Pearl Harbor "Abandon Ship!"
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Name: _______________________________ Date: ______________ Period: ______________
OF WWII - Notes
Pearl Harbor “Abandon Ship!”
December 7, __________________________
Japanese surprise attack on the US in retaliation for cutting off their ___________ and freezing their assets
American Battleships were lined up in ____________ and were not prepared for the attack
18 American ships sunk or damaged
_____________ American Airplanes destroyed
More than 2,300 Americans killed & the US _________________
Caused U.S.A. to declare war on _______________
Then December __________, Germany and Italy declared war on U.S.A
Battle of Midway “Explosions across the Sky”
_________________: Americans bombed Tokyo in April, 1942 with B-25 Hornet Bombers, It boosted American moral yet did minimal damage.
This caused Japanese to respond and attack Midway Island, the last ______________________ in the North Pacific on June 4th
BUT- American ____________breakers learned of the attack so the Americans were ready!
When the Japanese launched their attack, the U.S. ordered carriers to positions off the coast and wiped out ___________________ planes.
A Japanese carrier sunk and three others were damaged. They lost ______________________________. This caused them to retreat.
This battle was an important American ____________________________ since it destroyed Japanese materials that were not easily replaced. Japan now went on the ________________.
Battle of Stalingrad “Frozen Fragments”
Hitler broke the non-aggression pact with ________________.
Hitler hoped to capture Soviet _______________ and the industrial center of Stalingrad, Summer 1942
House to house _________________________
Huge death count for soviets – ___________________________ while Germans lost 230,000 men
Never invade _______________________ in the winter! Hitler's troops surrendered in February, 1943 from starvation and ___________.
D-Day Invasion “We took that Beach”
Allied troops invade the beaches of _______________________________ on June 6th, 1944
Mission was to ___________________________ France of Nazi and Germany Rule
“Operation ______________________________” – set up phantom tanks that looked real to Nazi spy planes. Old ships not in use were placed as decoys. In ________________ radio messages, allied commanders sent orders to make _____________________________ believe the army would attack the port of Calias, 150 miles from Normandy!
Hitler fell for it! He sent his elite troops and best defenses to Calais
When ____________ approached the beaches of Normandy, German leaders were convinced it was not the real invasion and did not commit all their forces to defense
Allies Attack: _______________ were dropped after midnight, they were to hold occupy bridges, roads, and airfields. __________________ bombers began to attack. At dawn 4,400 appeared off the five beaches. More than _________________ troops stormed on land.
Within a week over 300,000 men and 100,000 tons of supplies were landed the beaches of ___________.
Liberation of Europe
Allied soldiers push into Paris and free ______________________
Soviet army closes in on Germany from the _______________________
US & British forces advance from the _____________________
Germany surrenders in May _____________________!
of Iwo Jima
February 19th, 1945, U.S. used the “__________________” strategy. Captured key islands close to Japan and ___________________ air bases.
Tiny, volcanic island only eight square miles in size. Smelled of rotten eggs due to the high levels of ________________.
Was only 660 miles southeast of ______________!
It was essential air base for __________________ missions over Japan
Before their arrival, U.S. forces had bombed the island for _____ long days.
The Japanese engineered an intricate system __________________ and tunnels in the mountains for protection
On Feb. 19 th, as U.S. troops were landing the Japanese hid in the caves and seemed _________________________ to the troops.
U.S. won the battle on March 14 th, 6,000 Americans were killed and 18,000 were wounded.
By the end of March, U.S. were using Iwo Jima’s ___________ to bomb Japan
By the Spring of 1945, it was clear that Japan had ______________the war but they still kept fighting
Okinawa was only _______________miles from Japan. Bombing of the island began in March 1945.
_____________________, U.S. troops landed on the island, it was an easy capture of the beaches and airfields
Japanese knew they had no hope so they deployed the _________________ or “smart bombs”
KAMIKAZES: over 2,000 _____________ Pilots crashed into the U.S. ships. It caused damaged in more than 260 ships. It caused 5,000 American deaths.
At the end the U.S. won the battle but at what cost?
Total Death count: more than 7_______________Americans and 110,000 Japanese. Including two generals who committed suicide rather than __________________________.
The losses at this battle, made way for a new type of punishment on the Japanese – ______________________
Use of the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
August __________________, 1945
President Truman informed an invasion of ________________ might cost a million American lives.
Dropping the bomb would be the quickest possible ____________to war
Nuclear bomb "_________________” dropped on Hiroshima
Approximately 140,000+ Japanese civilians ___________in the atomic bombs
____________________ fallout killed more. Led to Japanese surrender.
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