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11 It's really worth seeing_!

B Now listen and check your answers. What information is the most surprising?

WOMAN: The history of the Empire State Building

is filled with many interesting facts and figures.

It was designed by American architect William Lamb to become the tallest building in the world. Construction began in March 1930, and by October of that same year, 88 floors were already finished! In 1931, after 14 months and 25 million dollars, the building's 102 floors were officially opened by U.S. President Herbert Hoover. While it is no longer the world's tallest building, it is still recognized as a symbol of New York City and is visited by people from all over the world. It has even been featured in some of Hollywood's biggest films, including King Kong and Sleepless in Seattle.

Listen to three tour guides describe some very old monuments. Take notes to answer the questions below. Then compare with a partner.
1. The Pyramids. Who built them? Why were they built?

MAN: The Pyramids were built more than 4,000 years

ago by the Egyptians. The most famous ones are on the west bank of the river Nile, outside of Cairo. They served as burial places for the Egyptian kings. After a king's death, his body was turned into what is called a "mummy." This preserved it. The king's mummy was placed inside the pyramid, together with treasures and the king's belongings.
2. Machu Picchu. How big is the city'? When was it discovered?

WOMAN: Machu Picchu is an ancient Inca city in Peru

Construction of the city started in 1450. The ruins are about 2,400 meters above sea level - that's about 7,800 feet. The city covers about 13 square kilometers _ that's about 5 square miles. For centuries, the city was buried in the jungle and wasn't discovered again until 1911. Today, Machu Picchu is one of the must famous tourist attractions in all of South America.
3. The Great Wall of China. Why was it built? How long is it?

MAN: The Great Wall of China is the longest man-made

structure ever built. It was built to protect one of the Chinese kingdoms. Much of what exists of the wall today was built during the Ming Dynasty in the late 1400s, although parts of the wall are much older and go back to around 200 B.C. The wall is about 35 feet high,

12.It could happen_to You_!

Listen to these stories about lucky breaks. What were the people doing before they got their lucky breaks? What was their lucky break?

l. Yang Zhifa

MAN: Thirty years ago, Yang Zhifa was just an ordinary Chinese farmer. He was living off the land and was very poor. Today he is recognized as the man who discovered a highly important archaeological site, sometimes called the "Eighth Wonder of the World." What happened?

One morning in March 1974, Zhifa and some other local farmers were looking for water. As they were drilling a well, they hit something hard. They found pieces of pottery and ancient weapons. Immediately, the head of the village reported the news to the local government, and in May 1976, the digging began. To everyone's surprise, there were over 8,000 soldiers made of terracotta lying underneath his land. The soldiers were over 2,000 years old, and had been buried along with the Emperor Qin, who wanted to take an army with him to his next life.

Today Yang Zhifa spends much of his time at the Army museum. He sits, poses for pictures, and proudly signs autographs for the millions of tourists who visit from all over the world.
2. Gwyneth Paltrow
WOMAN: You could say that actress Gwyneth Paltrow was born lucky. After all, she is the daughter of two well-known talents. Her mother is an actress and her father was a writer, producer, and director. But like all people wanting to break into movies, she had to go to drama school and learn how to act. Today Gwyneth Paltrow is a successful international actress, and has even won an Oscar award. So how did it all begin?

According to Ms. Paltrow, her lucky break came when she was 18 years old. She was at a movie theater with her parents. While they were waiting in line to buy some popcorn, she noticed that Steven Spielberg was also in line. She was just about to order when he came over to her and said, "Hey, can I ask you a favor?

Would you play Wendy in the movie Hook?" "Sure," she said,
and so she got her first movie role.

B Listen again. How did the events change their lives?

B Listen to two other people at the party. What has happened since they last saw each other?

MAGGIE: Hey, Bob, how's it going?

BOB: Pretty good, thanks.
MAGGIE: I haven't seen you for a while. What have you been up to?
BOB: Well, I've been looking for a house to buy. I finally found one last month.

MAGGIE: That's terrific!

BOB: Yeah. I'm really tired of renting. So what have you
been doing lately?
MAGGIE: Well, I just got back from a vacation in Italy.

BOB: Italy? Where in Italy?

MAGGIE: Mostly in the north, around Milan. I have a cousin there. .

BOB: I see. Did you have a good time?

MAGGIE: Yeah. It was great. In fact, I just got engaged to a guy I met there.
BOB: You're kidding! Well, that must have been some vacation!

or 11 meters, and a stone roadway runs along the top of it. The main part of the wall stretches for about 2,000 miles, that is, about 3,400 kilometers.

A Listen to a short talk about Colombia. Complete the chart.
MAN: Colombia is located in the northwestern part of South America and is the fourth-largest country in South America. It has coastlines on both the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans. It has a population of around 36 million and is a very beautiful country with snow­capped mountains as well as hot lowland plains. The capital city is Bogotá, which was founded by the Spaniards in 1538 . Almost all Colombians
speak Spanish, which is the country's official language. The religion of the majority of the population is Roman Catholic, Some of the most important industries are textiles and clothing. Other industries include mining and oil. Agriculture is the most important section of the economy, and Colombia's main agricultural products are coffee, flowers, sugar, bananas, rice, corn, and cotton. Colombia produces more coffee than any other country except Brazil.

B Listen again. Check the things the speaker mentions about Colombia.

Units 11-12 Progress check

A Listen to people on a game show answer questions about Spain. What are the answers? Complete

the chart.

HOST: Welcome to today's show! The rules of the

game are simple: I will ask a question, and the first contestant to hit the buzzer gets to answer that question. Each correct answer is worth $100. Today's topic is "Spain." Are you ready, contestants? The first question, for $100, is: What currency is used in Spain?[Buzzer] Contestant A!

WOMAN 1: The euro.
HOST: That's right, Contestant A. Spain used to use the peseta, but now they use the euro. And now for the next question: How many countries are next to Spain and what are they? [Buzzer] Contestant A!
WOMAN 1: Spain is bordered by two countries: France and Portugal.

HOST: Correct! You're doing very well, Contestant A!

Maybe our other contestants can catch up on our next question: What is the capital of Spain? [buzzer] Contestant B!

MAN: The capital is Madrid.
HOST: You're right, Contestant B. The capital is Madrid. Excellent. Let's see how you do with our next question: What is one of the most popular sports in Spain? [buzzer] Yes, Contestant C!

WOMAN 2: Urn ... urn ... hockey?

HOST: No, I'm sorry. Anyone else know the answer? [ buzzer] Contestant A!

WOMAN 1: That would be bullfighting.'

HOST: That's right. OK. There are only two questions left. Let's go, players! Next question: Spain is an agricultural country.

What are two of the main crops? [ buzzer] Contestant C!

WOMAN 2: Olives and, uh, wheat?

HOST: Good for you! Olives and wheat are both grown in Spain. We only have one more question left, contestants. May I remind you that the winner of this round will be back here

tomorrow for the championship playoff? And now for our last question: What are two of the main industries

in Spain? [Buzzer] Contestant B!

MAN: I think textiles and automobiles are made in Spain.

HOST: Yes! That's correct. Spain manufactures both

textiles and automobiles. So, contestants, let's look at your scores. Contestant A, you answered ...
B Listen again. Keep score. How much money does each contestant have?

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