Past Questions from ap euro Test Renaissance



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Past Questions from AP Euro Test

Renaissance:
1. Compare and contrast the Renaissance with the Later Middle Ages 2. To what extent is the Renaissance truly a departure from the past? 3. To what extent did Renaissance humanism affect the view of the

individual?

4. Analyze the influence of humanism on Renaissance art. Select at

least three artists and analyze at least one work for each artist.

5. Analyze the impact of patronage on Renaissance art.

6. To what extent were women impacted by the Renaissance?



New Monarchies, Exploration, and 16th Century Society:
1. Who were the “New Monarchs”? How did they go about centralizing

power in their states? To what extent were they successful?

2. What were the causes and features of the Commercial Revolution?

How did the Commercial Revolution impact European society

politically, economically, and socially between1500-1700?

3. Analyze the role that knowledge, politics and technology played in

European exploration between 1450 and 1700.

4. Compare and contrast the European “Old Imperialism” in Africa and

Asia with the European domination of the New World between 1450

and 1700.

5. Analyze causes for the rise of the Spanish Empire and features of

Spain’s rule in the New World

6. Analyze the impact of the Columbian Exchange on European

society.

7. Analyze factors that enabled Europeans to dominate world trade

between 1500 & 1700.



Reformation
1. Analyze the causes of the Protestant Reformation

2. Compare and contrast the doctrines and practices of Lutheranism

and Calvinism with Catholic doctrines and practices.

3. To what extent did Renaissance humanism result in the

Reformation?

4. Compare and contrast the English Reformation with Luther’s

reformation in Germany.

5. Analyze the impact of the Protestant Reformation on European

politics and society in the 16th century. Be sure to consider

Germany, England, France and the Netherlands.

6. To what extent did the Catholic Church succeed in achieving its

goals during the Counter Reformation?

7. Analyze how Baroque art and architecture reflect the ideals of the

Catholic Reformation.



Wars of Religion
1. Analyze the impact that religion played in the Dutch Revolt, the

French Civil Wars, the Thirty Years’ War, and the English Civil War.

2. Analyze the extent to which the religious policies of the following

rulers were successful:

Philip II, Elizabeth I, Henry IV, James I, & Charles I, Oliver

Cromwell


3. To what degree did religion and politics play in the Thirty Years’

War?


4. Analyze the impact of the Thirty Years’ War on European politics

5. To what extent did the wars of religion result in the decline of the

Spanish Empire?

6. Analyze the causes of the English Civil War and the impact of

Puritan rule on English politics and society.

Absolutism in Western Europe
1. How did the political theories of Bodin and Bossuet play out in

France during the 17th century?

2. Analyze the extent to which absolutism developed in France under

Henry IV and Louis XIII.

3. Analyze the ways in which the absolutism of Louis XIV impacted the

bureaucracy, the nobility, the peasantry, economics and religious

issues in France.

4. To what extent did the balance of power remain intact in Europe

between 1600 and 1715?

5. Analyze the role of mercantilism in France in the 17th century

6. Analyze how the baroque reflected the ―Age of Absolutism.

Constitutionalism in Western Europe
1. Analyze the development of constitutionalism in England during the

17th century.

2. To what extent were the Puritans successful in achieving their goals

in England between 1642 and 1660?

3. Analyze reasons for the failure of absolutism in England in the 17th

century.


4. Analyze factors that led to the rise of the Dutch Republic and its

commercial success in the 17th century.



Absolutism in Eastern Europe
1. Analyze the causes for the decline of the Holy Roman Empire,

Ottoman Empire and Poland-Lithuania in Europe during the 17th

century.

2. Analyze the military, political and social factors for the rise of

absolutism in Austria, Prussia and Russia in the 17th and 18th

centuries.

3. Compare and contrast absolutism in eastern Europe with that of

France in western Europe.



Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment
1. How did the Scientific Revolution impact European society (e.g.

intellectually, religiously, economically)?

2. Analyze the extent to which the Enlightenment affected European

society with regard to religion, education, and economics.

3. Analyze the impact of the Enlightenment on politics in the 18th

century.

4. To what extent is the term ―Enlightened Despot‖ appropriate when

describing the reigns of: Frederick the Great, Catherine the Great,

and Joseph II?

5. Analyze how the balance of power was maintained in Europe

between 1740 and 1786.

18th Century Economy and Society
1. Discuss the features of the Agricultural Revolution. How did the

Agricultural Revolution affect European society in the 18th century?

2. Analyze the causes of the population explosion in the 18th century?

What were some of the new social challenges posed by population

growth?

3. Analyze the importance of proto-industrialization on the



development of England’s economy in the 18th century.

4. Analyze the role that mercantilism played on the Atlantic economy.

5. What factors paved the way for the rise of the Dutch Republic as an

economic power?

6. To what extent did the colonial wars of the 18th century impact the

European balance of power?

7. To what extent did demographic and social trends of the 18th

century impact the European family?



The French Revolution
1. Analyze the long-term and short-term causes of the French

Revolution.

2. Analyze the impact of Enlightenment ideas on the French

Revolution.

3. To what extent did the political, economic, social and religious goals

of the National Assembly (1789-1791) become a permanent feature

of the French Revolution by 1799?

4. To what extent did each of the following groups succeed in

achieving their goals during the French Revolution (1789-1799)?

 Monarchy  Clergy  Aristocracy  Bourgeoisie  Urban working class

 Peasantry  Women

5. Compare and contrast the goals and actions of the leaders of the

National Assembly (1789-91) with those of the National Convention

(1792-1795).



Napoleonic Era
1. To what extent was Napoleon an “Enlightened Despot”? Contrast

Napoleon’s rule with that of Frederick the Great, Catherine the

Great, and Joseph II.

2. To what extent did Napoleon maintain the ideals of the French

Revolution?

3. To what extent was the balance of power maintained in Europe by

1815?

4. To what extent did each of the following social groups succeed in



achieving their goals during the Napoleonic Era?

 Clergy  Aristocracy  Bourgeoisie  Urban working class  Peasantry

 Women

The Industrial Revolution
1. Why was England the first country to industrialize?

2. Analyze the role proto-industrialization played in setting the stage

for the Industrial Revolution.

3. Compare and contrast the Industrial Revolution in England with the

industrial countries on the continent.

4. Analyze ways in which the Industrial Revolution altered the social

fabric of European society.

5. Analyze the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the following

groups:  Women  Children  Middle Class  Proletariat  Peasantry

Ideologies and Revolutions
1. To what extent was the balance of power maintained in Europe

between 1815 and 1850?

2. To what extent did conservatism achieve its objectives in the years

between 1815 and 1850?

3. To what extent did liberals and nationalists achieve their goals in

Europe between 1815 and 1900?

4. Why was there no revolution in Britain in the period 1815-1848

while many revolutions occurred on the Continent?

5. Compare and contrast the ideals of the Romantic Era with those of

the Enlightenment.

6. To what extent did Romanticism play a political and philosophical

role in Europe between 1800 and 1850?



19th Century Economy and Society
1. Compare and contrast the ―first‖ and ―second‖ industrial

revolutions.

2. Analyze ways in which urbanization impacted European society in

the 19th century.

3. How did the industrial revolution and urbanization impact Europe’s

social structure?

4. Analyze the forces that caused the family to change in the 19th

century.


Age of Realpolitik
1. Analyze why a conservative like Napoleon III would develop the

“liberal empire.”

2. Compare and contrast the role that nationalism played in Italy,

Germany and Austria in the years between 1848 and 1871.

3. To what extent was Otto von Bismarck successful in achieving his

political goals by 1871?

4. How was the balance of power in Europe changed in the period

1848-1871?



Age of Mass Politics
1. What was the “age of mass politics?” How were government policies

in western and central Europe impacted by mass politics during the

period 1871-1914?

2. To what extent did liberalism achieve gains in each of the following

countries between 1871 and 1914?  England  France

 Germany  Russia

3. To what extent were conservatives able to maintain power in the

period 1871- 1914?

4. Analyze the impact of socialism on European politics in the period

1871-1914.

5. Analyze the ways in which female suffrage movements sought to

gain the franchise in England between 1890 and 1918.



Imperialism
1. Compare and contrast the “New Imperialism” of the late-nineteenth

and early twentieth centuries with the “Old Imperialism” of the

sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

2. Analyze the causes of the “New Imperialism” between 1880 and

1914. What justifications did Europeans use for their acquisition of

colonies?

3. Analyze the methods that the European imperial powers used to

acquire colonies in Africa and Asia between 1880 and 1914. Be able

to discuss the following countries:

 Belgium  Great Britain  France  Germany  Italy



World War I
1. Analyze major causes of World War I.

2. Analyze political, economic and military factors for the Allied victory

in World War I.

3. Analyze ways in which World War I altered European society. 4.

How was the balance of power in Europe changed as a result of

World War I?

4. How was the balance of power in Europe changed as a result of

World War I?



The Russian Revolution
1. Why did liberalism not take root in Russia between 1815 and 1917

when it played a major role in western and central Europe?

2. Analyze the major causes of the Russian Revolution.

3. Why did the Bolsheviks, who were a small minority, ultimately

succeed in acquiring and maintaining power?

The Age of Anxiety
1. Analyze the ways in which World War I influenced European thought

in the years between 1918 and 1939.

2. How is the ―age of anxiety‖ reflected in philosophy, literature and

art in the period 1914-1950?

3. How did science and psychology in the late-nineteenth and early-

twentieth centuries challenge European assumptions of how the

universe and society functioned?

4. Contrast art and entertainment during the first half of the twentieth



century with art and entertainment in the last half of the nineteenth

century.


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