior of protected habitats where communities interact more actively with natural ecosystems. It became however clear that different sets of tools and institutions would be needed to handle both aspects in a single program, and that the resulting program would be complex and difficult to implement efficiently. It also became clear that community-driven IEM activities would have much greater impact if combined with the decentralization process and community-driven capacity building and investment activities within CBRDP.
2. Major related projects financed by the Bank and/or other development agencies (completed, ongoing and planned).

Sector Issue


Latest Supervision

(PSR) Ratings

(Bank-financed projects only)


Implementation Progress (IP)


Objective (DO)

Rural Development/ Agriculture

- Community-Based Rural development Program (CBRDP)

- Environment Management Project PNGT-1 completed

- Food Security Project ,PSAN (completed)

- Second Agricultural Services Development Project, PNDSA-2 (ongoing)

- Private irrigation Project , DIPAC,(ongoing)




Natural Resources Management

- National Natural Ecosystem Management Program , PAGEN (in preparation)

- Pilot Community-based Natural Resources & Wildlife Management Project (GEPRENAF

- Wood Energy Management Project , RPTES




Health and Nutrition Project (on-going)




Post-Primary Education Project (ongoing)




Transport Sector Adjustment Credit



Other development agencies


French Cooperation

- Local Development Projects (ongoing)

- Conservation Units Support Project (CUSP) & ARLY National Park Support (implemented)

- Technical assistance for wildlife conservation units (by SCAC)

IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development

- Soil and Water Conservation/Agro-Forestry I and II (environmental protection, capacity building, income generating activities, credit on part of the Central Mossi plateau)

- South West Rural Development Project

- Rural Micro-enterprise Support Project

EU (European Union

- Support to Decentralization (planned)

- International Project for W National Parks with Niger and Benin (ECOPAS

CIDA (Canada)

Pilot Environmental/Desertification Fund (ongoing

Swiss Cooperation

Rural Equipment Fund (FEER-1 completed, FEER-2 planned)

Dutch Cooperation

- Local Development / Burkina Sahel Program (PSB),

- Agro-ecology & Local Development Program in Zoundweogo province (LDPZ)

- Support to Professional Organizations,

- Support for design of Rural Financial Services Action Plan and National Soil fertility Action plan (completed


-Local Development/IEM projects: Burkina Sahel Program (PSB), PGRN-SY; PGRN-K

-Support to design of rural financial Services Action plan

- Support to Professional organizations


- Nazinga Game Ranch Support Project (implemented) & Support to W National Park peripheral activities (identified)

- Desert Margins Program (regional environment/IEM research, ICRISAT-based)


Support to Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries Reforms (needs additional financing)

AfDB (African Development Bank)

Integrated Ecosystem management of Centre-Ouest Forests (identified)


- Training Program for Locally Elected Officials (ongoing)

- Local Development/ Burkina Sahel Program (PSB)

IP/DO Ratings: HS (Highly Satisfactory), S (Satisfactory), U (Unsatisfactory), HU (Highly Unsatisfactory)

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