President of Convocation Anour Kassim,Chairman of the University Council



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S2B041AT

<$A> President of Convocation

<$B> Anour Kassim,Chairman of the University Council

<$A> <#/>Your Excellency The Chancellor of the University of Dar es Salaam Mr Anour Kassim Chairman of the University Council CCM Party Secretary at the University Mr Vice Chancellor Honourable Ministers distinguished guests from the diplomatic and donor community members of the convocation Ladies and Gentlemen as president of the convocation it is my pleasant duty to welcome you all to the second seminar of the convocation of the University of Dar es Salaam <#/>The convocation is particularly proud and honoured to have you Mr Chancellor His Excellency President Ali Hassan Mwinyi as a chief guest at official opening of this seminar <#/>Your Excellency the theme of our seminar has a convocational background <#/>In my presidential inaugural address delivered at the nineteenth general meeting of the convocation in August nineteen eighty-nine I had exclusively dwelt on the crisis in our welfare state and had urged at that time that the convocation holds a seminar to address the crisis <#/>In that address Your Excellency I had pointed out that at time when the governments step fast commitment to the provision of free social services had suffered serious setbacks in the face of a debilitating economic crisis a free public service dependency syndrome had in turn entrenched itself in the social structure of our nation <#/>That dependency syndrome has given birth to mass demands and expectations which quite obviously defy the government's capacity to meet <#/>It is not a secret Your Excellency that the crisis of our welfare state has worsened since the delivery of my inaugural address in nineteen eighty-nine <#/>I'm therefore personally gratified that the convocation has responded to my call by organising this seminar <#/>Between today and tomorrow Your Excellency we hope together to seriously traverse the whole terrain of our social service system and in good time bring to you Sir a report of our findings and recommendations <#/>After these brief remarks Your Excellency allow me to invite the Chairman of the University Council Ndugu Anour Kassim to officially invite you to open this seminar <#/>Thank you very much
<&/>applause

<$B> <#/>Your Excellency Mr Chancellor President of Convocation Ministers Excellencies Vice-Chancellors Ladies and Gentlemen I had the honour of inviting you once before to participate at a very important function that took place at this University when we granted degrees in December last year but my duty is <-/>is not less honorous today is less honorous but equally important uh <#/>This here is the first time uh during this the last ten years that we've had your presence here to address a seminar of this quality and this importance and this significance to the people of Tanzania and we think it earmarks uh a series of events which will gradually help transfer some of the social evils that we suffer from by action being taken appropriately at the appropriate place <#/>And nothing is going to assist this and help this more than a frank discussion on the subject that's been selected under the Presidency of our young Juma Mwapachu who became our President in nineteen eighty-eight <#/>I think he needs to be congratulated for the active manner in which he has been able to uh <-/>to <-/>to promote the activities of uh this uh gathering <#/>We have amongst us Mr Vice Mr Chancellor some members of the diplomatic corps <#/>They happen to be ex-alumnae too particularly our friend from the Canadian High from the Kenya High Commission uh <#/>We are present <./>prese pleased to have here with us other ambassadors and High Commissioners as well <#/>This uh seminar would not have been possible had it not been for the active and constant intellectual assistance that we've received over the last thirty years <#/>And really it is the last thirty years from a group of countries who stand out for uh remarkably in this respect uh <#/>I'm talking about Norway Denmark and Sweden through their agencies NORAD DANIDA and SIDA

<&/> applause

<#/>They have been the backbone to the University in many respects and I hope in the next few years ahead once we are making an attempt to revitalise the activities of the University that they will continue to show us the support which they have given in the past and that others will emulate their style in giving us the kind of assistance we need in order to be able to perform the way we should as a University of Dar es Salaam and the premier University of Tanzania <#/>Your Excellency Mr Chancellor on behalf of this gathering here I have the great honour and pleasure of inviting you to address us <#/>Thank you


<&_>introduction to President Mwinyi's address to the University (cf. S2B042T)

S2B041BT


<#/>... Honourable Minister for Science Technology and Higher Education the Chairman of Council the President of Convocation Members of the Diplomatic Corps Senior Members of Convocation Your Excellencies Ladies and Gentlemen it is with great pleasure that I stand before you to thank his Excellency the President and the Chancellor of this university for their speeches just delivered this morning <#/>There are several reasons we ought to thank you Your Excellency Mr President <#/>First and foremost we thank you through your deliberate leadership for creating a conducing environment in Tanzania for these types of discourses <#/>It is the mark of the existence of a climate tolerant of free expression so central to democratic institutions <#/>For as you may recall the prophetic saying of the American president Abraham Lincoln delivered at Gettysburg in eighteen sixty-three to the effect that the Pilgrim Fathers brought forth to the American continental shores a people who yearned for democracy and therefore ready to lay down their lives and to call to him that this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom and that the government of the people by the people for the people shall not perish from the earth and <#/>What we see today Your Excellency is an attempt to relive that famous and wise statement made one and a quarter of a century ago half a world from us <#/>We thank you for encouraging this sense of freedom to organise and express ourselves this way in the hope that this particular seminar organised by the Convocation will live up to the expectations of its members as well as those of the nation <#/>Secondly we thank you for not only allowing this free expression of viewpoint so central to democratic society but for your personal involvement in the process your willingness to come to this university to meet and address members of Convocation the sole expression of your stand in this matter <#/>You could have chosen to turn down the invitation to open this seminar <#/>You could have decided to ask someone else to address us but you did neither <#/>We are sure that this action of yours will inspire us for the duration of the seminar and for very much longer beyond these two days <#/>Finally we thank you for the message contained in the text of your address <#/>This set the tone for the rest of the seminar and through the ripple effect for any other seminar organised by Convocation in its zonal meetings across the length and breadth of Tanzania <#/>Indeed in the order of orders given the nature of this university former students are to be found in all corners of our earth <#/>Finally on behalf of the Convocation on behalf of this august you have just addressed and on behalf of the whole university community we shall say asante sana <#/>Thank you Your Excellency

<&_>male speaker at the Convocation

S2B041CT


<#/>Mr Chairman of the seminar distinguished Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organisation Mr Bokscher Honourable Ministers Your Excellencies distinguished workshop participants ladies and gentlemen it is a great honour and a privilege for me to be invited to come and officially open this national workshop on copyright and neighbouring right <#/>I'm particularly delighted that this occasion is attended by the Director General of the World Intellectual Property <./>Orga Organisation Doctor Bokscher who will also address this workshop <#/>Please you are most welcome to Tanzania <#/>On behalf of the government and the people of the Republic of Tanzania I wish to welcome our distinguished guests from outside Tanzania to Tanzania and particularly to the city of Dar es Salaam <#/>Mr Chairman this workshop is on copyright and neighbouring rights <#/>From your programme it is evident that you will <./>co will be covering a wide range of coverage related to copyright and neighbouring rights <#/>I'm certain this an area of immense importance to the literal and artistic work in developing countries and especially to our country Tanzania <#/>Mr Chairman distinguished guest I do not profess to be an expert <-_of><+_on> <&/>prep intellectual property matters but I am aware of the fact that literal and artistic works originating in developing countries particularly Africa have been taped by nationals and institutions in the developed countries without even acknowledging their original source let alone paying <-_>let alone paying<-/> or in other cases adequately paying for such rights <#/>This is not only exploitation but outright cheating for profit <#/>It denies the actual owner of the the right <-_>of the<-/> rights getting a fair return and rightful recognition for their contribution to the pleasure of such works given to mankind <#/>Mr Chairman we must <-_>we must<-/> heed the outcry of our literal and artistic creators now <#/>The in the recognition and the participation in the various copyright conventions and treaties ought to be checked now <#/>Let this workshop be the first step in that direction <#/>Distinguished participants the mere fact that we are not members of some of the treaties administered by the World Intellectual Property Organisation should not be construed to mean that we are against them <#/>We are aware of the disadvantages of not being members and would like to become conversant with all the technicalities as we take the necessary steps towards joining or rather acceding to such treaties <#/>This workshop has thus come at an opportune moment Mr Chairman <#/>The expertise kindly provided by the World Intellectual Property Organisation and the wide representation offered by participants should enable this workshop to come up with recommendations that can help the government of the United Republic of Tanzania to review the copyright role and approach the treaties relating to intellectual property with greater clarity <#/>At this juncture I wish to commend the steps already taken by the National Arts Council the steps taken by the cultural sector to review the <./>copy <-/>the copyright act of nineteen sixty-six both of which have come up with proposals for updating the act and suggesting and suggestions for proper <./>admin administering copyright matters in this country <#/>Let me repeat again the suggestions from this uh workshop would definitely be very much welcomed by the government of the United Republic of Tanzania <#/>In addition Mr Chairman this workshop should help publicise the rights of the inventors literal and artistic creators on the one hand and sensitise public copyright and neighbouring rights on the other <#/>Now Mr Chairman before I declare this workshop open allow me to say a few words about our guest Doctor <./>Bou <./>Boksh Bokscher and his organisation and his colleagues from Geneva <#/>Mr Director General your organisation has made many important strides under your very able leadership <#/>Your organisation's unconditional willingness to support this workshop is a testimony to your great interest in the well-being of the developing countries and particularly Tanzania <#/>This also shows your love for the <./>arts <-_>for the<-/> artists and the creators of the United Republic of Tanzania <#/>Your personal presence at this opening of the workshop is another positive gesture of your seriousness in assisting developing countries and in particular Tanzania <#/>On behalf of the Government of Tanzania and indeed on behalf of the many participants here artists creators and so on please allow me to thank you and I wish to thank you very much for your assistance to developing countries especially Africa <#/>It is my profound belief that under your able and wise leadership the World Intellectual <./>Organis <-_>the World<-/> <./>In <-/>Intellectual Property Organisation will become even more more successful and I hope through your efforts it will continue to to forge stronger links with the continent of Africa <#/>Mr Chairman distinguished guest the Director General for World Intellectual Property Organisation Honourable Ministers Your Excellencies the Ambassadors and High Commissioners distinguished workshop participants ladies and gentlemen after these few remarks it is now my pleasure to declare this workshop officially opened I thank you for your attention

<&_>Prime Minister Malecela, opening the workshop on copyright

S2B042T


<#/>Mr Chairman Distinguished Party and Government Leaders Mr Vice Chancellor Members of the Academic Staff and Students Honourable Guests Distinguished Alumnae of the University of Dar es Salaam Distinguished participants Ladies and Gentlemen I would like first of all to express my sincere thanks to the executive committee of the convocation of the University of Dar es Salaam for inviting me to open this <-/honorative> seminar <#/>I would also like to extend a hearty welcome to those of you from the donor community and those who have come from the regions to take part in this seminar <#/>The fact that this seminar has attracted participants from the donors and from outside Dar es Salaam is a measure of the degree of concern solidarity and interest in solving the serious social service delivery problems facing our country <#/>On behalf of the Government of Tanzania I thank you for your great concern <#/>Let me single out the Vice-Chancellor the organising committee and the sponsors the Nordic countries for making this seminar possible <#/>Let me take this opportunity to congratulate this university on this happy occasion of its twentieth anniversary <#/>Twenty years is not a very short period of time especially for such an important institution of higher learning in a young nation like ours which is in the process of implementing important development goals <#/>This university has an important role to play in the implementation of those development goals <#/>The government acknowledges and highly appreciates the invaluable contribution which this university has made to the development of our country during these twenty years of existence <#/>We especially appreciate its contribution to the fulfilment our nation's commitment to achieve self-sufficiency in high level manpower needs <#/>Since its establishment the University has produced a large number of lawyers teachers economists sociologists political scientists doctors and engineers <#/>About fifteen thousand experts have graduated from this University <#/>That has helped to increase the level of localisation of middle and high level manpower from twenty-six per cent to ninety-nine per cent between independence and nineteen eighty <#/>Today the majority of people holding positions of great responsibility in this country are graduates from this university <#/>What makes this <./>w <-_>what makes this<-/> seminar truly historic is that it has brought together some of those people who owe a great deal to this university in terms of their educational attainments <#/>I'm pleased to see you here and thank you for your contribution to the development of our country <#/>The university itself as an institution has made and continues to make a valuable contribution to the development of our country through its research work workshops seminars and thought-provoking academic papers <#/>The holding of this seminar is part of the commemoration of <-/>of its <./>twenti twentieth anniversary is yet another proof of the university's continued efforts to make a positive contribution to our national efforts to improve the well-being of our people <#/>The theme of this seminar Crisis of Social Services Delivery in Tanzania and Strategies for More Sustainable System in the nineteen nineties is both timely and relevant <#/>This theme is relevant because the provision of essential social services to the people has been the <./>cons <-/>the consistent commitment of the government of Tanzania since <+_article> nineteen sixties <#/>In implementing that policy the government has invested substantial resources in the field of education health housing water supply and sanitation <#/>That was done with the valuable support and assistance of friendly countries some of which are represented at this seminar <#/>We thank them all for their assistance <#/>The results achieved are spectacular <#/>In the first two decades of our nation's history we managed to attain provision levels which received world-wide recognition In the field of education a massive universal primary education programme and adult education managed to raise our average literacy level from a low ten per cent in nineteen sixty-one to the present enviable level of ninety per cent <#/>The number of enrolment in primary schools as a <./>per <-/>a percentage of the school age has increased from twenty per cent to ninety-three per cent <#/>The spectacular expansion of this university is a good example of the government's commitment to promote higher education in our country <#/>The expansion has been in both the number of enrolment and in the number of faculties <#/>The University started with five faculties and one institute <#/>Today it has seven faculties and five institutes <#/>In the field of health and nutrition an extensive facility network based on the cost on the least cost preventive approach was set up <#/>A health system based on village workers dispensaries rural health centres district regional and referral hospitals was established <#/>The number of rural health centres rose from twenty-two to two hundred and sixty <#/>Dispensaries increased from eight hundred and seventy-five to four thousand six hundred and seventy-six and hospitals from one hundred and nineteen to one hundred and forty-nine <#/>That system greatly improved the access of all Tanzanians including those in the rural areas to modern health services <#/>The population served by one physician improved by twenty-two per cent and dropped from two <./>thous twenty-four thousand seven hundred to nineteen thousand two hundred and eighty <#/>The population served by one nurse improved remarkably and dropped fivefold from eleven thousand eight hundred ninety to a mere two thousand one hundred and <./>fo and eighty-four <#/>Generally life expectancy at birth improved from thirty-five to fifty years <#/>Infant mortality rate was reduced from about one hundred and ninety about to about one thirty-seven per one thousand live births <#/>As for water sector the objective was to <./>prov to provide clean water to all the population in a thirty year programme spanning between nineteen seventy-one and two thousand and two <#/>It was hoped that by nineteen eighty seventy five per cent of the rural population would be served with clean water <#/>Although this target was not reached by nineteen eighty eighty per cent of the urban population and forty-five per cent of the rural population had access to modern water services <#/>Mr Chairman in brief the achievements made in the development of those vital social services are remarkable <#/>Unfortunately the severe economic crisis which our country has been experiencing over the last decade has greatly eroded our ability to maintain them and have <&/>grammar therefore sharply deteriorated <#/>The manifestation of that deterioration are not hard to find <#/>The poor state of our physical infrastructure especially road and railways is a constant reminder of the <./>infa uh unfavourable economic situation prevailing in our country <#/>The networks of health services now perform poorly because of the lack of medicines and equipment <#/>Most water projects no longer function for lack of spare parts <#/>Equally affected by the economic crisis are our schools and universities which are faced with an acute shortage of teaching aids and books <#/>As part of the Tanzanian community the University of Dar es Salaam has not been spared from that effect of the current <-/>current economic crisis <#/>That could be seen from the delapidated buildings and deterioration of essential services to the university community <#/>I'm pleased to note that work to rehabilitate those buildings is going on well <#/>Mr Chairman the persistent economic decline compelled the government to take difficult economic adjustments and recovery measures with the hope of reversing the negative trend <#/>I know that members of this audience are well versed with the measures taken <#/>Some of you have even conducted an assessment of the success of those measures <#/>So I will not waste your time by repeating them <#/>However I would like to point out that implementation of those measures has produced positive signs for economic recovery <#/>Implementation of the first phase of the economic recovery programme ERP has especially helped to improve both agricultural and industrial production <#/>That has greatly reduced widespread shortages of essential commodities <#/>The spectacular increase in agricultural production has enabled our country to achieve food self-sufficiency and increase the volume of export commodities Industrial production has also increased by five per cent <#/>As a result of the increase in <./>agric agricultural and industrial production our gross domestic product has registered for the first time since nineteen seventy-eight an average of annual growth rate of four point one per cent well above the two per cent rate of population growth <#/>It is obvious from the foregoing that during the first phase of the ERP greater emphasis was placed on the improvement of production <#/>That was done in order to avert the danger of widespread hunger and to reduce the shortage of industrial goods <#/>In view of the limited resources at our disposal it was not possible to allocate adequate resources for the rehabilitation and improvement of social services at the same time <#/>As a result people continued to <./>expe experience hardships <#/>That unfavourable situation compelled the government to adopt the priority of social action programme as a second phase of the ERP <#/>While in the first phase emphasis was put on improving production in the second phase emphasis is put on the rehabilitation and improvement of the greatly deteriorated social services <#/>In short the priority social action programme is intended to achieve the following objectives <#/>One to make institutional management and reforms which can improve the delivery of social services by creating an environment for improved efficiency accountability and mobilisation of community support and hence sustainability <#/>Two to restore an adequate supply of and effective demand for basic instructional materials in schools and to improve the learning environment by <./>reheb rehabilitating the delapidated buildings including those of this campus <#/>Three to restore an adequate supply of essential drugs and health care equipment in order to safeguard standards of provision of universal basic health services <#/>Four to rehabilitate the existing water facilities in order to provide improved access to safe water <#/>Five to improve the <./>distrib the <./>re the distribution of food from surplus areas to deficit areas so as to reduce the wide <./>mark marketing regions margins between producer and consumer prices for staple foodstuffs <#/>Six to accelerate the creation of employment and income-generating activities in small-scale manufacturing and services <#/>Seven to support community-based public work schemes to create employment opportunities for low income people and improve their access to food and other essential goods and services with preference being given to women <#/>Eight to provide nutritional safety nets if necessary for families who are unable to earn enough to buy on adequate an adequate amount of food <#/>Mr Chairman the government recognises that implementation of this phase as was the case for the first phase requires a massive injection of resources <#/>Unfortunately the country's revenue <./>reg uh generating capacity especially foreign exchange has not improved sufficiently enough to enable the government to allocate adequate resources to the social sector <#/>Our ability to earn sufficient uh foreign exchange continues to be affected by the persistent decline in world prices of our major export commodities and sharp increases in the prices of essential <./>impor imports including those required to improve social services <#/>It is therefore a matter of great satisfaction that the friendly countries and international <-_organisation><+_organisations> which gave us valuable <./>exper uh assistance during the implementation of the first phase have also agreed to continue to help us with the implementation of the second phase <#/>For that reason I would like to take this opportunity on behalf of the government and people of Tanzania and on my own behalf to express our deep gratitude to those countries and <-_organisation><+_organisations> for their valuable assistance <#/>I would like to stress however that as much as we do appreciate the available assistance from our friends the rehabilitation <./>impro the rehabilitation improvement and maintenance of our social services remain the primary responsibility of the Tanzanians themselves each and everyone of us <#/>A more sustainable strategy for social service delivery must therefore be based on the active mobilisation and utilisation of our local resources and the intensification of our own efforts in compliance with our policy of socialism and self-reliance <#/>It is for that reason that the government continues to put great emphasis on communities' own responsibility for their basic social services through self-help schemes <#/>Mr Chairman the priority action programme is now in its second year of implementation <#/>Those of you gathered here may wish to conduct a critical review of the progress so far made in the implementation of the programme <#/>Such a <-_>such a<-/> review would indeed be appropriate because this seminar has fortunately attracted participants from the <./>don the donor community the regions academicians participants practitioners and high level public officials who are well versed with the crisis in our social services sector <#/>I feel confident that your review will help to identify those bottlenecks which hinder progress and recommend implementable measures which would help accelerate progress towards better services to our people <#/>I wish to ensure you that the government will give serious consideration to all your recommendations <#/>I therefore wish <-/>wish you fruitful deliberations and declare the second seminar of the Convocation of the University of Dar es Salaam officially opened <#/>Thank you for your attention

<&_>President Mwinyi's address at the University of Dar es Salaam, opening the Convocation

S2B043T


<#/>so uh yeah so I'm going to to try to give an analysis on the future of cooperatives with the development of
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