Even though the war was over, it took a large amount of time and resources to demobilize the millions of troops abroad.
Many American soldiers came home facing potential unemployment. They demanded to be re-hired at their pre-war jobs.
Black soldiers, who had fought overseas for the principles of freedom, came home to find themselves still stuck in a racist and segregated nation.
In 1946, wartime wage and price controls were finally lifted.
By 1946, citizens had become angered by the strikes, shortages, and slow-moving reconversion process. Most blamed Harry S. Truman.
The GI Bill provided veterans with health care, education grants, and home and business loans.
Media begins to encourage women to marry and pursue domestic lives.
Because most building supplies were used only for war production during WWII, veterans returning home found a large housing shortage.
By 1947, America was finally beginning to emerge from its 20 years of depression, war, and scarcity.
By mid-century, per capita income in America was 50 percent higher than any other nation in the world.
___ a. After controlling Congress since the early 1930s, the Democrats lose both houses in the 1946 Congressional election.
___ b. As women married younger and in greater numbers, the birth rate began to soar. The effects of the “Baby Boom” are still felt today.
___ c. Wives of soldiers flooded Congress with baby shoes and notes reading, “Please bring back my daddy.”
___ d. America instated the Marshall plan, providing billions of dollars to aid Europe with its postwar rebuilding.
___ e. Suburbs, filled with identical houses, began to spring up all of the country.
___ f. Women, who had been employed in wartime production jobs, were told to return to their domestic duties.
___ g. Union workers began to strike for higher pay and rapid inflation caused large price jumps.
___ h. The seeds of the Civil Rights movement are sown as black leaders demand equal rights for their people.
___ i. Massive consumerism takes over America. Citizens begin to fill their homes with new cars, TV’s, air conditioners, and many other modern amenities.
___ j. Going to school, starting new businesses, and getting new jobs, many veterans find themselves a part of the growing and prosperous middle class.