Outline document Based Question: The United States Constitution/Outline



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Name: ____________________________ Social Studies Seven/PD: ______

DBQ – The United States Constitution/Outline

OUTLINE


Document Based Question: The United States Constitution/Outline

The Document Based Question in this scaffolding packet is based on the documents included (one to seven). The question is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. Some of the documents have been edited to meet the requirements of the question.

Historical Context:
Although the United States won its independence from Great Britain during the Revolutionary War, the nation found the years immediately following the war to be difficult. The national government, created by the Articles of Confederation, was plagued by weaknesses. The country was troubled by financial difficulties, military weakness, massive debt, and lack of cooperation between State and the National Governments. Many felt that the nation was on the verge of collapse. Shays’ Rebellion frightened the nation and convinced leaders in all 13 states that changes to the government were necessary.
In 1787, delegates from 12 states met in Philadelphia to correct the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. Over the course of the summer, the delegates worked to create a new and more powerful national government. At the same time, the “Framers” of the new Constitution of the United States took steps to limit the power of the national government and to protect the rights of the people. Ratified in 1789, the Constitution of the United States has served as the nation’s framework of government for 221 years and is one of the world’s oldest written constitutions.

Task:
Using information from the documents and your knowledge of Social Studies, answer the questions that follow each document in Part A (this packet). Your answers to the questions will help you write the essay (Part B) in which you will need to:
- Discuss two ways in which the Constitution of the United States has created a strong national (federal) government.
- Identify and discuss two methods included in the Constitution to limit the power of the national government.
- Provide two examples on how the Constitution protects the rights of the people.

Introduction Paragraph/Paragraph One
A. Introduce the topic in several sentences (you may use and rephrase information from the Historical Context and other sources).
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_______The U.S. was having difficulties after the Revolution_____________________________
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B. Write your Thesis Statement (what the essay will be about) by looking at the Writing Task. Remember – try to go beyond or alter what the task states – do not simply repeat the task!
When the Framers met to correct the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, they
decided to make a new Constitution that created a strong national government with limited powers,
and which protected the rights of the people.
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Name: _________________________________ Social Studies Seven/PD: _____

Due Date: Friday 4/9/10 DBQ Outline Assignment #2

Outline Assignment Two (#2)
Directions
- Parts A and B were (or will be) completed in class to demonstrate how to do the opening portions of DBQ body paragraphs. You will be expected to do Parts A and B in the two remaining body paragraphs.
- You will need to complete Parts C and D for this assignment.
- Part C can be completed by looking at the documents and scaffolding questions for proof that will support your thesis statement and the topic sentence of the paragraph. You should have a minimum of three to five examples that will need to be fully explained when you write the actual essay.
- Part D can be completed by summarizing the main point/idea of the entire paragraph. While you should take a look at your topic sentence for ideas, you should not copy it. The sentence should be new and of your own creation.

Thesis Statement First Part:

The Constitution made a more powerful national government.



Body Paragraph # 1 /DBQ Paragraph #_2__ Document(s) Used: __1,2___________
A. Introduce the main idea of the paragraph (which should be based on the subject of part of the task) and connect that idea to the documents that will support it.
A new and more powerful national government was designed to correct the weakness of the Articles of Confederation Government.
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B. Include “connecting knowledge” that will strengthen the paragraph and reinforce the thesis.
- Shays’ Rebellion badly frightened the nation and made people think that the national government was not strong enough to run the nation
- States were able to refuse to cooperate with the Government and acted more like independent nations
- The U.S. nearly lost western territories to frustrated settlers who were unable to buy land or form into new states
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C. Provide details (facts/information) from the document(s).

(Include five facts from documents one and two to support the topic sentence of this paragraph)
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D. Conclude the paragraph with one or two sentences that summarize, but does not repeat the paragraph’s main idea. (Rewrite the topic sentence or create a new sentence to conclude/summarize the paragraph)

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Name: _________________________________ Social Studies Seven/PD: _____

Due Date: Monday 4/12/10 DBQ Outline Assignment #3

DBQ Outline Assignment Three (#3)

Directions
- Part B was (or will be) completed in class to demonstrate how to do the “outside information” portion of DBQ body paragraphs. You will be expected to do Parts A, C, and D for this (and the next) body paragraph.
- Part A can be completed by looking at the second portion of the Writing Task. DO NOT COPY THE TASK! Create a new sentence to introduce the topic based on the second part of the task.
- Part C can be completed by looking at the documents and scaffolding questions for proof that will support your thesis statement and the topic sentence of the paragraph. You should have a minimum of three to five examples that will need to be fully explained when you write the actual essay.
- Part D can be completed by summarizing the main point/idea of the entire paragraph. While you should take a look at your topic sentence for ideas, you should not copy it. The sentence should be new and of your own creation.


Second Part of the Task
The Federal Government created by the Constitution was to have limited powers.

Body Paragraph # 2 /DBQ Paragraph #_4__ Document(s) Used: __3,4__________
A. Introduce the main idea of the paragraph (which should be based on the subject of part of the task) and connect that idea to the documents that will support it. (See front page of this assignment for the second part of the task/thesis)
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B. Include “connecting knowledge” that will strengthen the paragraph and reinforce the thesis.
Americans feared the creation of a government that was as powerful as Great Britain’s.

The states were concerned that a powerful national government would strip them of their powers.
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C. Provide details (facts/information) from the document(s).

(Include five facts from documents three and four that support the topic of this paragraph)
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D. Conclude the paragraph with one or two sentences that summarize, but does not repeat the paragraph’s main idea. (restate or reword the topic sentence or create a new sentence to summarize/conclude this paragraph)

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Name: _________________________________ Social Studies Seven/PD: _____

Due Date: Wednesday 4/14/10 DBQ Outline Assignment #4


DBQ Outline #4
Directions
- Part B was (or will be) completed in class to demonstrate how to do the “outside information” portion of DBQ body paragraphs. You will be expected to do Parts A, B, C, and D for this (and the next) body paragraph.
- Part A can be completed by looking at the third portion of the (Task) see below. DO NOT COPY THE TASK! Create a new sentence to introduce the topic based on the second part of the task.
- Part C can be completed by looking at the documents and scaffolding questions for proof that will support your thesis statement and the topic sentence of the paragraph. You should have a minimum of three to five examples that will need to be fully explained when you write the actual essay.
- Part D can be completed by summarizing the main point/idea of the entire paragraph. While you should take a look at your topic sentence for ideas, you should not copy it. The sentence should be new and of your own creation.


Third Part of the Task
- The Constitution protected the rights of the people



Body Paragraph # 3 /DBQ Paragraph #_4__ Document(s) Used: ___5, 6________
A. Introduce the main idea of the paragraph (which should be based on the subject of part of the task) and connect that idea to the documents that will support it. (Look at the third part of the Writing Task/Thesis or the front of this assignment to see what your topic sentence should be about)

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B. Include “connecting knowledge” that will strengthen the paragraph and reinforce the thesis.

(Why were Americans after the Revolution very concerned with protecting rights? Give two to three examples)

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C. Provide details (facts/information) from the document(s).

(Give five facts/examples from Documents five and six to support the topic sentence)

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D. Conclude the paragraph with one or two sentences that summarize, but does not repeat the paragraph’s main idea. (Write a concluding sentence that restates/rewords the topic sentence or create a new sentence to conclude the main idea of the paragraph)
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Name: _________________________________ Social Studies Seven/PD: _____

Due Date: Thursday 4/15/10 DBQ Outline Assignment #5


DBQ Outline #5
Directions
- The conclusion paragraph does exactly what its name suggests – brings the essay to an end. The conclusion is all about summarizing and closing ideas – not introducing new ones or adding new evidence from the documents. Please keep this in mind as you read the directions to steps A, B, and C on the conclusion outline page!



Thesis Statement
When the Framers met to correct the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, they decided to make a new Constitution that created a strong national government with limited powers, and which protected the rights of the people.

Task
- Identify and discuss three ways in which Articles of Confederation Government was weak and ineffective and how this caused problems within the United States.
- Give two examples that explain how the United States was having difficulties in its relations with foreign nations.
- Identify and explain why the United States decided to replace the Articles of Confederation Government with a new system of government.


DBQ Essay
The DBQ Essay will be assigned on Thursday 4/15 and will be due on Friday 4/30. You may begin writing the essay after the completion of all of the outline assignments.


Concluding Paragraph/DBQ Paragraph # 5
A. Restate, re-phrase, or reword the thesis statement.
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B. Summarize the main ideas from the body paragraphs (note the topic sentence for each body

paragraph). (see part A of each body paragraph)
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C. Conclude the essay with a sentence or two that addresses the entire essay and brings the essay to a close. (Can be an opinion or statement of your own)
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