Past Paper 3 Questions – Latin America (Post-1945)



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Past Paper 3 Questions – Latin America (Post-1945)

1. Compare and explain the outcomes of two revolutions in Latin America, one successful,

and one unsuccessful. (1985)
2. How far is it possible to interpret contemporary Latin American political and economic

systems as either democratic or capitalist? (1985)


3. Explain the rise and fall of Juan Perón and evaluate his impact on Argentina. (1987)

4. Compare and contrast TWO twentieth century Latin American revolutions with respect to

(a) causes, (b) goals, (c) leadership and (d) achievements and failures. (1987)
5. Compare and contrast the role of the army in any TWO of the following countries since

1960: Argentina; Bolivia; Brazil; Peru. (1988)


6. Who supported and who opposed Juan Perón in Argentina between 1943 and 1955? (1990)
7. Compare and contrast the aims and achievements of peasant revolutionaries in Cuba and

Mexico in the twentieth century. (1990)


8. Discuss the role of the armed forces since 1945 as opponents or sponsors of change in any

TWO of the following countries (A) Chile (B) Brazil (C) Bolivia (D) Peru. (1990)


9. Why have single party regimes been common in twentieth century Latin America?

Answer with reference to at least TWO different countries. (1991)


10. Analyze the social and economic problems in any ONE Latin American country since 1945. (Nov 1991)
11. Does the history of Latin America since 1945 justify the view that Latin America countries are "developing" countries?(1991)
12. With reference to at least TWO countries, assess the attempts at land reform in Latin America since 1945. (1993)
13. "Reformers, revolutionaries, or soldiers?" Who have been more successful in Latin America since 1945? Be specific in

reference to at least TWO countries. (1993)


14. Discuss the role of the military in TWO Latin American countries from 1945 to 1980. (1994)
15. What were the causes and characteristics of Peronism? (1995)
16. Where has political democracy been successful in Latin America since 1945? What conditions were present in at least TWO

countries for this to happen? (1995)


17. How successful have the forces of the “political left” been in TWO Latin American countries since 1945? (1997)
18. Analyze the reasons for the longevity of Fidel Castro’s rule in Cuba. (1998)
19. Why did Marxism become popular in Latin America after the 1960s? Support your arguments with examples from at least

two countries in Latin America. (1998)


20. Why did Juan Peron become the dominant figure in the history of Argentina from 1955 to 1971? (November 1999)
21. Analyze the role of the Catholic Church in Latin America during the period 1960 to 1980. (HL) (November 1999)
22. Account for Fidel Castro’s rise to power in Cuba and explain the United States reaction to his regime until 1970. (1999)
23. “Latin American politics depended much more on personalities than on ideologies in the twentieth century.” Referring to at

least two countries in the region show how far you agree with this statement. (1999)

24. Explain the reasons for the long-term survival of the regime of Fidel Castro. (1999)
25. In what ways, and for what reasons, have there been social obstacles to development in Latin America since 1945? Support

your answer with specific examples from two countries of the region. (1999)


26. Why have various revolutionary movements of the left since 1945 failed in Latin America? (1999)
27. To what extent was Castro able to achieve his aims between 1959 and 1990, and what prevented him from achieving more?

(2000)
28. Analyze the policies of one populist leader in Latin America in the first half of the twentieth century and assess their

effectiveness. (2000)

29. Analyze the main political and economic developments in either Canada or one country mainland Latin America during the

period 1960 to 1990. (2001)
30. Assess the domestic (internal) program and policies of one populist leader of Latin America in the period 1900 to 1955.

(2001)
31. “Cuba, unlike other Latin American countries, has created a true social revolution.” How valid is this assessment of the

impact of Castro’s regime upon Cuba? (2001)
32. In what ways, and with what results, did either Peron or Vargas pursue populist policies? (2002)
33. In what ways, and to what extent, were the policies of either Vargas or Perón successful in achieving their aims? (2003)
34. Analyze the successes and failures of Castro’s social and economic policies in the period 1960-1990. (2003)
35. Compare and contrast the ways in which Vargas and Perón maintained power. (2004)
36. To what extent did domestic events lead to a political and social revolution during the post-Second World War period in

either Guatemala or Nicaragua? (2004)


37. Analyze the short-term and longer-term consequences for Cuba between 1959 and 1995 of Castro’s rule. (2004)
38. Analyze the aims and achievements of one populist leader in Latin America in the first half of the twentieth century. (2005)
39. For what reasons, and with what results for the economy of Cuba, did Castro become ruler of Cuba? (2005)
40. For what reasons, and by what means, did either Peron or Vargas obtain power? (2006)
41. Compare and contrast the causes of two revolutionary movements in Latin America after 1945. (2006)
42. Assess the nature and effectiveness of opposition to either Juan Domingo Perón (1946–55) or Getulio Vargas (1930–45).

(2007)
43. For what reasons, and what with results, did Populist movements emerge in Latin America in the first half of the twentieth

century? Support your answer with specific examples from one country of the region. (2008)
44. “Fidel Castro came to power in Cuba because of the weaknesses of Batista’s regime.” To what extent do you agree with this

statement?. (2008)


45. Assess the reasons for the long survival of Fidel Castro’s regime in Cuba. (2009)
46. For what reasons, and with what success, was there opposition to the Vargas regime between 1930 and 1945? (2009)

47. Compare and contrast the rise to power of two populist leaders in Latin America between 1945 and 1979. (2010)


48. Examine the domestic policies of one Canadian or Latin American leader between 1945 and 1979. (2011)
49. To what extent did domestic dissent and disorder become a rationale for Latin American military regimes to intervene in

their country’s internal affairs between 1945 and 1979? Answer with reference to two Latin American countries. (2012)


50. Compare and contrast the social policies of two leaders in the Americas from the mid-1940s to the 1970s. (2013)
51. In what ways, and to what extent, was one populist leader in Latin America successful in achieving economic independence

during the period 1945–1979? (2014)


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