Please complete this study guide as you watch the film on the Dust Bowl
Date conversion 13.05.2016 Size 17.13 Kb.
the Dust Bowl Please complete this study guide as you watch the film on the Dust Bowl.
What year did the rain stop?
How long did the Dust Bowl last?
What happed to the people who actually lived through and experienced the Dust Bowl?
a. lost all of their means to make a living; had to leave because they could not farm;
crops were destroyed
Describe the Southern Plains.
The land was untouched, lush and green, but there is a never ending cycle of drought and rain.
What did the farmers plant on the land in the Southern Plains?
What happened to the weather in the 1930’s?
Did all the farmers leave the Southern Plains during the Dust Bowl? How many left?
a. No but most did leave. 2.5 million people moved out of the Plains; 200,000 moved to California
What were the dust storms called?
Describe what it was like to experience a dust storm.
It was like a blizzard.
What did the people spit out?
What did people believe was happening when they were experiencing a dust storm?
of the world
How were the farming conditions in 1931 compared to the rest of the country?
What was the land and soil like before farmers plowed it?
What didn’t the farmers know about the land when they started to move to the southern plains?
Endless cycle of drought; constant plowing and planting stripped land of nutrients
What drew the farmers to the southern plains?
paid well for farming wheat
What did Washington want from farmers? Why?
Wheat for WWI
What came to the fields in the 20’s
Tractors & farmers
How many acres a day could a horse plow?
How many acres a day could a tractor plow?
What happened to the fields when the rains stopped?
Dried up, dust formed
What did the Red Cross do?
Handed out dust masks
How many acres became waste land?
in my class
How many dust storms were there in 1932, in 1933?
1932 – 14 dust storms
1933- 38 dust storms
How did people protect themselves and their houses from the dust?
People hung wet sheets
in front of doors and windows, stuffed rags in windows and cracks
What did the Government do to help the farmers?
a. offered relief through Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal
What did the govt. do to the cattle, Why?
a. bought and destroyed cattle because the livestock feed depleted
In 1935, what problem did farmers face?
land was destroyed by jack rabbits that were starving
What were rabbit drives, explain?
a. people would go out and hunt jack rabbits (to get rid of them)
Describe Black Sunday.
April 14, 1935 was the worst day of the Dust Storm; the people thought that God's wrath was on them for killing the jack rabbits
Where did people turn for moral support? the Bible
What epidemic hit the plains? Dust
What were some home remedies? s kunk grease, sugar and turpentine, kerosene and lard
Why did some farmers begin to head West? there had been no rainfall for 4 years What were they in search of?
farm jobs in California
What happened to the banks, businesses and churches? the banks and businesses failed and churches were boarded up
Who was John McCarty? editor of the Dow Hart Newspaper who started the Last Man's Club
What was the Last Man’s Club? issued
the call to arms; meant to build up courage; the men in the club pledged to stay and do anything to help others
What solution did Tex Thorton propose? Use explosion to excite
the atmosphere and induce rain
What did Hugh Bennett try to teach farmers? t he Father of Soil Conservation;
What did Hugh Bennett try to tell Washington? conservation techniques could restore farming to the southern plains
Why did he stall when he was presenting in Washington? b ecause the Dust Storm was approaching Washington D.C.; the Congressmen would be able to see what the farmers in the Southern
plains were going through
What did the Easterners get? what it was like for the Southern Plain farmers; they could smell, breathe,
and taste the dust
What did most people think about soil? it was limitless; full of nutrients;
could not be destroyed
Describe the film that was created that promoted conservation of soil. "The Plow that Broke the Plains" paid Melt White's Dad to play a farmer breaking up the soil; the film showed the farmer's farming practices to be the reason why the soil was would not grow anything.
What did Washington finally do about the problem? paid farmers to use conservation methods
Plowing was no longer done to plant, what was the purpose of plowing? t o get money for surviving
What were the results of the conservation efforts? dust blowing reduced by 65% but the drought continued
When it finally did rain, how did the farmers feel? extreme happiness; very emotional; had
hope that there would be crops
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