Oakdale High School Advanced Placement U. S. History Mr. Simoncini Chapter 22, Section 1 (592-601) Note: All page references are based on the 12th edition of the Brinkley text



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Oakdale High School

Advanced Placement U. S. History

Mr. Simoncini

Chapter 22, Section 1 (592-601)

Note: All page references are based on the 12th edition of the Brinkley text.


  1. To what factors does Brinkley attribute the significant popularity of Theodore Roosevelt as President of the United States?




  1. Discuss Theodore Roosevelt’s personal background leading up to his assumption of the presidency.




  1. Ultimately, what were Roosevelt’s attitudes toward change and reform?




  1. What was Roosevelt’s vision of the role of the federal government and the president?




  1. With what wing of the progressives did Roosevelt ally himself?




  1. What general concept was at the heart of Roosevelt’s policy regarding government, capital and labor? What was his rationale behind that concept?




  1. Discuss the actions that Roosevelt took with regarding to breaking up trusts.




  1. Discuss Roosevelt’s handling of the Coal Strike of 1902. Based on this incident, how did Roosevelt view his own position with regard to conflicts between labor and management?




  1. What was the Square Deal? How did the name come into being? Outline some of the key pieces of legislation included under the heading of the Square Deal and how they came to be. Ultimately, how did Roosevelt’s Square Deal policies affect his relationship with the Republican Party?




  1. What concerns did Roosevelt maintain regarding America’s natural resources and wilderness areas?




  1. Discuss Roosevelt’s relationship to the conservation movement and naturalists.




  1. Who was Gifford Pinchot?




  1. Discuss the Panic of 1907.




  1. Compare and contrast the personalities and governing styles of Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft.




  1. Outline the reasons why Taft’s standing among progressives deteriorated during his presidency.




  1. Discuss the Pinchot-Ballinger controversy. According to Brinkley, what did that controversy actually represent?




  1. For what reasons did Theodore Roosevelt return to active politics around 1910?




  1. As Roosevelt re-entered active politics, what policies did he outwardly support?




  1. Discuss the results and significance of the congressional elections of 1910.




  1. What key events led Roosevelt to once again aspire to the presidency in 1911?




  1. Discuss the race for the Republican presidential nomination in 1912.




  1. Discuss the events that led to the formation of the Progressive (Bull Moose) Party.


Chapter 22, Section 2 (601-609)


  1. Discuss the personal and political background of Woodrow Wilson.




  1. What did Wilson call his new brand of progressivism?




  1. In what ways, according to Brinkley, was Wilson a bold and forceful president?




  1. Briefly outline the key pieces of legislation passed during Wilson’s presidency. As you formulate your response, discuss how Wilson was able to achieve such a successful legislative agenda.




  1. Discuss Wilson’s legislative actions with regard to trusts. In your response be sure to note specific laws passed during Wilson’s presidency and how he reacted to them.




  1. Brinkley states: “By the fall of 1914, Wilson believed that the program of the New Freedom was essentially complete and . . .he himself began a conspicuous retreat from activism.” In what ways did Wilson retreat into more conservative policies?




  1. In what ways was Theodore Roosevelt “well suited, by both temperament and conviction, for an activist foreign policy?”




  1. What was Roosevelt’s philosophy with regard to the Open Door Policy?




  1. Discuss Roosevelt’s involvement in the Russo-Japanese War of 1905.




  1. Discuss the Japanese-American controversy in San Francisco and Roosevelt’s reactions to it.




  1. What incident led Roosevelt to issue his Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine? What were the essential points of the Roosevelt Corollary?




  1. Discuss the events leading up to the most celebrated accomplishment of Roosevelt’s presidency.




  1. What was Dollar Diplomacy? What were its positive and negative aspects?




  1. What important events involving U.S. military personnel occurred in the Dominican Republic and Haiti during the presidency of Woodrow Wilson?




  1. Discuss the political backdrop in Mexico that led to conflict with the United States in the second decade of the 20th century.




  1. Who was Pancho Villa? What critical anti-Americans did he take in 1916? What was President Wilson’s response to that action?


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