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5.India




Background

In India, the challenges for the application of IT to the processes of government are articulated as the attainment of government that is:




  • simple

  • Moral

  • Accountable

  • Responsive and

  • Transparent

The Department of Electronics has been tasked with translating this into reality by:



  • harnessing advances in IT to restructure Government, Citizen and Business interfaces with the objective of better governance.

  • establishing institutional mechanisms to facilitate initiatives towards synergistic utilization of IT as an enabling tool for efficiency and effectiveness in public administration.

  • targeting to achieve at least 25% of the government dealings & services to be delivered electronically through computers, telecommunication and TV within 5 years.

Measures proposed or underway to this end include:




  • Developing the institution of Nodal Officers both within the Ministry of IT as well as corresponding Departments in the Government of India for quick initiation and transfer of suitable technologies and packages enabling Electronic Governance.

  • Leveraging resources of various Ministries/Departments & Public Sector Institutions to enable adoption & adaptation of objectives of electronic delivery

  • Encouraging development of similar mechanisms and dedicated institutions at the State level.

  • Encouraging various Constitutional Bodies to adopt EG as a tool for more effective delivery of services and administration.

  • Addressing privacy concerns through a continuing commitment to the data protection and Internet security methods both in the Public and Private domain.

Specific objectives have been articulated, as follows:




  1. Identify priority functional areas in every Ministry/Department to be taken up as early candidates for e-Governance




  1. Make an inventory of existing applications/packages both (domestic and international) facilitating e-Governance.




  1. Initiate moves to encourage Central and State Governments to link databases to the public domain.




  1. Initiate and develop Data Warehouses in every Ministry & Department.




  1. Leverage resources and activities in the various State Governments for Data Base building activity.




  1. Initiate and develop pilot projects in applications that are currently not available so as to reap the full benefit of IT.




  1. Develop and integrate suitable models in areas of Electronic Governance where systems are being developed independently by Central or State organs.




  1. Encourage both Central and State Governments to prescribe knowledge of computers as an essential qualification for recruitment/promotion at various levels.




  1. Ensure wide participation of existing staff in computer literacy programmes.




  1. Develop systems for seamless transfer of information between offices dealing with public administration both in the Central as well as the State governments




  1. Set up and or facilitate specific communication networks for the Government sector up and or




  1. Assist Central and State Governments in the identification and implementation of suitable hardware and software packages for Electronic Governance.




  1. Establish links worldwide with institutions engaged in similar activities so as to optimize the interchange of ideas & experiences.




  1. Initiate amendments in Central and State Acts, Rules and Regulations under various departments and ministries to put in place IT and Web enabled Citizen Services.




  1. Establish organizations for advising Government regarding development of strategies for use of Information Technology by Government so that latest technologies and best practices are harnessed.




  1. Develop special pilot projects on Paperless Government-On-Line through an extensive use of Electronic Forms and Data Entry Interfaces enabled by of web and Internet technology.




  1. Build convergence into connected Services Delivery programmes.




  1. Develop commercial and governmental systems for issuing and managing digital signatures/electronic signature smart cards.




  1. Identify measures for suitable protection of data during compilation and transmission and against alterations by using a combination of security measures.




  1. Launch the 25% target of Electronically-delivered services widely and enable its monitoring




  1. Establish Industry Consultative Committees (ICC), Citizen Consultative Committees (CCC) and Ministries Consultative Committees (MCC) to provide fora to various users and implementation groups and organizations to contribute towards the 25% goal and beyond.




  1. Develop existing Facilitation Centres already established in various departments for One Stop Shop (OSS) giving One Click Link (OCL) to all information required by the citizen through convergent use of linking and a multiple data entry mechanism.




  1. Coordinate activities of Information Technology - Citizen Interface set up by the National Task Force on Information Technology and Software Development, as also the High Powered Committee on Improving Efficiency in Government through use of IT.




  1. Establish Government Information Services (GIS) and facilitate the setting up of National Information Infrastructure.



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