Participants in 2013 Consolidated Appeal



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Early Recovery



Sector lead agency

UNDP

Funds required

$4,358,151 for 5 projects

Contact information

Felix Sanfo felix.sanfo@one.un.org, virginia.arnecchi@undp.org

People in need and target beneficiaries

Category of people in need




Number of people in need




Beneficiaries targeted in sector’s CAP projects (end-year target)




Female

Male

Children

Total




Female

Male

Children

Total

Vulnerable people




520,000

480,000



1,000,000




121,185

15,000

117,710

253,895

Totals




520,000

480,000




1,000,000




121,185

15,000

117,710

253,895

Explanation of number of beneficiaries targeted

The 2012 Sahel crisis and recent floods have left communities and local institutions with very limited capacity to respond to future shocks. The erosion of their resilience capacity over the years has now become evident. In addition to ensuring critical food security and improved nutrition, communities need to diversify and restore their livelihoods, improve the feeling of belonging to a community and reduce the emergence of violent conflict due to harsh competition between pastoral and agricultural populations over natural resources and building on peaceful dispute resolution mechanism. Furthermore, the Mali refugees crisis has put additional stress on already limited availability of natural resources (land, water and livestock), shrinking the spectrum of critical livelihood strategies available to the hosting communities.

Prioritisation of early recovery activities in each sector of the CAP 2013 promotes resilience among individuals and communities and builds capacity for the locally/nationally owned recovery response. As such, early recovery activities, by preparing the ground for longer term recovery and development, laid the foundation for resilience. Projects presented by NGOs and UN agencies in the CAP 2013 are in line with response plans developed by the leading UN agencies and contain time-critical early recovery activities. In the Food Security Sector, WFP promotes the restoration of agricultural-based livelihood while supporting the Government in monitoring the food security situation. By addressing the impact of high food prices and past years' insufficient and imbalanced agricultural production rates, FAO promotes nutrition and diversification of agricultural production, while UNICEF addresses acute malnutrition in children and PLW and child protection, all of which are critical issues to minimise their vulnerability to future shocks. Mindful of the critical role played by education in ensuring recovery and strengthening resilience, UNICEF also targets refugee children with psycho-social support and educational and training opportunities. WHO prioritises disease prevention and control and provides time critical support to health districts, focusing also on reproductive health/HIV/GBV issues. UNDP’s early recovery approach is the result of a gap analysis carried out in consultation with both UN agencies, NGOs and national institutions and covers needs that are not fully or comprehensively addressed by other sectors. UNDP focuses on increasing disaster resilience by generating non-farm income opportunities for women and youth, promotes community cohesion which provides safety nets for the most vulnerable, while also facilitating peaceful conflict resolution mechanisms and reinforcing the role of national governmental actors in providing essential public services and addressing disaster preparedness. Finally, OCHA and UNDSS ensure effective coordination at the strategic level and safety and security to humanitarian operations on the ground. Resilience-building is both a challenge and an opportunity for the Burkina Faso UN Country Team, humanitarian and development partners, and the Government of Burkina Faso, all of whom are joining efforts and coming together under the present Consolidated Appeal Process for 2013.

Target beneficiaries are communities affected by pockets of drought (food insecurity), refugees’ influx and by floods.

Early recovery interventions will focus on five regions: the Sahel and Nord regions severely affected by food and refugee crisis and Centre-Nord, Est and Centre-Est regions hit by recent floods. Numbers of final beneficiaries to be assisted will be selected based upon needs determined by the various partners and specified in the selected projects.

How the sector response plan will contribute to the strategic objectives.

The overall aim of the early recovery sector response plan is to contribute to the achievement of strategic objective number one and hence to support local institutions to manage risks and recovery and most vulnerable communities to become resilient and recover from drought, floods and additional stress posed by the presence of refugees from Mali.

In order for communities to become resilient and therefore be able to withstand and recover from shocks, resilience building actions must start at the early recovery level and be a community based response with strong linkages to local institutions.

The following early recovery and resilience-building activities are community-based and will build upon existing and on-going activities where synergies and added value can be achieved:

Non-farm livelihoods and income recovery: promotion of diversification of income, e.g. boosting leather based production, handicraft (building upon existing training centre and programs), conduct vocational trainings (e.g. bakery, embroidery, tailoring, pottery, bricks manufacturing, etc.) with linkages to the local market economy including the mining sector where applicable and relevant in order to lessen the conflict potential by providing alternative livelihoods strategies. Promotion of micro and small enterprise recovery and/or start up through short-cycle business-management training, cash grants, access to microfinance schemes and coaching with a focus on women headed households; girls and other vulnerable groups, including people living with HIV or disabled and elderly people;

Support local governance, community-based disaster risk reduction (DRR) and coordination (CONASUR);

Activities aimed at promoting/building social cohesion, social integration and conflict prevention on natural resources management (land, water and livestock), following a community based conflict analysis identifying peaceful dispute resolution mechanisms at the community and local governance levels. Introduction of social and community-based safety nets for vulnerable people and those with special needs. Identify and counteract detrimental coping mechanisms such as child labour or survival sex, and develop appropriate preventive and responsive measures in collaboration with communities, authorities and other relevant actors, and support cash grants and emergency social protection schemes for these groups and for those who cannot work;

Promote self and/or assisted house reconstruction for vulnerable people through technical and financial support to targeted households to improve building techniques using the same “banco” traditional system;

Restore critical minor (small-scale) infrastructure at the community level that are essential for initiating local recovery processes through labour-intensive technologies and micro-enterprises that generate employment;

Support active participation of women and women’s organizations in all aspects of early recovery. Build the capacity of women and women’s organizations to ensure their active and equal participation;

Ensure mainstreaming of environment, gender and human rights as cross cutting issues; in particular raise awareness and build capacities of communities and authorities in the prevention of GBV and actions to minimize adverse impacts on the environment and through actions such as awareness campaign, public information meetings.

Sector objectives and output targets

Strategic objective #1

Provide humanitarian aid to communities suffering from or threatened by food insecurity while capitalizing on opportunities in the emergency response to foster the self-reliance and resilience capacity of affected population and rebuild livelihoods for implementing time-critical early recovery activities.




Sector objective #1
To foster the self-reliance and resilience capacity of communities and local institutions affected by the 2012 food and nutrition crisis and recent flooding by rebuilding and diversifying income generating activities, fostering social cohesion and social protection and strengthening disaster reduction at the community level, and support to the local national disaster management authority.



Output Indicator

2013 target

Percentage of women and girls in targeted population benefiting from microcredit or income-generating activities.

80%

Social cohesion related activities contributing to enhance women and girls’ leadership in each community.

At least one/each community.

Local DRR and disaster-risk-management (DRM) coordination activities involving at least 50% of women.

At least 50%.

Percentage of women headed households benefiting from houses/shelters constructed in secure areas with appropriate methods.

At least 50%.

Top-priority actions, beneficiaries, and locations

Actions: non-farm livelihood restoration and/or promotion, small scale community infrastructures, DRR at community level, social cohesion, conflict prevention.

Beneficiaries: vulnerable communities affected by drought; refugees’ influx and floods with particular focus on women and girls.

Locations: Nord, Sahel, Est, Centre-Est and Centre-Nord regions.



Beneficiary breakdown per location

Geographic
Location

State


EARLY RECOVERY

Sahel

Males: 2,250

Females: 5,250



TOTAL:

7,500

North

Males: 2,250

Females: 5,250



TOTAL:

7,500

Centre-North

Males: 4,500

Females: 10,500



TOTAL:

15,000

East

Males: 3,000

Females: 7,000



TOTAL:

10,000

Centre-East

Males: 3,000

Females: 7,000



TOTAL:

10,000


Child Protection

Sector lead agency

UNICEF

Funds required

$2,846,601 for 4 projects

Contact information

Barbara JAMAR, Chief Child Protection, bjamar@unicef.org

People in need and target beneficiaries

Category of people in need




Number of people in need




Beneficiaries targeted in sector’s CAP projects (end-year target)




Female

Male

Total




Female

Male

Total

Refugee and host communities under-18 years old




31,360

32,640

64,000




29,400

30,000

59,400

Unaccompanied and separated children




1,152

1,198

2,350




300

300

600

Totals




32,512

33,838

66,350




29,700

30,300

60,000

Explanation of number of beneficiaries targeted

Following decisions on the planning of military interventions of the ECOWAS in the north of Mali, contingency planning takes into account the possible further escalation of the conflict and an estimated 50,000 refugees may flee to Burkina Faso until the end of 2013, including up to 20,000 refugee children, adolescents and women in need of special protection measures. A significant number of separated and unaccompanied children (2.3%, amounting to around 2,350 children) are anticipated with urgent needs of identification, registration, family tracing, temporary care and family reunification.

There also remain high concerns on children, both refugees and in host communities at risk of and affected by violence, the worst forms of child labour, trafficking and recruitment and use by armed forces and armed groups, including in neighbouring countries.

In addition to the urgent need to reinforce systems for identification, registration and monitoring of unaccompanied, separated and refugee children and women require on-going and specific protection and assistance, notably those at risk or subject to abuse, violence and exploitation.

The response targets a 60,000 both refugee and host community children, boys and girls, and youth at risk of abuse, violence and exploitation, including 20,000 refugee children among whom an estimated 600 unaccompanied and separated children.

How the sector response plan will contribute to the strategic objectives

The response plan will contribute to providing multi-sector support to current refugees and a potential influx of refugees from Mali and/or potential displacements as well as support to host communities. More specifically, the child protection thematic group will target the enhancement of prevention and protection measures for the most vulnerable girls, boys, youth and women from violence, abuse, exploitation and the increase of their resilience. All projects included in this response plan will be aligned with this objective. The response plan will serve as a continued means of support for vulnerable refugee and host communities, and more specifically children and women, which builds upon the achievements made in 2012.



Sector objectives and output targets

Overall objective #1

Enhance prevention and protection measures for most vulnerable girls, boys, youth and women from violence, abuse and exploitation, and increase their resilience.




Sector objective #1
Ensure coordination and adequate capacities for effective child protection response.

Output: Improved coordination and adequate capacities for effective child protection response.




Output Indicator

2013 target

Effective coordination. Goal: child protection response is based on a sound understanding of the actual child protection situation.

-

Effective monitoring and reporting system. Goal: a monitoring and reporting system is in place.

-

A referral mechanism is in place.

-

Sector objective #2
Set up functioning and effective information management systems for child protection in emergencies.

Output: Functioning and effective information management systems for child protection in emergencies is in place.



Output Indicator

2013 target

Effective interagency Information Management System

-

Sector objective #3
Strengthen child protection in emergency response capacities of implementing partners and beneficiaries themselves.
Output: Refugee and host communities are sensitized in child protection issues in emergencies such as: family separation, migration, unaccompanied children, child recruitment in armed groups, child labour, and child trafficking, SGBV, child rights, monitoring and reporting, and birth registration.

Output Indicator

2013 target

Number of households, refugee communities, humanitarian staff, host communities, teachers and health workers sensitized in child protection issues in emergencies.

1,000 households, 7 refugee communities -60,000 people, 175 humanitarian staff, 7 host communities, 200 teachers and health workers.

Sector objective #4

Contribute to setting up effective family tracing and reunification of separated children.

Output: Effective family tracing and reunification of separated children in place.



Output Indicator

2013 target

Number of separated children and non-accompanied children supported.

600 unaccompanied and separated children.

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