Population: 32. 3 million Official Languages



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Country Databank

Africa

Algeria

Capital: Algiers

Population: 32.3 million

Official Languages: Arabic and Tamazight

Land Area: 2,381,740 sq km; 919,590 sq mi

Leading Exports: petroleum, natural gas, petroleum products

Continent: Africa
Angola

Capital: Luanda

Population: 10.6 million

Official Language: Portuguese

Land Area: 1,246,700 sq km; 481,551 sq mi

Leading Exports: crude oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, gas, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton Continent: Africa
Benin

Capital: Porto-Novo

Population: 6.9 million

Official Language: French

Land Area: 110,620 sq km; 42,710 sq mi

Leading Exports: cotton, crude oil, palm products, cocoa

Continent: Africa
Botswana

Capital: Gaborone

Population: 1.6 million

Official Language: English

Land Area: 585,370 sq km; 226,011 sq mi

Leading Exports: diamonds, copper, nickel, soda ash, meat, textiles

Continent: Africa
Burkina Faso

Capital: Ouagadougou

Population: 12.6 million

Official Language: French

Land Area: 273,800 sq km; 105,714 sq mi

Leading Exports: cotton, animal products, gold

Continent: Africa
Burundi

Capital: Bujumbura

Population: 6,4 million

Official Languages: Kirundi and French

Land Area: 25,650 sq km; 9,903 sq mi

Leading Exports: coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides

Continent: Africa
Cameroon

Capital: Yaounde

Population: 16.1 million

Official Languages: English and French

Land Area: 469,440 sq km; 181,251 sq mi

Leading Exports: crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa, aluminum, coffee, cotton

Continent: Africa
Cape Verde

Capital: Praia

Population: 408,760

Official Language: Portuguese

Land Area: 4,033 sq km; 1,557 sq mi

Leading Exports: fuel, shoes, garments, fish, hides

Location: Atlantic Ocean
Central African Republic

Capital: Bangui

Population: 3.6 million

Official Language: French

Land Area: 622,984 sq km; 240,534 sq mi

Leading Exports: diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee, tobacco

Continent: Africa
Chad

Capital: N'Djamena

Population: 9 million

Official Languages: Arabic and French

Land Area: 1,259,200 sq km; 486,177 sq mi

Leading Exports: cotton, cattle, gum arabic

Continent: Africa
Comoros

Capital: Moroni

Population: 614,382

Official Languages: Arabic, Comoran, and French

Land Area: 2,170 sq km; 838 sq mi

Leading Exports: vanilla, ylangylang, cloves, perfume oil, copra

Location: Indian Ocean
Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Capital: Kinshasa

Population: 55.2 million

Official Language: French

Land Area: 2,267,600 sq km 875,520 sq mi

Leading Exports: diamonds, copper, coffee, cobalt, crude oil

Continent: Africa
Congo, Republic of the

Capital: Brazzaville

Population: 3.3 million

Official Language: French

Land Area: 341,500 sq km 131,853 sq mi

Leading Exports: petroleum, lumber, sugar, cocoa, coffee, diamonds

Continent: Africa
Djibouti

Capital: Djibouti

Population: 472,810

Official Languages: Arabic and French

Land Area: 22,980 sq km; 8,873 sq mi

Leading Exports: reexports, hides and skins, coffee (in transit)

Continent: Africa
Egypt

Capital: Cairo

Population: 70.7 million

Official Language: Arabic

Land Area: 995,450 sq km 384,343 sq mi

Leading Exports: crude oil and petroleum products, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals

Continent: Africa
Equatorial Guinea

Capital: Malabo

Population: 498,144

Official Languages: Spanish and French

Land Area: 28,050 sq km; 10,830 sq mi

Leading Exports: petroleum, timber, cocoa

Continent: Africa
Eritrea

Capital: Asmara

Population: 4.5 million

Official Language: Tigrinya

Land Area: 121,320 sq km; 46,842 sq mi

Leading Exports: livestock, sorghum, textiles, food, small manufactured goods

Continent: Africa
Ethiopia

Capital: Addis Ababa

Population: 67.7 million

Official Language: Amharic

Land Area: 1,119,683 sq km; 432,310 sq

Leading Exports: coffee, gat, gold, leather products, oilseeds

Continent: Africa
Gabon

Capital: Libreville

Population: 1.2 million

Official Language: French

Land Area: 257,667 sq km; 99,489 sq mi

Leading Exports: crude oil, timber, manganese, uranium

Continent: Africa
Gambia

Capital: Banjul

Population: 1.5 million

Official Language: English

Land Area: 10,000 sq km; 3,861 sq mi

Leading Exports: peanuts and peanut products, fish, cotton, palm kernels

Continent: Africa
Ghana

Capital: Accra

Population: 20.2 million

Official Language: English

Land Area: 230,940 sq km; 89,166 sq mi

Leading Exports: gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds

Continent: Africa
Guinea

Capital: Conakry

Population: 7,8 million

Official Language: French

Land Area: 245,857 sq km; 94,925 sq mi

Leading Exports: bauxite, alumina, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products

Continent: Africa
Guinea-Bissau

Capital: Bissau

Population: 1.4 million

Official Language: Portuguese

Land Area: 28,000 sq km; 10,811 sq mi

Leading Exports: cashew nuts, shrimp, peanuts, palm kernels, lumber

Continent: Africa
Ivory Coast

Capital: Yamoussoukro

Population: 16.8 million

Official Language: French

Land Area: 318,000 sq km; 122,780 sq mi

Leading Exports: cocoa, coffee, timber, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, cotton, fish

Continent: Africa
Kenya

Capital: Nairobi

Population: 31.3 million

Official Languages: Swahili and English

Land Area: 569,250 sq km; 219,787 sq mi

Leading Exports: tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, cement

Continent: Africa
Lesotho

Capital: Maseru

Population: 2.2 million

Official Languages: Sesotho and English

Land Area: 30,355 sq km; 11,720 sq mi

Leading Exports: manufactured goods (clothing, footwear, road vehicles), wool and mohair, food and live animals

Continent: Africa
Liberia

Capital: Monrovia

Population: 3.3 million

Official Language: English

Land Area: 96,320 sq km; 37,189 sq mi Leading Exports: rubber, timber, iron, diamonds, cocoa, coffee

Continent: Africa

680


Libya

Capital: Tripoli

Population: 5.4 million

Official Language: Arabic

Land Area: 1,759,540 sq km; 679,358 sq mi

Leading Exports: crude oil, refined petroleum products

Location: Indian
Madagascar

Capital: Antananarivo

Population: 16.5 million

Official Languages: French and Malagasy

Land Area: 581,540 sq km; 224,533 sq mi

Leading Exports: coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, chromite, petroleum products

Location: Indian Ocean
Malawi

Capital: Lilongwe

Population: 10.7 million

Official Languages: English and Chichewa

Land Area: 94,080 sq km; 36,324 sq mi

Leading Exports: tobacco, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, apparel

Continent: Africa
Mali

Capital: Bamako

Population: 11.3 million

Official Language: French

Land Area: 1,220,000 sq km; 471,042 sq mi

Leading Exports: cotton, gold, livestock

Continent: Africa
Mauritania

Capital: Nouakchott

Population: 2.8 million

Official Language: Arabic

Land Area: 1,030,400 sq km; 397,837 sq mi

Leading Exports: iron ore, fish and fish products, gold

Continent: Africa
Mauritius

Capital: Port Louis

Population: 1.2 million

Official Language: English

Land Area: 2,030 sq km; 784 sq mi

Leading Exports: clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses

Location: Indian Ocean
Morocco

Capital: Rabat

Population: 31.2 million

Official Language: Arabic

Land Area: 446,300 sq km; 172,316 sq mi

Leading Exports: phosphates and fertilizers, food and beverages, minerals

Continent: Africa
Mozambique

Capital: Maputo

Population: 19.6 million

Official Language: Portuguese

Land Area: 784,090 sq km, 302,737 sq mi

Leading Exports: prawns, cashews, cotton, sugar, citrus, timber, bulk electricity

Continent: Africa
Namibia

Capital: Windhoek

Population: 1.8 million

Official Language: English

Land Area: 825,418 sq km; 318,694 sq mi

Leading Exports: diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead, uranium, cattle, processed fish, karakul skins

Continent: Africa
Niger

Capital: Niamey

Population: 11.3 million

Official Language: French

Land Area: 1,226,700 sq km; 489,073 sq mi

Leading Exports: uranium ore, livestock products, cowpeas, onions

Continent: Africa
Nigeria

Capital: Abuja

Population: 129.9 million

Official Language: English

Land Area: 910,768 sq km; 351,648 sq mi

Leading Exports: petroleum and petroleum products, cocoa, rubber

Continent: Africa
Rwanda

Capital: Kigali

Population: 7.4 million

Official Languages: Kinyarwanda, French, and English

Land Area: 24,948 sq km; 9,632 sq mi

Leading Exports: coffee, tea, hides, tin ore

Continent: Africa
S‹o Tome and Principe

Capital: S‹o Tome

Population: 170,372

Official Language: Portuguese

Land Area: 1,001 sq km; 386 sq mi

Leading Exports: cocoa, copra, coffee, palm oil

Location: Atlantic Ocean
Senegal

Capital: Dakar

Population: 10.6 million

Official Language: French

Land Area: 192,000 sq km; 74,131 sq mi

Leading Exports: fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton

Continent: Africa
Seychelles

Capital: Victoria

Population: 80,098

Official Languages: English and French

Land Area: 455 sq km; 176 sq mi

Leading Exports: canned tuna, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (reexports)

Location: Indian Ocean
Sierra Leone

Capital: Freetown

Population: 5.6 million

Official Language: English

Land Area: 71,620 sq km; 27,652 sq mi

Leading Exports: diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee, fish

Continent: Africa
Somalia

Capital: Mogadishu

Population: 7.8 million

Official Languages: Somali and Arabic

Land Area: 627,337 sq km; 242,215 sq mi

Leading Exports: livestock, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal, scrap metal

Continent: Africa
South Africa

Capital: Cape Town, Pretoria, and Bloemfontein

Population: 43.6 million

Official Languages: Eleven official languages: Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, and Zulu

Land Area: 1,219,912 sq km; 471,008 sq mi

Leading Exports: gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment

Continent: Africa
Sudan

Capital: Khartoum

Population: 37.1 million

Official Language: Arabic

Land Area: 2,376,000 sq km; 917,374 sq mi

Leading Exports: oil and petroleum products, cotton, sesame, livestock, groundnuts, gum arabic, sugar

Continent: Africa
Swaziland

Capital: Mbabane

Population: 1.1 million

Official Languages: English and siSwati

Land Area: 17,20 sq km; 6,642 sq mi

Leading Exports: soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit

Continent: Africa
Tanzania

Capital: Dar es Salaam and Dodoma

Population: 37.2 million

Official Languages: Swahili and English

Land Area: 886,037 sq km; 342,099 sq mi

Leading Exports: gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactured goods, cotton

Continent: Africa
Togo

Capital: Lome

Population: 5.2 million

Official Language: French

Land Area: 54,385 sq km; 20,998 sq mi

Leading Exports: cotton, phosphates, coffee, cocoa

Continent: Africa
Tunisia

Capital: Tunis

Population: 9.8 million

Official Language: Arabic

Land Area: 155,360 sq km; 59,984 sq mi

Leading Exports: textiles, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, agricultural products, hydrocarbons

Continent: Africa
Uganda

Capital: Kampala

Population: 24.7 million

Official Language: English

Land Area: 199,710 sq km; 77,108 sq mi

Leading Exports: coffee, fish and fish products, tea, gold, cotton, flowers, horticultural products

Continent: Africa
Zambia

Capital: Lusaka

Population: 10.1 million

Official Language: English

Land Area: 740,724 sq km; 285,994 sq mi

Leading Exports: copper, cobalt, electricity, tobacco, flowers, cotton

Continent: Africa
Zimbabwe

Capital: Harare

Population: 11.3 million

Official Language: English

Land Area: 386,670 sq km: 149,293 sq mi

Leading Exports: tobacco, gold, iron alloys, textiles and clothing

Continent: Africa

681


Asia and the Pacific

Afghanistan

Capital: Kabul

Population: 27.8 million

Official Languages: Pashtu and Dari

Land Area: 647,500 sq km; 250,000 sq mi

Leading Exports: agricultural products, hand-woven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semiprecious gems

Continent: Asia
Armenia

Capital: Yerevan

Population: 3.3 million

Official Language: Armenian

Land Area: 29,400 sq km; 10,965 sq mi

Leading Exports: diamonds, scrap metal, machinery and equipment, brandy, copper ore

Continent: Asia
Australia

Capital: Canberra

Population: 19.6 million

Official Language: English

Land Area: 7,617,930 sq km; 2,941,283 sq mi

Leading Exports: coal, gold, meat, wool, alumina, iron ore, wheat, machinery and transport equipment

Continent: Australia
Azerbaijan

Capital: Baku

Population: 7.8 million

Official Language: Azerbaijani

Land Area: 86,100 sq km; 33,243 sq mi

Leading Exports: oil and gas, machinery, cotton, foodstuffs

Continent: Asia
Bahrain

Capital: Manama

Population: 656,397

Official Language: Arabic

Land Area: 665 sq km; 257 sq mi

Leading Exports: petroleum and petroleum products, aluminum, textiles

Continent: Asia
Bangladesh

Capital: Dhaka

Population: 133,4 million

Official Language: Bengali

Land Area: 133,910 sq km; 51,705 sq mi

Leading Exports: garments, jute and jute goods, leather, frozen fish and seafood

Continent: Asia
Bhutan

Capital: Thimphu

Population: 2.1 million

Official Language: Dzongkha

Land Area: 47,000 sq km; 18,147 sq mi

Leading Exports: electricity, cardamom, gypsum, timber, handicrafts, cement, fruit, precious stones, spices

Continent: Asia
Brunei

Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan

Population: 350,898

Official Language: Malay

Land Area: 5,270 sq km; 2,035 sq mi

Leading Exports: crude oil, natural gas, refined products

Continent: Asia
Cambodia

Capital: Phnom Penh

Population: 12.8 million

Official Language: Khmer

Land Area: 176,520 sq km; 68,154 sq mi

Leading Exports: timber, garments, rubber, rice, fish

Continent: Asia
China

Capital: Beijing

Population: 1.29 billion

Official Languages: Mandarin and Chinese

Land Area: 9,326,410 sq km; 3,600,927 sq mi

Leading Exports: machinery and equipment, textiles and clothing, footwear, toys and sports goods, mineral fuels

Continent: Asia
Cyprus

Capital: Nicosia

Population: 767,314

Official Languages: Greek and Turkish

Land Area: 9,240 sq km; 3,568 sq mi

Leading Exports: citrus, potatoes, grapes, wine, cement, clothing and shoes

Location: Mediterranean Sea
East Timor

Capital: Dili

Population: 952,618

Official Languages: Tetum and Portuguese

Land Area: 15,007 sq km; 5,794 sq mi

Leading Exports: coffee, sandalwood, marble

Continent: Asia
Fiji

Capital: Suva

Population: 856,346

Official Language: English

Land Area: 18,270 sq km; 7,054 sq mi

Leading Exports: sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish, molasses, coconut oil

Location: Pacific Ocean
Georgia

Capital: Tbilisi

Population: 5 million

Official Languages: Georgian and Abkhazian

Land Area: 69,700 sq km; 26,911 sq mi

Leading Exports: scrap metal, machinery, chemicals, fuel reexports, citrus fruits, tea, wine, other agricultural products

Continent: Asia
India

Capital: New Delhi

Population: 1.05 billion

Official Languages: Hindi and English

Land Area: 2,973,190 sq km; 1,147,949 sq mi

Leading Exports: textile goods, gems and jewelry, engineering goods, chemicals, leather manufactured goods

Continent: Asia
Indonesia

Capital: Jakarta

Population: 231.3 million

Official Language: Bahasa Indonesia

Land Area: 1,826,440 sq km; 705,188 sq mi

Leading Exports: oil and gas, electrical appliances, plywood, textiles, rubber

Continent: Asia
Iran

Capital: Tehran

Population: 66.6 million

Official Language: Farsi

Land Area: 1,636,000 sq km; 631,660 sq mi

Leading Exports: petroleum, carpets, fruits and nuts, iron and steel, chemicals
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