Oas cp 1nc oas renewables



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OAS CP

1NC OAS Renewables




CP Text: The Organization of American States should provide renewable energy assistance to Mexico.

OAS solves best-cooperation on renewables now


OAS 13- Organization of American States (OAS, “Organization of American States Hosted”, March 4, 2013, http://www.oas.org/en/about/offices_events.asp?sCode=STL)
Saint Lucia, March 4, 2013 – The Executive Secretariat of Integral Development of the Organization of American States (OAS), through the Caribbean Sustainable Energy Program (CSEP) and the Energy Efficiency Working Group of the Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas (ECPA), hosted a workshop on energy efficiency designs for office and public buildings in tropical climates. The event took place at the Bay Gardens Inn in Rodney Bay from February 28 through March 1st, 2013.

The workshop addressed the capacity of governments and energy stakeholders in charge of developing energy efficiency standards in buildings and provided guidance on opportunities and challenges linked to energy efficiency measures and renewable energy conversion technologies. A roundtable was held to debate future challenges, gaps and barriers linked to the implementation of energy efficiency standards, ways to advance discussions on this topic with policymakers, and next steps for their successful deployment. The Delegates also highlighted the need to create greater public awareness in the Caribbean with regard to energy efficiency.



OAS multilateralism key to solving multiple impacts


ILO No Date- International Labour Organization (International Labour Organization, “Organization of American States”, No Date, http://actrav.itcilo.org/actrav-english/telearn/global/ilo/law/oasint.htm)
The Heads of State and Government of the Hemisphere met on three occasions. These summit meetings have had a significant impact on the OAS which has been given policy guidelines at the highest level of government. The first of these meetings, held in Panama in 1956, gave rise to initiatives leading to the creation of the OAS Fellowships Program and a technical cooperation program that included advisory services to the governments as well as the promotion of projects that could be presented to international lending institutions. The Panama spirit also led to the establishment of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) by the OAS in 1959. The heads of state met again in Punta del Este in 1967. There, the idea of creating the OAS regional educational, scientific and technological, and cultural development programs was launched. At the Punta del Este meeting, the presidents gave their firm support to regional integration, one of the objectives of the inter-American system.

The Summit of the Americas held in Miami in December 1994 brought together, for the first time, democratically-elected heads of state and government of the American nations. The leaders declared that "the strengthening, effective exercise and consolidation of democracy constitute the central political priority of the Americas. The Organization of American States (OAS) is the principal hemispheric body for the defense of democratic values and institutions." The leaders also noted that the OAS had a particularly important role to play in supporting the strengthening of democracy; the promotion and protection of human rights; the struggle against corruption; efforts to eliminate the threat of national and international terrorism; efforts to foster mutual confidence; free trade in the Americas; and telecommunications and information infrastructure. The Plan of Action of the Miami Summit also envisages other roles for the OAS in the following areas: promoting cultural values; combatting the problem of illicit drugs and related crimes; cooperation in science and technology; strengthening the role of women in society; and partnership for pollution prevention.




2NC OAS Renewables Solvency




Renewables is on the agenda for OAS- key to initiate cooperation


Biopact 7 - Brussels-based connective of European and African citizens (Biotech, “OAS, IDB support bioenergy development in the Caribbean”, Aug 5, 2007, http://news.mongabay.com/bioenergy/2007/08/oas-idb-support-bioenergy-development.html)
The Department of Sustainable Development of the Organisation of American States (OAS) together with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) are to contribute to the first high level seminar "Expanding Bioenergy Opportunities in the Caribbean". The OAS supports an Inter-agency initiative to design and implement a "Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency and Bioenergy Action Program" (CREBAP) in the region.

The IDB recently launched a US$3 billion program for the development of biofuels and bioenergy in the Western Hemisphere (previous post), whereas at the recently convened 37th General Assembly of the OAS, leaders of the Americas stressed the need to implement plans to develop alternatives to oil in the Declaration of Panama.

At the first ever high-level Conference of the Caribbean that united heads of state from fifteen Caribbean nations and the U.S. who gathered in Washington to examine the growth and development of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) from a regional perspective, biofuels topped the agenda as well. Oil-dependent CARICOM states were urged to invest in green fuels to cut costly oil imports which have seriously negative economic effects (earlier post).

The OAS-DSD and the IDB partner with the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), the CARICOM Secretariat, the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) and host government, Guyana, in organizing the seminar that will address the economic, social and environmental aspects of agro-energy development in the Caribbean.

The August 6-7 event will bring together public and private sector representatives from CARICOM member states, Brazil, Colombia, and the USA, to examine the technical and financial feasibility of establishing a viable and environmentally-sustainable agro-energy industry in the region. Key objectives of the seminar are:

To disseminate the results of recent studies on bioenergy in the Caribbean, including the potential for regional carbon finance opportunities under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM);

To convey and formalize the regional efforts towards the development of the Caribbean Renewable Energy, Energy efficiency and Bioenergy Action Program (CREBAP);

To initiate a dialogue towards the organization and preparation of regional agro-energy strategy, including bioethanol, biodiesel, and bagasse cogeneration opportunities;

To facilitate dialogue between the public sector, private investors, carbon financiers, and project developers interested in the Caribbean bioenergy industry.

Almost 90 percent of the Caribbean Region’s energy matrix originates from fossil fuels; an alarming statistic in the face of high volatility in the price of petroleum. Growing concerns about global warming, and the resulting need for reductions in green house gas emissions and also increasing concerns on the environmental impacts of fossil fuel use is causing governments to explore this avenue of energy generation.



OAS supports development of renewable tech and services- works with member states with individual policies, laws, and actions


OpenEI No Date- Open Energy Information (Open EI,
“Organization of American States (OAS)”, No Date, http://en.openei.org/wiki/Organization_of_American_States_(OAS))
Overview
The primary mission of the Energy and Climate Change Mitigation Section also known as the OAS Energy Team is to support the development and use of sustainable energy technologies and services within OAS member states. The OAS Energy Team seeks to enable OAS member states to implement policies, laws, strategies, and actions for the advancement of sustainable energy geared towards meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own energy needs. The achievement of this mission is inherent to the fulfillment of the purposes of the Charter of the Organization of American States, including strengthen the peace and security; promote and consolidate democracy; promote economic, social, and cultural development; and eradicate extreme poverty (Article 2, Charter of the Organization of American States).

Strategic Goals

To contribute to the (i) advancement of energy security, (ii) the reduction of the impact of fossil fuels market fluctuations, and (iii) the lowering of carbon emissions throughout the region by generating and strengthening regional markets for cleaner and renewable energy, and fostering the exchange of information and experiences pertaining to sustainable energy.

Objectives

The OAS Energy Team seeks to meet its goals by:

Increasing the availability of funding for renewable energy and energy efficiency initiatives, projects and programs by fostering the development of financial mechanisms that support increased private and public investment (contributes to goals i, ii, and iii);

Promoting market transformation through the reform of laws, regulations, plans and policies that favor sustainable energy approaches (contributes to goals i, ii, and iii);

Supporting the development of human and institutional capacity essential for the development, use and management of sustainable energy systems (contributes to goal i);

Strengthening collaborative efforts among governments, businesses, and international donors (contributes to goal i);

Transitioning away from fossil fuel-based energy toward cleaner domestically available sources of energy (contributes to goal ii), and

Improving energy efficiency (goals i, ii, and iii).

The OAS Department of Sustainable Development functions also as the Clearinghouse for the Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas (ECPA).

OAS key to effective cooperation and implementation of renewables


Coward 11 – writer for Caribbean Press Releases (S, “OAS Urges More Focus on Renewable Energy in the Caribbean”, Oct 21, 2011, http://www.caribbeanpressreleases.com/articles/8781/1/OAS-Urges-More-Focus-on-Renewable-Energy-in-the-Caribbean/Page1.html)
Oct. 21, 2011 - The Assistant Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS), Albert Ramdin, is urging policymakers and leaders in the Caribbean to invest in more substantial renewable energy options, in the interest of energy security.

Speaking at a regional conference in Suriname on “Research, Development and Capacity Building to Support Renewable Energy Development in the Caribbean,” Ambassador Ramdin stressed the importance of implementing sustainable energy policies. “Given the heavy reliance on imported fossil fuels, the region must strive harder to develop and expand initiatives which can result in its own competitively priced, reliable, safe, and affordable energy sources,” said Ramdin.



Pointing to the potential for the development of geothermal, biomass, solar, and wind sources of energy, Assistant

Secretary General Ramdin said much of the hemisphere’s potential for renewable energy remains untapped. “Realizing the potential of renewable energy in the Caribbean region requires investment, commitment, partnerships and political will. It also means being prepared to make difficult choices; sometimes choosing between political expediency and the long-term good,” added Ramdin.


OAS has tech and expertise for renewables – Nevis proves


AE 13 – AfroEdge, online magazine aimed at an African/Caribbean audience (AfroEdge, “OAS team discuss way forward for renewable energy development with Nevis premier”, July 23, 2013, http://afroedge.com/latest-news/oas-team-discuss-way-forward-for-renewable-energy-development-with-nevis-premier)
CHARLESTOWN, Nevis (NIA) -- The development of renewable energy resources was high on the agenda when a team from the Organization of American States (OAS), led by its country representative to St Kitts and Nevis, Starrett Greene, paid a courtesy call on Nevis Premier Vance Amory on Thursday.

In brief remarks, Amory welcomed the delegation’s visit and expressed his thoughts on the way forward for the development of the island’s renewable energy resources.

The OAS, I think, is the way for us to go because they have the expertise. We want to utilise that expertise to ensure that we get the best in terms of how do we advance the geothermal, alternate energy resources for Nevis,” he said.

The Nevis Island Administration (NIA) had collaborated with the OAS sometime in 2003/2004 on the matter of geothermal exploration because of the importance it had attached to that energy source based on the volcanic origins of the island.

Amory stated at that time the administration was pleased for the input of the OAS, which had engaged in exploration and the identification of the sources and locations of the energy sources and their accessibility.

“So we [NIA and OAS] do have that long-standing arrangement. I want to, at this time, thank the OAS for financing the studies which were done in 2005, 2006 and now we are here again to advance those discussions, to see how we can move forward,” he said.



OAS most effective- tailors renewables and policies to country’s economies


OAS 12 - Organization of American States (OAS, Topic Agenda, “Organization of American States”, 2012, http://ymcamun.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/OAS_Topics.pdf)
In representing the majority of the Western Hemisphere, the Organization of American Statesmust work to balance an extraordinary number of variables concerning renewable energy. “Renewable energy” is often considered an alternative option for minimizing the environmental and economic impact of a fossil fuel-based economy, though there are many other critical considerations for a renewable energy strategy. Even while some states are working to develop strategies to reduce energy over-consumption among their populations, others struggle to meet basic power needs. As cities expand, populations increase and despite the fact that electricity-consuming goods are becoming less expensive, energy needs are only increasing.To create viable energy policy moving forward, it appears that economic and/or environmental sacrifices must be made. In a 2008 speech, OAS Secretary General Jose Miguel Insulza summarized the vast and conflicting challenges facing the region when he noted that the Americas boast incredible energy reserves both within the borders of their member states below ground and offshore, yet more than 50 million people living in OAS countries had no access to electricity, and global warming threatens the earth. While the OAShas already worked to promote partnerships between member governments and among corporations to develop better technologies to generate cleaner energy, progress comes slowly.As a result, compromises need to be reached. In states like Venezuela, which uses its oil reserves as a critical economic pipeline, the OAS’s Department of Sustainable Development is working daily to seek out alternatives to an oil-based energy policy. Brazil is able to rely on infinitely renewable hydropower for nearly 85% of its energy, Honduras is increasing its commitment to solar energy, and other states are working to use their geography and climate to their advantage. While progress is being made, the United States, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela are working to extract Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) from below ground through acontroversial process called “fracking.” Though LNG burns far more cleanly than crude oil, environmental advocates argue that fracking can damage area water supplies and make the nearby terrain unstable, causing earthquakes. Meanwhile, states without vast energy reserves or reserves too small to accommodate the population as a whole are forced to continue purchasing traditional fossil fuels at sharply increasing rates.Confronted with both an increasing demand and a diminishing supply in a time of economic uncertainty, the Organization of American States must act boldly and innovatively to help its members manage an uncertain energy future. To do so,it must balance the economic priorities of its members with the need to both limit energy needs in the face of a rapidly urbanizing and increasing population.

OAS is most effective- enables exchange of information, tech expertise, innovative programs and policies over all member states


WIN 10 – The West Indian News (The West Indian News, “OAS and U.S. State Department Host Renewable Energy Meeting and Tour for Energy Ministers from Central America and the Caribbean”, Aug 25, 2010, http://www.thewestindiannews.com/oas-and-u-s-state-department-host-renewable-energy-meeting-and-tour-for-energy-ministers-from-central-america-and-the-caribbean/)
Aug. 25, 2010 — The Organization of American States (OAS), through its Department of Sustainable Development, the United States Department of State and the Government of Brazil will co-host the “Renewable Energy Meeting and Site Visit for Energy Ministers from Central America and the Caribbean” in South Florida from August 26 to 28, 2010.

The site visit is an activity of the U.S. – Brazil Bilateral Memorandum of Understanding to Advance Cooperation on Biofuels, which makes possible the exchange of experiences between the U.S. and Brazil on sustainable biofuels while enabling the exchange of information with several third-party countries in Central America and the Caribbean that have unique opportunities for the development and local use of biofuels. The OAS serves as an institutional partner to the agreement, supporting technical assistance and policy reform activities in third-party countries, including: Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Guatemala, Jamaica, and St. Kitts and Nevis. Ministers in charge of energy and other senior officials from the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Haiti, Guatemala and Jamaica will participate in this tour.

The site visit will facilitate the sharing of experiences and information on several alternative energy solutions, including biofuels and solar power.

It will also enable the exchange of innovative programs and policies that encourage the development and use of clean energy alternatives. Participants will join in a series of visits on Friday, August 27, including tours of the Concentrated Solar Power Facility of Florida Power and Light (Indiantown, Fla.), the USDA Agricultural Research Service Sugarcane Field Station (Canal Point, Fla.), and the Florida Crystals Cogeneration Facility (Okeelanta, Fla.). A final meeting and strategy session has been scheduled for all participants for Saturday, August 28, at the Hotel Intercontinental West Miami.

“The OAS is committed to supporting its Member States in the articulation of a sustainable energy policy and programs,” said Mark Lambrides, Chief of the OAS Energy Section. “This event seeks to strengthen energy cooperation among participating countries, placing special emphasis on the promotion of sustainable bioenergy development and use as an alternative to imported oil.”

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