President of Convocation Anour Kassim,Chairman of the University Council



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<+_article> essential goods <-_from><+_in> <&/>prep the shops <#/>At times people had to do without the essential goods because they could not be found in shops <#/>Actually the good intention of state control of the economy had led the government to try to do everything for the people but it ended up doing very little or nothing at all <#/>The move towards trade liberalization therefore made the private sector to <./>to start <&/>grammar> contribute <&/>grammar towards our economic recovery <#/>The shops which <-/>which were virtually empty in the early <-/>early nineteen eighties are now filled with various consumer and accessory goods <#/>Trade liberalization therefore became one of the major steps in our economic programme recovery programme <#/>The changes taking place now around the world have greatly influenced the changes to take place in most of the countries where state control of the economy was prevailing <&/>grammar/aspect <#/>The socialist countries like China and Russia which had state controlled economies have greatly changed and now they have liberalized their economies <#/>China for example has changed it <&/>grammar/reference by creating suitable conditions for private sector to <-/>to operate <#/>They have created economic zones which are provided with all necessary infrastructures to attract <-_>to attract<-/> foreign investors <#/>This policy therefore has attracted investors from <+_article> USA Japan and the other Western countries to invest in China <#/>Tanzania likewise has also to liberalize all spheres which were controlled by the state <#/>The private sector which was ignored after independence has it now has to be encouraged and protected <#/>Our government realizes that the political economic and the social environment are characterized by <-/>by dynamism <#/>They have to keep on changing to accommodate the changing environment <#/>This explains why we have moved from <+_article> one-party-system to <+_article> multiparty-system and from <+_article> state controlled economy to privatisation and from free social services to paid service provision <#/>In this era the ruling party CCM and the government therefore have resolved to resort to the traditional roles of the government of maintaining law and order and creating <+_article> conducive climate for private investments and individual initiatives to operate smoothly <#/>We have now therefore <+_to> be aware that the state now will no longer be involved in the economic ventures as it used to be in the past <#/>Although Tanzania is a poor country we should be proud that we managed throughout to maintain stability peace and security <#/>The changes taking place in the country therefore require <+_article> peaceful and stable environment <#/>It is the duty of the government therefore to ensure that peace security in the country <-_is><+_are> maintained at all costs <#/>We should learn from our brothers in Burundi Rwanda Angola Mozambique Somalia where civil wars have adversely affected their social and economic lives <#/>The instability prevailing in these countries have led to the indigenous and foreign and foreigners to flee from these countries <#/>This is indeed <./>de uh deplorable situation because most of the bloodshed taking place is caused by <+_article> power struggle between personalities at the expense of the poor people <#/>We should therefore learn from these countries and assure that we do not fall into this trap <#/>Only military investors who will be willing to invest in <-/>in places where there is war but <./>who but not the economic investors <&/>structure <#/>May I therefore call upon all Tanzanians who love to live in peace to co-operate with the government in ensuring that they will do not put our country into strife <&/>idiom caused by religious tribal or any other differences <#/>We have been since <./>indep since pre-independence days living like brothers and sisters irrespective of our tribal or religious differences <#/>The recent incidence of unrest caused by a group by groups of <+_article> few fundamentalists under the pretext of religion should be condemned by all peace-loving Tanzanians and all foreigners who aspire to invest in Tanzania <#/>We should therefore consolidate our solidarity and co-operate together <&/>lexeme in assuring that we create an <./>atmo an atmosphere of stability and prosperity <-_for><+_in> <&/>prep the interest of all Tanzanians and for foreign investors <#/>May I also point out that although we have allowed opposition parties to be formed and operate we should join together in creating favourable conditions to attract investors during this transitional period <#/>It is therefore very sad for some of the opposition parties to advocate <&/>grammar> for the elimination of groups of people who they call <-_>they call<-/> gabacholis in favour of walalahoi <#/>This is a wrong concept because it is misleading to assume that the poor Tanzanians will get rich by driving out the Indians Arabs and other foreigners living in Tanzania <#/>Let us learn from what took place in Uganda during Idi Amin’s era <#/>The Indians were kicked out and the <./>indig the indigenous people were handed over their business <#/>The <-_Uganda><+_Ugandan> economy did not improve neither were the majority of the Ugandans became <&/>grammar> rich <#/>The new regime has realized the mistake and now they have invited the Indians back to come and participate in building the <-_Uganda><+_Ugandan> economy Tanzania under CCM therefore will not support the idea of eliminating the <./>foreign the foreigners in favour of indigenous Tanzanians because it means discouraging foreign investors <#/>The government under the liberalization policy will go on encouraging both local and foreign investors to participate in the economic ventures <#/>We are aware that due to <+_article> economic crisis the problem of uh unemployment has grown up <#/>We have a lot of youths migrating to urban areas and due to the to unemployment problems most of them have indulged themselves in crimes <&/>grammar/reflex as a shortcut way of earning their living <#/>The government therefore has launched a special fund about one point eight million shillings to be loaned to this group to enable them to make <&/>lexeme their own small economic projects <#/>We also hope that under <+_article> investment programme some of the youths will be absorbed in the new economic projects <#/>Although the government is withdrawing from running the economic activities we hope that the private sector will fully co-operate in building our economy <#/>We invite all genuine investors to come because the prevailing situation is right for serious and genuine investors <#/>The tax invaders and dubious people who come under <+_article> cover of <+_article> investment policy will not be entertained <#/>The government and my ministry in particular would like to assure genuine investors that they will be fully protected if on their part there will be they will <./>obs observe laws and the regulations laid down <#/>The role of the government will largely remain <+_one> of ensuring there is peace harmony and order in the country <#/>May I now take <-_>May I<-/> take this opportunity to urge the IPC to ensure that our open door policy is well translated and transmitted to the willing local and foreign investors <#/>I also call upon all Tanzanians to understand this policy so that they can participate positively particularly in buying shares in the collapsing parastatals <#/>We need to understand that <+_article> investment policy apart from creating employment will also offer other opportunities like transfer of technology <./>avail availability of essential consumer goods managerial skills capital formation effective infrastructure and <+_article> growth of the economy in general <#/>It is the task of <-/>of IPC therefore to ensure that the policy succeeds and that ultimately the Tanzanians are able to enjoy the results <#/>May I also call upon investors from the developed countries to make a deliberate move to invest <./>large largely in developing countries like Tanzania <#/>We have a lot of unexploited potentialities which have remained idle because of <+_article> lack of capital investment <#/>The deliberate move therefore will help to break to <./>brid <-/>to bridge the widening gap between the rich and the poor nations <#/>The investment has to flow from the rich nations to the poor as a way of eliminating contradictions which may disturb <-_the> world peace <#/>We all love peace and prosperity therefore let us work together towards that end <#/>I hope that the participants will discuss seriously how we can promote and encourage accelerated investment in Tanzania <#/>Let me assure you that the government will be ready to support and assist the IPC endeavour <#/>We are anxiously waiting to learn the outcome of your seminar <#/>Once again I thank the Director General of IPC for inviting me to this seminar I also and also for the participants who have managed to attend and lastly for listening to me <#/>I now have much pleasure to declare this seminar open Thank you very much

<&_>Mrema (Minister), IPC SEMINAR: MOSHI

S2B051T


<$A> Mr Khalfan Hemed Khalfan, 50, m. Chairperson for Disabled Association Zanzibar, Form Four, teacher for over 15 years.

<#/>Thank you chairperson Guests of honour Honourable Minister of State President's Office Civil Service Ndugu Fatma Said Ali MP Director of Social Services Zanzibar Assistant Commissioner for Social Services Tanzania mainland Chairperson of EAFOD Secretary General of uh SAFORD Members or <-_Representative><+_Representatives> of United Nation Agencies Guest of Honours <&/>grammar Distinguished Guests Ladies and Gentlemen <#/>I think before I make the closing or concluding statement I would like first to remind ourselves <&/>grammar as leaders and try to see who is a leader <#/>We are all leaders and we are all seated there as leaders <#/>So probably when I describe a leader you have the freedom to accept or to reject that <#/>First I say that a leader is lazy letting others in the group do the work <#/>Two the leader is crazy believing that others will do the work <#/>Third the leader is stupid attempting impossible tasks even after the final no <#/>A leader is ignorant always a student asking stupid questions eager to learn <#/>A leader is foolish working hard dedicated receiving little material reward <#/>A leader is brazen stepping forward when others shy away putting duty before career <#/>A leader is <_/impetus> daring to question the validity of the underlying assumptions of sacred cows as their relation to the past present and future <#/>A leader is powerless playing open-handed letting others know all the information at the leader's disposal in a manner useful to others <#/>A leader is <-/indisciplined> and individual in the absence of orders initiates and executes the right course of action <#/>A leader is incompetent seeking help when needed no matter what light it throws on the leader's competence in getting the job done <#/>And lastly a leader is weak letting those around be individuals by allowing them to have the <-/attributers> of a good leader <#/>So you have the freedom to <-/>to <-/>to accept to reject or whatever but I feel those are the <-_characteristic><+_characteristics> of a leader <#/>Honourable Minister ladies and gentlemen at this concluding ceremony of a training of trainers workshop and the second regional executive committee meeting of the Eastern African Federation of the Disabled that is EAFOD it gives me great pleasure to record with much appreciation the role all the participants played to bring all the business which started on Monday twenty-fourth <./>ninetee January nineteen ninety-four to such a successful conclusion <#/>The deliberations of our workshop and indeed those of the region's executive committee meeting have opened a new chapter in the development of disabled people in the whole of eastern Africa <#/>The workshop came up with very interesting and practical <-_resolution><+_resolutions> whose implementation by all parties concerned will definitely ensure a new life for disabled people a life which they have been denied for a long time in the region <#/>For decades eastern African countries have been undergoing all kinds of social economic political and in some cases religious problems and under such conditions and throughout these decades of turmoil disabled people have been suffering silently <#/>For those who have tried to cry out loudly their voices have not been heard by anybody <#/>Ours has been a voice in the wilderness <#/>Therefore through this EAFOD we now have a powerful and loud voice of disabled people in the part in this part of the world <#/>Through unity we are going to make that voice ever louder and stronger <#/>Our governments in the region need to receive and accept all the resolutions which were made by the workshop participants <#/>On behalf of all my colleagues in eastern Africa I would like to thank uh the government of Zanzibar and the government of Tanzania for all the support that <+_they> have given us and to enable us successfully <+_to> achieve the <-_objective><+_objectives> of this workshop <&/>applause <#/>I would also like to thank all the participants and the EAFOD leadership for a job well done <#/>Thanks also too for choosing Zanzibar to be the interim headquarters of the Eastern African Federation of the Disabled <#/>I would like to assure all of you that as Secretary General of EAFOD I will do my best to keep all our progresses <&/>grammar properly co-ordinated and this of course will be done with the co-operation of all executive members of EAFOD and grass-root member organisations that belong to Eastern Africa <#/>With this short conclusive remark honourable guest of honour on behalf of EAFOD and on behalf of the participants of the workshop I would like to read to you and to all those present the resolutions that were adopted uh at the workshop <#/>These resolutions are supposed not to be uh papers to be filed in the files but these are going to be papers that have to be you know to be implemented for the benefit and development of disabled people in the region <#/>So these are the resolutions which are adopted <#/>Preamble <#/>This first Eastern African Federation of the Disabled meeting of training of trainers workshop which brought together thirty delegates from eleven EAFOD member countries to discuss and get practical solutions of acquiring knowledge and implementing such knowledge to empower and enable their constituencies in their respective countries in order for them to be able to redress all the past imbalances which societies and governments have created for them <#/>Realising the past and present negative attitudes that have resulted from discriminatory barriers degrading exploitating cruel and unjust treatment committed against people with disabilities which in turn has been a denial of human basic rights by their governments <-_in><+_at> <&/>prep different levels <#/>Reaffirming our rights to fundamental life liberty equality security and all other rights belonging to mankind irrespective of their social status religious disability gender or other considerations <#/>Aware of the discrimination unfair treatment and exploitation to which people with disabilities have been and continue to be subjected in all areas of social political and economic life and participation as well as their marginalisation degradation and abuse of women and children <#/>Reaffirming again the need to involve people's disabilities and their organisations in all matters affecting them especially at decision making and policy formulation levels national planning and social reconstruction on matters affecting disabled persons <#/>We therefore would like to part to put forward the following resolutions and uh put to the government of the east African region and uh to the following demands <&/>structure with <+_article> urgency they <-/they> deserve <#/>One EAFOD should take a long road to ensure equal and full participation of women with disabilities in all its structures which will eventually permeate their total involvement and participation at local national and regional <-_level><+_levels> <#/>Mindful that in some countries in the region women including women with disabilities have no right to <-/>to inheritance EAFOD has resolved to fight for this evil practice to be abolished be it set up it’s <&/>grammar backed by legislative or traditional law <#/>Two EAFOD should fight with their respective governments in the region for their rights to education health employment housing transport information etcetera <#/>Number three United Nations and its agencies should unreservedly condemn and isolate regimes which allow the violation of the rights of disabled people such as dragging disabled people from villages to urban centres to turn them into clubs of beggars for the benefit of those perpetrating the <-/violators> <#/>At the same time the United Nations and its agencies and governments should take every necessary step to ensure that child labour which has been on the increase in recent years is pulled to a halt <#/>Four Governments in eastern Africa in consultation with national associations of the deaf should accept and develop <+_article> sign language as an official language of deaf persons <#/>Five Governments in eastern Africa should take it as their obligation toward ensuring that people with disabilities are provided with free and appropriate assisted devices for <-_the> independent living <#/>Six Having disagreed with <+_article> WHO definition of CBR CBR means Community Based Rehabilitation which is the participants emphasised the need for DPI<&/>cough and its structure to redefine the present CBR concept so that its components embody total development of disabled people their full participation and rehabilitation of the community <#/>Seven EAFOD should take every necessary step to run their day to day activities democratically <#/>Those with experience should impart knowledge to the young and emerging leaders as well as avoid dictatorial tendencies of having lifetime leaders <#/>Eight EAFOD should strive for total unity of disability groups and the organisation of eastern Africa through exchange of information and visits training programme sharing of resources and promoting marketing of products produced by the disabled people <#/>Nine EAFOD should strive for increased development of eastern Africa and southern African co-operation in all fields of development as a step towards the formation of a Pan African Federation of the Disabled <#/>Ten which is the last but not least resolution EAFOD should through its national governments and authorities in the region formulate and enforce comprehensive legislation to promote and protect the rights and interests of disabled persons and thereby ensure disabled persons of access to all community services <#/>These are the ten point recommendations or resolutions rather which were adopted by the uh <-/>the participants of the workshop and uh these of course are going to be distributed to all governments of the region and then we'll have to <-/>to make a follow-up to see that these resolutions don't end up in dustbins as it happened in some countries where the world programme of action concerning disabled persons was put in the dustbin up to the mid-term evaluation when other governments were <./>eve <-/>were not even aware that that United Nations document was available <#/>So with these few remarks honourable guests uh I would like to <-/>to <-/>to welcome the director of uh social welfare Zanzibar to <&/>end of recording

<&_>Eastern African Federation of the Disabled Workshop, concluding speech, 1993

S2B052T



<#/>Your Excellencies ambassadors and heads of foreign missions distinguished representatives of international organisations esteemed workshop participants invited guests ladies and gentlemen it gives me great pleasure to have been invited to officiate <&/>lexeme the opening of this important meeting <#/>I wish to commend the commission for land and environment of the ministry of water construction energy land and environment together with the commission for tourism of the ministry of information culture tourism and youth for organising this very important workshop <#/>I also wish to convey my special thanks to the Royal Netherlands embassy in Nairobi the Finnish International Development Agency and the Global Environment Facility Programme in Tanzania for their great assistance in convening this meeting which is a follow-up <-_>a follow-up<-/> to the <-_>to the<-/> Zanzibar National Environment policy workshop held in July nineteen ninety-four <#/>On behalf of the government and the people of Tanzania and of Zanzibar in particular and on my own behalf I take this opportunity to welcome you all <#/>It is my hope however that you will be able yet to perceive a tinge of warmth and cordiality from amongst the citizens during your stay here and please do feel at home <#/>Mr Chairman I don't need to stress the urgency of this workshop at this stage of Zanzibar's tourism development since tourism is now the world the world's fastest growing industry and according to the nineteen ninety-two report of the World Travel and Tourism Council between nineteen seventy and nineteen ninety the number of tourists travelling in the world grew by nearly three hundred per cent <#/>It is expected to grow by half again before the turn of the century <#/>Tourism is now in the <-_throe><+_throes> of being regarded as one of the world's largest industries employing about one hundred and twelve million people world-wide and paying about US dollars five hundred and forty thousand million in wages and salaries <#/>It is that the tourism industry will be responsible for <./>seve for seven per cent of total capital investment in nineteen ninety-five <#/>The fastest growth is being witnessed in travel to new destinations and in so-called ecotourism the two or three wordsof environmental issues in important tourist markets of the developed countries <#/>Mr Chairman Zanzibar tourism development during its infancy stage is a <-_>is a<-/> mere abstraction of no exception to the global situation due to what is reported above <#/>The very trust to economic organisation made by the Zanzibar government over the past ten years is an attempt to diversify <-_>to diversify<-/> two words of isles away from the from its earlier dependence on the mono- economy <#/>The tourism industry has assumed a broader capacity in Zanzibar's national economic development plan <#/>Zanzibar is widely <./>reco <./>reco <./>reco recognised as having foreseen the opportunity for tourism development and it has foreseen that the tourism industry will soon become a major source of employment as well as a natural earner of both local revenue and foreign exchange <#/>By the year two thousand it is planned to be <&/>grammar not less than six thousand hotel beds in operation in two or three words <#/>So far just one thousand two hundred beds are in operation though currently a further one thousand five hundred beds are under construction around the coast of Unguja <#/>The message in Pemba is far less <./>a advanced now with just three government hotels and three guest houses serving the whole islands <#/>It may perhaps be important to inform the western delegates that Pemba has more attractive scenery interrupted by gentle views all through with more beautiful beaches than the island of Zanzibar <#/>It has more rainfall which means all <-/>all the more greening lasts throughout the year <#/>My pen I’m afraid cannot give a better description than a sight-seeing <&/>lexeme <#/>The is very much aware that uncertainty of water and power is a major obstacle to serious investment in Pemba <#/>Conversely employment will continue to be even more a problem and it is our intention and the government it
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