Objective: What contributions to civilization were adopted and utilized by successive civilizations in Mesopotamia? Objective



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Fertile Crescent Objectives and Terms

Study Guide


The Essential Question

OBJECTIVE: What contributions to civilization were adopted and utilized by successive civilizations in Mesopotamia?

OBJECTIVE: How did geography contribute to the transformations of the successive civilizations in Mesopotamia?
The Main Civilizations

  1. Sumerians

  2. Akkadians

  3. Babylonians

  4. Hittites

  5. Assyrians

  6. Chaldeans or Neo Babylonians

  7. Persians

  8. Phoenicians

9. Israelites / Hebrews
Vocabulary Terms

Cradle of Civilization Tigris River Euphrates River

Stylus Scribe Epic of Gilgamesh

Cunniform Polytheistic Monotheistic

Sargon Hammurabi Babylon

King Solomon King Nebuchadnezzar Jerusalem

Satrap King Cyrus King Darius

Ziggarut Zoroaster Royal Road

Immortals Mesopotamia City-State

The Big Picture




The Mesopotamia General Map



The Detailed Map


Ancient Civilizations of the Fertile Crescent

Study Guide


1. What was the capital of the Hebrews?

2. What was the Phoenician product desired by monarchs?

3. What was the chief building material used the Fertile Crescent?

4. Why did the Babylonians study astrology?

5. What was the stylus?

6. What were ziggurats and who built them?

7. Who built the Hanging Gardens and why?

8. What group of people were the harsh, cruel conquerors of the Fertile Crescent?

9. Who was the leader responsible for a code of laws?

10. What was the first great civilization of the Middle East?

11. Why were the Hebrews a unique people of the Middle East?

12. What is the epic of Gilgamesh?

13. Mesopotamia is located in what present-day country?

14. Who was the ruler who united the Persian empire?

15. Who spread Middle Eastern civilization throughout the Mediterranean?

16. What kind of government did the Sumerians have?

17. What was the Sumerian form of writing called?

18. What group of people built the largest empire yet seen in the ancient world?

19. What were the contributions of the

a. Sumerians

b. Babylonians

c .Hittites

d. Assyrians

e. Persians

f. Phoenicians

g. Hebrews

20.  What city was the center of Sumerian civilization?

21.   What is the arc of land that lies between the Tigris & Euphrates rivers?



22.  Which ruler established a library for the Assyrians?

23.   Who founded a mystical religion in ancient Persia


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