Physiography a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land bodies is known as a(n)



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Chapter 4

Middle America

Multiple Choice
Introduction
 1. Which of the following is not included in the realm defined as Middle America?

A. Mexico *B. Brazil C. Cuba

D. Panama E. Trinidad
Physiography
 2. A narrow strip of land connecting two larger land bodies is known as a(n):

A. spine *B. isthmus C. Oriente

D. rimland E. peninsula
 3. The funnel-shaped connection between North America and South America, extending from Mexico through Panama to Colombia, is an example of:

A. a rim land B. a peninsula C. an antille

*D. a land bridge E. a fault zone
 4. Which of the following is located in the Greater Antilles?

*A. Cuba B. Nicaragua C. Bolivia

D. Honduras E. Belize
 5. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

A. Though African cultural influences dominate in the Caribbean portion of Middle America,

Amerindian traditions survive on the mainland.

*B. Trinidad is considered one of the Greater Antilles.

C. Anthropologists commonly refer to the Middle America culture hearth as “Mesoamerica.”

D. Many Central Americans do not consider Panama to be a part of their region.

E. Plantations are found in the rimland.
 6. As a group, the islands Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico are known as:

A. Latin America B. Non-Latin America C. the Hispanic Caribbean

D. the Lesser Antilles *E. the Greater Antilles
 7. The island destroyed by a volcano in 1998 was:

A. Cuba B. Jamaica C. Bermuda

D. Bahama *E. Montserrat

Legacy of Mesoamerica
 8. Which of the following countries is located in the culture hearth known as Mesoamerica?

*A. Guatemala B. United States C. Puerto Rico

D. Peru E. Panama
 9. Mesoamerica is:

A. a region that coincides with the forest zone of Middle America

*B. recognized by anthropologists as one of the world's culture hearths

C. the only area of great cultural advancement in all of the Americas

D. the source area for the peopling of North America

E. the Middle American Rimland, by Augelli's definition


10 Which of the following statements is incorrect?

*A. The Mayan civilization arose in the highland areas of Mexico.

B. The Aztec civilization was founded on the higher plateaus of present-day Mexico.

C. The ceremonial center of the Aztec civilization, named Tenochtitlan, was located in the

Valley of Mexico.

D. Tenochtitlan probably had over one-hundred thousand inhabitants at its peak.

E. The Aztecs were conquered by the Spanish.
11. The core area of the Aztec state was located in the:

A. lowlands of Guatemala

B. same place as the core area of the earlier Mayan state

*C. Valley of Mexico

D. interior of the Yucatan Peninsula

E. Andean Plateau


12. Which of the following is not a Middle American Amerindian group?

*A. Incans B. Aztecs C. Toltecs

D. Mayans E. all of the above are Middle American Amerindian groups
Collision of Cultures
13. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

*A. The decline of the Mayan civilization was initiated by Hernan Cortez.

B. Although estimates vary, there were likely 15 to 25 million Amerindians in Middle America

when the Spaniards arrived.

C. Middle America’s Amerindian population had no immunity to many of the diseases

introduced by the Spaniards such as typhoid, smallpox and mumps, and thousands of natives

died as a result.

D. After the Spaniards arrived, great rings of deforestation began to develop around the major

colonial towns due to their demand for wood.

E. The Spaniards forced thousands of Amerindians to labor in Mexico's mines.



14. The coming of the Spanish led to all but which of the following?

A. major losses in the Amerindian population

*B. the loss of Portuguese provinces in Middle America

C. cooperation between the Spanish and some of the peoples subjugated by the Aztecs

D. deforestation

E. all of the above resulted from Spanish rule


15. The Spanish introduced which of the following domesticated animals to Middle America?

A. bees B. turkeys *C. cattle

D. camels E. chickens
16. Perhaps the most important change the Spanish made in Amerindian society was:

A. the introduction of corn

B. the establishment of modern medicine in the rural countryside

C. the defeat of the Toltecs

*D. the relocation of the population to villages and towns

E. the Spanish did none of the above


Mainland and Rimland
17. The Caribbean Coast of Middle America is:

*A. part of the Rimland B. part of the Heartland C. an area settled by the Dutch

D. an area settled by the Portuguese E. none of the above
18. Which of the following is true?

A. Haciendas are found principally in the rimland.

B. Haciendas are only found in Mexico.

C. Plantations are found principally in the mainland.

D. Plantations grow a large variety of crops.

*E. Plantations are a rimland phenomena.


19. Which of the following is not a characteristic of plantations?

*A. They are inefficient operations. B. They produce for export.

C. They produce only one crop. D. Labor is seasonal.

E. Capital and skills are imported.


20. Which of the following is likeliest to be observed in Middle America’s rimland?

A. large haciendas B. a Euro-Amerindian cultural milieu *C. banana plantations D. a uniformly strong Spanish heritage

E. significant influence of Islam
21. Which of the following Amerindian groups is most associated with the Caribbean islands?

*A. Arawaks B. Aztecs C. Incas

D. Mayans E. Mestizos


22. Among the following areas, which one is not a segment of Augelli's Euro-Indian Mainland?

A. Central America from Guatemala to Panama (except the Caribbean coastal zone)

B. Mexico C. Costa Rica

*D. Dominican Republic E. El Salvador


23. The subject is the early contact between Europeans and Amerindians in the Caribbean. Where, below, do you see an error?

A. After half a century of contact, only a few Amerindians survived, most of them because they

had fled to smaller islands where the coming of the white man was somewhat delayed.

B. Amerindians perished by the thousands on the sugar plantations where they were pressed

into labor.

C. The Amerindians possessed no immunity against new diseases brought by the Europeans;

smallpox, for one, took a heavy toll.

D. Whites took the land; the Amerindians either submitted to subjugation or fled into the forests

of the island interiors.

*E. In the forests of the islands, the last pure strain of Caribbean Amerindian now remains.

24. A number of contrasts between Mainland and Rimland can be discerned. Which of the following is incorrect?

A. Mainland: early remoteness, rimland: early accessibility

B. Mainland: region of the hacienda, rimland: region of the plantation

C. Mainland: region of Euro-Amerindian cultural influences, rimland: area of Euro-African

influences

D. Mainland: local self-sufficiency, rimland: commercial activity

*E. Mainland: numerous small farms, rimland: vast estates
25. _______ are located in humid coastal tropical lowlands and produce a single crop, using imported capital and a seasonal labor supply.

*A. Plantations B. Rimlands C. Haciendas

D. Punas E. Tierra templada
Political Differentiation
26. Which of the following associations is incorrect?

A. Nicaragua and Managua B. Puerto Rico and San Juan *C. Haiti and Santo Domingo

D. Cuba and Havana E. Jamaica and Kingston
27. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

A. The cultural diversity in the Caribbean is greater than that found in mainland Middle America.

B. The United Mexican States accounts for approximately 70 percent of the total land area of

Middle America.

C. Spain held on to Cuba and Puerto Rico until the Spanish-American War at the end of the

nineteenth century.

*D. The largest Caribbean country in both area and population is the Dominican Republic

E. The Panama Canal is located in Middle America.



28. Which of the following islands exhibits a British colonial heritage?

A. Puerto Rico B. Hispaniola C. Haiti

*D. Jamaica E. Belize
29. Colonial patterns continue to play a role in the developing Caribbean region. Identify the incorrect association (present or former).

A. Jamaica: British dependency

B. Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao: Netherlands dependencies

C. Martinique: French Département

*D. Cayman Islands: United States possessions

E. Cuba: Spanish (until near end of 19th century)


30. The island containing Haiti and the Dominican Republic is known as:

A. Trinidad B. Cuba C. Panama

D. Antilles *E. Hispaniola
31. Which of the following is an independent country?

A. Martinique *B. Jamaica C. Guadeloupe

D. Aruba E. Curaçao
32. Which of the following countries has played the least role in Middle American colonization?

*A. Denmark B. Netherlands C. Spain

D. England E. France
33. In which of the following places (does) did the U.S. play the least role?

A. Puerto Rico B. Panama C. Virgin Islands

D. Honduras *E. Trinidad
The Caribbean Basin
34. Which island is the Caribbean’s leading bauxite producer?

A. Trinidad B. Cuba C. Panama

*D. Jamaica E. Hispaniola
35. A group of islands is known as a (an):

A. ejido B. isthmus C. land bridge

*D. archipelago E. none of the above
36. An industry identified in your textbook as one with mixed blessing for Middle America is:

A. agriculture B. industry C. banking

*D. tourism E. diamond cutting
37. Which island is the Caribbean’s leading oil producer?

*A. Trinidad B. Cuba C. Panama

D. Bahrain E. Costa Rica



38. Which island is associated with Fidel Castro?

A. Trinidad *B. Cuba C. Panama

D. Bahrain E. Costa Rica

39. Cuba is no longer the pariah state it once was in the Western Hemisphere because of all of the following reasons except:

*A. Castro has dropped his socialist ideas

B. the Soviet Union is no longer a player in the Caribbean

C. the economy is growing quickly

D. foreign investment has increased

E. the geographic position is favorable to be a major player in Middle America
40. The Caribbean region’s largest city is:

A. Kingston B. San Jose *C. Santo Domingo

D. Ocho Rios E. Mexico City
41. Which of the following Caribbean republics was affected by French culture?

*A. Haiti B. Jamaica C. Falkland Islands

D. Malvinas E. Puerto Rico
42. Which of the following colonial associations is incorrect?

A. Britain and Jamaica B. France and Haiti C. Colombia and Panama

D. Spain and Puerto Rico *E. Britain and the Dominican Republic
43. The term applied to persons of mixed white and Amerindian ancestry is:

A. mulatto B. caliente *C. mestizo

D. hacienda E. pampas
44. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

A. Haiti's population is predominantly black with a small mulatto minority.

B. In the second half of the nineteenth century approximately 100,000 Chinese emigrated to

Cuba as indentured servants.

C. Trinidad has a large East Indian minority and Hindi remains a commonly spoken

language.

*D. Cuba’s population has a mestizo majority.

E. Haiti is on the island of Hispanola.


45. A person of mixed white-black ancestry is a (an):

*A. mulatto B. mestizo C. African

D. Carib E. Arawak
46. An island with a large percentage of South Asian population is:

A. Cuba B. Jamaica *C. Trinidad

D. Aruba E. Costa Rica


47. The new supranational group in the Caribbean is known as:

A. CARICOM B. NAFTA *C. ACS

D. MACM E. CACM
48. The Association of Caribbean States developed as a result of:

A. the formation of NAFTA

B. Cuba’s commitment to reform

*C. efforts by CARICOM

D. the U.S. invasion of Haiti

E. all of the above


49. The US initiative to spur development in the Caribbean is known as:

A. CARICOM B. NAFTA *C. Caribbean Basin Initiative D. MACM E. CACM


50. A Caribbean island that has shown significant recent economic growth and is the world leading exporter of ammonia is:

A. Anguilla B. Cuba *C. Trinidad

D. Haiti E. Montserrat
Mexico and its Unfinished Revolution
51. Land in Mexico that is communally owned is referred to as:

*A. ejidos B. haciendas C. plantations

D. placering E. none of the above
52. The Yucátan Peninsula is part of the country of:

A. Afghanistan B. Cuba *C. Mexico

D. Panama E. El Salvador
53. The current population of Mexico is approaching ________ million.

A. 52 B. 3 *C. 100

D. 114 E. 250
54. Most Mexicans today are:

A. mulattos B. Europeans C. Amerindians

*D. mestizos E. ejidos
55. A major problem corrected by the 1910 revolution in Mexico was:

*A. the problem of the peones

B. air pollution

C. large ejidos

D. discrimination against the country's Incan minority

E. none of the above

56. Which of the following statements is false?

*A. The United Mexican States contains 14 states and the Federal District of Mexico City.

B. Approximately 70 percent of Mexico’s population resides in towns and cities.

C. In the later 1990's Mexico City’s population totaled about 24 million making it the second

largest city in the world.

D. Mexico City’s air pollution is conceded to be the worst in the world and is frequently 100

times the acceptable level.

E. The Maquiladoras are located close to the U. S. border.


57. Middle America’s largest country today in terms of both area and population is:

*A. Mexico B. Hispaniola C. Cuba

D. Panama E. Trinidad

58. Transculturation is most closely associated with the shaping of cultural traits in:

*A. Mexico B. Cuba C. Panama

D. Spain E. United States


59. Discoveries of this commodity have changed Mexico’s economic outlook significantly:

A. bauxite B. iron C. coal

D. silver *E. oil
60. Mexico City, at 7350 feet above sea level, is located in which natural environ­ment zone?

A. chaco *B. tierra fria C­. sierra ejido

D. tropical rainforest E. altiplano
61. A maquiladora is:

*A. a foreign owned factory in northern Mexico that assembles duty-free goods

B. the owner of an ejido

C. a person of mixed white-Amerindian ancestry

D. the owner of a hacienda

E. a new miracle crop being introduced in northern Mexico


62. Tijuana is:

A. just across the U.S. border from El Paso

*B. an assembly city for Japanese television sets

C. a city developing its local agricultural region

D. the most important Mexican oil city

E. none of the above


63. Which Mexican city is at the center of the leading petroleum-producing region?

A. Mexico City *B. Villahermosa C. Monterrey

D. Chihuahua E. Guadalajara
64. A state in southern Mexico that is demanding more autonomy is:

A. Baja California *B. Chiapas C. Monterrey

D. Chihuahua E. Aguascalientes


65. The rebellion in Chiapas was designed to occur at the same time as:

*A. the launching of NAFTA B. Christmas

C. the presidential election in Mexico

D. other Mexican states were seceding from the country E. none of the above


66. Mexico’s chief trading partner is:

*A. U.S. B. Chile C. Canada

D. Cuba E. None of the above
The Central American Republics
67. The place where most of the population of Central America lives is the:

*A. tierra templada B. coast C. extreme highlands

D. A and C above E. Mexican Highlands
68. Moving from the lowest to the highest elevations, which of the following orderings of altitudinal climatic zones is correct?

A. puna, tierra fria, tierra templada, tierra caliente

B. tierra fria, tierra caliente, puna, tierra helada

*C. tierra caliente, tierra templada, tierra fria, puna

D. tierra templada, tierra fria, tierra caliente, puna

E. puna, tierra templada, tierra caliente, tierra helada


69. Most Central American capitals are in the:

*A. tierra templada B. tierra helada C. tierra caliente

D. puna E. tierra fria
70. Most of the Central American population is:

*A. on the Atlantic side B. on the Pacific side C. in the mountainous areas

D. in the North E. in the South
71. Which of the following is not a major cause of tropical deforestation in Central America?

A. need to clear land for cattle pasture *B. the paper and pulp industry

C. the lumber industry D. population growth E. all of the above are major causes
72. The Central American Republics, as defined by geographers, is:

*A. a region within Middle America, constituted by the countries that occupy the area between

Mexico and Colombia

B. a comprehensive name for a region that incorporates all the lands and islands between the

United States of America and South America

C. the regional term for the Greater Antilles, “that is, the Caribbean's larger islands”

D. the heartland or central zone of Middle America (its technical name is Mestizoamerica)

E. the region covered by Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize



73. Which two countries are both located within the region of Central America?

A. Mexico and Panama B. Guatemala and Colombia C. Mexico and Guatemala *D. El Salvador and Nicaragua E. Belize and Yucatan


74. The Central American country where English is spoken, but where Spanish will eventually become the predominant language is:

A. Cuba B. Guatemala C. Costa Rica

D. Mexico *E. Belize
75. Which of the following countries does not have a common border with Guatemala?

A. El Salvador B. Honduras C. Belize

*D. Nicaragua E. Mexico
76. Which of the following countries contains the heart of the ancient Mayan empire?

A. Cuba *B. Guatemala C. Mexico

D. Honduras E. Yucatan
77. Which of the following countries was formerly known as British Honduras?

A. Honduras B. Jamaica *C. Belize

D. Nicaragua E. Guyana
78. Guatemala has now given up its claims to:

A. Cuba B. El Salvador C. Mexico

*D. Belize E. Yucatan
79. Impacting much of northern Central America in 1998, this Hurricane left one million

homeless people:

A. Andrew B. Frank C. Harm

*D. Mitch E. Peter
80. Which of the following is the smallest Central American country in terms of population?

A. Honduras B. Jamaica *C. Belize

D. Nicaragua E. Guyana
81. Central America’s poorest country is:

A. Cuba B. Guatemala C. Mexico

D. Honduras *E. Nicaragua
82. While other Central American countries were “banana republics,” this country was a coffee republic.

A. Cuba B. Guatemala C. Mexico

*D. El Salvador E. Yucatan
83. This country fought a civil war from 1980-1992 in which 75,000 persons died. The United states supported the government, while Nicaragua supported the rebels.

A. Cuba B. Guatemala C. Mexico

*D. El Salvador E. Yucatan


84. In which of the following republics did the U.S. strongly support the government in its efforts to defeat a Marxist-led insurgency?

*A. Nicaragua B. Mexico C. Maracaibo

D. Canada E. Buenos Aires
85. The capital of Nicaragua, located on the mountainous Pacific side of the country is:

*A. Managua B. Guadeloupe C. Nicaragua City

D. Tegulcigalpa E. San José
86. Which country is the most likely candidate for a “dry canal” across Cental America?

A. Costa Rica *B. Nicaragua C. El Salvador

D. Trinidad E. Belize
87. In which republic did the leftist Sandinistas overthrow the government of Somoza in 1979?

A. Iran *B. Nicaragua C. Bolivia

D. Honduras E. Afghanistan
88. The country that is proposing a dry canal from the Caribbean to the Pacific is:

*A. Nicaragua B. Jamaica C. Belize

D. Honduras E. Costa Rica
89. The Switzerland of Central America, the region’s oldest democratic republic is:

A. Nicaragua B. Jamaica C. Belize

D. Honduras *E. Costa Rica
90. The most stable, Democratic republic in Central America is:

A. Cuba B. Guatemala C. Mexico

*D. Costa Rica E. Yucatan
91. To which country did Panama belong before its 1903 United States-supported revolution achieved independence?

A. Bolivia *B. Colombia C. Costa Rica

D. Cuba E. Hispaniola
92. As one travels north leaving South America, the first country on the Central American isthmus is ________ .

A. Costa Rica *B. Panama C. El Salvador

D. Nicaragua E. Cuba
93. As a result of U.S. interest in a Panama Canal during the early 20th century:

A. Panama became a territorially coherent state

B. a treaty was drawn up which specifically granted the U. S. permanent sovereignty over the

Canal Zone

*C. Panama became independent from Colombia

D. a Panamanian revolt was subdued by U. S. intervention

E. a French company finally completed the canal in 1918


94. The Panama Canal was opened in ________ .

A. 1872 B. 1903 *C. 1914

D. 1934 E. 1959
95. Under which U.S. president was the treaty signed that guaranteed American withdrawal from the Panama Canal Zone?

A. Theodore Roosevelt *B. Jimmy Carter C. Ronald Reagan



D. Bill Clinton E. George Bush

Chapter 4


Middle America

True-False
Introduction
 1. “Latin” America is a term that refers only to the geographical area constituted by the island and mainland portions of Middle America. (F)

Physiography
 2. Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama are all located within the land bridge portion of the Middle American realm. (T)
 3. A small strip of land connecting two larger bodies of land is called an isthmus. (T)
 4. Central America constitutes a land bridge between North and South America. (T)
 5. The large island of Trinidad is located in the Greater Antilles. (F)
Legacy of Mesoamerica
 6. Mayan and Aztec civilizations were both part of the Mesoamerican culture hearth. (T)
 7. The Middle American cultural hearth is known as Microamerica. (F)
 8. The Mayan civilization developed in the lowland area. (T)
 9. The Aztec civilization developed in the lowland area. (F)
10. The ceremonial center of the Aztec civilization is known as Tenochtitlán. (T)
11. The Mayan civilization is the only one on the world culture map that arose in the lowland tropics. (T)
Collision of Cultures
12. The Spanish, and their need for charcoal, caused the deforestation of huge areas of Middle America. (T)

13. The Spanish learned of the benefits of sheep farming from the Amerindian population. (F)
14. Cortes defeated the Aztecs. (T)
15. During their period of colonial domination, the Spanish forced much of Mexico’s Amerindian population to relocate to urban settlements. (T)
16. Placering involves the “washing” of gold from small streams carrying gold dust and nuggets. (T)
Mainland and Rimland
17. The Amerindian population of Middle America was decimated by the diseases the Europeans introduced, and against which the Amerindians had no immunity. (T)
18. Augelli recognizes a Euro-Indian Mainland and a Euro-African Rimland in Middle America. (T)
19. Costa Rica is a Rimland country. (F)
20. The profits from plantations generally are exported. (T)
21. Communally-owned farms in Mexico are called ejidos. (T)
22. The hacienda form of land tenure was dominant in Middle America’s Rimland. (F)
23. Augelli argues that the hacienda of the Mainland is essentially similar to the plantation of the Rimland. (F)
Political Differentiation
24. The A-B-C islands are Dutch. (T)
25. Hispaniola includes Haiti and Dominica. (F)
26. The original growth of the Caribbean Islands was based upon income from the banana crop. (F)
27. Cuba has an Iberian heritage, Jamaica is British-influenced, and Haiti’s strongest European imprint has been the French. (T)
28. The United States responded to European designs on Middle America with the Monroe Doctrine in 1823. (F)
29. Haiti was the site of a major slave rebellion against the French. (F)
30. Except for French Guiana, there is no remaining European dependency in the Caribbean. (F)

The Caribbean Basin
31. The Caribbean islands today constitute the most densely populated portion of the Americas. (T)
32. The islands of Middle America have become so advanced that poverty is just about unknown. (F)
33. Trinidad’s major raw material is oil. (T)
34. The poorest large Caribbean country is Jamaica. (F)
35. 90 percent of the inhabitants of the Caribbean islands live in urban areas. (F)
36. Tourism is considered an irritant industry by many in Caribbean America. (T)
37. A mulatto is a person from the island of Mulat. (F)
Mexico and its Unfinished Revolution
38. Mexico has over 70 percent of the land area of Middle America (including the islands) and more people than all the region’s countries and islands combined. (T)
39. The Yucatán Peninsula protrudes into the Pacific Ocean. (F)
40. The ejidos originated from the breakup of large Mexican plantations in the early 20th century. (T)
41. Due to the recent discovery of oilfields, Mexico ranks with Saudi Arabia as one of the world’s leading storehouses of petroleum and natural gas. (T)
42. Mexico's leading oil-producing zone is located along its southern Pacific coast. (F)

43. Only 30% of Mexicans live in cities. (F)


44. The Bay of Campeche coastal zone contains Mexico’s leading concentration of coal resources, which has given rise to a major steel-making complex. (F)
45. Given the rapid influx of population into the city, it is fortunate that Mexico City is located in an area with a well-endowed natural environment. (F)
46. A revolt has recently occurred in the Mexican state of Chiapas. (T)
47. NAFTA will unite the economies of Mexico, the United States and Canada by 2010. (T)
48. Maquiladoras are large communal farms in northern Mexico near the U.S. border. (F)


The Central American Republics
49. All but three of the eight mainland Middle American countries have Hispanic origins. (F)
50. Central America’s population exhibits higher densities in its Pacific coast lands than along its Caribbean shore. (T)
51. Coffee is a major source of Guatemala’s income. (T)
52. Guatemala was claimed by Belize. (F)
53. Belize is currently primarily a Spanish-speaking country. (F)
54. Honduras’s Pacific coastline is at the Gulf of Fonseca separating Nicaragua from El Salvador. (T)
55. El Salvador’s population is overwhelmingly located in the tierra caliente zone. (F)
56. El Salvador suffered a major civil war in the 1980s resulting in the death of at least 75,000. (T)
57. El Salvador’s population is quite homogeneous, with about 90 percent being mestizo. (T)
58. The Sandinistas ruled over Costa Rica. (F)
59. Costa Rica is Latin America’s oldest democracy. (T)
60. Costa Rica is a U.S. enemy that is a haven for communist insurgencies throughout Middle and South America. (F)
61. In the 1980s, Costa Rica was the scene of Central America’s most hotly contested civil war. (F)
62. The longitude of the Panama Canal’s Caribbean (Atlantic) outlet is further to the west than the longitude of the waterway’s Pacific Ocean outlet. (T)
63. Due to an agreement reached between the United States and Panama in 1977, there is no American presence in the Canal Zone. (F)
64. Since 1950, over 80 percent of Central America’s forests have been decimated. (T)
Altitudinal Zonation
65. Mainland Middle America’s tropical location and climates are ameliorated by elevation and its resultant vertical zonation of natural environments. (T)
66. Temperatures in the puna (páramos) are warmer than those found in the tierra fría zone. (F)


67. The tierra templada environmental zone is situated at a higher elevation than the tierra fría zone. (F)
Matching
68. Coffee farms (C)

69. A “common language” (B)

70. The washing of gold from small streams (D)

71. Communally owned farms with land parcels being assigned to each member for cultivation (E)

72. Overseas départements of France (A)
A. Guadeloupe and Martinique

B. Lingua Franca

C. El Salvador

D. Placering

E. Ejidos

73. United States backs government in civil war (E)

74. Part of the United States (B)

75. “Switzerland” of Central America (C)

76. Large East Indian population (D)

77. Eastern half of Hispaniola (A)


A. Dominican Republic

B. Puerto Rico

C. Costa Rica

D. Trinidad

E. El Salvador

78. Former Danish colony (A)

79. Autonomous U.S. commonwealth (E)

80. Largest Caribbean city (C)

81. Bauxite mining (D)

82. Formerly belonged to Colombia (B)


A. U.S. Virgin Islands

B. Panama

C. Cuba

D. Jamaica



E. Puerto Rico



83. Still a Dutch colony (C)

84. Western half of Hispaniola (A)

85. Capital is Tegulcigalpa (E)

86. Maya culture hearth (D)

87. Formerly British Honduras (B)
A. Haiti

B. Belize

C. Curacao

D. Guatemala



E. Honduras

Fill Ins
88. Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula was part of the Mesoamerican culture hearth that gave rise to the _________ civilization, which reached its height from the 4th and 10th centuries A.D. (Mayan)
89. The Spanish conqueror whose 508 soldiers helped engineer the downfall of the Aztec empire in 1519-21 was __________. (Cortes)
90. Besides Europe, the continent that most contributed to the shaping of Caribbean cultures is __________. (Africa)
91. ___________ is the term applied to people of mixed white and African background. (Mullato)
92. Middle America’s largest country today, in both area and population size, is ________. (Mexico)
93. The Yucatán Peninsula is a part of the country of ___________. (Mexico)
94. The Central American country that experienced the Sandinista Revolution in 1979 is ________. (Nicaragua)
95. The “Switzerland of Central America,” the region’s only truly democratic republic, is ______. (Costa Rica)
96. The lowest-lying attitudinal zone of agricultural activity, extending from sea level to an elevation of 2500 feet (750 meters), is the Tierra __________. (Caliente)
97. The Dominican Republic and Haiti together occupy the island of __________. (Hispaniola)




Middle America Page


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