Office of Development Effectiveness May 2015



Download 448.1 Kb.
Page1/26
Date conversion25.04.2016
Size448.1 Kb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   26




Evaluation of the Australia-Vietnam country strategy 2010-15


Office of Development Effectiveness

May 2015

Foreword


In my 40 years of working in international development, Vietnam has made some of the most impressive development gains of any country. Poverty rates, child and infant mortality have dropped dramatically while national income and life expectancy have consistently increased. These improvements are a credit to the Vietnamese Government and its people, as well as the international donors who have supported them.

This evaluation is consistent with my observations from when I worked in Vietnam for the World Bank. It outlines that Australia and Vietnam have enjoyed a long-term, committed relationship based on mutual respect. The strength of the relationship is evident in the evaluation’s findings on the significant development results achieved with Australia’s aid. It is also reflected in Australia’s ongoing aid program in Vietnam at a time when other donors are withdrawing from the country.

The evaluation also resonates with my thoughts on the future of aid to middle income countries. Vietnam has been classified as a lower middle income country since 2009 and for many years it has confidently driven its own development agenda, coordinated donor partners, and reduced its reliance on aid. The challenge facing donors such as Australia is how to work with Vietnam and other middle income countries to maximise the impact of future aid. Should donors focus on supporting the development priorities of partner governments? Or should donors focus on the potential gaps and risks, such as extreme poverty, marginalised communities, or new and emerging challenges, which may not feature in the development strategies of Australia’s partner countries?

These are difficult questions which I do not believe can be easily answered. The value of this evaluation is that it raises the issues and examines the opportunities and challenges of working with middle income countries in new ways. I recommend the report to all development professionals with an interest in debating the future of aid in middle income countries.



Jim Adams


Chair, Independent Evaluation Committee

Office of Development Effectiveness


The Office of Development Effectiveness (ODE) is an independent branch within the Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). ODE monitors the Australian aid program’s performance, evaluates its impact, and contributes to international evidence and debate about aid and development effectiveness. ODE’s work is overseen by the Independent Evaluation Committee (IEC), an advisory body that provides independent expert advice on ODE’s evaluation strategy, work plan, analysis and reports.

www.ode.dfat.gov.au



Contents


Foreword 6

Contents 7

Acknowledgements 8

Executive summary 9

Strengths and relevance of the country strategy 9

1.Human resource development through maintaining support for scholarships and training programs, whilst fostering relationships through people-to-people and institutional links (public and private sector) that facilitate knowledge exchange and are relevant long after the transition from a traditional aid partnership. 10

2.Economic integration through continued support to infrastructure development and economic reform. 10

3.Environmental sustainability through increasing rural access to clean water and sanitation, and through supporting climate change adaptation including disaster risk management, and promoting climate change mitigation through developing and advocating the use of clean technologies. 10

Effectiveness of implementation and management arrangements 11

Results and achievements 12

Conclusions 13

Recommendations 13

Management response 15

Introduction 16

1.1 Background - Vietnam’s socio-economic status 16

1.2 Development trends 18

1.3 This evaluation 20

2.1 Introduction 22

2.2 Australia-Vietnam relationship 22

2.3 Platform provided – Australian cooperation from 1993 23

2.4 Formulation of the 2010-15 country strategy 25

4.Improvement in the quality of Vietnam’s human resources 26

5.Better transport infrastructure and policy to support economic integration 26

6.Increase rural access to clean water and hygienic sanitation 26

7.Advance climate change adaptation and mitigation. 26

2.5 Operationalising the strategy 27

2.6 Conclusions – strength and relevance of the strategy 32

3.1 Introduction 34

3.2 Effective partnerships 34

3.3 Coordination with other Australian government departments 36

3.4 Corporate management – human resources 36

3.5 Program risk management 37

3.6 Conclusions – effectiveness of implementation and management 38

4.1 Introduction 39

4.2 Program results and achievements 39

Pillar one – Human resource development 39

Pillar two – Economic integration 43

Pillar three – Environmental sustainability 45

4.3 Other Australian engagements 49

4.4 Overall conclusions on country program results 52

5.1 The contribution of the country strategy 55

5.2 Considerations influencing the country program 61

5.3 Looking forward – building prosperity and targeting poverty 61

5.4 Overall conclusions and recommendations 63

5.5 Lessons of wider interest to DFAT in the region 66

Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 69

Vietnamese Government 70

Whole-of-government partners 70

Other 70

Glossary 72

Bibliography 75

References 80



© Commonwealth of Australia 2015 ISBN 978-0-9874848-7-1

Published by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Canberra, 2015.

Disclaimer: The views contained in this report do not necessarily represent those of the Australian Government.

With the exception of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms and where otherwise noted all material presented in this document is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/) licence. The details of the relevant licence conditions are available on the Creative Commons website (accessible using the links provided) as is the full legal code for the CC BY 3.0 AU licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/legalcode). The document must be attributed as Evaluation of the Australia-Vietnam country strategy 2012-15.


  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   26


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page