Prepared & Edited by : Mohammed Mohsen El-Kilany



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Ministry of Education

Mubarak Al Kabeer Edu. Area
Khalid Sou'd Al-Zeid Secondary School
English Department
Grade : 12
First Period : Module : 1
( New Types of Questions and Literature Time )
2012 - 2013
Prepared & Edited by : Mohammed Mohsen El-Kilany
Revised by H. O. D. :Mr. Ahmed Ahmed Abdullah
Supervised by : Mr. Ahmed Saad El-Din
School Principal : Mr. Essam Badr Ahmed


Khalid Sou'd Al-Zeid Secondary School Mubarak Al Kabeer Edu. Area

Department of English Prepared & Edited By: Moh. El-Kilany

Revised by H. O. D. : Mr. Ahmed Abdullah Supervised by : Ahmed Saad El-Din

Grade 12 First Period 21st term Module 1 Units 1, 2& 3

NO

Word

Definitions

Meaning


1-

Adoption (n)

The action or fact of legally taking another's child and bring it up as one's own

تبني

2-

Civil (adj)

Relating to private relations between members of a community ; noncriminal

مدني

3-

Code of law (n)

A set of rules and standards adhered to by a society

مجموعة قوانين

4-

Consultation (n)

The action or process of formally consulting or discussing

استشارة - تشاور

5-

Define (v)

To state or describe exactly the nature , scope , or meaning of

يحدد – يعين - يعرف

6-

Enforce (v)

To put into practice ; to carry out

يفرض بالقوة- ينفذ

7-

Govern (v)

To control

يحكم -

8-

Guilty (adj)

Responsible for a crime

مذنب

9-

Impose (v)

To require ( a duty , charge , or penalty ) to be undertaken or paid

يفرض

10-

Innocent (adj)

Not guilty of a crime or offense

بريء

11-

Judiciary (n)

The judicial authorities of a country ; judges collectively

السلطة القضائية

12-

Jury (n)

Group of people in court who decide whether someone is guilty

هيئة المحلفين

13-

Legal (adj)

Appointed or required by the law

قانوني

14-

Penalty (n)

A punishment imposed for breaking a law

عقاب – غرامة - جزاء

15-

Persuasion (n)

A belief or set of beliefs

معتقد

16-

Principle (n)

Rule ; belief

قاعدة - مبدأ

17-

Property (n)

Something valuable which belongs to someone

ملكية – خاصية - ملك

18-

Prove (v)

To show that something is true by providing facts , information

يبرهن - يثبت

19-

Tolerant (adj)

Showing willingness to allow the existence of opinions or behavior that one does not necessarily agree with

متسامح

20-

Violence (n)

The unlawful exercise of physical force or intimidation by the exhibition of such force

عنف – أذي – شدة - قسوة

21-

Welfare (n)

The health , happiness , and fortunes of a person or group

سعادة – رفاهية -

22-

Break into (v)

To enter by force

يقتحم

23-

Fake (adj)

Not real and seeming to be something it is not , in order to deceive

مزيف

24-

Invisible (adj)

Can not be seen

خفي – محجوب – غير منظور

25-

Techno-criminal

(n)


A person who has committed a crime using technology

مجرم تكنولوجي

26-

Worthless (adj)

Having no value , importance or use

عديم القيمة - تافه

27-

Bench (n)

1-A long seat for several people , typically made of wood or stone

2- a seat in Parliament for politicians of a specified party or position

3- ( the bench ) the office of judge or magistrate


مقعد – منصة – مقعد القاضي

28-

Brief (n / adj )

1- a digest or synopsis of a larger document or group of documents

2- an outline or summary , for example , of a book

3- an outline of how a legal case will be argued , together with evidence and supporting statements , submitted by an attorney to a court prior to a trial


مختصر – موجز – مذكرة – أمر قضائي

29-

Case (n)

A legal action , esp. one to be decided in a court of law 2 a flat , rectangular container , typically made of leather , for putting your things in it .

دعوي – قضية - صندوق

30-

Defence (n)

1- the action of defending from or resisting attack 2- ( usu. The defence ) the counsel for the council for the defendant in a lawsuit

دفاع

31-

Handcuffs (n)

A pair of lockable linked metal rings for securing a prisoner's wrists

الأصفاد - قييود

32-

Note (n/v)

1- a brief record of facts , topics , or thoughts , written down as an aid to memory . 2- an official letter sent from the representative of one government to another .

3- Brit . a banknote : a ten-pound note .

4- a single tone of definite pitch made by a musical instrument or the human voice


ملاحظة - ورقة نقدية - نغمة موسيقية - سجع

33-

Prosecute (v)

To institute legal proceedings against ( a person or organization )

يقاضي – يحاكم – يرفع دعوي

34-

Row ( n / v )

1- things or people that are arranged in a line that is usually straight , or the line itself . 2- a line of seats in a theater , lecture hall , or similar public place

صف

35-

Spring (n / v )

1- to move or jump suddenly or rapidly upward or forward 2- to originate or arise from

ينبثق – ينشأ - يثب

36

Claim (v)

To state or assert that something is the case , typically without providing evidence or proof

يطالب - يدعي

37-

Clog up (v)

To prevent things from being dealt with as quickly as usual

يعيق – يسد – ينسد – يغيق

38-

Contend (v)

To assert something as a position in an argument

يتنافس - يتباري - يجادل - يؤكد

39-

Grievance (n)

An official statement of a complaint over something believed to be wrong or unfair

مظلمة - شكوي

40-

In favour of

( expression )



To the advantage of

لمصلحة -

41-

Intend (v)

To have ( a course of action ) as one's purpose or objective ; plan

يعني – يقصد - ينوي

42-

Litigation (n)

The process of taking claims to a court law

يرفع دعوي – يقاضي – دعوي قضائية

43-

Petty (adj)

Of little importance ; trivial

صغير – تافه - حقير

44-

Regardless (adv)

Without being affected by something

بغض النظر عن – مهما يكن

45-

Residential area

(n)


A part of a town that consists of private houses , with no offices or factories

منطقة سكنية

46-

Speed limit (n)

The fastest speed allowed by law on a particular piece of road

السرعة المحددة – حدود السرعة

47-

Sue (v)

To make a legal claim against someone , especially for money , because they have harmed you in some way

يقاضي

48-

Supporter (n)

Someone who agrees with a particular person , group , or plan

المؤيد - المساند

49-

Ultimately (adv)

Finally , after everything else has been done or considered

في النهاية

50-

Afford (v)

To provide something or allow something to happen

يمنح – يعطي – يقدر علي شراء

51-

Boom (n)

Increase in business

ازدهار

52-

Decimate (v)

To destroy a large part of something

يتلف – يهلك القسم أو الجزء الأكبر

53-

Deteriorate (v)

To become worse

يفسد - يتدهور

54-

Emigrate (v)

To leave your own country in order to live in another country

يهاجر - ينزح

55-

Famine (n)

A situation in which a large number of people have little or no food for a long time and many people die

مجاعة

56-

Foreign (adj)

From or relating to a country that is not your own

أجنبي

57-

Hard-pressed

(adj)


Having a lot of problems and not enough money or time

عالق في المشاكل

58-

High-tech (adj)

Using advanced technology

ذو تقنية عالية

59-

Necessitate (v)

To make it necessary for you to do something

يوجب – يحتم - يستلزم

60-

Seek ( v )

To try to achieve or get something

يبحث عن – يطلب – ينشد – يحاول- يلتمس

61-

Unfortunately

( adv )


Used when you are mentioning a fact that you wish were not true

لسوء الحظ -

62-

Instead ( adv )

As an alternative or substitute

بدلا - عوضا

63-

Periodic ( adj )

Happening a number of times usually at regular times

دوري – متكرر في دورات نظامية

64-

Plenty of

(pronoun )



A large quantity that is enough or more than enough

وفرة - كثرة – الكثير من

65-

Swallow ( n )

A migratory swift-flying songbird with a forked tail and long pointed wings , feeding on insects in fight

طائر السنونو

66-

Disgruntled

( adj )


Annoyed or disappointed , especially because things have not happened in the way that you wanted

ساخط - مستاء

67-

Displace ( v )

To make a group of people or animals have to leave the place where they normally live

يزيح – يشرد - يحل محل – يستبدل

يغير مكان شخص



68-

Mass ( adj )

Involving or intended for a very large number of people

عدد أو مقدار كبير – جمهور- ضخم

69-

Meticulous ( adj )

Very careful about small details , and always making sure that everything is done correctly

دقيق – موسوس - مهتم بأدق التفاصيل

70-

Migrant ( n )

Someone who goes to live in another area or country , especially in order to find work

مهاجر

71-

Obliterate ( v )

To destroy something completely so that nothing remains

يطمس – يمحو - يلغي

72-

Perturbed ( adj )

Worried about something that has happened or will happen

قلق - مشوش

73-

Resort ( n )

A place where a lot of people go for holidays

منتجع

74-

Rift ( n )

A crack or narrow opening in a large mass of rock

صدع - شق

75

Animated ( adj )

Showing a lot of interest and energy

حي – مفعم بالحيوية - نشط

76-

Arduous ( adj )

Involving a lot of strength and effort

شاق - متعب

77-

Engage in ( v )

To be involved in something , especially something that continues for a long time

ينهمك في – يشارك في

78-

Major ( adj )

Very large or important , when compared to other things or people of a similar kind

هام - رئيسي

79-

Minor ( adj )

Small and not very important or serious , especially when compared with other things

ثانوي - غير هام

80-

Nervously ( adv)

anxiously

بشكل عصبي - بحدة

81-

Rent ( v )

To regular pay money to live in a house or room that belongs to someone else , or to use something that belongs to someone else

يستأجر - يؤجر

82-

Reside ( v )

To live in a particular place

يقيم – يسكن

83-

Strenuous ( adj )

Needing a lot of effort or strength

شاق – عنيف - مضني

84-

Take a breather

( expression )



Take a brief pause for rest

يستريح

85-

Abuse ( n )

Cruel and violent treatment of a person

يسئ معاملة - إساءة المعاملة

86-

Anthropologist

( n )


A person who studies people their societies , cultures ,

عالم الإنسانيات

87-

Apparent ( adj )

Clearly visible or understood

مرئي – واضح - جلي

88-

Attribute ( n )

A quality or feature regarded as a characteristics or inherent part of someone or something

يعزو أو ينسب إلي – خاصية – سمة - صفة

89-

Charitable (adj )

Of or relating to the assistance of those in need

محسن – خيري

90-

Compassion ( n )

Sympathetic pity and concern for the sufferings or misfortunes of others

شفقة

91-

Discrimination

( n )


The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people esp. on the grounds of race , age , or gender

تمييز عنصري – تفرقة عنصرية

92-

Diversity ( n )

The state of being diverse ; variety ; a range of different things

تنوع – اختلاف

93-

Empathy ( n )

The ability to understand and share the feelings of another

تعاطف – تقمص عاطفي

94-

Ethnographer

( n )


A person whose job is to describe the customs of individual peoples and cultures

عالم بوصف الأجناس البشرية

95-

Impulse ( n )

A sudden strong and unreflective urge to act

اندفاع -

96-

Incapable ( adj )

Not able to do something

عاجز

97-

Inevitable ( adj )

Certain to happen ; unavoidable

محتوم

98-

Legislation ( n )

Laws , considered collectively

تشريع – شرائع - قوانين

99-

Liberty ( n )

The state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one's way of life , behaviour or political

حرية

100-

Minority ( n )

The small number or part , especially a number that is less than half the whole number

أقلية -

101-

Overview ( n )

A general review or summary of a subject

نظرة عامة

102-

Tolerance ( n )

The ability or willingness to accept something ; in particular the existence of opinions or behaviour that one does not necessarily agree with

التسامح

103-

Universal ( adj )

Applicable to all cases

عام – شامل – كلي – جامع - عالمي

104-

Value ( V )

Consider ( someone or something ) to be important or beneficial ; have a high opinion of

يقيم – يقدر -يثمن

105-

Value ( N )

A person's principle or standards of behaviour;one's judgment of what is important in life

قيمة – قدر - أهمية

106-

Aftermath ( n )

The consequences of an event , especially a disastrous one , or the period of time during which these consequences are felt

نتائج – أثار – في أعقاب

107-

Deploy ( v )

To put something to use

ينشر – ينتشر - يوزع

108-

Ethnicity ( n )

Ethnic affiliation or distinctiveness

الانتماء العرقي

109-

Hardship ( n )

Difficulty or suffering caused by a lack of something , especially money

شدة – ضيق - مشقة

110-

Voluntary ( adj )

Done or given freely with no promise of money or other recompense strongly

اختياري - طوعي

111-

Vulnerable (adj )

Suspectible to physical or emotional attack or harm

حساس -

112-

Aggressive (adj )

Ready or likely to attack or confront ; characterized by or resulting from hostile or violent behaviour

عدواني

113-

Compassionately

( adv )


sympathetically

علي نحو رحيم – بتعاطف - بحنان



114

Cry over split milk (idiom )

To regret something after it is too late

يبكي على شيء تافه

115

Enfranchisement

( n )


The act of giving a group of people the right to vote

منح حق الاقتراع

116

Extravagant (adj )

Exceeding what is reasonable or appropriate ; absurd

مفرط –مسرف - باهظ

117

Frail (adj )

Weak and delicate

سهل المكسر -

118

Over a barrel (idiom )

In a helpless position

في وضع سيء

119

Over the hill (idiom )

Old and past one's prime

طاعن في السن

120

Over the top

(idiom )


To an excessive or exaggerated degree , in particular so as to go beyond reasonable or acceptable limits

مبالغ فيه

121

Suffrage ( N )

The right to vote in political elections

حق الاقتراع

122

Tide someone over

Help out , assist , aid

يقيّد شخص ما

123

Alleviate ( V )

To make ( suffering , deficiency ,or a problem ) less severe

يخفف – يسكن - يلطف

124

Appeal (n )

A serious or urgent request , typically one made to the public

مناشدة

125

Avert ( v )

To prevent or ward off ( an undesirable occurrence )

يجنّب

126

Campaign (n )

An organized course of action to achieve a particular goal

حملة

127

Commitment

(n )


An engagement or obligation that restricts freedom of action

إلتزام

128

Dire (adj )

( of a situation or event ) extremely serious or urgent

رهيب / شنيع

129

Donate ( V )

To give ( money or goods ) for a good cause , for example to a charity

يتبرّع بـ

130

Extensive (adj )

Large in size , amount or degree

مكثف / مركّز

131

Humanitarian (adj )

Concerned with or seeking to promote human welfare


إنـــساني

132

In leaps and bounds (idiom )

Rapidly , swiftly

على قدم و ســاق

133

underprivileged

(adj )


Deprived of many of the rights and privileges enjoyed by most people in society , usually as a result of poverty

محروم الحقوق

134









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