President of Convocation Anour Kassim,Chairman of the University Council



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<&/>grammar in the classroom and the end product has got to reflect etiquette has got to balance to reflect a balanced view <#/>Abusive language in our copy can only be attributed to lack of etiquette because you don't have to abuse people <#/>You don't have to use abusive language intentionally or unconsciously and expect to be taken or to be understood as a fantastic journalist <#/>There is no wisdom in using harsh language <#/>So if the tools of our work <-_is><+_are> words we have the responsibility to choose those words which are not loaded with abuse <#/>This is what I think and this is what I believe <#/>So maybe I have discussed the qualities of a journalist his conscience and maybe his approach to these matters <#/>But in this particular discussion which will affect all Tanzanians because it is a democratic discussion and one good thing or bad thing about democracy is the fact that all those involved have the same right or rights so who should be given prominence who should be treated as second class or who can want for his opinion to be heard later In which case political questions democratic questions of this nature have got to be seen as they are but I think more importantly have got to be seen from their political perspectives <#/>Our contribution as individuals or as journalists or as those people who are placed in a position to influence to guide to balance the debate we have to take into account certain factors which are very important <-_I><+_I'd> like to suggest that it is important to know historical uh the political history of Zanzibar which led to the revolution <#/>Why did people had to take up arms to kill other people <&/>grammar <#/>What underlying factors mobilised the people to that type of action <#/>Then you will be able to appreciate certain milestones in the political processes of Zanzibar <#/>Likewise what happened in nineteen fifty-four <#/>How was TANU organised <#/>Who did it and what transpired from that time to date <#/>Is there anything to appreciate in all these processes <#/>Or is the whole process worth condemnation <#/>So in discussing issues of this nature I think we have also to take into account instead of uh <-_>instead of<-/> just jumping or looking at the political discussions and political changes <-_for> the journalist placed as he is I think he should have a much wider perspective much depth in the issues to be able to appreciate uh uh contributions of other people to be able to frame his questions and to be able to uh play an effective role in this crucial and historical debate <#/>Ladies and gentlemen having said that uh Mr Chairman I thank you very much

<&/_>Speaker from discussion following Minister Mkapa's speech S2B045AT

S2B046AT


<$A> Hon N. Kiula Minister for Works

<$B> Chairman

<$B> <#/>The Honourable Guest of Honour Honourable Ministers Your Excellencies Members of the Diplomatic Corps and <-_representative><+_representatives> of international organisations the Honourable Regional Commissioner dear delegates it is now six years since we met here when the government launched the first RIP <#/>It is gratifying to note that we've been able to achieve what we did plan at that <-_>at that<-/> time and it is because of the serious commitment by the government and the the policy actions which have been taken to implement our initiative that we have seen some <-_successes><+_success> to <&/>prep the RIP and that is the reason why we are <-/>we're meeting here again to review our successes and failures and be able to <-/>to <-/>to go to a second phase of the programme <#/>It is therefore my pleasure and humble duty now to call upon the Honourable Minister for Works to introduce our guest of honour

<$A> <#/>Honourable Ben Mkapa Minister of Higher Education Science and Technology Section Chairman Honourable Professor Sarungi Minister of Transport and Communications Honourable Dr Kiwanuka Regional Commissioner of Arusha region Your Excellencies the ambassadors representatives of donor agencies Principal Secretaries invited guests ladies and gentlemen Mr Chairman on behalf of the Minister of Works and on my own behalf I'd like to welcome Honourable Benjamin Mkapa Minister for Higher Education Science and Technology on behalf of the Prime Minister and First Vice-President who has kindly accepted our invitation to come and officially open our donors' conference today <#/>We the Minister of Works consider it a great honour to involve him <-_on><+_in> <&/>prep this very important conference <#/>His commitment to the development of the country's roads and transport in general makes it next to impossible not to involve him in conferences like this one today <#/>Honourable Malecela has demonstrated his involvement to the sector by participating many times in inspecting the progress of physical roadworks like the Kibiti - Lindi Tunduma - Sumbawanga Dar es Salaam city roads and many others <#/><-_For> those who were here in March nineteen ninety-one may recall that Honourable Malecela was the guest of honour at the launching ceremony of the Roads Integrated Project Phase One <#/>And when invited and when we invited him again to open this conference he accepted it without any hesitation <#/>But due to some unavoidable reasons Honourable Malecela had to leave for another very important meeting in Japan <#/>He has instead sent to us Honourable Mkapa Minister for Higher Education Science and Technology to open this very important meeting on his behalf <#/>I hope you'll agree with me Mr Chairman that we should consider ourselves greatly honoured by his response to our invitation <#/>Honourable Minister Mkapa before you are distinguished guests from embassies based in Tanzania representatives from donor agencies principal secretaries uh <+_article> Minister for Communication Transport Regional Development Directors Heads of Department sections from my ministry headquarters and we have here all regional engineers from Tanzania mainland <#/>We wish to thank them for having accepted our invitation to this very important conference which will run for two consecutive days beginning today the fourth of October <#/>Our main expectation <-_on><+_from> <&/>prep this conference is for the delegates to review the objectives of RIP <#/>Two its scope and its funding requirements <#/>After this donors will be asked to comment and express their interests on individual pro-project components <#/>Mr Chairman I hope you remember that a similar representation participated <-_on><+_in> <&/>prep the first donors' conference of the transport sector held also in Arusha some time in December nineteen eighty-seven for the same objective though for RIP <#/>One It is quite a consolation to say that the outcome after <&/>prep that donors' conference in nineteen eighty-seven and other subsequent conferences in terms of physical achievement on road network is quite remarkable <#/>Let me take this opportunity Mr Chairman to just mention a few completed road projects since we began implementation of RIP <#/>One Among the bitumen roadworks completed todate are Morogoro - Mikumi which is seventy-three kilometres Igawa - Igurusi which is fifty-nine fifty-eight kilometres Chalinze - Segera which is one seventy-four kilometres Same - Himo eighty-two kilometres Bukumbi - Isaka one fourteen kilometres and among bitumen roads under construction and rehabilitation are the Dar es Salaam - Chalinze hundred kilometres Mikumi - Kitonga forty-nine kilometres Igurusi - Songwe ninety-one kilometres Segera - Tanga seventy-one kilometres Kibiti - Ikwiriri twenty-nine kilometres Kwabero - Nyakasanza fifty-nine kilometres Musoma - Sirari ninety-two kilometres <#/>As for the gravel roads' construction and rehabilitation for the trunk and rural roads there is also good progress <#/>I hope every one of us has already seen this with his or her own eyes <#/>It is through these positive results Mr Chairman that this donors' conference was planned so that pockets which could not be filled under RIP one be considered now for RIP <#/>Two Other road sections such as Tanga - Horohoro Marangu - Tarachea etcetera have been tendered and are now in the negotiation stage while the extreme and design work in fund mobilization is still going on for such roads as Dodoma - Singida Mikumi - Ifakara Mtukula - Msaunga to mention just a few of them <#/>Of course we have the Mwanza - Shinyanga border road tender already floated and opening is on the twenty-ninth October this year <#/>This is beside many regional roads which have already been tendered for <-/>for bidding <#/>The third major component Mr Chairman for RIP involves studies ranging from feasibility studies and bridge designs to office management <#/>Eighteen different studies have been carried out and these are at different stages of completion <#/>Honourable chief guest and distinguished participants it will be appreciated that RIP <-_>it will be appreciated that RIP<-/> is a large and complex project which needs close co-ordination <#/>I'm glad to report that there's been very good co-operation and co-ordination not only at the project execution level but also at the donors' and at the inter-ministerial levels <#/>The ministry has also organised internal workshops every year to discuss implementation bottlenecks and chart out solutions <#/>The last such workshop was held only last week in <./>the these same premises we are in today <#/>May I therefore take this opportunity Mr Chairman to thank all those who have worked tirelessly to ensure the success of the first RIP <#/>It is their efforts which have enabled us to embark on this second phase of the project <#/>To a large extent Mr Chairman our <-/>our success is also attributed to the reforms which you've undertaken since the commencement of the project <#/>Much has been done to streamline the organisation at the ministry's headquarters and at the regions' levels also <#/>The regional engineers have also been delegated greater responsibilities in execution of roadworks <#/>These reforms are still going on and very soon we shall take another step forward through the appointment of a central road board which will have a strong representation of the road users <#/>The intention is to make the organisation more responsive to the needs of the road user <#/>If I can just mention that up to now <&/>idiom we have started regional road boards under the chairmanship of the regional commissioners in every region and the members of these regional road boards are government leaders at different levels and their responsibilities are to advise the Minister of Works on the rehabilitation uh repair work and other uh jobs concerning our roads <#/>At the same time I wish to call upon all those who did not live up to our expectations to pull up their socks <#/>Indeed we cannot condone such people for too long because this will jeopardise the success of the project <#/>So far we have tried to tolerate them to some extent because one of the objectives of the project is to develop local expertise <#/>However there is a limit to which we can continue to tolerate them especially when the source of their their non-performance is negligence or sheer incompetence <#/>Mr Chairman it is now my intention it is not my intention to turn this address into another long speech so could you please allow me to welcome Honourable Benjamin Mkapa Minister of Higher Education Science and Technology on behalf of the Prime Minister and First Vice-President of the United Republic of Tanzania to deliver his long awaited opening address to this conference Honourable Minister karibu


<&_>Donors' conference in Arusha on 5/10/93

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<#/>Honourable chief guest on behalf of the conference participants allow me to express our sincere vote of thanks to you for having spared your precious time to come and address us this morning <#/>This morning you have taken us through the history of the transport sector in Tanzania <#/>The task has not been an easy one <#/>For us in the road subsector the past has been full of potholes <#/>For those who travel by air it has been very turbulent <#/>For those who travel by rail we have travelled through dim tunnels and for those who travel by sea you'll agree they have encountered very high waves <#/>As a result our economy has had to suffer because of this thorny path <#/>Since sixty years ago efforts to upturn this trend <-_has><+_have> been in progress <#/>Honourable chief guest as you rightly reminded us this morning it is because of these efforts that we're here today <#/>Your address this morning has just been to show us the way <#/>You've unveiled to us the government initiatives to liberate the transport sector <#/>Honourable chief guest we will <&/>grammar/tense therefore be failing in our duties if we did not take heed of your words of wisdom and direction you've pointed before us <#/>It is my duty therefore on behalf of the conference participants to thank you for having set the pace <#/>We promise that we will endeavour to live up to the expectations of the government and it is our expectation that our friends from the donor community will assist in these efforts <#/>With these remarks honourable chief guest we thank you for your address this morning <#/>Thank you

<&_>Dr Mlugwa, 5/10/93

S2B047T


<#/>Mr Chairman Honourable Kiula Minister of Works Honourable Professor Sarungi Minister of Communications and Transport Dr Kiwanuka who is now Regional Commissioner for Arusha Representatives of donor countries and donor agencies Principal Secretaries and RDD's invited guests ladies and gentlemen as Minister Kiula has pointed out I have been given the honour of uh reading the remarks that the Prime Minister and First Vice-President would have given had he been here to open this meeting <#/>It is needless to say a special honour for me and I want to take this opportunity to thank the Prime Minister for this graciousness on his part <#/>I also want to thank Minister Kiula and Minister Sarungi for the courtesies and the regional commissioner for the courtesies which they have extended to me in order to facilitate my discharging this responsibility this morning <#/>The Prime Minister and First Vice-President's remarks to you this morning are as follows

<#/>Your Excellencies Honourable Ministers representatives of donor agencies Principal Secretaries distinguished guests ladies and gentlemen f<#/>irst let me sincerely express my gratitude and delight for this privilege and honour accorded to me to speak to you this morning <#/>This assembly brings together heads and members of the diplomatic corps heads of donor agencies honourable ministers principal secretaries and other senior government officials <#/>On behalf of the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania I wish to welcome you all <#/>I wish to extend special welcome to those of you who have had to travel long distances to be with us here in Arusha and to this important donors' conference <#/>We appreciate very much your support in an efforts to improve the transport sector as part and parcel of the National Economic Recovery Programme <#/>Your Excellencies and distinguished guests let me start by giving you a little history of why we are here today <#/>Tanzania like many developing countries has had quite ambitious development programmes <#/>Right after independence we started to chart out long-term development strategies <#/>First we had three-year development programmes followed by five-year development programmes <#/>In all these programmes transport and particularly road development featured very highly <#/>Several new roads were built to a bitumen standard <#/>These included the Tanzam highway nine hundred and fifty kilometres and the Chalinze - Segera and the Mkumbara - Kisangiro roads three hundred kilometres Mtwara - Masasi two hundred kilometres which were built between nineteen sixty-eight and nineteen seventy-five <#/>Thousands of kilometres of gravel roads were also constructed <#/>Throughout these plans our emphasis was on development which was synonymous with new construction <#/>Little attention was given to preservation and maintenance of the transport infrastructure <#/>Efforts by the government to try and address the problem of road maintenance started in the late nineteen seventies with trunk road maintenance projects which were supported by the World Bank <#/>These however turned out to be half measures and did not succeed to arrest <&/>grammar the fast deterioration of the road network <#/>Your Excellencies and distinguished guests by the mid nineteen eighties it had become evident that the deterioration of the transport infrastructure was cause for alarm <#/>The manifestations can be summarised as follows

<#/>A The condition of most rural roads was poor and transport to villages restricted to dry seasons

<#/>B The trunk road network had deteriorated to such an extent that only about forty per cent of the trunk road network was in good condition severely increasing the cost of transport and curtailing the movement of goods

<#/>C The trucking sub-sector which accounts for over seventy per cent of agricultural produce haulage from rural areas had been allowed to deteriorate due to lack of foreign exchange to replace the aged fleet as well as to maintain the fleet in <./>rutti <-/>in running condition with spare parts and tyres

<#/>E Inadequate trucking capacity coupled with low operational efficiency of <+_article> parastatal trucking fleet had prevented the trucking sub-sector from coping with the surge in agricultural production following implementation of the Economic Recovery Programme

<#/>F The two railways which are strategically located to carry <+_article> majority of long distance domestic and transit traffic were able to carry home only fifteen per cent of the total goods movement in the country and

<#/>H Due to deteriorated berth and equipment the ports were unable to adequately accommodate the import and export traffic of the country nor compete effectively against other regional ports for transit traffic of neighbouring land-locked countries <#/>As a consequence of this pathetic state of the transportation infrastructure and the resultant unsatisfactory operational efficiency progress on the government's Economic Recovery Programme was stalled <#/>It was against this background that the government convened the transport sector donors' conference in December nineteen eighty-seven here in Arusha <#/>At that conference documents entitled Programme for Transport Sector Recovery outlined the basic policy institutional changes and rehabilitation requirements of the economy <#/>Also a draft national transport policy was presented to the donors <#/>Your Excellencies and distinguished guests the nineteen eighty-seven Arusha strategy for the transport sector entailed the following

<#/>A Systematic efforts to be made to improve the operational efficiency of the sector

<#/>B Financial performance and cost recovery to be improved throughout the transport sector

<#/>C Increasing resource allocation to the transport sector particularly for roads

<#/>D Improving the utilisation of existing asserts through improving the management and operations

<#/>E Concentrating future efforts on rehabilitation and maintenance of the basic road network

<#/>F Adjusting institutional structures consistent with effectively carrying out the required rehabilitation maintenance and operations

<#/>G Top priority to be given to maintenance funds' allocation for roads which had fallen far short of requirement in the past and

<#/>H To secure the maximum possible foreign exchange allocation for road maintenance as well for current operational requirements of trucking railways and aviation sub-sectors

<#/>Looking at the individual sectors and sub-sectors <#/>The railway subsector <#/>At a separate donors' conference in February nineteen eighty-seven the government and TRC adopted the Emergency Recovery Programme aimed at rehabilitating and strengthening the operations and management system for Tanzania Railways Corporation <#/>Under the programme it was agreed to concentrate all investments in the rehabilitation of key assets and to improve operating capacity through managerial improvements under a ten point programme TAZARA since nineteen eighty-four has been implementing a ten-year development plan with donor support for twenty-three project items to bring up its operations near to the effective installed capacity <#/>The port subsector <#/>Your Excellencies and distinguished guests the strategy for the port subsector was to continue with the modernisation of the Port of Dar es Salaam which had started in nineteen eighty-five and included the rehabilitation of the berths and cargo handling equipment coupled with training and technical assistance to improve efficiency in cargo handling for both container and general cargo <#/>As for the <./>avie aviation subsector the government economic recovery strategy in the civil aviation sub-sector included measures intended to improve the condition in the <./>subjec in the subsector as follows

<#/>A Carrying out a study to rationalise Air Tanzania Corporation's overhead and support structure to improve its productivity including possible need of technical assistance

<#/>B Formulating a staged programme to increase fares for domestic market to ensure full cost recovery in the provision of services by ATC and introduce a more flexible mechanism to enable fair adjustment on a timely basis

<#/>C Limiting capital investment by ATC until such time as a rational development and financial strategy could be developed

<#/>D Pursuing an open-sky policy allowing local charter airlines to provide domestic scheduled services to meet the demand for air transport

<#/>E To improve and rehabilitate aerodromes within the framework of recommendations of a development study to be undertaken

<#/>The road transport subsector <#/>Your Excellencies and distinguished guests the strategy for the trucking subsector focused on the importation of requirements including an accelerated replacement programme for aged trucks and continued support for importing spare parts fuel and raw materials for tyre production to alleviate rural transport and <+_article> marketing of agricultural commodities In the short term the government agreed to allow market forces to determine the appropriate level of interregional trucking tariffs with a view to allowing the operators to recover their operating costs and to realise a reasonable return on their assets <#/>And in the long term to review the role and function of RETCOs and other state-owned transport agencies <#/>The roads' subsector <#/>The roads' subsector strategy comprises a comprehensive approach which entailed integrating the implementation of key road investments with major policy and institutional reforms such as

A Rehabilitating and improving the priority trunk and rural roads essential for evacuation of agricultural products

B Strengthening the administration and management of trunk and regional roads in order to maintain the rehabilitated roads network in satisfactory condition

C Enhancing road maintenance capacity in the country through promotion and use of local contractors

D Improving the availability of road maintenance equipment through encouraging the establishment of commercially operated plant pools

E Improving resource mobilisation and allocation in order to provide for adequate maintenance of truck and regional road networks and



F Re-orienting public expenditure to increase the overall size of the road budget and to allocate adequate funds for road maintenance and rehabilitation

<#/>Achievements of the strategies under the programme for transport sector recovery <#/>Your Excellencies and distinguished guests I'm glad to report that since nineteen eighty-seven the government has taken a number of key policy and institutional actions that are needed to attain the physical targets spelt out in the transport sector recovery strategy <#/>In particular in the railway subsector under a memorandum of understanding between TRC and the Government TRC has been allowed to operate on
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