Positive feedback loop by jorie Graham Poem from her collection of poetry Sea Change



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POSITIVE FEEDBACK LOOP BY Jorie Graham

  • Poem from her collection of poetry Sea Change.

  • A positive feedback loop is a disturbance to a system (often natural, such as an ecosystem) the immediate effects of which exacerbates and ramify the disturbance, causing it to grow.

  • Positive feedback loops occur frequently in nature, most often when human behavior disturbs natural processes.

  • Varying line lengths, white space, broken narratives, and stream of consciousness to develop a theme, often with the effect of disorienting the reader.

  • Author draws on recent research in the marine sciences in order to imagine an anthropogenic marine disaster-something of a watery apocalypse.

  • Whole poem is a metaphor-she wants to create a type of positive feedback loop in the sense that she is warning humanity about the dangers of destroying the environment.

  • Enjambment-the technique of ending a line of poetry without end punctuation.

  • Utilization of scientific language

  • Develops the ideas of past, existing, and impending catastrophes by suggesting the ongoing presence of general global catastrophes.

  • Transitions from images of a future disaster that has already begun to a internal monologue, a stream of consciousness flow of thoughts and words, concerning identity as a function of being grounded in experience, relationships, and the body.

TO THE FIELD OF SCOTCH BROOM THAT WILL BE BURIED BY THE NEW WING OF THE MALL By Lucia Perillo

  • Title= Scotch Broom is a woody shrub that grows quickly in spaces that have been clear cut, considered an especially noxious weed bc it prevents new trees from growing.

  • Expresses a complex response to the converging forces of land development and medical technology in contemporary America- presumably in a suburban area in the Pacific Northwest.

  • The speaker addresses a field of weeds that is slated to be devolved in order to make room for a shopping mall expansion- all suggests that nature and human survival are not very far from each other.

  • No formal rhyme scheme in the poem, but rhyme is still present.

  • Utilization of alliteration

  • Describes an experience that blurs the line between nature and culture, its vision of nature linking technological devices with flowering plants even as it sets them in opposition.

THE HORSES BY EDWIN MUIR

  • This poem questions some of human’s deepest assumptions about progress/industrialization

  • It begins with imagery of a final, absolute, catastrophic military conflict ending with a vision of a post-industrial future in which humans and animals are reconciled. But to get to that reconciliation, devastating conflict is needed.

  • Warships ect….=symbols of destruction and devastation

  • Establishes a sense of alienation between humanity and nature due to urbanization. Because of urbanization humanity has been separated from all natural senses building a wall between nature and humans

  • Natures destruction is bad for the world, but humans have become desensitized to the dangerous qualities destroying nature entails.

  • It is a meditation on the end of the world, what will happen at the end, what that means human, and what it means for nature.

  • Inspiration gathered from the Bible and the whole idea of Final Judgment.


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