Plagiarized or not?



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Plagiarized or not?

Use the ORIGINAL text from page 1 of Lizzie Borden: A Case Book of Family and Crime in the 1890s by Joyce Williams et al. below to determine whether Paraphrases #1 and #2 are acceptable:

The rise of industry, the growth of cities, and the expansion of the population were the three great developments of late nineteenth century American history. As new, larger, steam-powered factories became a feature of the American landscape in the East, they transformed farm hands into industrial laborers, and provided jobs for a rising tide of immigrants. With industry came urbanization the growth of large cities (like Fall River, Massachusetts, where the Bordens lived) which became the centers of production as well as of commerce and trade.

Paraphrase #1:

The increase of industry, the growth of cities, and the explosion of the population were three large factors of nineteenth century America. As steam-driven companies became more visible in the eastern part of the country, they changed farm hands into factory workers and provided jobs for the large wave of immigrants. With industry came the growth of large cities like Fall River where the Bordens lived which turned into centers of commerce and trade as well as production.



Answer the questions about the paraphrase above and discuss it with a partner. Is the paraphrase above plagiarized? Why or why not? Give specific details to support your answer.

Yes. Plagiarized.

2 reasons- 1) only changed around a few words and phrases or changed the order of the

original text’s sentences.

2) failed to cite a source for any of the ideas/facts

Paraphrase #2:

Fall River, where the Borden family lived, was typical of northeastern industrial cities of the nineteenth century. Steam-powered production had shifted labor from agriculture to manufacturing, and as immigrants arrived in the US, they found work in these new factories. As a result, populations grew, and large urban areas arose. Fall River was one of these manufacturing and commercial centers (Williams et al., 1890).



Answer the questions about the paraphrase above and discuss it with a partner. Is the paraphrase above plagiarized? Why or why not? Give specific details to support your answer.

No, NOT Plagiarized.

3 reasons- 1) accurately relays the information in the original text

2) uses his/her own words

3) lets his/her reader know the source of his/her information (citation and date

provided)

Use the ORIGINAL text taken from the book The Origins of Totalitarianism by Hannah Arendt, (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1973 ed.) below to determine whether Paraphrases #3 and #4 are acceptable:

This book has been written against a background of both reckless optimism and reckless despair. It holds that Progress and Doom are two sides of the same medal; that both are articles of superstition, not of faith. It was written out of the conviction that it should be possible to discover the hidden mechanics by which all traditional elements of our political and spiritual world were dissolved into a conglomeration where everything seems to have lost specific value, and has become unrecognizable for human comprehension, unusable for human purpose.



Paraphrase #3:

“This book has been written against a background of both reckless optimism and reckless despair. It holds that Progress and Doom are two sides of the same medal; that both are articles of superstition, not of faith.” Interestingly enough, Arendt avoids much of the debates found in some of the less philosophical literature about totalitarianism.



Answer the questions about the paraphrase above and discuss it with a partner. Is the paraphrase above plagiarized? Why or why not? Give specific details to support your answer.

Yes. Plagiarized.

2 reasons- 1) writer copied information word for word from the original text

2) no citation is given



Paraphrase #4:

Arendt’s (1973) book, The Origins of Totalitarianism, was written in the light of both excessive hope and excessive pessimism. Her thesis is that both Advancement and Ruin are merely different sides of the same coin. Her book was produced out of a belief that one can understand the method in which the more conventional aspects of politics and philosophy were mixed together so that they lose their distinctiveness and become worthless for human uses.



Answer the questions about the paraphrase above and discuss it with a partner. Is the paraphrase above plagiarized? Why or why not? Give specific details to support your answer.

No, NOT Plagiarized.

2 reasons- 1) writer put the author’s ideas into his/her own words

2) writer properly cited the necessary information (the author’s name, date)

Use the ORIGINAL text taken from Alvin Kernan's The Playwright as Magician. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979. pp. 102–103 below to determine whether Paraphrase #5 is acceptable:

From time to time this submerged or latent theater in Hamlet becomes almost overt. It is close to the surface in Hamlet’s pretense of madness, the “antic disposition” he puts on to protect himself and prevent his antagonists from plucking out the heart of his mystery. It is even closer to the surface when Hamlet enters his mother’s room and holds up, side by side, the pictures of the two kings, Old Hamlet and Claudius, and proceeds to describe for her the true nature of the choice she has made, presenting truth by means of a show. Similarly, when he leaps into the open grave at Ophelia’s funeral, ranting in high heroic terms, he is acting out for Laertes, and perhaps for himself as well, the folly of excessive, melodramatic expressions of grief.



Paraphrase #5

Almost all of Shakespeare’s Hamlet can be understood as a play about acting and the theater. For example, there is Hamlet’s pretense of madness, the “antic disposition” that he puts on to protect himself and prevent his antagonists from plucking out the heart of his mystery. When Hamlet enters his mother’s room, he holds up, side by side, the pictures of the two kings, Old Hamlet and Claudius, and proceeds to describe for her the true nature of the choice she has made, presenting truth by means of a show. Similarly, when he leaps into the open grave at Ophelia’s funeral, ranting in high heroic terms, he is acting out for Laertes, and perhaps for himself as well, the folly of excessive, melodramatic expressions of grief.



Answer the questions about the paraphrase above and discuss it with a partner. Is the paraphrase above plagiarized? Why or why not? Give specific details to support your answer.

Yes. Plagiarized.

2 reasons- 1) writer directly lifted phrases

2) no citation is given

Passage examples taken from: http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/pages/plagiarism/

http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml



http://gervaseprograms.georgetown.edu/honor/system/53501.html


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