Part 3 – compliance requirements introduction



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Source of Governing Requirements

The requirements for subrecipient monitoring are contained in 31 USC 7502(f)(2)(B) (Single Audit Act Amendments of 1996 (Pub. L. No. 104-156)), OMB Circular A-133 (§___.225 and §___.400(d)), A-102 Common Rule (§___.37 and §___.40(a)), and OMB Circular A-110 (2 CFR section 215.51(a)), program legislation, Federal awarding agency regulations, and the terms and conditions of the award.



Audit Objectives

1. Obtain an understanding of internal control, assess risk, and test internal control as required by OMB Circular A-133 §___.500(c).

2. Determine whether the pass-through entity properly identified Federal award information and compliance requirements to the subrecipient, and approved only allowable activities in the award documents.

3. Determine whether the pass-through entity monitored subrecipient activities to provide reasonable assurance that the subrecipient administers Federal awards in compliance with Federal requirements.

4. Determine whether the pass-through entity ensured required audits are performed, issued a management decision on audit findings within 6 months after receipt of the subrecipient’s audit report, and ensures that the subrecipient takes timely and appropriate corrective action on all audit findings.

5. Determine whether in cases of continued inability or unwillingness of a subrecipient to have the required audits, the pass-through entity took appropriate action using sanctions.

6. Determine whether the pass-through entity evaluates the impact of subrecipient activities on the pass-through entity.

Suggested Audit Procedures – Internal Control

1. Using the guidance provided in Part 6 – Internal Control, perform procedures to obtain an understanding of internal control sufficient to plan the audit to support a low assessed level of control risk for the program.

2. Plan the testing of internal control to support a low assessed level of control risk for subrecipient monitoring and perform the testing of internal control as planned. If internal control over some or all of the compliance requirements is likely to be ineffective, see the alternative procedures in §___.500(c)(3) of OMB Circular A-133, including assessing the control risk at the maximum and considering whether additional compliance tests and reporting are required because of ineffective internal control.

3. Consider the results of the testing of internal control in assessing the risk of noncompliance. Use this as the basis for determining the nature, timing, and extent (e.g., number of transactions to be selected) of substantive tests of compliance.



Suggested Audit Procedures – Compliance

(Note: The auditor may consider coordinating the tests related to subrecipients performed as part of Cash Management (tests of cash reporting submitted by subrecipients), Eligibility (tests that subawards were made only to eligible subrecipients), and Procurement (tests of ensuring that a subrecipient is not suspended or debarred) with the testing of Subrecipient Monitoring.)

1. Gain an understanding of the pass-through entity’s subrecipient procedures through a review of the pass-through entity’s subrecipient monitoring policies and procedures
(e.g., annual monitoring plan) and discussions with staff. This should include an understanding of the scope, frequency, and timeliness of monitoring activities and the number, size, and complexity of awards to subrecipients.

2. Test award documents and agreements to ascertain if: (a) at the time of award the pass-through entity made subrecipients aware of the award information (i.e., CFDA title and number; award name and number; if the award is research and development; and name of Federal awarding agency) and requirements imposed by laws, regulations, and the provisions of contract or grant agreements; and (b) the activities approved in the award documents were allowable.

3. Review the pass-through entity’s documentation of during-the-award monitoring to ascertain if the pass-through entity’s monitoring provided reasonable assurance that subrecipients used Federal awards for authorized purposes, complied with laws, regulations, and the provisions of contracts and grant agreements, and achieved performance goals.

4. Review the pass-through entity’s follow-up to ensure corrective action on deficiencies noted in during-the-award monitoring.

5. Verify that the pass-through entity:

a. 1Ensured that the required subrecipient audits were completed. For subrecipients that are not required to submit a copy of the reporting package to a pass-through entity because there were “no audit findings” (i.e., because the schedule of findings and questioned costs did not disclose audit findings relating to the Federal awards that the pass-through entity provided and the summary schedule of prior audit findings did not report the status of audit findings relating to Federal awards that the pass-through entity provided, as prescribed in OMB Circular


A-133 §___320(e)), the pass-through entity may use the information in the Federal Audit Clearinghouse (FAC) database (available on the Internet at http://harvester.census.gov/sac) as evidence to verify that the subrecipient had “no audit findings” and that the required audit was performed. This FAC verification would be in lieu of reviewing submissions by the subrecipient to the pass-through entity when there are no audit findings.

b. Issued management decisions on audit findings within 6 months after receipt of the subrecipient’s audit report.

c. Ensured that subrecipients took appropriate and timely corrective action on all audit findings.

6. Verify that in cases of continued inability or unwillingness of a subrecipient to have the required audits, the pass-through entity took appropriate action using sanctions.

7. Verify that the effects of subrecipient noncompliance are properly reflected in the pass-through entity’s records.

8. Verify that the pass-through entity monitored the activities of subrecipients not subject to OMB Circular A-133, using techniques such as those discussed in the “Compliance Requirements” provisions of this section with the exception that these subrecipients are not required to have audits under OMB Circular A-133.

Note: The suggested audit procedures above for internal control and compliance testing may be accomplished using dual-purpose testing.

N. SPECIAL TESTS AND PROVISIONS



Compliance Requirements

The specific requirements for Special Tests and Provisions are unique to each Federal program and are found in the laws, regulations, and the provisions of contract or grant agreements pertaining to the program. For programs listed in this Supplement, the compliance requirements, audit objectives, and suggested audit procedures for Special Tests and Provisions are in Part 4 – Agency Program Requirements or Part 5 – Clusters of Programs. For programs not listed in this Supplement, the auditor shall review the program’s contract and grant agreements and referenced laws and regulations to identify the compliance requirements and develop the audit objectives and audit procedures for Special Tests and Provisions which could have a direct and material effect on a major program. The auditor should also inquire of the non-Federal entity to help identify and understand any Special Tests and Provisions.

Additionally, for both programs included and not included in this Supplement, the auditor shall identify any additional compliance requirements which are not based in law or regulation (e.g., were agreed to as part of audit resolution of prior audit findings) which could be material to a major program. Reasonable procedures to identify such compliance requirements would be inquiry of non-Federal entity management and review of the contract and grant agreements pertaining to the program. Any such requirements which may have a direct and material on a major program shall be included in the audit.

Internal Control

The following audit objective and suggested audit procedures should be considered in tests of special tests and provisions in addition to those provided in Part 4 – Agency Program Requirements; Part 5 – Clusters of Programs; and in accordance with Part 7 – Guidance for Auditing Programs Not Included in This Compliance Supplement:



Audit Objective

Obtain an understanding of internal control, assess risk, and test internal control as required by OMB Circular A-133 §___.500(c).



Suggested Audit Procedures

1. Using the guidance provided in Part 6 – Internal Control, perform procedures to obtain an understanding of internal control sufficient to plan the audit to support a low assessed level of control risk for the program.

2. Plan the testing of internal control to support a low assessed level of control risk for special tests and provisions and perform the testing of internal control as planned. If internal control over some or all of the compliance requirements is likely to be ineffective, see the alternative procedures in §___.500(c)(3) of OMB Circular A-133, including assessing the control risk at the maximum and considering whether additional compliance tests and reporting are required because of ineffective internal control.

3. Consider the results of the testing of internal control in assessing the risk of noncompliance. Use this as the basis for determining the nature, timing, and extent (e.g., number of transactions to be selected) of substantive tests of compliance.



Note: The suggested audit procedures above for internal control and compliance testing may be accomplished using dual-purpose testing.

A-133 Compliance Supplement 3-
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