Prompt: Describe the effect the Hiroshima atom bomb had on female victims’ ability to perform their roles as mothers in the family.
Thesis statement: The effect of the Hiroshima atom bomb impacted on the women’s ability to perform their roles as mothers in the family in two main ways.
Body Paragraph #1
Main Idea: Infertility
Topic Sentence: One of the main ways that the atomic bomb impacted the female victims was that they became infertile because of the radiation.
Evidence: Mrs. Kondo’s experience from radiation not being able to have children
Evidence: Genes in the body get damaged/injures human body
Return to topic sentence: The mother having to go through a tough time because she was infertile from the atom bomb
Body Paragraph #2
Main Idea: Poverty
Topic Sentence: Another way that the atom bomb impacted on the female victims was poverty, which created hardships for the mothers to perform their role in the family.
Evidence: From the Hiroshima book, Mrs. Nakamura’s experience with kids during the war and the poverty
Evidence: The mother not being able to support the children because of poverty
Return to topic sentence: Another hard time for mothers too because they couldn’t be the mother they wanted to be even being a mother
Restating thesis: Seeing the huge effect the atom bomb had on the female victims in Hiroshima there were different types of ways it was affected for the mothers.
Information: The large affect of the bomb on the people in Hiroshima
Final thought: How both female, whether they could have children or could not have children, they faced lots of difficulties
Word Count: 985 words
November 15th, 2011
The first and ever atomic bomb that hit Hiroshima by the U.S on August 6th, 1945, had a huge affect on the people. There were more than 100,000 people that were killed in the Hiroshima atomic bomb.2 The effect of the Hiroshima atom bomb impacted on the women’s ability to perform their roles as mothers in the family in two main ways.
One of the main ways that the atomic bomb impacted the female victims was that they became infertile because of the radiation. The large amount of radiation that was spread from the atomic bomb caused most of the female victims to become infertile.3 The radiation effected on the Hibakusha’s genes (Japanese word for the survival victims from the explosion of the bomb), which could probably risk the life of future generations of the Hibakusha.4 The genes that were damaged in the human body meant some of the chromosomes were destroyed and when there isn’t the amount of chromosomes needed in the body, there may be some problems. Mrs. Kondo is a survivor from the atomic bomb 1.1 km away from the hypocenter; at only eight months old at the time. Mrs. Kondo was affected by the radiation and later found out that it was impossible for her to give birth.5 This meant that female victims that were infertile didn’t have the opportunity to know how it feels like to carry a baby. Infertility also caused a problem when women were getting married. Mrs. Kondo’s engagement was cancelled which happened for other survivors too because the family believed the radiation could affect the human body meaning the women would be unable to have children.6 Toshiko Hamamako is another female Hibakusha that had the fear of not being able to get married because of the Japanese worry that the changes of having children are very low and the children won’t be healthy due to the injuries from the bomb.7 The experience of having a child and being a mother is something that most all females could experience however because of the atom bomb, they lost the opportunity that they could have experienced.8 Female infertile aren’t able to go through the understanding of sharing the baby and the mother’s feelings, and can’t go through seeing the process of the baby grow up inside the mother’s womb. It was tough for the women having to go through being infertile because of one incident that occurred in Hiroshima that changed their lives.
Another way that the atomic bomb impacted on the female victims was poverty; it created hardships for the mothers to perform their role in the family. Poverty was one of the main problems that occurred in Hiroshima after the bomb was dropped and the whole city got destroyed. Hatsuyo Nakamura is the mother of three children and a Hibakusha from the true-story “Hiroshima”. Mrs. Nakamura suffered from large poverty and also radiation sickness. She had to sell her husband’s sewing machine because she needed the money for the family. Being ill, as a mother for Mrs. Nakamura was very difficult for her to look after and support her children because the radiation in her body made her very weak.9 Also, particularly because her husband had passed away during the war it made Mrs. Nakamura in charge of the family. She didn’t have the money to pay for her children’s schooling fees and she “barely had money for food.”10 Mrs. Nakamura had no other option but to find smaller jobs to earn money since the more steady jobs were strict on having Hibakusha as workers. Francis Mitsuo Tomosawa was another Hibakusha and his mother also had a hard time looking after her son because her father was away with them for a while meaning his mother had to go to work each day to support her family. There was a photograph displayed in the Hiroshima Peace Park Museum of a mother looking after her injured child during the atom bomb, it shows that even in those situations the mother still did all she could do to her child.11 In the BBC Hiroshima movie it shows the mother and the child badly injured and affected by the bomb, that later on when the whole city was destructed the mother couldn’t do anything to provide her child with food since both the family has gone into poverty and also because there wasn’t any food supplies.12 In a mother’s perspective, the mothers could not provide the children with proper care and give them a comfortable life having to deal with all the hardships from the bomb. This was distressing for the women, as they could not fulfill their roles as mothers and also seeing their children going through the poverty was miserable.
Seeing the huge effect the atom bomb had on the female victims in Hiroshima there were different types of ways it affected their ability to be mothers in the family. It created many struggles for females because of infertile caused by the radiation and poverty. The atom bomb tormented the lives of females having to go through the burden of being the head of the family and also because they couldn’t become mothers. The mothers went through difficulties in both different ways, women who could not have children, it was a very hard and painful time for them, it was also difficult for women that were able to have children because they faced problems of poverty and were difficult for them to perform their ability to be mothers that they wanted to be.
1 USA Today, p.2
2 Century of flight, p.1
3 Health physics society, p.23
4 Inter press service, p. 2
5 Ms. Kondo’s lecture,
6 Ibid, p.4
7 Inter press service, p. 3
8 Georgia reproductive specialists, p. 6
9 Random house, p. 91
10 Ibid, p.92
11 Hiroshima Peace Park Museum,
12 Hiroshima: BBC history of World War II
The atomic bombing of Hiroshima. (n.d.). Century of flight. Retrieved from http:// www.century-of-flight.net/Aviation%20history/WW2/Atomic%20Bombin g%20of%20Hiroshima.htm
Brent, R. (2011). Pregnancy and radiation exposure. In Health physics soceity. Retrieved from http://www.hps.org/hpspublications/articles/pregnancyand radiationexposureinfosheet.html
Else, J. H., & Baker, P. (Producers), & Else, J. H. (Director). (1981). The day after trinity [DVD].
The emotional effects of infertility. (2007). Georgia reproductive specialists. Retriev ed from http://www.ivf.com/emotion.html
Francis Mitsuo Tomosawa interview. (2000). Scholastic. Retrieved from http://teach er.scholastic.com/activities/wwii/interview/trans.htm
"Fetuses Injured", Hiroshima Peace Park Museum, Hiroshima shi Naka ku Nakajima machi 1 - 2 (November 11th, 2011)
Hamamako, T. (2010). A female”hibakusha” speaks out. In Inter press service. Retrieved from http://www.ips.org/blog/mdg3/2010/08/japanese-hibakusha- learning-to-speak-out/
Hiroshima. (1946). New York, NY: Random House.
Ketko, P. (2006). Hiroshima: Survivors. In Paul Ketko’s educational portfolio. Retrieved from http://pketko.com/Hiroshima/survivors.htm
Kondo, K. (2011, November 14). Ms. Kondo’s experience from Hiroshima atom bomb. Lecture presented at Canadian Academy, Kobe, Japan.
Masuoka, S. (2010). Hiroshima story - part 3. In Discover nikkei. Retrieved from http://www.discovernikkei.org/en/journal/2010/7/8/hiroshima-story/
Matsubara, M. (2007). A Hiroshima survivor: Miyoko Matsubara tells Hubertus Hoffmann her story. In World security network. Retrieved from http://www. worldsecuritynetwork.com/showArticle3.cfm?article_id=15029
Mrs. Hatsuyo Nakamura. (n.d.). The six survivors. Retrieved from http://sixsurviv ors.weebly.com/mrs-hatsuyo-nakamura.html
Stone, A. (n.d.). Dissecting a decision that shook the world. USA Today.
Wilmshurst, P. (Producer/Director). (2005). Hiroshima: BBC history of World War II [DVD].