Or 23rd Lesson Clue



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Becoming Americans

7th Social Studies

TEST DATE: Mon./Tues. Nov. 22nd or 23rd


Lesson Clue:

Trouble in the Ohio Valley resulted in war that led to the British & colonist defeating the French

A ngry colonist opposed the new laws and taxes following the French & Indian War.

X – No TaXation without representation became the motto for the colonist.

Events in Boston became the center of protest against the British.

Shooting started when the British tried to take weapons from Colonial Militias.


Directions: Read the following summary and answer the questions below:

Road to Independence

The French and Indian War left Great Britain deeply in debt. The king looked to the colonies for revenue and instituted new taxes. When the colonists tried to avoid the taxes, writs of assistance allowed the British to search colonists’ homes for smuggled goods on which no taxes had been paid. The Sugar Act set up courts to enforce anti-smuggling laws. The Stamp Act taxed almost all printed materials in the colonies. The colonists protested that Parliament had no right to tax them if they couldn’t vote for its members. They boycotted British goods. Great Britain repealed the Stamp Act but imposed import taxes on basic items. The colonists responded with another boycott. Tensions mounted.

Parliament sent British troops to Boston. In 1770 British soldiers fired on a mob killing five colonists. The colonists called this the Boston Massacre and used propaganda to spread anti-British feelings. Seeking compromise, Great Britain repealed import taxes on all goods except tea. The Tea Act of 1773 gave a British company an unfair tax advantage over colonial merchants. At the “Boston Tea Party” colonists dumped British tea into the harbor. Parliament passed laws punishing the people of Boston. Colonists called these laws the Intolerable Acts. Many colonists became convinced that it was time to unite against the British.

In 1774 the First Continental Congress drafted a statement of grievances and voted to form militias. In 1775 British troops fought colonial militia at the battles of Lexington and Concord. The war for independence had begun. In June 1775, British and colonial forces clashed at the battle of Bunker Hill. Although the British won, the Americas fought hard. The Second Continental Congress created an army and sent a petition asking the king to protect their rights. When it was rejected, other battles took place. Delegates to the congress signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, proclaiming a new nation.




1. the event that put Great Britain in DEBT.


2. RE-WRITE in ‘Teenager Terms’ (your words) the 2nd sentence of the 1st paragraph.: ____________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________


3. UNDERLINE the 3 laws that raised taxes on the colonist.
4. In the LEFT margin, as big as you can, write the name of the group that was voting on the new taxes and sent troops to Boston in 1770.
5. In the RIGHT margin write the name of the city that became the biggest pain in the rear for the British.
6. Put a around the group of colonist who wrote the king a list of grievances but also voted to form groups of militias (citizen soldiers) in response to the Intolerable Acts?
7. In what year & where did the Colonist & British first shoot at each other? Year: ________________

_________________ and _____________________

Vocabulary- 2pts. (define the following words, words with ‘*’, need to be updated on POWER VOCABULARY lists)

Treaty of Paris(p.96)-


Parliament (p.99)*-
Boycott(p.100)-
Sons of Liberty(p.100)-
Committee of Correspondence(p.99)-
Stamp Act(p.100)*-
Intolerable Acts (p.102)-
Boston Massacre(p. 101)*-
Minute Men(p. 114)-
1st Continental Congress (p. 112)-

The Road to Revolution Chart Pg. 102-103


1765 _________________________________________

British Actions -> _______________________________________________________

Colonists’ Reactions-> ____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________


1770 _________________________________________

British Actions -> _______________________________________________________

Colonists’ Reactions-> ____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________


1773 _________________________________________

British Actions -> _______________________________________________________

Colonists’ Reactions-> ____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________


1774 _________________________________________

British Actions -> _______________________________________________________

Colonists’ Reactions-> ____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Becoming Americans - Lesson Packet

O
1. Explain the major aspects of the French and Indian War. A) What groups were fighting each other? B) What region of North America was being fought over? C) After winning, what do the colonists expect?

(U.S. Ch. 3 pgs. 95-97 / A.J. Ch. 4 pgs. 116-123)


BJ #1:
Explain the major aspects of the French & Indian War.


I. Objectives #1

A. ______________________________



(Known as ‘7yrs. War’ for fighting in Europe)

1. Battle Between ___________ & French/Indians

over ________________Valley

a. ___________ NOT allowed in regular British Army SNOBBY! - Ex. G. Wash.(join __________)



2. Colonist help _______- Want more __________ to grab if British Win

(Taken from French & Indians)



3. British & Colonist defeat the ____________

a. Ohio River Valley now British & _______________??!


Becoming Americans - Lesson Packet



O
II. Objectives #2

A. __________ want to ________ Ohio River Valley

1. _______________ fighting & killing settlers

2. British can’t _______ to protect ____________

a. KING Passes ______________________

-No settlers west of

____________________ Mnts.

-Colonist very upset,

wanted to gain ____________

B. British need to _______ for Fr. & Indian War

1. British crack down on ______________!!!

a. Want ______________ to pay for

______________________

b. ________________ (English Congress) passes taxes


Tax Examples:


1.

2.


3.

BJ #2:
2. How were the Colonist affected by the END of the French & Indian War? A) What were colonists HOPING to do after the French and Indian War? Argue both sides of the Proclamation of 1763: B) Explain why King George III issued the Proclamation: C) Explain why colonists would be upset by this Proclamation: (U.S. Ch. 3 pgs. 98-100 / A.J. Ch. 4 pgs. 116-124)

How were colonist affected by the end of the French & Indian War?

Becoming Americans - Lesson Packet



OBJ #3: E
III. Objective #3

A. Parliament Taxes the Colonist

1. No ____________ are in ________________

a. Colonist always used their own _______________

b. Example- __________ House of Burgesses

2. _________________________________________

a. British __+_________ says you can only be taxed if you have the _______________!!

b. “__________________________________” becomes rallying cry in colonies

B. NEW TAXES:

1. _______________ (Triangle Trade Smuggling)

a. Tax molasses from W. Indies

(Lowers Taxes!!)

b. Tries to get colonist to stop _____________ (bringing in sugar illegally)



2. ___________________

a. Tax on all ________________ in Colonies

b. Upsets ___________ & _______________ (lawyers/Sailors-Cards)

3. _________________________

a. Passed when Stamp Act _______________



  1. Taxes everything colonist get from _______

-Had to buy this stuff or they didn’t get it

(_______________, had to RELY on England)


xpalin ‘No Taxation Without Representation!’



3. ‘No Taxation Without Representation’ – A) Explain two examples of where and when colonist would have used this saying. B) What part of the British government was now starting to pass laws for the colonies? C) Explain what “No Taxation Without Representation” means: (U.S. Ch. 3 pgs. 98-100 / A.J. Ch. 5 pgs. 133-137)


Becoming Americans - Lesson Packet



OBJ #4: Why did Boston become the center of colonial trouble?


IV. Objective #4

A. Colonist _______________ NEW TAXES

    1. _____________________________- sends letters to other colonies about what is going on

    2. Colonist _________ tax collectors (_______ some)


B. ___________ becomes center of Trouble

1. Boston is center of _________ for Colonies & Most __________ are on TRADED goods

a. Ship _________ and businessmen most affected



**British send ____________ to protect tax collectors!!!

2. ___________________________

a. Pick fight with British Soldiers (snow w/rocks)

b. Troops fire and ___________________

(Look at U.S. Page 101- ________________?)

c. Boston _________ the word of MURDER!!!!

*_______________ makes famous picture



*Committee of __________________

3. ________________________________

a. Tea Act raised taxes on Tea

b. Bostonians raid ship & __________________

c. Other colonies just refused to ____________

C. King George III

We must master them or leave them to themselves”




4. Why did Boston become the center of colonial trouble? A) What about this town’s way of life would cause this? B) Give two examples of how the people of Boston caused trouble for the British. C) What laws were passed by the British to punish Boston, how did Boston respond? (U.S. Ch. 3 pgs. 101-103 / A.J. Ch. 5 pgs. 138-141)




C. King George III

We must master them or leave them to themselves”



  1. Punish ______________________

a. _________________________ (Coercive Acts in England)

*Closed Boston _________________

*Keep soldiers in houses (____________________ Act)

*Took __________________ from New England

*Boston hates this!!

2. Boston gets ready for _____________________________

a. _____________ train and stash _______________

b. ____________ leave Boston so they can’t be arrested



Becoming Americans - Lesson Packet



OBJ #5: What led to the ‘Shot Heard Round the World’?


V. Objective #5

A. Colonies Fight Back!

  1. 1st Continental _________________

a. Colonies send leaders to talk about how to deal with ______________ together

(Work together??)

-_______________, Adams, Patrick Henry, John Jay, Henry Lee



b. Agree to form MILITIAS (_____________)

*_______________ & ___________- HOT POINTS!!!

*Militias train regularly



2. The ____________ (Ready in a minute)-Boston

a. Stockpile __________ & ___________

b. British not happy!

B. “Shot Heard ‘_____________________!”

1. Troops in Boston ordered to take ___________

a. Weapons at Concord (outside Boston)

2. Minutemen _______________ for British

a. Paul Revere & William Dawes

**______________________ from

Old North Church

b. Warn the minutemen




5. What led to ‘The Shot Heard Round the World’? A) Why were the British going to Concord? B)What type of colonist met the British? C) When and how did the Americans fight back and kill many redcoats?

(U.S. Ch. 4 pgs. 109-116 / A.J. Ch. 5 pgs. 142-146)






3. ________________ and ____________________

a. Minutemen & troops meet at _______________

(Who fired first shots??)

__________________________

b. British get to ______________ and burn ammo & guns that are left (most had been hidden)

*Fight again when leaving Concord (Colonist Fire 1st) British are easy targets due to RED uniforms (called “redcoats or “lobster backs”)
C. Colonist become ________________!!

(or _________________ as the British call them)

1. As British march back to _______, Minute Men shoot from behind _______ and ____________and run when British stop to fight

a. British call Colonist Barbarians – Not fighting like _______________________

2. More Red Coats (British) ________ on way back than colonist died in ‘________________’ fights at Lex. & Concord
THE FIGHT IS ON!!! OR IS IT??????????


Names _______________________________ Period _____ Date _______________________


___________________ _____________________ _____________________________
Footsteps to Independence

Becoming Americans

7th Social Studies

160pts.

Directions: Create a ‘Footsteps to Revolution’ poster following the directions below.


1. Write a short paragraph for each of the following “Footsteps to Independence”

  1. French and Indian War 5. ‘Common Sense’ by Thomas Paine

  2. Proclamation of 1763 6. Lexington & Concord

  3. Stamp Act 7. Sugar Acts

  4. Intolerable Acts 8. Boston Massacre

2. Cut out 8 “Footsteps” from the patterns provided.


3. Write your completed paragraphs neatly (or you can type and paste) on the feet.

**One topic per foot and the foot must be labeled with the topic.

**The writing should be done so that on completion of the project (poster) all the footsteps can be read if the poster was to be displayed.
4. Place the events in on your poster in a proper timeline.

**You can also, for WOW Points, place your top 3 events in a side section of your poster.
5. Glue the Footsteps onto your 3 to 4 foot piece of white paper in the order that they occurred (see #4 above)

6. Draw at least four (4) pictures representing four of your topics on the white paper after you have glued the footsteps to the paper.


Grading Rubric:

1. _____ 80pts. (10pts. Each) Footsteps with paragraph descriptions of topics.

10-8pts. Factual, Historically Accurate, Well-written with few errors, Explains significance of event /

8-7pts. Factual, Explains importance of Event, Few Errors / 6-5pts. Limited Facts, Historical Errors,

Related to topic / 4-0pts. Many errors, No Facts, Poor writing
1. _____ 2. _____ 3. _____ 4. _____ 5. _____ 6. _____ 7. _____ 8. _____
2. _____ 40pts. (10pts. Each) Illustrations for at least four (4) Footsteps

10-8pts. Related to Topic, Symbolic, Creative, Neat, Colored / 8-7pts. Related to topic, Neat, Colored 6-5pts Related to topic, Colored / 4-0pts. Incomplete
1. _____ 2. _____ 3. _____ 4. _____
3. _____ 20pts. Timeline Accuracy
4. _____ 20pts. Teamwork and Active Participation
_____ TOTAL (_____ WOW POINTS!)
**Any problems with group member participation can be addressed by writing a note or seeing Mr. Moffat. Messing around and not participating will result in an automatic failing grade!

Name _______________________________ Period _____ Date _______________________


Make-Up Assignment
Footsteps to Independence

Becoming Americans

7th Social Studies

160pts.

Directions: Complete the following activity as a replacement.


1. Read and review material on the following “Footsteps to Independence”

1. French and Indian War 5. ‘Common Sense’ by Thomas Paine

2. Proclamation of 1763 6. Lexington & Concord

3. Stamp Act 7. Sugar Acts

4. Intolerable Acts 8. Boston Massacre
2. Choose what in your opinion are the top four (4) events that led to independence.
3. Write a paragraph for each of your four footsteps on a sheet of paper.
4. Complete a timeline of ALL the events listed above. **Put a star next to your 4 picks for paragraphs.

Grading Rubric:

1. _____ 120pts. (30pts. Each) Footsteps with paragraph descriptions of topics.

30-27pts. Factual, Historically Accurate, Well-written with few errors, Explains significance of event /

26-23pts. Factual, Explains importance of Event, Few Errors / 22-18pts. Limited Facts, Historical Errors,

Related to topic / 17-0pts. Many errors, No Facts, Poor writing


1. _____ 2. _____ 3. _____ 4. _____
2. _____ 40pts. Timeline Accuracy

_____ TOTAL (_____ WOW POINTS!)


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