Nuclear weapons are a topic of concern to the entire globe; they’re weapons of mass destruction and their effects transcend national boundaries. Catastrophic nuclear events of the 20th century, including the Japanese tragedy at the conclusion of World War II and the Cuban Missile Crisis of the Cold War, persuaded much of the world that it was necessary to come to an agreement on weapon production. To this effect, the Treaty on Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was introduced in 1968. It required nuclear weapon states (NWS) that signed to agree not to release nuclear weapons or help other states acquire or build them. Furthermore, non-nuclear weapon states (NNWS) agreed not to acquire or build those weapons. As of 2013, all members of the UN except Israel, India, and Pakistan had signed the NPT.
In terms of Morocco’s stance on nuclear weapons, it is firmly dedicated to global non-proliferation. As a NNWS, Morocco ratified the NPT in 1970. Additionally, though Morocco is not part of the African Union, it signed the African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Treaty (The Treaty of Pelindaba) in 1996. This treaty aims to prevent the production or acquisition of nuclear weapons in Africa by prohibiting research on nuclear weapons, dumping of radioactive waste, and armed attacks on nuclear installations in the African zone by Treaty signees. Furthermore, Morocco is one of twelve African members of the Conference of Disarmament, a forum for negotiating arms control, which emerged from the UN General Assembly’s Special Session on Disarmament in 1978. In 2012, Morocco attended the Nuclear Security Summit and was one of 6 African countries to do so, invited on the basis of its influence over nuclear security and its geographic, economic, and political diversity. At this conference 47 world leaders discussed measures to prevent nuclear terrorism, goals for international cooperation, information security, nuclear security culture, and many other topics of concern, as well as build structured objectives in these areas in the form of the Seoul Communiqué. Morocco constantly strives to engage itself in discussions dealing with the issue of nuclear safety. We believe it is necessary to have these discussions and essentially conclude them with another step closer to complete non-proliferation.
Above all, the Kingdom of Morocco takes a humanitarian stance on the issue of nuclear weapons. In 2013, Moroccan delegates attended an Oslo conference to discuss the impact of a nuclear weapon detonation. While all members of the conference agreed that the effects of a detonation are highly concerning to all, no State could address the immediate emergency to civilians or provide sufficient assistance to victims. Morocco strongly believes that it is our duty to future generations to make the world a safer place to today. It begins with non-proliferation. Nuclear Weapon States must begin to reduce their possession of weapons, and Non-Nuclear Weapon States must be assured as well as assure the world that they will not move to acquire or develop these weapons in any way. The threat that nuclear weapons pose and the risk that they contain is not worth implementing their use in even the most dire diplomatic failures. The effects of a nuclear detonation include immediate death in large radii as well as illnesses that can linger for generations. In the interest of its nation, the globe, and the future of mankind, Morocco urges its fellow UN members to take permanent measures to end the threat of nuclear weapons.