Objective: North vs. South: 2 column notes



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Name__________________________ Date:_____________________

Objective:



North vs. South: 2 column notes

United States in 1861

Name__________________________ Date:_____________________

Objective:

3 Civil War Battles










Battle of Manassa

"Bull Run"












Battle of Antietam, MD

September 17, 1862


















Battle of Fredericksburg, VA

December 13, 1862


















North vs. South: 2 column notes

United States in 1861



Name__________________________ Date:_____________________

Objective:

North vs. South: 2 column notes

United States in 1861



NORTH


SOUTH

In the North, cities were centers of wealth and manufacturing. There were many skilled workers

In the South there was not much manufacturing. There were not many skilled workers. Most of the people were farmers. Money came from plantation crops, like cotton, rice, sugar cane and tobacco. Slaves did most of the work on the plantations.

The North produced three-fourths of the nation's wealth. They had a bigger army including thousands of black soldiers. The North also had better equipment and supplies to fight the war

The South had some advantages too. Most of the war was fought on Southern territory so soldiers did not have to travel so far




The South had better generals. Like Robert E. Lee and Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson. The South also grew cotton, which Europe needed




































Answer Key:




Civil War Battles

Battle



Northern Victory






Southern Victory




1st Battle of Bull Run, VA
July 21, 1861

 

X

2nd Battle of Bull Run, VA
August 27-30, 1862

 

X

Battle of Antietam, MD
September 17, 1862

X

 

Battle of Fredericksburg, VA
December 13, 1862

 

X

Battle of Chancellorsville, VA
May 1-4, 1863

 

X

Battle at Gettysburg, PA
July 1-3, 1863

X

 

Battle of Vicksburg, MS
July 4, 1863

X

 

Battle of Chattenooga, TN
October 17, 1863

X

 

Battle of Cold Harbor, VA
June 1864

 

 X

Battle of Pettersburg, VA
June 15-April 3, 1865

X

 














Civil War Battles

Battle

Northern Victory



Southern Victory



1st Battle of Bull Run, VA
July 21, 1861

The Battle of Bull Run (1st Manassas)
(July 21, 1861)


 




2nd Battle of Bull Run, VA
August 27-30, 1862

The Battle of 2nd Manassas
(The Second Battle of Bull Run )
August 28-30, 1862


 































Name_______________________________ Date:___________________________

Civil War Leaders

North vs. South




Leaders of the Civil War







Abraham Lincoln
President of the United States
Abraham Lincoln was President of the United States during the Civil War from 1860-1865.

When he was president he was also the Commander-in-Chief of the Union Army, which is the highest-ranking military officer.

He appointed generals to command his troops. In 1863 he issued the Emancipation Proclamation which declared that all slaves in the Confederate States would be free. This helped end slavery in the United States.

The same year he gave a great speech called the Gettysburg Address at a cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. He wanted to honor all the soldiers who had lost their lives in the war.

Many people thought he was a great president, but some people did not like his views on slavery. President Lincoln was assassinated on April 14, 1865 by John Wilkes Booth at a theater in Washington DC.

This was only five days after the South surrendered to end the Civil War.




Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederacy
Jefferson Davis was the President of the Confederate States of America.

He was also Commander - in - Chief of the Confederate Army. He was a colonel in the United States Army during the Mexican-American War. He was Secretary of War and also a United States Senator.

Jefferson Davis was born in the South and grew up on a cotton plantation. When he was 16 years old he went to the Military Academy at West Point.

The training he got at the military school helped him to become a great military leader and is one of the reasons the Confederates won so many battles at the beginning of the Civil War.

 


Ulysses S. Grant


Union General
Ulysses S. Grant was the leader of the Union Army. He had all the qualities President Lincoln wanted for the commander of his army. Grant fought very hard and was very stubborn in battles. He did not like to be defeated.

Grant was trained at the Military Academy at West Point, New York. During the Mexican-American War he was a second lieutenant in the army.

When the Civil War began and the North began losing so many battles, Grant joined the Army for a second time. He was an excellent military leader because of his training and skill. General Robert E. Lee, The leader of the Confederate Army had to surrender to General Grant in 1865.

Later General Grant became president of the United States twice. People remember him as a great war hero. They felt he did more as a leader of the army than what he did as president.



Robert E. Lee


Confederate General
Robert E. Lee was the South's greatest general during the Civil War.

He graduated from West Point Military Academy and became a colonel in the army before the Civil War began. He was from Virginia and decided to fight on the side of the Confederates even though President Lincoln asked him to be commander of the entire Union Army.

General Lee wanted to fight for the South and remain loyal to his home state.

General Lee was a fierce fighter and helped his soldiers win many battles at the beginning of the Civil War. But the Union Army was bigger and stronger.

Lee felt he had to surrender to the North to stop so many of his soldiers from being killed.

 

Name_______________________________ Date___________________________

Civil War




CIVIL WAR DIARY

Pretend that this is a page from the diary of a high school student who lived during the Civil War Period. Fill in the missing information.

 


November 1860

_______________________was just elected to be our next president.

 


December 20, 1860

_______________________decided to leave the Union today. Everyone is shocked by the decision.

 


February 1861

The Southern states that have seceded from the United States and have formed the ___________________
___________________________________.
They even chose their own president! His name is______________________________________.

 


April 12, 1861

There is big excitement everywhere. The war has begun. The Confederates just attacked _______________________________________.

 


July 21, 1861

The Confederate army won a battle today outside Washington D.C. It was called the battle of _________________________.

 


June 1, 1862

The Confederates selected a new general in-chief of the Confederate armies. His name is ___________________ _________________.

 


January 1, 1863

The front page of every newspaper has a copy of President's Lincoln's document to free slaves. It is called the __________ _____________________________________.

 


May 4, 1863

General Lee is a great general. Even though he had fewer soldiers, he defeated the Union army today at _________________________________.

 


July 4, 1863

The Union army won two very important victories yesterday and today. They were at ______________________ ______________ and ______________________________.

 


April 9, 1865

It's over! It's over! The war is over! General Lee did not want his men to lose their lives in an impossible battle. He surrendered at ____________________________.

April 15, 1865

Terrible news. President Lincoln has been __________. It was done by a man named____________________________ ________________________________________. The president died early this morning. What a sad day. Everyone is mourning the loss of this great leader.

 

Word Box


Bull Run

Robert E. Lee

Emancipation Proclamation

Fort Sumter

Abraham Lincoln

Confederate States of America

John Wilkes Booth

South Carolina

Chancellorsville, Virginia

shot

Jefferson Davis

Appomattox Court House







Vicksburg and Gettysburg





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