Probably, the major attraction of Calvinism for French nobles was

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Probably, the major attraction of Calvinism for French nobles was

  1. A desire fro religious freedom

  2. A form of revolt against the strongly Catholic monarchy

  3. The Calvinist bent toward hard work and monetary reward

  4. Fundamental disagreements with the Catholic Church

  5. The fact that Calvin was French by birth

68. The teachings of which of the following had the greatest impact on the Reformation in Scotland?
(A) Ignatius of Loyola

(B) John Calvin

(C) Martin Luther

(D) Desiderius Erasmus

(E) Ulrich Zwingli

The principle of “he who rules; his religion” was established by

  1. The Edict of Nantes

  2. The Papacy in Rome

  3. The Geneva Convention

  4. The Peace of Augsburg in 1555

  5. The inquisition

45. Elizabeth I of England and her contemporary, Henry IV of France. have been called politiques because they believed that
(A) doctrinal unity was necessary to political unity

(B) religious questions were as important as political questions

(C) religion was the most important part of politics

(D) political leaders should not be involved in religious questions

(E) theological controversy should be subordinate to political unity

“Poverty, considered a virtue by the Catholic Church, became shameful to the Calvinists. The middle class found in Calvinism a justification for the pursuit of wealth.”

This passage implies that Calvinism may have been a powerful influence in the development of which of the following ?

  1. Communism

  2. Capitalism

  3. Nationalism

  4. Democracy

  5. Science

Protestant values, sometimes differing for one sect to another, helped in the development of which of the following

  1. capitalism, nationalism, monasticism

  2. science, capitalism, nationalism

  3. the coe princes of conciliar movement, science, democracy

  4. nationalism, individualism, clerical celibacy

  5. science, nationalism, monasticism

Calvinism in France

  1. Often served as a cloak for noble independence

  2. Was rejected by the peasants

  3. Had little impact on the nobility

  4. Was rejected by the middle class and artisans

  5. Became the official state religion

Which of the following were strongholds of Protestantism by 1600?

  1. Northern Italy and Southern Germany

  2. Poland and Austria

  3. Hungary and Northern Germany

  4. Scandinavian and Northern Germany

  5. Austria and Germany

At the end of the French Wars of Religion, Henry IV converted from Calvinism to Catholicism because he

  1. Was threatened with death unless he converted

  2. Had genuine differences with Calvinist teachings

  3. Wanted to gain control over Paris

  4. Had undergone a genuine religious conversion

  5. Hoped to gain the support of Catholic Spain

INn the early 16th century, one’s religion was determined by

  1. One’s ruler

  2. One’s personal conscience

  3. The bishop of diocese

  4. One’s parents

  5. God

When Henry IV remarked, “Paris is well worth a mass”, he was referring to

  1. His prayers for the fall of the city during his siege of it

  2. His expected vist during he Easter season

  3. His conversion to Catholicism to gan popular favor

  4. His conversion to Calvinism to gain support of the Huguenots

  5. His visit with the Pope to gain absolution

The Edict of Nantes, issued by Henry IV in 1598, was on eof the most significant acts of his reign because of all the following reasons EXCEPT

  1. It was one of the first governmental guarantees of religious freedom in Europe

  2. It granted Huguenots civil and political equality with Catholics

  3. It continued the bitter civil war between Catolic and Protestant

  4. It brought peace to Frane

  5. To ban private duels within the realm

The Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre was part of which larger conflict?

  1. French religious wars of the late 16th century

  2. Thirty Years War

  3. English Civil War

  4. War of Spanish Succession

  5. War of Jenkins’ Ear

The French Wars of Religion involved all of the following EXCEPT

  1. Aristocratic resentment at royal authority

  2. Antagonism between Calvinists and Catholics

  3. A weakened monarchy following the death of Henry II

  4. Spanish interference in French political affairs

  5. The refusal of the politiques to view France as anything other than a purely Catholic nation

The most successful politique was

  1. Oliver Cromwell

  2. Philip II of Spain

  3. Mary I of England

  4. Francis I of France

  5. Elizabeth I of England

Which event starkly marked the beginning of the French wars of religion?

  1. The duke of Guise surprising a Protestant congregation in Champagne and massacring many worshipers

  2. The issuing of the January Edict

  3. The leak, to the Catholics, of the kidnapping plot to take Francis II from his Guise advisors

  4. The death of Francis II

  5. The crowning of Francis II as king of France

King Henry IV stunned France, Spain, and the pope by

  1. Declaring France Protestant, but hoping it to remain politically weak

  2. Executing two hundred militant Protestants

  3. Declaring France Catholic but hoping it would remain politically weak

  4. Publically abandoning the Catholic faith and embracing Protestantism

  5. Publically abandoning the Catholic faith and embracing Catholicism

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