Political Science Arab-Israeli Conflict



Download 31.05 Kb.
Date conversion14.05.2016
Size31.05 Kb.
Political Science

Arab-Israeli Conflict


Few conflicts around the world have garnered as much attention as the Arab - Israeli conflict. Few have shed as much blood, inspired as much terrorism, and shattered hopes for peace. This course explores the roots of the Arab - Israeli conflict – from the rise of Zionism to the failure of the Oslo peace process. It incorporates documentary videos depicting the actual actors – Yasser Arafat, Ariel Sharon, Yitzhak Rabin, and many more – explaining historical milestones from their point of view. Understanding this protracted conflict - its people, governments, and issues - is critically important for students of political science. The Arab-Israeli conflict offers us many lessons on nationalism, ethnic strife, terrorism, and conflict resolution.


C

  • What it Zionism and why did it come about?

  • How did Israel come to be and what factors helped secure its survival?

  • How did the Six Day War change the physical and political geography of the Middle East?

  • What gave rise to the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and why did it adopt armed struggle as the principal means to achieve independence?

  • How did the Palestinian struggle evolve in the 1980s - 1990s and what effect did it have on Israeli government and society?

  • What is the Oslo peace process and why did it fail?

  • How can we explain the rise of Palestinian suicide bombers?

  • What are the possibilities for a peaceful resolution of Arab-Israeli conflict?


ourse Themes

Required Texts


  • Ian J. Bickerton and Carla L. Klausner, A Concise History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict (Prentice Hall, 4th edition, 2004).

  • Kimmerling and Migdal, The Palestinian People: A History (Harvard University Press, 2003).



Outline of Topics
Introduction to the Arab – Israeli Conflict

  • Introducing the topics and textbooks

  • Overview of the conflict and chronology of events

Readings:


Origins of Modern Zionism



  • What were the drivers that gave rise to political Zionism?

  • What tangible steps gave organizational form to the Zionist idea?

  • How did Zionism promote its goals prior to WWI?

Readings: Bickerton and Klausner, A Concise History, Chapter 1, pp. 16-35


Arab Zionist Struggle between WWI and WWII

  • What is the Balfour Declaration?

  • How did the strategy and tactics of the Zionist movement evolve since the Balfour Declaration?

  • What was the reaction of the Arabs and the British to Zionist settlements in Palestine?

Readings:



  • Bickerton and Klausner, A Concise History, Chapter 2, pp. 36-67

  • Kimmerling and Migdal, The Palestinian People, Chapter 4, pp. 102-134

Creation of Israel, 1947-1948



  • What factors contributed to the British withdraw from Palestine and UN Partition of Palestine?

  • Why did the Arabs fail to block the formation of Israel?

  • What legacy – real and mythical – did the 1948 war leave on the conflicting parties?

Readings:



  • Bickerton and Klausner, A Concise History, Chapters 3 and 4, pp. 68-115

  • Kimmerling and Migdal, The Palestinian People, Chapter 5, pp. 135-168

Arab Nationalism and the 1956 Suez Crisis



  • What is Arab nationalism and what does it have to do with the Arab-Israeli conflict?

  • What is Nasserism and why did it become the focal point for Pan-Arab unity?

  • How did the 1956 Suez crisis develop and end?


Readings: Bickerton and Klausner, A Concise History, Chapter 5, pp. 116-136
Midterm Exam #1
Readings: No Readings
Six-Day War in 1967

  • How did the Six-Day war change the political, strategic and psychological make-up of the Middle East?

  • What impact did the Six-Day war have on Arab Nationalism and Palestinian aspirations?

Readings: Bickerton and Klausner, A Concise History, Chapter 6, pp. 137-159


Rise of the Palestinian Nationalist Movement and the PLO

  • What gave rise to the PLO and how did its struggle evolve since its creation?

  • Why did the Palestinians adopt armed struggle as the principal means to achieve liberation?

Readings: Kimmerling and Migdal, The Palestinian People, Chapter 8, pp. 240-273


War and Peace: Yom Kippur War of 1973 and Peace with Egypt in 1979

  • Why did Egypt and Syria invade Israel in 1973?

  • How did the war end?

  • How did Sadat use this war to strengthen his political position in Egypt and move toward peace?

Readings: Bickerton and Klausner, A Concise History, Chapter 7 and 8, pp. 160-209


Invasion of Lebanon in 1982 and the Palestinian Uprising (Intifada), 1987 - 1991

  • What was the political condition of Lebanon prior to the 1982 war?

  • Why did Israel invade Lebanon in 1982?

  • What were the consequences of Israel’s invasion?

  • Why did the Palestinian intifada breakout in 1987?

  • How did the uprising alter Israeli perceptions of the West Bank and Gaza?

Readings:



  • Bickerton and Klausner, A Concise History, Chapter 9, pp. 210-243

  • Kimmerling and Migdal, The Palestinian People, Chapter 9, pp. 274-314

Midterm Exam #2


Readings: No Readings
The Oslo Peace Process, 1993-2000

  • Why did Israel agree to negotiate with the PLO?

  • Why did the PLO agree to compromise with Israel?

  • What were the principal points of the Oslo peace accords and Declaration of Principles?

  • How did the Oslo peace process change the status of the West Bank and Gaza?

Readings:



  • Bickerton and Klausner, A Concise History, Chapters 10 and 11, pp. 244-312

  • Kimmerling and Migdal, The Palestinian People, Chapter 10, pp. 315-354

Failure of the Oslo Peace Process in 2000



  • Why did Oslo peace process fail?

  • What were the key shortcomings of the process?

Readings:



  • Bickerton and Klausner, A Concise History, Chapter 9, pp. 313-351

  • Kimmerling and Migdal, The Palestinian People, Chapter 11, pp. 355-397

Battle for the Holy Land: Al-Aqsa Uprising and Rise of Suicide Bombers, 2000-2003



  • Why did another Palestinian uprising breakout in 2000?

  • Why did Palestinians choose suicide bombings as the principal tactic with which to fight?

  • What are the consequences of the Al-Aqsa uprising?

Readings: Robert Pape, “Strategic Logic of Suicide terrorism” American Political Science Review, vol. 97, no. 3 (August 2003) pp. 343-361 (Ask professor to e-mail)

Future of the Arab-Israeli Conflict


  • How can the conflicting parties move forward toward reviving the peace process?

  • What role can outsiders play to facilitate peace between the combatants?

  • Can there be peace in a two-state solution or will Palestinians and Israelis have to reconsider the framework of a future peace deal?

Readings:



  • Bickerton and Klausner, A Concise History, Conclusion, pp. 352-360

  • Kimmerling and Migdal, The Palestinian People, Conclusion, pp. 398-418

Final Exam


Readings: No Readings







The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page