Prehistoric Cave paintings



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Art History


  • Prehistoric

    • Cave paintings

    • Lasceaux

  • Ancient Greece

    • Statuary

    • Clay pots

    • Columns

      • Doric --- baseless columns, sharp fluted shafts, thick columns, plain tops (Parthenon)

      • Ionic – floral capitals, thinner columns (entrance to Acropylis)

      • Corinthian – 4 sided column, fanciest tops

  • Roman

    • Life like statues

    • Ceremic mosaic

  • Middle Ages

    • No names – church art

  • Gothic

    • No names early – names later

    • Cathedrals (usually more than architec/builder

      • Flying buttresses

        • Chartres (shrine to virgin mary in france)

        • NOTRE DAME – began 1155 finished 1250

  • Early Renaissance (rebirth) in Italy -- mathematical perspective

    • Sponsored by rich Italian families

      • Borgia

      • Sforza -- Milan

      • Medici – Florence (most important is Cosimo and Lorenzo the Magnificent)

    • Big name artists

      • Leonardo (da Vinci)

        • Inventor, weapon maker, sculptor, painter

      • Giotto – fresco artist

        • “Trial by fire”

      • GOLDSMITHS (also worked as architects and painters)

        • Ghiberti (won the competition) --

        • Brunellschi (generally more respected)

      • Donatello – good guess for statues

        • Free standing David statue (known for its links to ancient statues and homosexual tones) -- bronze (first of several famous David statues) – standing on Goliath’s head

        • St George statue as well

        • Mary Magdalene

      • Masaccio (muh-sach-e-o)

      • Botticelli

        • Adoration of the Magi (first major work)

        • Birth of Venus (jokingly called venus on the half shell)

  • Renaissance in northern Europe (Netherlands, etc.)

    • Dutch painters

      • Jan Van Eyck

        • Would put his own portrait frequently in reflection like a mirror

        • (brother Hubert van eyck is also a painter)

      • Rogier Van Der Weiden

        • Last judgement

      • Hieronymous Bosch (like the spark plug)

      • Albrecht Durer

        • Famous for engravings and print making

        • Woodcuts of the APOCALYPSE

  • High Renaissance -- Ending at approximately 1600

    • MICHAELANGELO Buonorati

      • Brilliant

      • Sculptor – 2nd famous David -- no sword no goliath -- adult nude

        • Tomb statues for most wealthy Italians and popes

      • Cistine Chapel ceiling (creation of adam is probably the most famous part)

      • St Peter’s architect (part of it) in Vatican

      • Architect

    • RAPHAEL

      • Known for vibrant color

    • Leonardo da Vinci (one of the 10 smartest guys ever)

      • Weapon maker

      • Painter

      • Sculptor

      • Scientist

      • LAST SUPPER – mural on the wall of Santa Maria delle Grazie (saint mary of grace)

      • MONA LISA

    • Titian -- Venice

      • Venus of Urbino

    • Tintoretto -- Venice

  • 17th century art

    • Bernini

      • Original design of Versailles (not used)

      • Parts of St Peter’s in Rome

      • Baroque

    • Baroque -- highly decorated and ornate movement in both art and music

    • Effect of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation

    • Caravaggio

    • Rembrandt (Dutch 1606-69)

    • Peter Paul Rubens

      • Titles often have miracles

    • Jan Vermeer (Dutch)

    • Diego De Velazquez (spanish)

  • 18th Century (neo-classical – return to greek and roman ideals of realism and simplicity)

    • Age of Reason (Enlightenment)

    • Versailles – Giant palace in Paris of Louis

    • Thomas Gainsborough – portrait artist

    • Robert Adam (architect)

    • Jacques-Louis David (French)

      • Bridges neo-classical and romantic

      • Famous portait of the Death of Marat

      • Romantic portraits of Napoleon

  • Early 18th century – mid 18th century – Romanticism (parallels the music movement)

    • Francisco Goya (spanish)

    • Eugene Delacroix

      • Liberty leading the people

  • Realism – Art that looks exactly like image – fell out of favor as photography supplanted it

    • Gustave Courbet -- French

  • Impressionism – Gives an ‘impression’ of how the light interacts with the image – very French -- rejected largely by critics of the time -- influenced by science

    • Renoir

      • Luncheon at the Boating Party

    • Manet

    • Monet

      • Impression Sunrise -- first official impressionist painting (1874 show in paris)

      • Most important impressionist –

      • He would do several paintings of the same scene at different times of the day because of difference in light (example water lilies)

    • Paul Cezanne -- also considered a post impressionist

    • Edgar Degas

      • Paintings of dancers

    • Pisarro

  • Post-Impressionism (some are considered expressionists)

    • Rodin – French sculptor

    • Paul Gauguin -- avant garde

      • Tropical stuff -- Tahiti

    • Vincent Van Gogh (dutch) -- expressionist

      • Most expensive auctioned paintings

      • Starry Night

      • Cut off own ear

    • Seurat – (Seurat the Dot)

    • Toulouse-Latrec

      • Moulin Rouge

      • Can-can girls etc

    • WOMEN IN ART -- late 1800s on

      • Mary Cassatt

    • Edvarch Munch

      • Der Schrei (the scream)

  • Secessionists -- want to break from previous art movements -- influenced by Freud

    • Klimt

  • Fauvists (literally wild beasts)

    • Henri Matisse -- bright colors

  • Cubism – doesn’t look right

    • Picasso (although he fits in a zillion categories)

    • Braque (second guess on any cubism question)

  • Abstract Art

    • Mondrian (early pioneer)

      • Colored square guy -- name sof colors often in titles

      • Composition in Red, Yellow, and Blue

    • Kandinski

      • Totally abstract

    • Chagall

      • Russian

      • Eye of the Village (my tie with the horse head – almost cubist)



  • Dada -- mostly post WWI – in which the absurdity of life is focused on (remember this is the lost generation)

    • Influenced by Marxism (the plight of the proletariat)

    • Otto Dix

    • George Scholz

  • Surrealism – why you should stay away from opium – weird art -- supposed to be inspride by dreams (again think Freud and Jung) – looked to shock the beourgeoisee much like dada

  • Abstract Expressionism – this is the stuff that makes you say – how is this art?????? This is a splatter sheet or “white and dark gray panels”

    • Jackson Pollock – Jack the dripper

  • Pop art

    • Warhol

      • Soup cans, marilyn Monroe, etc

      • In many ways famous for being famous

        • “Everyone will get there 15 minutes of fame”

    • Liechtenstein

      • Looks like comic book art

  • Minimalism – or I could do that – outgrowth of literature movements by Sartre, Camus, etc

    • Maya Ying Lin -- Vietnam war memorial

  • Post Modernism – total crapola like toilets on walls, pink flamingos on shores etc.

    • Christo

      • Outdoor stuff like fences and flamingoes on beaches

  • Georgia O’Keefe

    • Woman

    • South west usa

    • Married to Stieglitz the photographer

    • Art often accused of looking like female genitalia

  • Grandma Moses

    • Old American woman who started painting late in life

  • Edward Hopper

    • American realist

    • Night Hawks

    • Tried to convey the bleakness of american life of poor and oppressed


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