Presidential Mash-up: Hoover vs. Fdr president Hoover

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President Hoover

President FDR (Roosevelt)

Defined by Beliefs

Rugged Individualism: individuals should be responsible for their own welfare and success; the government should provide little assistance

Social Welfare: the government should provide a minimum level of income, services, or other support for disadvantaged peoples (ex. poor, elderly, disabled, etc.)

Approach to the Great Depression



  • Government should take direct action to help the people

  • Government should play a larger role in business

  • Temporarily close the banks to reduce panic and increase stability

Recovery Plan

  • Encouraged voluntary partnerships between businesses and government

  • Thought the problem was confidence - the market would correct itself if they waited it out

“The New Deal” -

Examples of Government Programs

Hoover’s Programs:

FDR’s Programs:

Hoover vs. FDR

1. President Hoover once said, “I do not believe that the power and duty of the general government ought to extend to the relief of individual suffering.” Why might this perspective have been problematic to Americans in the 1930s? How was this statement illustrated in Annie? Do you agree or disagree with it?

2. Why do you think President Roosevelt’s plan for America was called “The New Deal?” Consider two or three specific programs: what was the focus and end goal of each?

How did the New Deal provide hope for the characters in Annie?

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