Political Party Project Identify the major ideas of the two major parties



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Parties in presidential contention


Further information: Political parties in the United States

Each of five parties shares a degree of national attention by attaining the mathematical possibility of its nominee becoming President of the United States -- i.e., having ballot status for its presidential candidate in states whose collective total is at least half of the Electoral-College votes -- in the U.S. presidential election, 2008.



  • Democratic Party (1828 modern, 1792 historic)

  • Republican Party (1854)

  • Libertarian Party (1971)

  • Constitution Party (1992)

  • Green Party (1996)

[edit] Other parties that have nominated candidates in recent elections


These parties have offered candidates in recent elections, but did not in 2004, and they do not have ballot status in enough states in 2008 to win the presidency. Some do not have presidential candidates, but for other offices only.

This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. Sourced additions are welcome and you can help by expanding it.

  • America First Party (2002)

  • Boston Tea Party (2006)

  • Centrist Party (United States) (2006)

  • Independence Party of America (2007)

  • Jefferson Republican Party (2006)

  • Moderate Party (2006)

  • Marijuana Party (2002)

  • Party for Socialism and Liberation (2004)

  • Peace and Freedom Party (1967) - active primarily in California

  • Pirate Party (2006)[1]

  • Prohibition Party (1867)

  • Reform Party of the United States of America (1995) - currently divided into two factions both using the name of the "Reform Party"

  • Socialist Equality Party (1953)

  • Socialist Party USA (1973)

  • Socialist Workers Party (1938)

  • United States Pacifist Party (1983)[2]

  • Workers World Party (1959)

  • Working Families Party (1998)

[edit] Other parties that have not nominated candidates in recent elections


Some of these parties have nominated candidates in the past, but have not done so recently for various reasons. Others have not yet nominated any candidates.

This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. Sourced additions are welcome and you can help by expanding it.

  • American Party (1969)

  • American Centrist Party (2004)

  • American Patriot Party (2003)

  • American Heritage Party (2000)

  • American Reform Party (1997)

  • Communist Party USA (1919)

  • Freedom Road Socialist Organization (1986)

  • Freedom Socialist Party (1966)

  • Independent American Party (1998)

  • Labor Party (1995)

  • Light Party [3]

  • Libertarian National Socialist Green Party (1997)

  • Modern Whig Party (2007)

  • National Socialist Movement (1974)

  • New American Independent Party (2004)

  • New Black Panther Party (1989)

  • New Union Party (1974)

  • Populist Party of America (2002)

  • Progressive Labor Party (1961)

  • Ray O. Light Group (1961)

  • Revolutionary Communist Party, USA (1975)

  • Socialist Action (1983)

  • Socialist Alternative (1986)

  • Socialist Labor Party (1876)

  • Unity08 (2006)

  • Veterans Party (2003)

  • Workers Party, USA

  • World Socialist Party of the United States (1916)

[edit] Regional parties that have nominated candidates


Few, if any, of these parties have nominated presidential candidates. The years are when they were founded.

This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. Sourced additions are welcome and you can help by expanding it.

  • Alaskan Independence Party (1984)

  • Aloha Aina Party

  • American Independent Party (1968) - the California affiliate of the Constitution Party

  • Blue Enigma Party (Delaware) (2006)

  • Charter Party of Cincinnati, Ohio (1924)

  • Connecticut for Lieberman Party (2006)

  • Conservative Party of New York (1962)

  • Covenant Party (Northern Mariana Islands)

  • Independent Citizens Movement (US Virgin Islands)

  • Liberal Party of Minnesota

  • Liberal Party of New York (1944)

  • Liberty Union Party (Vermont) (1970)

  • Marijuana Reform Party (New York) (1997)

  • New Jersey Conservative Party (1992)

  • New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico (1967)

  • New York State Right to Life Party (1970)

  • Personal Choice Party (Utah) (1997)

  • Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico (1938)

  • Populist Party of Maryland (Nader 2004 - affiliated, unrelated to earlier so-named parties)

  • Puerto Rican Independence Party (1946)

  • Republican Moderate Party of Alaska (1986)

  • Southern Party (1999)

  • United Citizens Party (South Carolina) (1969)

  • Vermont Progressive Party (1999)
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