Progressive Movement and Theodore Roosevelt Ch 24, 25, 28, 29

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Progressive Movement and Theodore Roosevelt

Ch 24, 25, 28, 29


  1. The industrial revolution transformed America in many ways. Please describe how the industrial revolution and the Gilded age affected the following areas of late 19th century America.

    1. Farmers

    1. Factory workers

    1. Women

  1. What is meant by the “the depersonalization of America?”

  1. How did the abundance of workers in the cities affect the Labor market? How did this affect immigrants? How did the glut of workers benefit the factories and corporations?

  1. What weapons did the large corporations and factories use against workers who tried to strike? What role did the government usually play? (Refer to Haymarket, Pullman, Homestead, Ludlow, etc…)

  1. For what reasons did workers begin to form unions? What were the main concerns (problems in the factories) of the workers in the late 19th century?

  1. Using your notes from last chapter, the text, lectures, and the internet complete the following overview of early American labor disputes.


Date (Month / year)


Involved with description

Significant Events of Strike

Successful strike or

failed strike.


Great Strike

of 1877

Haymarket Affair

Homestead Strike

Pullman Strike

Ludlow Strike

(See reading Packet)

  1. Complete the following chart with as much detail as possible.




Union Members / Goals

(Fought for rights for?)

Achievements / Significance (Demise?)

National Labor Union

Knights of


American Federation of Labor

Ch 25 (595-631) and Ch 28(702-727)

  1. Read the pages above and for each of the following items, identify, describe, and discuss the significance. (Most of this is review)

    1. Louis Sullivan:

    1. Dumbbell Tenements:

    1. Little Italy, Chinatown, Little Tokyo, Little Poland, etc…:

    1. Boss Tweed / Tweed Ring / Political Machines:

    1. Social Gospel:

    1. Jane Adams / Hull House:

    1. Lillian Wald & Florence Kelley

    1. Nativism:

    1. American Protective Association 1887:

    1. Chinese Exclusion Act 1882

    1. Mary Baker Eddy

    1. Charles Darwin

    1. Booker T. Washington (Atlanta Compromise)

    1. W.E.B. DuBois

    1. Morrill Act 1862 / Hatch Act 1887

    1. Sensationalism and the growth of the press.

    1. Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst

    1. Edwin Godkin, Henry George, Edward Bellamy (Harpers Weekly, Scribner’s Monthly, Atlantic Monthly)

    1. General Lewis Walker

    1. Walt Whitman

    1. Emily Dickinson

    1. Mark Twain

    1. Stephen Crane

    1. Bret Harte

    1. Jack London

    1. Frank Norris

    1. Anthony Comstock & Comstock Law

    1. Charlotte Perkins Gilman:

    1. National Women’s Suffrage Association

    1. American Women Suffrage Association

    1. National Prohibition Party / Women’s Christian Temperance Movement / Anti Saloon League

    1. Carrie Nation

    1. 18th Amendment

    1. Vaudeville, Circus, Wild West Shows, Baseball, Boxing, Croquet, Bikes,

  1. Discuss the differences between the immigrants of the Gilded Age with those from before the Civil War. Where were they from, why did the come to America, where did they settle, and how did Americans react to their presence?

  1. How did the religion in America change during the Gilded Age? Include discussion of Immigrants and Darwinists.

  1. Briefly discuss the chief arguments between Darwinists and Fundamental Christians?

  1. The late 19th century saw a dramatic increase in educational opportunities. Provide examples of this growth and discuss what factors led to it.

  1. Look at the chart on page 624. What trend does it show and what factors contributed to this trend?

Ch 28 (702-727)

  1. Who were the “progressives” and what were their goals?

  1. Progressive theorist could no longer afford the luxury of a ______________________________ policy.

  1. What was a muckraker and why did Theodore Roosevelt see them as a nuisance?

  1. List some of the ”Muckraking” magazines and try to think of some examples of muckraking today.

  1. Identify each of the Muckraker below and describe their field of work and publications:

    1. Jacob Riis:

    1. Ida Tarbell:

    1. David G. Phillips

    1. John Spargo:

    1. Robert M. LaFollette (Wisconsin)

    1. Hiran W. Johnson (California)

    1. Muller Vs. Oregon (Florence Kelley)

    1. Frances E. Willard

  1. Discuss Theodore Roosevelt rise to the Presidency? (PowerPoint, 668-671))

  1. What was Roosevelt’s “square deal” and what his three C’s?

  1. How did TR use his “Square Deal” philosophies during the Pennsylvania Coal Strike of 1902? How was the outcome of this strike different than most of the strikes we have discussed so far?

  1. What is meant by, Theodore Roosevelt wielding his big stick? (Keep it clean!)

  1. How did Roosevelt use the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, the Elkins Act of 1903, and the Hepburn Act of 1906 to reduce the power of the corporations (Captains of Industry / Robber Barons).

  1. Why has TR been referred to as a “trustbuster?” (Who you gonna call?) Provide examples!

  1. Was TR against big business altogether? What motivated him to get involved with big business?

  1. Who was Upton Sinclair and what book did he write that prompted the creation of the Meat Inspection Act of 1906 and the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906?

  1. Briefly describe each of the following attempts to manage land use in America.

    1. Desert Land Act 1877:

    1. Forest Reserve Act 1891:

    1. Carey Act 1894:

  1. Compare and contrast Conservationism under Gifford Pinchot and Preservationist under John Muir? Please include a brief description of each man. (Read through page 694 before answering the next three questions)

  1. Roosevelt and Pinchot go to work. Provide examples of TR’s desire to conserve American lands.

  1. What debate ensued over Hetch Hetchy reservoir in California that divided Preservationists and Conservationists.

  1. Discuss TR’s role in the election of 1908 and the election of William Howard Taft. Where did TR go after the election?

  1. (722-731) In a paragraph or two, discuss the accomplishments and failures of William Howard Taft and his presidency using the following to guide your discussion.

    1. Personality

    2. Reliance on TR’s legacy

    3. Dollar Diplomacy

    4. Trust-busting and relationship with Big business

    5. Republican Party support

    6. Election of 1912 and Theodore Roosevelt’s return.

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